Publications by authors named "Vida Yazdani"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Identification of a Missense Variant in the EIF2B3 Gene Causing Vanishing White Matter Disease with Antenatal-Onset but Mild Symptoms and Long-Term Survival.

J Mol Neurosci 2021 Mar 9. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Department of Genetics and Molecular Biology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Vanishing white matter disease (VWM) is a rare autosomal recessive leukodystrophy caused by a mutation in any of the five gene encoding subunits of the translation initiation factors eIF2B1 to eIF2B5. Whole-exome sequencing was performed on a 7-year-old boy with prenatal symptoms, including intrauterine-growth retardation, decreased movements, and oligohydramnios as well as mild intellectual disability, optic atrophy, macrocephaly, mild ataxia, and white matter lesions after birth. Analysis of WES data revealed a homozygous missense variant, c.C590T (p.Thr197Met) in the EIF2B3 gene (NM_0203650). The candidate variant was confirmed by Sanger sequencing and found to co-segregate with disease in family members. Pathogenicity analysis, 3D protein modeling, and stability assessment showed the deleterious effects of this nucleotide change. Previous studies suggest a direct relationship between the onset of symptoms and the progression rate and severity of the disease. All described cases of EIF2B deficiency with antenatal-onset led prenatal death; if they were born, they experienced clinical exacerbation, seizure, severe encephalopathy, and consequent infantile death (< 1 year). The patient of this study had never had seizure, which could be a potential explanation for the observed mild clinical picture, chronic state, and long-term survival until the age of seven. This study reported the first VWM due to EIF2B gene deficiency with antenatal-onset but mild symptoms and long-term survival. The result of this study showed that stressor factors, particularly seizure, could have a substantial role in poor prognosis and early neonatal death.
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March 2021

Consanguineous marriages in the genetic counseling centers of Isfahan and the ethical issues of clinical consultations.

J Med Ethics Hist Med 2017 10;10:12. Epub 2017 Dec 10.

Professor, Medical Ethics and History of Medicine Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Consanguineous marriage, which is common in many regions in the world, has absorbed much attention as a causative factor in raising the incidence of genetic diseases. The adverse effects may be attributed to the expression of the genes received from common ancestors and mortality and morbidity of the offspring. Iran has a high rate of consanguineous marriages. In recent years genetic counseling has come to be considered in health care services. This cross-sectional study was conducted in order to determine the prevalence and types of consanguineous marriages in the genetic clinics in Isfahan. We aimed to define the different types of marriages, specific categories of genetic disorders associated with consanguineous marriages, and mode of inheritance in the family tree. We also narratively reviewed the ethical aspects of the issue. The data were collected using a simple questionnaire. A total number of 1535 couples from urban and rural areas formed the study population. The marriages were classified according to the degree of the relationship between couples, including: double cousin, first cousin, first cousin once removed, second cousin and beyond second cousin. The SPSS software version 16 was used for data analysis. Data obtained through genetic counseling offered during a 5-year period revealed that 74.3% had consanguineous relationships, 62.3% were first cousins, 1% were double cousins and 7.8% were second cousins. In addition, 76% of the couples had at least one genetic disease in their family tree. Related ethical issues were also considered in this study, including autonomy and informed decision making, benefit and harm assessment, confidentiality, ethics in research, justice in access to counseling services, financial problems ethics, and the intellectual property of scientific success.
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December 2017