Publications by authors named "Vito Landriscina"

2 Publications

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Rat liver glutathione S-transferase activity stimulation following acute cadmium or manganese intoxication.

Toxicology 2004 Jul;200(1):29-38

Sezione di Chimica e Biochimica Veterinaria del Dipartimento Farmaco-Biologico, Università degli Studi di Bari, Str. Prov. per Casamassima, Km 3, 70010 Valenzano, Bari, Italy.

The effect of cadmium or manganese administration on rat liver glutathione S-transferase (GST) has been investigated. The activity of this enzyme in liver cytosol, where almost all the cellular activity is present, had increased by more than 36% 24 h after a single i.p. injection of CdCl(2) (2.5 mg kg(-1) b.w.) or MnCl(2) (2.0 mg kg(-1) b.w.). After shorter and longer time intervals, a lower enzyme activity stimulation was observed in both cases. When liver cytosol was incubated for 10 min with 75 microM CdCl(2) or 40 microM MnCl(2), no effect was observed on enzyme activity. The increase in GST following cadmium or manganese administration was blocked by prior administration of actinomycin D, indicative of a possible transcription-dependent response. The liver soluble GST from both control and metal-treated rats was not at all affected by Vitamin E, in the range of 20-300 microM. By contrast, hematin was seen to be a competitive inhibitor of this liver enzyme from both types of rats by using CDNB as substrate and the K(i) value was equal to 0.22 microM. The possibility that under the conditions used class alpha GST isoenzymes are affected by cadmium or manganese is discussed.
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July 2004

Antioxidant effect of hydroxytyrosol (DPE) and Mn2+ in liver of cadmium-intoxicated rats.

Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol 2002 Dec;133(4):625-32

Department of Pharmaco-Biology, University of Bari, Str Prov Per Casamassima, Km 3, 70010 Valenzano,(Ba), Italy.

Liver TBARS formation in cadmium-intoxicated rats was completely reduced by administering a low amount of MnCl(2) (2 mg/kg b.w.) 1 h before intoxication. A similar antioxidant effect was first shown by hydroxytyrosol (2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)ethanol, (DPE), a phenolic compound present in olive oil, given twice to rats (9 mg/kg b.w.) after cadmium administration. The antioxidant properties shown in vivo by both Mn(2+) and DPE were also active in vitro when rat liver microsomes were subjected to lipid peroxidation by cadmium or other prooxidant systems. The increase in liver glutathione concentrations occurring in cadmium-intoxicated rats, was also found, for the first time, 24 h after MnCl(2) administration. Unlike cadmium intoxication, which caused a higher formation of both glutathione and TBARS, Mn(2+) induced glutathione synthesis without any TBARS formation. The same situation was also observed when cadmium plus Mn(2+) or cadmium plus DPE was given to rats. Our data show that: (a). both DPE and low Mn(2+) concentrations may have an antioxidant effect in the livers of cadmium-intoxicated rats and (b). Mn(2+), like cadmium, induces liver glutathione synthesis and this effect is probably independent of TBARS formation.
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December 2002