Publications by authors named "Viacheslav Spirin"

11 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Morphological plasticity in brown-rot fungi: is redefined to encompass both poroid and corticioid species.

Mycologia 2019 Sep-Oct;111(5):871-883. Epub 2019 Aug 21.

Natural History Museum, University of Oslo , P.O. Box 1172, NO-0318 Oslo , Norway.

Most known brown rot-producing species of Polyporales belong to the so-called "Antrodia clade" that largely consists of poroid species. In this study, we use three genetic markers to revise s. str., the core group of this clade. We show that a corticioid species with a smooth hymenophore, , belongs to s. str. Accordingly, we revise the generic concept of s. str. to accommodate this species and two recently described poroid taxa, and . In addition, we describe two new poroid species within s. str., from Africa and from East Asia, and provide new documentation for the Southeast Asian species based on recent collections from the type location.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00275514.2019.1640532DOI Listing
March 2020

Megaphylogeny resolves global patterns of mushroom evolution.

Nat Ecol Evol 2019 04 18;3(4):668-678. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Synthetic and Systems Biology Unit, Biological Research Centre, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Szeged, Hungary.

Mushroom-forming fungi (Agaricomycetes) have the greatest morphological diversity and complexity of any group of fungi. They have radiated into most niches and fulfil diverse roles in the ecosystem, including wood decomposers, pathogens or mycorrhizal mutualists. Despite the importance of mushroom-forming fungi, large-scale patterns of their evolutionary history are poorly known, in part due to the lack of a comprehensive and dated molecular phylogeny. Here, using multigene and genome-based data, we assemble a 5,284-species phylogenetic tree and infer ages and broad patterns of speciation/extinction and morphological innovation in mushroom-forming fungi. Agaricomycetes started a rapid class-wide radiation in the Jurassic, coinciding with the spread of (sub)tropical coniferous forests and a warming climate. A possible mass extinction, several clade-specific adaptive radiations and morphological diversification of fruiting bodies followed during the Cretaceous and the Paleogene, convergently giving rise to the classic toadstool morphology, with a cap, stalk and gills (pileate-stipitate morphology). This morphology is associated with increased rates of lineage diversification, suggesting it represents a key innovation in the evolution of mushroom-forming fungi. The increase in mushroom diversity started during the Mesozoic-Cenozoic radiation event, an era of humid climate when terrestrial communities dominated by gymnosperms and reptiles were also expanding.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41559-019-0834-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6443077PMC
April 2019

Phylogeny and global diversity of Porodaedalea, a genus of gymnosperm pathogens in the Hymenochaetales.

Mycologia 2019 Jan-Feb;111(1):40-53. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

a Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Tree Breeding by Molecular Design , Beijing Forestry University , Beijing 100083, China.

Porodaedalea is a polypore genus of the Hymenochaetales that encompasses pathogens of conifer trees. In this study, we conduct a comprehensive study of the phylogeny and diversity of Porodaedalea based on collections and isolates from Europe, North America, North Africa, and Asia. Phylogenetic analysis of a two-gene data set, nuc ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacers (ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 = ITS) and translation elongation factor 1-alpha (tef1), shows that 20 terminal clades that correspond to phylogenetic species well supported within Porodaedalea. Based on morphological evidence, five new species, P. alpicola, P. indica, P. kesiyae, P. microsperma, and P. yunnanensis, are described and illustrated. In addition, four still unnamed lineages are detected in North America and East Asia.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00275514.2018.1526618DOI Listing
May 2019

Studies in the Stypella vermiformis group (Auriculariales, Basidiomycota).

Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 2019 May 8;112(5):753-764. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Natural History Museum, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1172, Blindern, 0318, Oslo, Norway.

