Publications by authors named "Vidushi Gupta"

5 Publications

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Assessment of knowledge of use of electronic cigarette and its harmful effects among young adults.

Open Med (Wars) 2020 25;15(1):796-804. Epub 2020 Aug 25.

Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Mangalore, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Karnataka, India.

Background: The practice of young adults smoking e-cigarette may have been adopted as a way of smoking cessation or just to follow a trend. Most people still remain unaware of the detrimental effects of e-cigarette. This study was carried out to assess the prevalence of the habit of smoking e-cigarette and the awareness of its harmful effects among adults aged 18-23 years.

Methods: A questionnaire adopted from a study conducted in Italy was used in the study following due permission. After taking their consent, participants were requested to fill the survey irrespective of their smoking status.

Results: In total the study comprised 710 participants aged 20.7 ± 1.7 years (females = 412 and males = 298) from six countries. Most respondents were from India followed by the USA and then the UK. The most common mode of information for the participants on the existence of e-cigarette was from the family members, friends followed by Internet search engines and TV/newspaper advertisements. Among the participants, e-cigarette had a prevalence of 5.63%. Among these, 26 participants were using e-cigarette for less than 1 year and 2 participants for more than 5 years. E-cigarette smokers also experienced sore throat, cough, headache, dizziness and sleeplessness.

Conclusion: Majority of the young population was unaware about the use and harmful effects of e-cigarette.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/med-2020-0224DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7711978PMC
August 2020

Hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn due to multiple alloantibodies in pregnancy.

Asian J Transfus Sci 2020 Jan-Jun;14(1):83-86. Epub 2020 Jul 24.

Departments of Immunohematology and Blood Transfusion, GMC Jammu, Jammu and kashmir, India.

Immune hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn is a condition in which there is the premature destruction of fetal or neonatal red cells due to maternal alloantibody against red cell antigen inherited from father. We report the case of Hemolytic disease of fetus and newborn (HDFN) due to anti-E and anti-Fya antibody. Blood grouping was done using the conventional tube technique. Rh and Kell phenotyping of the patient and her husband performed by column agglutination and Duffy phenotyping were done by the conventional tube technique. Direct antiglobulin test was performed by column agglutination technique. Antibody screening and identification were done. Anti-E and Anti-Fya were identified with titer of Anti-E: 1:64 and Anti-Fy: 1:256. The patient's neonate developed jaundice. Phototherapy was given. Bilirubin stabilized and discharged on the 12 day.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajts.AJTS_40_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7607990PMC
July 2020

Role of Faith healers: A barrier or a support system to medical care- a cross sectional study.

J Family Med Prim Care 2020 Aug 25;9(8):4298-4304. Epub 2020 Aug 25.

Department of Community Medicine, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad, Anand, Gujarat, India.

Background And Aims: Faith healing is a method of treating illnesses through the exercise of faith rather than medical methods. The current study was done with the objective to find out demographic variables of faith healers, various conditions for which the people approach them, various practices and processes used and to look for scope of integrated approach to healthcare with faith healers.

Settings And Design: RHTC village was a sub center village of PHC Morad. Hence, for the study, all the villages which comes under PHC Morad were selected. The design of the study was a cross-sectional study.

Methods And Material: The study was a cross sectional study where faith healers were interviewed based on a semi structured questionnaire comprising of both close and open-ended questions.

Statistical Analysis Used: Absolute numbers.

Results: Different reasons for which the persons usually came for ranged from supernatural possession, unemployment, family problems etc., and various different processes were used by these healers to solve the problems included giving charms and amulets, personal sacrifices like " and many others.

Conclusion: The study concludes that faith healers in many conditions and situations became the first point of contact as the faith of the community in these faith healers is deeply rooted.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_868_20DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7586541PMC
August 2020

Successful Management of Peri-Implantitis Using a Titanium Brush and a Doxycycline-Saline Slurry for Surface Detoxification With Guided Bone Regeneration: A 5-Year Follow-Up.

Clin Adv Periodontics 2020 09 10;10(3):118-122. Epub 2020 Apr 10.

Graduate Periodontics Division, University of Detroit Mercy Dental, Detroit, MI.

Introduction: The inflammation associated with peri-implantitis lesions can be difficult to manage and regeneration of lost bone is unpredictable. Unfortunately, opinions vary on the best method(s) for elimination of inflammation and restoration of residual osseous defects. This report describes the successful surgical management of a peri-implantitis lesion with reduction of inflammation and maintenance of nearly completely regenerated horizontal and vertical bone over 5 years.

Case Presentation: A 55-year-old healthy, non-smoking, African-American female presented in 2013 with inflammation and >25% bone loss at implant site #18. Probing depths ranged from 6 to 13 mm with bleeding on probing (BOP). She was diagnosed with peri-implantitis. She reported a history of routine scaling every 6 months since implant and crown placement 3 years earlier (2010). Initial periodontal treatment consisted of non-surgical scaling and implant debridement. Deep pockets and BOP persisted at re-evaluation. Surgical treatment consisted of full thickness flap, soft tissue curettage with titanium curets, and detoxification of the implant surface with a doxycycline and sterile saline slurry using a titanium brush. Mineralized freeze-dried bone allograft and demineralized freeze-dried bone allograft in a 50:50 ratio was placed and covered with a resorbable collagen membrane. All postoperative visits were uneventful. Maximum probing depths around the treated implant at the 5+-year follow-up (2019) were 4 mm with no BOP and nearly complete bone fill.

Conclusions: This case illustrates that it is possible to successfully eliminate clinical inflammation associated with peri-implantitis, regenerate bone, and maintain health for >5 years.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cap.10085DOI Listing
September 2020

Effect of noise stress on autonomic function tests.

Noise Health 2010 Jul-Sep;12(48):182-6

Department of Physiology, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, India.

The study was carried out in 200 male volunteers. They were divided into two groups. The study group was exposed to noise levels of more than 80 dB(A) for more than 8 hours a day for a period of 6 months, working in the steel and hammer industry, whereas the control group was working under normal conditions. The mean age of subjects was 33.33 + 0.867 years and the mean noise level to which they were exposed was 90.34 + 0.781 dB(A). Various autonomic function tests were carried out in both the groups and results were analyzed using Z test. Heart rate was recorded on cardiofax ECG machine and blood pressure (BP) was recorded using sphygmomanometer. The tests depicted significant increase in the mean resting heart rate and the heart rate response to standing (P=0.000), 30:15 ratio (P=0.002), the valsalva ratio (P=0.017), the % change in diastolic BP response to standing (P=0.000) and valsalva maneuver (P=0.000), the systolic BP and diastolic BP after cold pressor test (P=0.000) in study group as compared to the control group. The significant higher results in study group may be attributed to increased sympathetic activity. Thus, noise presents as a significant health hazard. It is recommended that maximum allowable duration of exposure should be reviewed and strictly followed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1463-1741.64976DOI Listing
September 2010