Publications by authors named "Vincent Thibaut"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

NON-INVASIVE DIAGNOSIS AND FOLLOW-UP OF CHRONIC INFECTION WITH HEPATITIS B VIRUS.

Clin Res Hepatol Gastroenterol 2021 Jul 28:101773. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Service d'hépato-gastroentérologie, Hôpital Saint Joseph & INSERM UMR 1252 IRD SESSTIM Aix Marseille Université, Marseille.

Diagnosis of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, initial staging of infection and monitoring of treated and untreated patients are mainly based on clinical, biological and imaging criteria allowing a complete non-invasive management for the majority of patients. Along to the conventional virological tools, rapid diagnostic tests and blotting paper tests for HBV DNA are validated alternatives. After diagnosis, the initial work-up should include HIV, HCV and HDV serologies, HBeAg status, and HBsAg and HBV DNA quantification. Assessment of severity (inflammation and fibrosis) is based on ALT serum levels and non-invasive evaluation of liver fibrosis by elastography or blood tests, which must be interpreted cautiously using specific cut-offs and taking into account ALT levels. Taken together, these parameters allow disease classification and treatment decision. Decision of hepatocellular carcinoma screening by ultra-sound every six months may be difficult in non-cirrhotic patients and the use of risk-scores such as PAGE-B is encouraged. Chronic HBV infection often has a dynamic and often unpredictable profile and regular monitoring is mandatory. In untreated patients, regular (3-12 months) follow-up should include ALT and HBV DNA serum levels. Periodical HBsAg quantification and non-invasive evaluation of liver fibrosis may refine disease outcome and prognosis. In treated patients, checking efficacy is mainly based on HBV DNA negativity. In patients with advanced fibrosis, evolution of liver stiffness can be useful for portal hypertension evaluation, but its improvement should not be considered to stop hepatocellular carcinoma screening. Finally, new parameters (HBV RNA, HBcrAg) are promising but their use is still restricted for research.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinre.2021.101773DOI Listing
July 2021

Eradication of Hepatitis C Virus Infection in Patients With Cirrhosis Reduces Risk of Liver and Non-Liver Complications.

Gastroenterology 2017 01 15;152(1):142-156.e2. Epub 2016 Sep 15.

AP-HP, Hôpital Paul Brousse, Service d'Hépatologie, Villejuif, France.

Background & Aims: We performed a prospective study to investigate the effects of a sustained viral response (SVR) on outcomes of patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and compensated cirrhosis.

Methods: We collected data from 1323 patients included in the prospective Agence Nationale pour la Recherche sur le SIDA et les hépatites virales (ANRS) viral cirrhosis (CirVir) cohort, recruited from 35 clinical centers in France from 2006 through 2012. All patients had HCV infection and biopsy-proven cirrhosis, were Child-Pugh class A, and had no prior liver complications. All patients received anti-HCV treatment before or after inclusion (with interferon then with direct antiviral agents) and underwent an ultrasound examination every 6 months, as well as endoscopic evaluations. SVR was considered as a time-dependent covariate; its effect on outcome was assessed by the Cox proportional hazard regression method. We used a propensity score to minimize confounding by indication of treatment and capacity to achieve SVR.

Results: After a median follow-up period of 58.2 months, 668 patients (50.5%) achieved SVR. SVR was associated with a decreased incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (hazard ratio [HR] compared with patients without an SVR, 0.29; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.19-0.43; P < .001) and hepatic decompensation (HR, 0.26; 95% CI, 0.17-0.39; P < .001). Patients with SVRs also had a lower risk of cardiovascular events (HR, 0.42; 95% CI, 0.25-0.69; P = .001) and bacterial infections (HR, 0.44; 95% CI, 0.29-0.68; P < .001). Metabolic features were associated with a higher risk of hepatocellular carcinoma in patients with SVRs, but not in patients with viremia. SVR affected overall mortality (HR, 0.27 compared with patients without SVR; 95% CI, 0.18-0.42; P < .001) and death from liver-related and non-liver-related causes. Similar results were obtained in a propensity score-matched population.

Conclusions: We confirmed a reduction in critical events, liver-related or not, in a prospective study of patients with HCV infection and compensated cirrhosis included in the CirVir cohort who achieved an SVR. We found an SVR to reduce overall mortality and risk of death from liver-related and non-liver-related causes. A longer follow-up evaluation is required to accurately describe and assess specific risk factors for complications in this population.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.gastro.2016.09.009DOI Listing
January 2017

Intra-laboratory analytical variability of biochemical markers of fibrosis (Fibrotest) and activity (Actitest) and reference ranges in healthy blood donors.

Clin Chem Lab Med 2004 Mar;42(3):323-33

Service of Biochemistry, Hôpital La Pitie-Salpétrière, Paris, France.

Combinations of tests comprising alpha2-macroglobulin, haptoglobin, apolipoprotein Al, gamma-glutamyltransferase, total bilirubin (Fibrotest) and alanine aminotransferase (Actitest) are being developed as alternatives to liver biopsy in patients with chronic hepatitis C. The aim of this study was to assess in the same laboratory the impact of parameter assay variations on Fibrotest and Actitest results and intra-patient reproducibility of the two tests. The stability of the samples for each test was studied after storage at -80 degrees C and -20 degrees C. Within-run, between-run and total imprecision for each parameter assay, and for Fibrotest and Actitest results, were determined. Transferability of assay results between different analyzers was studied. Intra-patient reproducibility was assessed in 55 hospitalized patients. Fibrotest and Actitest reference ranges were determined in 300 blood donors (reference group). The stability of the parameters was affected by serum storage at -20 degrees C only. The impact of parameter analytical variability on Fibrotest and Actitest results was less than 10% and intra-patient reproducibility was acceptable (p > 0.05). The transferability between different analyzers of results of assays performed under the same standardized and calibration conditions was excellent. Fibrotest and Actitest reference ranges in blood donors were (mean+/-SE) 0.075+/-0.004 and 0.068+/-0.004, respectively. The low intra-laboratory and intra-patient variability in Fibrotest and Actitest results confirm Fibrotest and Actitest reliability.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/CCLM.2004.058DOI Listing
March 2004
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