Stypella vermiformis is a heterobasidiomycete producing minute gelatinous basidiocarps on rotten wood of conifers in the Northern Hemisphere. In the current literature, Stypella papillata, the genus type of Stypella (described from Brazil), is treated as a taxonomic synonym of S. vermiformis. In the present paper, we revise the type material of S. papillata and a number of specimens addressed to S. vermiformis. As a result, the presumed synonymy of S. papillata and S. vermiformis is rejected and the genus Stypella is restricted to the single species S. papillata. Morphological and molecular phylogenetic studies of specimens from the Northern Hemisphere corresponding to the current concept of S. vermiformis uncovered three species from two newly described genera. S. vermiformis s.str. is distributed in temperate Europe and has small-sized basidia and basidiospores, and it is placed in a new genus, Mycostilla. Another genus, Stypellopsis, is created for two other species, the North American Stypellopsis farlowii, comb. nov., and the North European Stypellopsis hyperborea, sp. nov. Basidia and basidiospores of Stypellopsis spp. are larger than in Mycostilla vermiformis but other morphological characters are very similar. In addition, Spiculogloea minuta (Spiculogloeomycetes, Pucciniomycotina) is reported as new to Norway, parasitising basidiocarps of M. vermiformis and Tulasnella spp.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10482-018-01209-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6456474PMC
May 2019

Additions to the taxonomy of and (Hymenochaetales, Basidiomycota).

MycoKeys 2018 23(41):65-90. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Natural History Museum, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1172, Blindern, 0318 Oslo, Norway University of Oslo Oslo Norway.

is a small genus of wood-decaying basidiomycetes in the order Hymenochaetales. Molecular phylogenetic analyses have either supported as a distinct taxon or indicated that it should be subsumed under , a genus that covers the majority of species formerly placed in . We used sequences from the ITS and nuclear LSU regions to infer the phylogenetic position of the type species . Analyses confirm as a synonym of . Molecular and morphological information show that the traditional concept of covers at least two species, from Europe and with known distribution in Europe and North America. Three species currently placed in are transferred to , viz. , and . Three new species are described and illustrated, and from East Asia and from the Pacific Northwest America. The identity of , described from Sri Lanka, is discussed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/mycokeys.41.28987DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6207632PMC
October 2018

Considerations and consequences of allowing DNA sequence data as types of fungal taxa.

