Publications by authors named "Vivek Kumar Bains"

15 Publications

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Comparative evaluation of improvement in periodontal and glycemic health status of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients after scaling and root planing with or without adjunctive use of diode laser.

Lasers Med Sci 2021 Feb 1. Epub 2021 Feb 1.

Department of Periodontology, Saraswati Dental College, 233, Tiwari Ganj, Faizabad Road, Chinhat, Lucknow, UP, 226028, India.

Background: Periodontal treatment in diabetic patients reduces systemic inflammatory burden and hence should be closely coordinated with the patient's overall clinical diabetic management.

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of diode laser (DL) (Biolase Epic, 940 nm, Irvine, CA, USA) as an adjunct to scaling root and planing (SRP) on periodontal health and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients suffering from generalized chronic periodontitis (CP), currently, stage II or above/grade B or C periodontitis.

Materials And Methodology: After initial screening of 55 T2DM patients, a total of 44 T2DM-CP patients (between the age group of 30 and 65 years) were selected and randomly assigned into two groups. The groups were divided into control group (n=22), treated with scaling and root planing alone (SRP alone), and experimental group (n=22), treated with scaling and root planing along with laser therapy (SRP + DL). Laser irradiation was accomplished at perio pocket setting of 0.8 W (average) in a pulse interval of 1.0 ms and pulse length of 1.0 ms delivering 24 J of energy using a 300-μm fiber optic delivery system.

Results: Thirty-seven out of 44 enrolled T2DM-CP patients completed the study. Both treatment modalities, i.e., SRP alone and SRP+DL resulted in mean significant (p < 0.001) improvement in periodontal health parameters (plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), probing pocket depth (PPD) and clinical attachment loss (CAL)) and glycemic level (RBS, FBS, and HbA1c) in T2DM-CP patients after 6 months, and was higher in SRP+DL group in comparison to SRP alone. Among the periodontal health parameters, the mean PPD reduction and CAL gain were 51.78% and 48.26% in control as compared to 61.56% and 62.54% in experimental group respectively, whereas the mean significant reduction in HbA1c was 13.8% in SRP alone and 22.52% in SRP+DL group after 6 months (p < 0.05).

Conclusion: Periodontal treatment involving SRP+DL contributes to improved periodontal health parameters and HbA1c level in T2DM-CP patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10103-021-03261-wDOI Listing
February 2021

Efficacy of Platelet-rich Fibrin in Interdental Papilla Reconstruction as Compared to Connective Tissue Using Microsurgical Approach.

Contemp Clin Dent 2019 Oct-Dec;10(4):643-651

Department of Periodontology, Saraswati Dental College, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Aim: This study aims to evaluate autologous platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) and autogenous connective tissue graft (CTG) in interdental papilla (IDP) reconstruction with buccal and palatal split-thickness flap (STF) using microsurgical technique.

Materials And Methods: Forty Class I or Class II open gingival or cervical embrasure in maxillary anterior region in 14 patients were surgical treated for the reconstruction of IDP. For experimental Group I (STF with PRF, = 20), surgical site was flushed with PRF fluid. PRF was then placed under the buccal flap and in the IDP region and squeezed. For experimental Group II (STF with CTG, = 20) after the preparation of recipient site, CTG procured from palate was trimmed to the desired size and shape and placed at the site. Clinical parameters and patient satisfaction response recorded were plaque index, gingival index, probing pocket depth, clinical attachment level, height of IPD, and papilla index score (PIS).

Results: STF surgery in combination with PRF or CTG, are an effective procedure to increase IDP-height with mean values of 3.10 mm (87.3%) and 3.45 mm (95.8%) for Group I (STF + PRF) and Group II (STF + CTG), respectively. In terms of complete fill (CF) achieved at 3 months, in the present study, the result showed that 90% CF was obtained in Group I (STF + PRF) and 95% in Group II (STF + CTG). The patient response and acceptance for surgical treatment modality in terms of patient postsurgical discomfort score and patient esthetic score was higher for Group II (STF + CTG) than Group I (STF + PRF).

