Publications by authors named "Vladimir Ostroumov"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

The Reduced Level of Inorganic Polyphosphate Mobilizes Antioxidant and Manganese-Resistance Systems in .

Cells 2019 05 15;8(5). Epub 2019 May 15.

Skryabin Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Microorganisms, FRC Pushchino Center for Biological Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences, pr. Nauki 5, Pushchino 142290, Russia.

Inorganic polyphosphate (polyP) is crucial for adaptive reactions and stress response in microorganisms. A convenient model to study the role of polyP in yeast is the strain CRN/PPN1 that overexpresses polyphosphatase Ppn1 with stably decreased polyphosphate level. In this study, we combined the whole-transcriptome sequencing, fluorescence microscopy, and polyP quantification to characterize the CRN/PPN1 response to manganese and oxidative stresses. CRN/PPN1 exhibits enhanced resistance to manganese and peroxide due to its pre-adaptive state observed in normal conditions. The pre-adaptive state is characterized by up-regulated genes involved in response to an external stimulus, plasma membrane organization, and oxidation/reduction. The transcriptome-wide data allowed the identification of particular genes crucial for overcoming the manganese excess. The key gene responsible for manganese resistance is encoding a low-affinity manganese transporter: Strong down-regulation in CRN/PPN1 increases manganese resistance by reduced manganese uptake. On the contrary, , the top up-regulated gene in CRN/PPN1, is also strongly up-regulated in the manganese-adapted parent strain. Phm7 is an unannotated protein, but manganese adaptation is significantly impaired in Δ, thus suggesting its essential function in manganese or phosphate transport.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/cells8050461DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6562782PMC
May 2019

The biosorption of cadmium and cobalt and iron ions by yeast Cryptococcus humicola at nitrogen starvation.

Folia Microbiol (Praha) 2018 Jul 19;63(4):507-510. Epub 2018 Jan 19.

Skryabin Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Microorganisms, Russian Academy of Sciences, Prospect Nauki 5, Pushchino, Moscow Region, Russia, 142290.

Yeasts Cryptococcus humicola accumulated cadmium, cobalt, and iron (~ 50, 17, and 4% of the content in the medium, respectively) from the medium containing glucose, phosphate, and 2 mmol/L of metal salts. The effects of metal absorption on the levels of orthophosphate (Pi) and inorganic polyphosphate (polyP) varied for the metals under study. The levels of Pi and polyP increased in the case of cadmium and cobalt, respectively. In the case of iron, no changes in the levels of Pi and polyP were observed. Multiple DAPI-stained polyP inclusions were observed in the cytoplasm of cadmium-containing cells. The intensity of DAPI staining of the cell wall especially increased in case of cobalt and iron accumulation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12223-018-0583-6DOI Listing
July 2018