Authors:
Juan Carlos Zamora Måns Svensson Roland Kirschner Ibai Olariaga Svengunnar Ryman Luis Alberto Parra József Geml Anna Rosling Slavomír Adamčík Teuvo Ahti M Catherine Aime A Martyn Ainsworth László Albert Edgardo Albertó Alberto Altés García Dmitry Ageev Reinhard Agerer Begoña Aguirre-Hudson Joe Ammirati Harry Andersson Claudio Angelini Vladimír Antonín Takayuki Aoki André Aptroot Didier Argaud Blanca Imelda Arguello Sosa Arne Aronsen Ulf Arup Bita Asgari Boris Assyov Violeta Atienza Ditte Bandini João Luís Baptista-Ferreira Hans-Otto Baral Tim Baroni Robert Weingart Barreto Henry Beker Ann Bell Jean-Michel Bellanger Francesco Bellù Martin Bemmann Mika Bendiksby Egil Bendiksen Katriina Bendiksen Lajos Benedek Anna Bérešová-Guttová Franz Berger Reinhard Berndt Annarosa Bernicchia Alona Yu Biketova Enrico Bizio Curtis Bjork Teun Boekhout David Boertmann Tanja Böhning Florent Boittin Carlos G Boluda Menno W Boomsluiter Jan Borovička Tor Erik Brandrud Uwe Braun Irwin Brodo Tatiana Bulyonkova Harold H Burdsall Bart Buyck Ana Rosa Burgaz Vicent Calatayud Philippe Callac Emanuele Campo Massimo Candusso Brigitte Capoen Joaquim Carbó Matteo Carbone Rafael F Castañeda-Ruiz Michael A Castellano Jie Chen Philippe Clerc Giovanni Consiglio Gilles Corriol Régis Courtecuisse Ana Crespo Cathy Cripps Pedro W Crous Gladstone Alves da Silva Meiriele da Silva Marjo Dam Nico Dam Frank Dämmrich Kanad Das Linda Davies Eske De Crop Andre De Kesel Ruben De Lange Bárbara De Madrignac Bonzi Thomas Edison E Dela Cruz Lynn Delgat Vincent Demoulin Dennis E Desjardin Paul Diederich Bálint Dima Maria Martha Dios Pradeep Kumar Divakar Clovis Douanla-Meli Brian Douglas Elisandro Ricardo Drechsler-Santos Paul S Dyer Ursula Eberhardt Damien Ertz Fernando Esteve-Raventós Javier Angel Etayo Salazar Vera Evenson Guillaume Eyssartier Edit Farkas Alain Favre Anna G Fedosova Mario Filippa Péter Finy Adam Flakus Simón Fos Jacques Fournier André Fraiture Paolo Franchi Ana Esperanza Franco Molano Gernot Friebes Andreas Frisch Alan Fryday Giuliana Furci Ricardo Galán Márquez Matteo Garbelotto Joaquina María García-Martín Mónica A García Otálora Dania García Sánchez Alain Gardiennet Sigisfredo Garnica Isaac Garrido Benavent Genevieve Gates Alice da Cruz Lima Gerlach Masoomeh Ghobad-Nejhad Tatiana B Gibertoni Tine Grebenc Irmgard Greilhuber Bella Grishkan Johannes Z Groenewald Martin Grube Gérald Gruhn Cécile Gueidan Gro Gulden Luis Fp Gusmão Josef Hafellner Michel Hairaud Marek Halama Nils Hallenberg Roy E Halling Karen Hansen Christoffer Bugge Harder Jacob Heilmann-Clausen Stip Helleman Alain Henriot Margarita Hernandez-Restrepo Raphaël Herve Caroline Hobart Mascha Hoffmeister Klaus Høiland Jan Holec Håkon Holien Karen Hughes Vit Hubka Seppo Huhtinen Boris Ivančević Marian Jagers Walter Jaklitsch AnnaElise Jansen Ruvishika S Jayawardena Thomas Stjernegaard Jeppesen Mikael Jeppson Peter Johnston Per Magnus Jørgensen Ingvar Kärnefelt Liudmila B Kalinina Gintaras Kantvilas Mitko Karadelev Taiga Kasuya Ivona Kautmanová Richard W Kerrigan Martin Kirchmair Anna Kiyashko Dániel G Knapp Henning Knudsen Kerry Knudsen Tommy Knutsson Miroslav Kolařík Urmas Kõljalg Alica Košuthová Attila Koszka Heikki Kotiranta Vera Kotkova Ondřej Koukol Jiří Kout Gábor M Kovács Martin Kříž Åsa Kruys Viktor Kučera Linas Kudzma Francisco Kuhar Martin Kukwa T K Arun Kumar Vladimír Kunca Ivana Kušan Thomas W Kuyper Carlos Lado Thomas Læssøe Patrice Lainé Ewald Langer Ellen Larsson Karl-Henrik Larsson Gary Laursen Christian Lechat Serena Lee James C Lendemer Laura Levin Uwe Lindemann Håkan Lindström Xingzhong Liu Regulo Carlos Llarena Hernandez Esteve Llop Csaba Locsmándi Deborah Jean Lodge Michael Loizides László Lőkös Jennifer Luangsa-Ard Matthias Lüderitz Thorsten Lumbsch Matthias Lutz Dan Mahoney Ekaterina Malysheva Vera Malysheva Patinjareveettil Manimohan Yasmina Marin-Felix Guilhermina Marques Rubén Martínez-Gil Guy Marson Gerardo Mata P Brandon Matheny Geir Harald Mathiassen Neven Matočec Helmut Mayrhofer Mehdi Mehrabi Ireneia Melo Armin Mešić Andrew S Methven Otto Miettinen Ana M Millanes Romero Andrew N Miller James K Mitchell Roland Moberg Pierre-Arthur Moreau Gabriel Moreno Olga Morozova Asunción Morte Lucia Muggia Guillermo Muñoz González Leena Myllys István Nagy László G Nagy Maria Alice Neves Tuomo Niemelä Pier Luigi Nimis Nicolas Niveiro Machiel E Noordeloos Anders Nordin Sara Raouia Noumeur Yuri Novozhilov Jorinde Nuytinck Esteri Ohenoja Patricia Oliveira Fiuza Alan Orange Alexander Ordynets Beatriz Ortiz-Santana Leticia Pacheco Ferenc Pál-Fám Melissa Palacio Zdeněk Palice Viktor Papp Kadri Pärtel Julia Pawlowska Aurelia Paz Ursula Peintner Shaun Pennycook Olinto Liparini Pereira Pablo Pérez Daniëls Miquel À Pérez-De-Gregorio Capella Carlos Manuel Pérez Del Amo Sergio Pérez Gorjón Sergio Pérez-Ortega Israel Pérez-Vargas Brian A Perry Jens H Petersen Ronald H Petersen Donald H Pfister Chayanard Phukhamsakda Marcin Piątek Meike Piepenbring Raquel Pino-Bodas Juan Pablo Pinzón Esquivel Paul Pirot Eugene S Popov Orlando Popoff María Prieto Álvaro Christian Printzen Nadezhda Psurtseva Witoon Purahong Luis Quijada Gerhard Rambold Natalia A Ramírez Huzefa Raja Olivier Raspé Tania Raymundo Martina Réblová Yury A Rebriev Juan de Dios Reyes García Miguel Ángel Ribes Ripoll Franck Richard Mike J Richardson Víctor J Rico Gerardo Lucio Robledo Flavia Rodrigues Barbosa Cristina Rodriguez-Caycedo Pamela Rodriguez-Flakus Anna Ronikier Luis Rubio Casas Katerina Rusevska Günter Saar Irja Saar Isabel Salcedo Sergio M Salcedo Martínez Carlos A Salvador Montoya Santiago Sánchez-Ramírez J Vladimir Sandoval-Sierra Sergi Santamaria Josiane Santana Monteiro Hans Josef Schroers Barbara Schulz Geert Schmidt-Stohn Trond Schumacher Beatrice Senn-Irlet Hana Ševčíková Oleg Shchepin Takashi Shirouzu Anton Shiryaev Klaus Siepe Esteban B Sir Mohammad Sohrabi Karl Soop Viacheslav Spirin Toby Spribille Marc Stadler Joost Stalpers Soili Stenroos Ave Suija Stellan Sunhede Sten Svantesson Sigvard Svensson Tatyana Yu Svetasheva Krzysztof Świerkosz Heidi Tamm Hatira Taskin Adrien Taudière Jan-Olof Tedebrand Raúl Tena Lahoz Marina Temina Arne Thell Marco Thines Göran Thor Holger Thüs Leif Tibell Sanja Tibell Einar Timdal Zdenko Tkalčec Tor Tønsberg Gérard Trichies Dagmar Triebel Andrei Tsurykau Rodham E Tulloss Veera Tuovinen Miguel Ulloa Sosa Carlos Urcelay François Valade Ricardo Valenzuela Garza Pieter van den Boom Nicolas Van Vooren Aida M Vasco-Palacios Jukka Vauras Juan Manuel Velasco Santos Else Vellinga Annemieke Verbeken Per Vetlesen Alfredo Vizzini Hermann Voglmayr Sergey Volobuev Wolfgang von Brackel Elena Voronina Grit Walther Roy Watling Evi Weber Mats Wedin Øyvind Weholt Martin Westberg Eugene Yurchenko Petr Zehnálek Huang Zhang Mikhail P Zhurbenko Stefan Ekman