Conclusion: Based on single-centered 3 months' follow-up, it may be concluded that STF surgery in combination with PRF or CTG is an effective procedure to increase IDP-height; however, a long-term multicentric randomized clinical trial may be necessary to evaluate the clinical outcome for autologous PRF in comparison to CTG with STF.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ccd.ccd_936_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7390422PMC
August 2020

Prevalence of Periodontal Disease in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients: A Cross-sectional Study.

Contemp Clin Dent 2019 Apr-Jun;10(2):349-357

Department of Periodontology, Saraswati Dental College and Hospital, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of periodontal disease in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients of North India.

Materials And Methods: A total of 500 patients fulfilling the selection criteria were initially given a health questionnaire to gather information regarding their demographic characteristics, attitude for oral hygiene, and disease status. Based on eligibility 427 patients were finally recruited for statistical analysis. A partial-mouth periodontal examination (PMPE) protocol which assessed one maxillary quadrant and one mandibular quadrant was used to examine three fixed sites per tooth (mesiobuccal, midbuccal, and distobuccal). Gingival Index, Oral Hygiene Index-Simplified, Debris Index-Simplified, Calculus Index-Simplified (CI-S), probing pocket depth, and clinical attachment level were examined.

Results: More than 90% (95.1%) of the total diabetic participants had some degree of periodontal destruction. Of the total population, 27.1% of participants had good oral hygiene, 68.8% had fair oral hygiene, and 3.9% had poor oral hygiene status. The prevalence of severe periodontitis in participants with good, fair, and poor oral hygiene status was reported as 0.8%, 17%, and 29.4%, respectively. The prevalence of severe periodontitis in participants with good, fair, and poor oral hygiene status with poor glycemic control (glycated hemoglobin ≥8%) was 2.5%, 28.1%, and 30.7%, respectively.

Conclusion: This single-centered cross-sectional study represents that more than 95% of type 2 diabetic patients have some periodontal destruction. These results may act as baseline data to promote the collaborative integrated management of diabetes for reducing its burden on society.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ccd.ccd_652_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7145232PMC
April 2020

Evaluation of peri-implant tissues around nanopore surface implants with or without platelet rich fibrin: a clinico-radiographic study.

Biomed Mater 2018 01 9;13(2):025002. Epub 2018 Jan 9.

Department of Periodontology, Saraswati Dental College, Lucknow, India.

Objective: To comparatively evaluate peri-implant tissue changes around the nano-pore implant surface with or without platelet rich fibrin (PRF).

Material And Methods: For the present study, a total of 17 patients was initially enrolled (6 females, 11 males), and 38 sites (19 control and 19 experimental sites) were randomly assigned to either group 1 (control), i.e. extraction site received immediate implants without any PRF, and group 2 (experimental), i.e. extraction sites received immediate implants with PRF. Clinical and radiographic parameters were recorded for 9 months after the implant-loading phase.

Results: Clinically, there was a significant (p < 0.001) increase in the peri-implant probing depth from the prosthetic phase up to 9 months in both the groups, and the increase was greater in the control group. However, the mean difference in the changes between the two groups was non-significant. The modified gingiva index for group 2 was significantly lower than that for group 1 in the prosthetic phase. Radiographically, in the control group and experimental group, there was a significant increase (<0.01) in bone loss (BL) in the mesial and distal aspect of the implant from the surgical to prosthetic phase, surgical up to 9 months and from the prosthetic phase up to 9 months. There was greater BL in the control group than in the experimental group in both the mesial and distal aspect of the implant; however the difference in BL was non-significant (<0.01). There was greater BL in the distal aspect than in the mesial aspect in both groups; however, the difference in BL was non-significant.

Conclusion: PRF treatment may provide a way to prevent BL during the surgical-to-prosthetic phase. These results were based on a short-term, low sample randomized clinical study, therefore a long-term study with more sites and homogenous sampling is recommended.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-605X/aa8fa3DOI Listing
January 2018

Patient-centered Microsurgical Management of Gingival Recession using Coronally Advanced Flap with Either Platelet-rich Fibrin or Connective Tissue Graft: A Comparative Analysis.

Contemp Clin Dent 2017 Apr-Jun;8(2):293-304

Department of Periodontology, Saraswati Dental College, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Purpose: To evaluate autologous platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) and autogenous connective tissue graft (CTG) in gingival recession defects in conjunction with coronally advanced flap (CAF) using a microsurgical technique.

