Publications by authors named "Viktoria Zakharova"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Constrained chromatin accessibility in PU.1-mutated agammaglobulinemia patients.

J Exp Med 2021 Jul 5;218(7). Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Genetics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL.

The pioneer transcription factor (TF) PU.1 controls hematopoietic cell fate by decompacting stem cell heterochromatin and allowing nonpioneer TFs to enter otherwise inaccessible genomic sites. PU.1 deficiency fatally arrests lymphopoiesis and myelopoiesis in mice, but human congenital PU.1 disorders have not previously been described. We studied six unrelated agammaglobulinemic patients, each harboring a heterozygous mutation (four de novo, two unphased) of SPI1, the gene encoding PU.1. Affected patients lacked circulating B cells and possessed few conventional dendritic cells. Introducing disease-similar SPI1 mutations into human hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells impaired early in vitro B cell and myeloid cell differentiation. Patient SPI1 mutations encoded destabilized PU.1 proteins unable to nuclear localize or bind target DNA. In PU.1-haploinsufficient pro-B cell lines, euchromatin was less accessible to nonpioneer TFs critical for B cell development, and gene expression patterns associated with the pro- to pre-B cell transition were undermined. Our findings molecularly describe a novel form of agammaglobulinemia and underscore PU.1's critical, dose-dependent role as a hematopoietic euchromatin gatekeeper.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1084/jem.20201750DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8105723PMC
July 2021

Control of graft-versus-host disease with rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin, rituximab, and bortezomib in TCRαβ/CD19-depleted graft transplantation for leukemia in children: a single-center retrospective analysis of two GVHD-prophylaxis regimens.

Pediatr Transplant 2020 02 3;24(1):e13594. Epub 2019 Nov 3.

Department of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation, Dmitriy Rogachev National Center for Pediatric Hematology, Oncology and Immunology, Moscow, Russia.

Both acute GVHD and chronic GVHD remain the leading cause of morbidity and death after allogeneic HSCT. We conducted a retrospective analysis comparing two GVHD-prophylaxis regimens: 35 patients received "Regimen 1" (horse ATG, tacrolimus, and methotrexate) and 46 "Regimen 2" (rabbit ATG, rituximab, and peritransplant bortezomib). All 81 patients with a median age of 9 (0.6-23) years with ALL (n = 31) or AML (n = 50) in complete remission received TCRαβ/CD19-depleted transplants between May 2012 and October 2016, from 40 HLA-matched unrelated and 41 haploidentical donors. After a median follow-up of 3.9 years, the CI of acute GVHD II-IV was 15% (95% CI: 7-30) in the "Regimen 2" group and 34% (95% CI: -54) in the "Regimen 1" group, P = .05. "Regimen 2" was also more effective in the prevention of chronic GVHD; the CI at 1 year after HSCT was 7% (95% CI: 2-19) vs 31% (95% CI: 19-51), P = .005. The CI of relapse at 3 years adjusted for the GVHD-prophylaxis regimen groups 31% (95% CI: 19-51) for the "Regimen 1" vs 21% (95% CI: 11-37) for the "Regimen 2", P = .3. The retrospective observation suggests that the use of the rATG, rituximab, and bortezomib was associated with significantly lower rate of GVHD without the loss of anti-leukemic activity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/petr.13594DOI Listing
February 2020

Outcome of αβ T cell-depleted transplantation in children with high-risk acute myeloid leukemia, grafted in remission.

Bone Marrow Transplant 2020 01 15;55(1):256-259. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation, Dmitriy Rogachev National Medical Research Сenter of Pediatric Hematology, Oncology and Immunology, Samory Mashela street, 1, Moscow, 117997, Russia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41409-019-0531-3DOI Listing
January 2020

Quality control project of NGS HLA genotyping for the 17th International HLA and Immunogenetics Workshop.

Hum Immunol 2019 Apr 6;80(4):228-236. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Kashi Clinical Laboratories, Inc., Portland, OR, USA.

The 17th International HLA and Immunogenetics Workshop (IHIW) organizers conducted a Pilot Study (PS) in which 13 laboratories (15 groups) participated to assess the performance of the various sequencing library preparation protocols, NGS platforms and software in use prior to the workshop. The organizers sent 50 cell lines to each of the 15 groups, scored the 15 independently generated sets of NGS HLA genotyping data, and generated "consensus" HLA genotypes for each of the 50 cell lines. Proficiency Testing (PT) was subsequently organized using four sets of 24 cell lines, selected from 48 of 50 PS cell lines, to validate the quality of NGS HLA typing data from the 34 participating IHIW laboratories. Completion of the PT program with a minimum score of 95% concordance at the HLA-A, HLA-B, HLA-C, HLA-DRB1 and HLA-DQB1 loci satisfied the requirements to submit NGS HLA typing data for the 17th IHIW projects. Together, these PS and PT efforts constituted the 17th IHIW Quality Control project. Overall PT concordance rates for HLA-A, HLA-B, HLA-C, HLA-DPA1, HLA-DPB1, HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1, HLA-DRB3, HLA-DRB4 and HLA-DRB5 were 98.1%, 97.0% and 98.1%, 99.0%, 98.6%, 98.8%, 97.6%, 96.0%, 99.1%, 90.0% and 91.7%, respectively. Across all loci, the majority of the discordance was due to allele dropout. The high cost of NGS HLA genotyping per experiment likely prevented the retyping of initially failed HLA loci. Despite the high HLA genotype concordance rates of the software, there remains room for improvement in the assembly of more accurate consensus DNA sequences by NGS HLA genotyping software.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.humimm.2019.01.009DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6446570PMC
April 2019