IMA Fungus 2018 Jun 24;9(1):167-175. Epub 2018 May 24.

Museum of Evolution, Uppsala University, Norbyvägen 16, 75236 Uppsala, Sweden.

Nomenclatural type definitions are one of the most important concepts in biological nomenclature. Being physical objects that can be re-studied by other researchers, types permanently link taxonomy (an artificial agreement to classify biological diversity) with nomenclature (an artificial agreement to name biological diversity). Two proposals to amend the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN), allowing DNA sequences alone (of any region and extent) to serve as types of taxon names for voucherless fungi (mainly putative taxa from environmental DNA sequences), have been submitted to be voted on at the 11 International Mycological Congress (Puerto Rico, July 2018). We consider various genetic processes affecting the distribution of alleles among taxa and find that alleles may not consistently and uniquely represent the species within which they are contained. Should the proposals be accepted, the meaning of nomenclatural types would change in a fundamental way from physical objects as sources of data to the data themselves. Such changes are conducive to irreproducible science, the potential typification on artefactual data, and massive creation of names with low information content, ultimately causing nomenclatural instability and unnecessary work for future researchers that would stall future explorations of fungal diversity. We conclude that the acceptance of DNA sequences alone as types of names of taxa, under the terms used in the current proposals, is unnecessary and would not solve the problem of naming putative taxa known only from DNA sequences in a scientifically defensible way. As an alternative, we highlight the use of formulas for naming putative taxa (candidate taxa) that do not require any modification of the ICN.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5598/imafungus.2018.09.01.10DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6048565PMC
June 2018

Polyozellus multiplex (Thelephorales) is a species complex containing four new species.