Materials And Methods: Forty-five Class I and II recession defects were randomly equally ( = 15) divided into three groups: Group I sites treated with CAF with PRF, Group II sites treated with CAF with CTG, and Group III sites treated with CAF alone using microsurgical approach. Parameters recorded were vertical gingival recession (VGR) and horizontal gingival recession (HGR), % complete root coverage (CRC), patient comfort score (PCS), patient esthetic score (PES), and hypersensitivity score (HS) at 10 days, 3 months, and 6 months.

Results: CAF surgery alone and in combination with PRF or CTG are effective procedures to cover denuded roots with mean VGR values of 1.26 ± 0.70 mm (74.4%), 1.26 ± 0.59 mm (58%), and 1.06 ± 0.79 mm (53.3%) for Groups I, II, and III, respectively. In terms of CRC achieved at 6 months, results showed that 100% CRC was obtained in 60% sites of Group I, 20% sites of Group II, and 27% sites of Group III. Patient response and acceptance for surgical treatment modality in terms of PCS and PES were highest for Group I (PRF and CAF) followed by Group III and Group II, and there was decrease in HS for Group I (PRF and CAF) while no significant changes in HS were observed for Group II and Group III. At the end of 6 months follow-up, there was a significant increase in gingival thickness measurements using transgingival probing in Group II, whereas nonsignificant changes were observed in Group I and Group III.

Conclusions: A long-term multicenter randomized controlled clinical study may be necessary to evaluate the clinical outcome for autologous PRF in comparison to CTG and CAF alone.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ccd.ccd_70_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5551337PMC
August 2017

Comparative evaluation of platelet-rich fibrin versus beta-tri-calcium phosphate in the treatment of Grade II mandibular furcation defects using cone-beam computed tomography.

Eur J Dent 2016 Oct-Dec;10(4):496-506

Department of Periodontology, Saraswati Dental College and Hospital, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Objective: The objective of the study was to evaluate clinically and radiographically the efficacy of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) versus β-tri-calcium phosphate (β-TCP) in the treatment of Grade II mandibular furcation defects.

Materials And Methods: Forty-five Grade II furcation defect in mandibular molars which were assigned to open flap debridement (OFD) with PRF Group I ( = 15), to OFD with β-TCP Group II ( = 15), and to OFD alone Group III ( = 15) were analyzed for clinical parameters (probing pocket depth [PPD], vertical clinical attachment level [VCAL], horizontal clinical attachment level [HCAL], gingival recession, relative vertical height of furcation [r-VHF], and relative horizontal depth of furcation [r-HDF]) and radiographical parameters (horizontal depth of furcation [H-DOF], vertical height of furcation [V-HOF]) using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) at 6 months interval.

Results: For clinical parameters, reduction in PPD and gain in VCAL and HCAL were higher in Group II as compared to Group I. Change in r-VHF and r-HDF was greater in Group II as compared to Group I. Mean percentage clinical vertical defect fill was higher in Group II as compared to Group I (58.52% ± 11.68% vs. 53.24% ± 13.22%, respectively). On CBCT, mean change at 6 months for all parameters showed nonsignificant difference between the two experimental groups. Mean change in V-HOF was higher in Group I as compared to Group II, but mean change in H-DOF and furcation width was more in Group II as compared to Group I.

Conclusion: For both experimental and control groups, there was statistically significant improvement at 6 months follow-up from baseline values.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1305-7456.195160DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5166306PMC
January 2017

Socket preservation by beta-tri-calcium phosphate with collagen compared to platelet-rich fibrin: A clinico-radiographic study.

Eur J Dent 2016 Apr-Jun;10(2):264-276

Department of Periodontology, Saraswati Dental College, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Objectives: This study was primarily designed to determine the clinico-radiographic efficacy of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) and beta-tri-calcium phosphate with collagen (β-TCP-Cl) in preserving extraction sockets.

Materials And Methods: For Group I (PRF), residual sockets (n = 15) were filled with autologous PRF obtained from patients' blood; and for Group II (β-TCP-Cl), residual sockets (n = 15) were filled with β-TCP-Cl. For the sockets randomly selected for Group II (β-TCP-Cl), the reshaped Resorbable Tissue Replacement cone was inserted into the socket.

