Publications by authors named "Vivek K Narayan"

2 Publications

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Belzutifan for Renal Cell Carcinoma in von Hippel-Lindau Disease.

N Engl J Med 2021 11;385(22):2036-2046

From the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston (E.J.); Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark (F.D.); Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston (O.I.); Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville (W.K.R.); University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia (V.K.N.); the University of Utah, Salt Lake City (B.L.M.); Hôpital Européen Georges-Pompidou, University of Paris, Paris (S.O.); the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (T.E.); the University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh (J.K.M.); Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge, United Kingdom (S.J.W.); Merck, Kenilworth, NJ (S.T., E.K.P., R.F.P.); and the Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD (W.M.L., R.S.).

Background: Patients with von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease have a high incidence of renal cell carcinoma owing to gene inactivation and constitutive activation of the transcription factor hypoxia-inducible factor 2α (HIF-2α).

Methods: In this phase 2, open-label, single-group trial, we investigated the efficacy and safety of the HIF-2α inhibitor belzutifan (MK-6482, previously called PT2977), administered orally at a dose of 120 mg daily, in patients with renal cell carcinoma associated with VHL disease. The primary end point was objective response (complete or partial response) as measured according to the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors, version 1.1, by an independent central radiology review committee. We also assessed responses to belzutifan in patients with non-renal cell carcinoma neoplasms and the safety of belzutifan.

Results: After a median follow-up of 21.8 months (range, 20.2 to 30.1), the percentage of patients with renal cell carcinoma who had an objective response was 49% (95% confidence interval, 36 to 62). Responses were also observed in patients with pancreatic lesions (47 of 61 patients [77%]) and central nervous system hemangioblastomas (15 of 50 patients [30%]). Among the 16 eyes that could be evaluated in 12 patients with retinal hemangioblastomas at baseline, all (100%) were graded as showing improvement. The most common adverse events were anemia (in 90% of the patients) and fatigue (in 66%). Seven patients discontinued treatment: four patients voluntarily discontinued, one discontinued owing to a treatment-related adverse event (grade 1 dizziness), one discontinued because of disease progression as assessed by the investigator, and one patient died (of acute toxic effects of fentanyl).

Conclusions: Belzutifan was associated with predominantly grade 1 and 2 adverse events and showed activity in patients with renal cell carcinomas and non-renal cell carcinoma neoplasms associated with VHL disease. (Funded by Merck Sharp and Dohme and others; MK-6482-004 number, NCT03401788.).
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November 2021

Adoptive Cellular Therapy for Solid Tumors.

Am Soc Clin Oncol Educ Book 2021 Mar;41:57-65

Division of Hematology-Oncology, Department of Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.

Cancer immunotherapy tools include antibodies, vaccines, cytokines, oncolytic viruses, bispecific molecules, and cellular therapies. This review will focus on adoptive cellular therapy, which involves the isolation of a patient's own immune cells followed by their ex vivo expansion and reinfusion. The majority of adoptive cellular therapy strategies utilize T cells isolated from tumor or peripheral blood, but may utilize other immune cell subsets. T-cell therapies in the form of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, T-cell receptor T cells, and CAR T cells may act as "living drugs" as these infused cells expand, engraft, and persist in vivo, allowing adaptability over time and enabling durable remissions in subsets of patients. Adoptive cellular therapy has been less successful in the management of solid tumors because of poor homing, proliferation, and survival of transferred cells. Strategies are discussed, including expression of transgenes to address these hurdles. Additionally, advances in gene editing using CRISPR/Cas9 and similar technologies are described, which allow for clinically translatable gene-editing strategies to enhance the antitumor activity and to surmount the hostilities advanced by the host and the tumor. Finally, the common toxicities and approaches to mitigate these are reviewed.
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March 2021