Mycologia 2017 1;109(6):975-992. Epub 2018 Mar 1.

b Institute of Ecology and Earth Sciences, University of Tartu , 14A Ravila Street, 50411 Tartu , Estonia.

Geographic, morphological, and internal transcribed spacer (ITS)-based molecular review of collections identified as Polyozellus multiplex revealed that it is a complex of five phylogenetic species. Average spore size-either less or more than 7 × 6 µm-splits the complex into a small-spored group of two (P. multiplex and P. atrolazulinus) and a large-spored group of three (P. mariae, P. marymargaretae, and P. purpureoniger). Basidiocarps of the small-spored species are somewhat smaller than the large-spored ones, are various shades of blue, dark all the way to black, with brownish tomentum only in early growth, have dark context, and have pilei that tend to flare out at the edge. The large-spored species produce somewhat larger sporocarps, have light or lighter context than the pileipelis, and usually retain some brown on the mature pileipellis, the edge of which tends to curl like a cabbage leaf. All will darken or blacken with age. The species of the P. multiplex complex are distributed in the northern coniferous region, with the exception of Europe. One species (P. atrolazulinus) is known from three regions, eastern Asia, western North America, and northeastern North America. Two species are known from two regions: P. purpureoniger in eastern Asia and northwestern North America and P. multiplex in eastern Asia and eastern North America. Two species have been documented in one region only: P. mariae in northeastern North America and P. marymargaretae in western North America. A combination of location, macromorphology, and spore size will usually differentiate the species of the complex.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00275514.2017.1416246DOI Listing
November 2018

Taxonomy and phylogeny of the Auriculariales (Agaricomycetes, Basidiomycota) with stereoid basidiocarps.

Fungal Biol 2017 08 10;121(8):689-715. Epub 2017 May 10.

Botany Unit (Mycology), Finnish Museum of Natural History, P.O. Box 7, FI-00014, University of Helsinki, Finland; Natural History Museum, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1172, Blindern, 0318 Oslo, Norway. Electronic address:

In the present study, we investigate taxonomy of the Auriculariales with effused or cupulate, persistent basidiocarps; generic and species concepts are revised based on morphological and DNA evidences. The genus Eichleriella is reinstated to embrace ten closely related species with ellipsoid-ovoid basidia, and the genus type, Eichleriella incarnata, is placed to the synonyms of Eichleriella leucophaea. Eichleriella bactriana, Eichleriella desertorum and Eichleriella sicca are described as new to science. In addition, four species earlier treated as members of Exidiopsis or Heterochaete are combined to the genus. The genus name Heteroradulum (type Radulum kmetii) is introduced for seven species with large, obconical, stipitate basidia. Of them, Heteroradulum adnatum and Heteroradulum semis are described as new. Two new genera, Amphistereum (with two species, type Eichleriella schrenkii) and Sclerotrema (monotypic, type Exidiopsis griseobrunnea), are proposed; Hirneolina (monotypic, type H. hirneoloides) and Tremellochaete (with two species, type Exidia japonica) are restored as good genera. The type species of Heterochaete, H. andina, is congeneric with Exidiopsis (type E. effusa).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.funbio.2017.05.001DOI Listing
August 2017

Studies in the Antrodia serialis group (Polyporales, Basidiomycota).

Mycologia 2017 1;109(2):217-230. Epub 2017 Mar 1.

a Botany Unit (Mycology), Finnish Museum of Natural History , P.O. Box 7 , FI-00014 University of Helsinki, Helsinki , Finland.