Results: Clinically, there was a significantly greater decrease in relative socket depth, but apposition in midcrestal height in Group II (β-TCP-Cl) as compared to Group I (PRF), whereas more decrease in buccolingual width of Group I (PRF) than Group II (β-TCP-Cl) after 6 months. Radiographically, the mean difference in socket height, residual ridge, and width (coronal, middle, and apical third of socket) after 6 months was higher in Group I (PRF) as compared to Group II (β-TCP-Cl). The mean density (in Hounsfield Units) at coronal, middle, and apical third of socket was higher in Group I (PRF) as compared to Group II (β-TCP-Cl). There were statistically significant apposition and resorption for Group I (PRF) whereas nonsignificant resorption and significant apposition for Group II (β-TCP-Cl) in buccal and lingual/palatal cortical plate, respectively, at 6 months on computerized tomography scan.

Conclusion: The use of either autologous PRF or β-TCP-Cl was effective in socket preservation. Results obtained from PRF were almost similar to β-TCP-Cl; therefore being autologous, nonimmune, cost-effective, easily procurable regenerative biomaterial, PRF proves to be an insight into the future biofuel for regeneration.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1305-7456.178298DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4813448PMC
April 2016

Patient-centered evaluation of microsurgical management of gingival recession using coronally advanced flap with platelet-rich fibrin or amnion membrane: A comparative analysis.

Eur J Dent 2016 Jan-Mar;10(1):121-133

Department of Periodontology, Saraswati Dental College, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of coronally advanced flap (CAF) procedure under microsurgical approach for the management of Miller's Class I and II gingival recession defects with the use of either platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) or amnion membrane (AM) in comparison to CAF alone.

Materials And Methods: A total of 45 sites with Miller's Class I or II gingival recession defect were randomly distributed for: Experimental Group I (CAF with PRF) sites (n = 15) which were treated with the microsurgical approach using CAF along with PRF; experimental Group II (CAF with AM) sites (n = 15) were treated with the microsurgical approach using CAF along with AM; control Group III (CAF alone) sites (n = 15) were treated with the microsurgical approach using CAF alone. Vertical gingival recession (VGR), horizontal gingival recession (HGR), gingival thickness (GT) (using transgingival probing [TGP] and ultrasonography [USG]) and patients' response and acceptance were documented at baseline, 3 months and 6 months after surgical interventions.

Results: CAF alone and in combination with PRF or AM, were effective techniques for root coverage with average VGR values of 1.47 ± 0.92 mm (56%), 0.67 ± 1.23 mm (36%) and 0.60 ± 1.06 mm (33%) in Group I (CAF with PRF), Group II (CAF with AM), and Group III (CAF alone), respectively. Complete coverage (100%) was obtained in 33.3% sites of Group I (CAF with PRF), 26.6% sites of Group II (CAF with AM) and 13.3% in Group III (CAF alone). Patients' response and acceptance for surgical treatment modality in terms of patient esthetic score and decrease in hypersensitivity score was highest for Group I (CAF with PRF), whereas patient comfort score was highest for Group II (CAF with AM). At 6 months follow-up, significant increase in GT measurements (using TGP and USG) in Group I (CAF with PRF), whereas, nonsignificant increase for Group II (CAF with AM) and no change or decrease for Group III (CAF alone) as compared to baseline was observed.

Conclusion: The present study observed enhancement in root coverage when PRF or AM are used in conjunction with CAF as compared to CAF alone. These results are based on 6-month follow-up. Therefore, the long-term evaluation may be necessary to appreciate the clinical effect of autologous PRF and AM.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1305-7456.175686DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4784142PMC
March 2016

The antioxidant master glutathione and periodontal health.

Dent Res J (Isfahan) 2015 Sep-Oct;12(5):389-405

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Faculty of Dental Sciences, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Glutathione, considered to be the master antioxidant (AO), is the most-important redox regulator that controls inflammatory processes, and thus damage to the periodontium. Periodontitis patients have reduced total AO capacity in whole saliva, and lower concentrations of reduced glutathione (GSH) in serum and gingival crevicular fluid, and periodontal therapy restores the redox balance. Therapeutic considerations for the adjunctive use of glutathione in management of periodontitis, in limiting the tissue damage associated with oxidative stress, and enhancing wound healing cannot be underestimated, but need to be evaluated further through multi-centered randomized controlled trials.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4630702PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1735-3327.166169DOI Listing
November 2015

Evaluation of intrabony defects treated with platelet-rich fibrin or autogenous bone graft: A comparative analysis.

