Publications by authors named "Victoria J Johnston"

3 Publications

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Bedaquiline as Treatment for Disseminated Nontuberculous Mycobacteria Infection in 2 Patients Co-Infected with HIV.

Emerg Infect Dis 2021 Mar;27(3):944-948

Nontuberculous mycobacteria can cause disseminated infections in immunocompromised patients and are challenging to treat because of antimicrobial resistance and adverse effects of prolonged multidrug treatment. We report successful treatment with bedaquiline, a novel antimycobacterial drug, as part of combination therapy for 2 patients with disseminated nontuberculous mycobacteria co-infected with HIV.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2703.202359DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7920675PMC
March 2021

Global epidemiology and control of Trichomonas vaginalis.

Curr Opin Infect Dis 2008 Feb;21(1):56-64

Hospital for Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK.

Purpose Of Review: Trichomonas vaginalis is the most common curable sexually transmitted infection. Despite a number of serious health consequences including facilitation of HIV transmission, pelvic inflammatory disease and adverse outcomes of pregnancy it remains an under-recognized condition. This review aims to update the reader on the global epidemiology and control of T. vaginalis.

Recent Findings: The burden of T. vaginalis infection is found in resource-limited settings and high-risk groups in industrialized settings. Utilization of polymerase chain reaction-based diagnostics has enhanced our understanding of the epidemiology of T. vaginalis both at the population level and in sexual partners. High rates of asymptomatic infection in male partners of infected females and subsequent re-infection have significant implications for control programmes. Further studies investigating the role of T. vaginalis in facilitating HIV transmission has highlighted its significance and the need to develop and implement control interventions.

Summary: Future research to develop cheap, point-of-care diagnostic tests will allow a greater understanding of T. vaginalis epidemiology. In addition, the effect of treatment on outcome of pregnancy and HIV acquisition requires further study. This will in turn facilitate operational studies evaluating optimal control strategies and their impact on the complications of T. vaginalis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/QCO.0b013e3282f3d999DOI Listing
February 2008

Tuberculosis in travellers.

Travel Med Infect Dis 2003 Nov;1(4):205-12

Hospital for Tropical Diseases, University College London Hospitals, London, UK.

Tuberculosis (TB) incidence is increasing in many countries which are popular with international travellers. The development of active TB is a two-stage process; the risk of acquiring new TB infection depends primarily on the risk of contact with an individual with infectious TB, and the risk of disease on the immune status of the newly infected person. The risk of TB infection is low for most holiday-makers, but among long-term travellers to countries with high TB incidence, the risk may be similar to that experienced by the local population (0.5-2.5% per year); the risk to people working in health care is particularly high. Effective pre-travel advice involves assessing the traveller's risk of TB infection and disease. Recommendations on the prevention of TB in travellers vary between countries. Possible strategies include avoidance of exposure; BCG vaccination; and tuberculin skin testing before and after travel, with preventive therapy for those whose post-travel skin tests indicate recent infection. For those at highest risk of progression to disease, there may be value in preventive therapy during travel to reduce the risk of new TB infection. Further information on the contribution of recent travel to incident TB in industrialised countries would be valuable.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tmaid.2003.11.002DOI Listing
November 2003