Taxonomy and phylogeny of the Antrodia serialis group are revised with morphological, ecological, and geographic data, partial translation elongation factor 1-α (tef1) gene sequences, and nuc rDNA ITS1-5.8S-ITS2-28S sequences. The group contains 13 species found in boreal and temperate zones of the Northern Hemisphere. The species are limited to certain geographic areas within Eurasia and North America. The traditional morphology-based concept of A. serialis covers at least four closely related species: A. serialis s. str. in Eurasia, A. angusta, sp. nov., in East Asia, A. serrata, sp. nov., in the American Northeast, and A. calcitrosa, sp. nov., in the American Northwest. They all are associated mostly with Picea spp. and show small, but stable morphological differences from each other. In addition, A. morganii, comb. nov., inhabiting wood of Populus spp., occurs in North America, and Antrodia alaskana, comb. nov., a large-pored species, macroscopically similar to A. variiformis, is distributed along the Pacific coast of North America. The pine-dwelling A. flavimontis, sp. nov., similar to A. primaeva from Eurasia, is so far known only from the eastern part of the Rocky Mountains (Utah and Wyoming).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00275514.2017.1300087DOI Listing
October 2018

Species diversity in the Antrodia crassa group (Polyporales, Basidiomycota).

Fungal Biol 2015 Dec 9;119(12):1291-1310. Epub 2015 Oct 9.

Department of Botany, Institute of Ecology and Earth Sciences, University of Tartu, Lai 40, EE-51015 Tartu, Estonia.

Antrodia is a polyphyletic genus, comprising brown-rot polypores with annual or short-lived perennial resupinate, dimitic basidiocarps. Here we focus on species that are closely related to Antrodia crassa, and investigate their phylogeny and species delimitation using geographic, ecological, morphological and molecular data (ITS and LSU rDNA, tef1). Phylogenetic analyses distinguished four clades within the monophyletic group of eleven conifer-inhabiting species (five described herein): (1)A. crassa s. str. (boreal Eurasia), Antrodia cincta sp. nova (North America) and Antrodia cretacea sp. nova (holarctic), all three being characterized by inamyloid skeletal hyphae that dissolve quickly in KOH solution; (2) Antrodia ignobilis sp. nova, Antrodia sitchensis and Antrodia sordida from North America, and Antrodia piceata sp. nova (previously considered conspecific with A. sitchensis) from Eurasia, possessing amyloid skeletal hyphae; (3) Antrodia ladiana sp. nova from the southern part of the USA, Antrodia pinea from East Asia, and Antrodia ferox - so far known from subtropical North America, but here reported also from Eurasia. These three species have inamyloid hyphae and narrow basidiospores; (4) the North American Antrodia pini-cubensis, sharing similar morphological characters with A. pinea, forming a separate clade. The habitat data indicate that several species are threatened by intensive forestry.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.funbio.2015.09.008DOI Listing
December 2015

What is Antrodia sensu stricto?

Mycologia 2013 Nov-Dec;105(6):1555-76

Botanical Museum, PO Box 7, 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland.

The polypore genus Antrodia (Polyporales, Basidiomycota) in the strict sense consists of a small number of species grouped around the type species A. serpens in phylogenetic analyses. This distinct clade (Antrodia sensu stricto in our view) contains species of the Antrodia heteromorpha complex, A. macra coll. and Antrodia mappa (formerly Postia mappa). Nuclear rDNA ITS and tef1 data show that the Antrodia heteromorpha species complex includes four species: A. heteromorpha sensu stricto (mostly on gymnosperms, large pores and spores), A. serpens (on angiosperms in Europe, resupinate, smaller pores but large spores), A. favescens (smaller pores and spores, pileate species in North America, formerly known as Trametes sepium), and A. tanakai (a close kin of A. favescens in Eurasia). Antrodia albida is a synonym of A. heteromorpha sensu stricto. We combine A. mappa, A. favescens and A. tanakai in Antrodia and designate neotypes for A. albida and A. heteromorpha, and an epitype for A. serpens. We also compare the morphologically similar but distantly related A. albidoides and A. mellita, and conclude that A. macrospora and A. subalbidoides are synonyms of A. albidoides.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3852/13-039DOI Listing
January 2014