Eur J Dent 2015 Jan-Mar;9(1):100-108

Department of Periodontology, Saraswati Dental College, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Objective: The primary objective of this study was to compare clinically and radiographically the efficacy of autologous platelet rich fibrin (PRF) and autogenous bone graft (ABG) obtained using bone scrapper in the treatment of intrabony periodontal defects.

Materials And Methods: Thirty-eight intrabony defects (IBDs) were treated with either open flap debridement (OFD) with PRF or OFD with ABG. Clinical parameters were recorded at baseline and 6 months postoperatively. The defect-fill and defect resolution at baseline and 6 months were calculated radiographically (intraoral periapical radiographs [IOPA] and orthopantomogram [OPG]).

Results: Significant probing pocket depth (PPD) reduction, clinical attachment level (CAL) gain, defect fill and defect resolution at both PRF and ABG treated sites with OFD was observed. However, inter-group comparison was non-significant (P > 0.05). The bivariate correlation results revealed that any of the two radiographic techniques (IOPA and OPG) can be used for analysis of the regenerative therapy in IBDs.

Conclusion: The use of either PRF or ABG were effective in the treatment of three wall IBDs with an uneventful healing of the sites.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1305-7456.149653DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4319284PMC
February 2015

Efficacy of platelet-rich fibrin vs. enamel matrix derivative in the treatment of periodontal intrabony defects: a clinical and cone beam computed tomography study.

J Int Acad Periodontol 2014 Jul;16(3):86-96

Objective: To evaluate and compare the efficacy of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) with enamel matrix derivative (EMD; Emdogain) in the treatment of periodontal intrabony defects in patients with chronic periodontitis, six months after surgery.

Methods: Forty-four (44) intrabony defects in 30 patients (15 males) were randomly allocated into two treatment groups: EMD (n = 22) and PRF (n = 22). Measurement of the defects was done using clinical and cone beam computed tomography at baseline and 6 months. Clinical and radiographic parameters such as probing depth, clinical attachment level, intrabony defect depth and defect angle, were recorded at baseline and 6 months post-operatively. Within group change was evaluated using the Wilcoxon signed rank test. Intergroup comparisons were made using the Mann-Whitney U test.

Results: Postsurgical measurements revealed that there was an equal reduction in probing depth and a greater but statistically non-significant attachment gain for the Emdogain group when compared to the platelet-rich fibrin group. The Emdogain group presented with significantly greater percentage defect resolution (43.07% ± 12.21) than did the platelet-rich fibrin group (32.41% ± 14.61). Post-operatively the changes in defect width and defect angle were significant in both groups, but upon intergroup comparison they were found to be statistically non-significantly different.

Conclusion: Both Emdogain and platelet-rich fibrin were effective in the regeneration of intrabony defects. Emdogain was significantly superior in terms of percentage defect resolution.
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July 2014

Impact of scaling and root planing on C-reactive protein levels in gingival crevicular fluid and serum in chronic periodontitis patients with or without diabetes mellitus.

J Periodontal Implant Sci 2014 Aug 28;44(4):158-68. Epub 2014 Aug 28.

Kshitiz Medical & Diagnostic Clinic, Lucknow, India.

Purpose: The present study was conducted to evaluate the impact of scaling and root planing (SRP) on the C-reactive protein (CRP) levels of gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and serum in chronic periodontitis patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM-CP) or without type 2 diabetes mellitus (NDM-CP).

Methods: Forty-eight human participants were divided into two groups: an experimental (T2DM-CP) group (group I, n=24) comprising chronic periodontitis patients with random blood sugar ≥200 mg/dL and type 2 diabetes mellitus, and control (NDM-CP) group (group II, n=24) of those with chronic periodontitis and random blood sugar <200 without T2DM for the study. All subjects underwent nonsurgical periodontal therapy (NSPT) including complete SRP and subgingival debridement. Periodontal health parameters, plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), probing pocket depth (PPD), clinical attachment level (CAL), GCF volume (GCF vol), GCF-CRP, random blood glucose (RBS), glycated hemoglobin, and systemic inflammatory markers, serum CRP, total leukocyte count (TLC), neutrophil count (Neutr) and lymphocyte count (Lymph), were evaluated at baseline, 1 month, and 3 months after SRP.

Results: NSPT resulted in statistically significant improvement in periodontal health parameters (PI, GI, PPD, CAL, GCF vol), CRP levels in serum as well as GCF of both groups I and II. The mean improvement in periodontal health parameters (PI, GI, PPD, CAL, GCF vol), CRP levels in serum and GCF was greater in group I than group II after NSPT. There was nonsignificant increase in GCF-CRP, TLC, Lymph, and RBS, and a significant increase in Neutr and Serum CRP in group II at 1 month. The Serum CRP level of 20 out of 24 group II patients had also increased at 1 month.

Conclusions: The CRP levels in both GCF and serum were higher in T2DM-CP patients than in NDM-CP patients. Although there was a significant improvement in both the groups, greater improvement was observed in both GCF and serum samples of T2DM-CP patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5051/jpis.2014.44.4.158DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4148628PMC
August 2014

Therapeutic potential of dental pulp stem cells in regenerative medicine: An overview.

Dent Res J (Isfahan) 2014 May;11(3):302-8

Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Saraswati Dental College and Hospital, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

The purpose of this review is to gain an overview of the applications of the dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) in the treatment of various medical diseases. Stem cells have the capacity to differentiate and regenerate into various tissues. DPSCs are the adult stem cells that reside in the cell rich zone of the dental pulp. These are the multipotent cells that can be explained by their embryonic origin from the neural crest. Owing to this multipotency, these DPSCs can be used in both dental and medical applications. A review of literature has been performed using electronic and hand-searching methods for the medical applications of DPSCs. On the basis of the available information, DPSCs appear to be a promising alternative for the regeneration of tissues and treatment of various diseases, although, long-term clinical trials and studies are needed to confirm their efficacy.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4119361PMC
May 2014

Clinical and cone beam computed tomography comparison of NovaBone Dental Putty and PerioGlas in the treatment of mandibular Class II furcations.

Indian J Dent Res 2014 Mar-Apr;25(2):166-73

Department of Periodontology, Saraswati Dental College and Hospital, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Objective: The objective of this study is to compare the putty form of bioactive glass (NovaBone Dental Putty) and particulate form (PerioGlas) in the resolution of Class II furcation defects.

Background: Use of bone regeneration materials is becoming common in periodontal surgeries including furcation defects and the promising role of bioactive allograft materials has encouraged their presentation in different morphologic forms with their own advantages and disadvantages giving the operator ample of choices in his/her periodontal armamentarium.

Materials And Methods: A total of 28 patients with 40 Class II furcation defects were enrolled in the study and were randomly allocated to two groups with 20 sites in each group. Measurement of defects was done using clinical and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) methods. The patients were followed-up at 6 months. Intergroup comparisons were done using Mann-Whitney U-test.

Results: There was no significance between group differences in clinical parameters and defect size at the baseline. After 6 months, particulate form showed a mean resolution of 50.48 ± 16.47% and 51.11 ± 9.48%, respectively for vertical defect and horizontal defect while putty form showed a mean resolution of 43.48 ± 9.33% and 42.88 ± 11.09%, respectively. Mean resolution in furcation width was 40.15 ± 13.00% for particulate form as compared with 36.27 ± 11.41% in putty form. Statistically, there was no significant difference between two groups except for the horizontal defect fill where PerioGlas showed statistically better results.

Conclusion: Putty form was comparable to particulate form for resolution of Class II furcation defects.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0970-9290.135912DOI Listing
June 2016

Proposal for clinical classification of multifactorial noncarious cervical lesions.

Gen Dent 2014 May-Jun;62(3):39-44

Noncarious cervical lesions often present with overlapping symptoms and have a multifactorial etiology. The dimensions of the lesion axially (depth) and occlusogingivally (width), along with the orientation of the walls of the lesion to each other (angle), are the 3 factors that can be quantified to classify the lesion and assess its progress over time. This article analyzes these factors and proposes a simple classification system based upon the clinical appearance of the lesion in order to derive simple, therapeutic, treatment-based classifications.
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October 2016