Publications by authors named "Verena Moser"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Impact of Prior Antibiotic Use in Primary Care on Resistance to Third Generation Cephalosporins: A Case-Control Study.

Antibiotics (Basel) 2021 Apr 16;10(4). Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Medical Sciences and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, University of Cagliari, 09124 Cagliari, Italy.

Research is lacking on the reversibility of antimicrobial resistance (AMR). Thus, we aimed to determine the influence of previous antibiotic use on the development and decay over time of third generation cephalosporin (3GC)-resistance of . Using the database of hospital laboratories of the Autonomous Province of Bolzano/Bozen (Italy), anonymously linked to the database of outpatient pharmaceutical prescriptions and the hospital discharge record database, this matched case-control study was conducted including as cases all those who have had a positive culture from any site for 3GC resistant (3GCREC) during a 2016 hospital stay. Data were analyzed by conditional logistic regression. 244 cases were matched to 1553 controls by the date of the first isolate. Male sex (OR 1.49, 95% CI 1.10-2.01), older age (OR 1.11, 95% CI 1.02-1.21), the number of different antibiotics taken in the previous five years (OR 1.20, 95% CI 1.08-1.33), at least one antibiotic prescription in the previous year (OR 1.92, 95% CI 1.36-2.71), and the diagnosis of diabetes (OR 1.57, 95% CI 1.08-2.30) were independent risk factors for 3GCREC colonization/infection. Patients who last received an antibiotic prescription two years or three to five years before hospitalization showed non-significant differences with controls (OR 0.97, 95% CI 0.68-1.38 and OR 0.85, 95% CI 0.59-1.24), compared to an OR of 1.92 (95% CI 1.36-2.71) in those receiving antibiotics in the year preceding hospitalization. The effect of previous antibiotic use on 3GC-resistance of is highest after greater cumulative exposure to any antibiotic as well as to 3GCs and in the first 12 months after antibiotics are taken and then decreases progressively.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics10040451DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8073604PMC
April 2021

Synthesis and in vitro characterization of a poly(acrylic acid)-homocysteine conjugate.

Drug Dev Ind Pharm 2004 Jan;30(1):1-8

Institute of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Leopold-Franzens-University Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.

It was the aim of this study to improve our knowledge on thiolated polymers by the synthesis and in vitro characterization of a poly(acrylic acid)-homocysteine conjugate. Mediated by a carbodiimide, homocysteine was therefore covalently attached to poly(acrylic acid) via the formation of an amide bond. The isolated conjugate displayed 930 micromol +/- 83 micromol sulfur atoms per gram polymer. Of these thiol groups, 80.1% were oxidized to disulfide bonds during the coupling reaction. In aqueous solutions the conjugate was rapidly oxidized by the formation of disulfide bonds at pH 8, whereas it remained stable at pH 7 and below during the observation period of 4 hours. Due to the immobilization of thiol groups on the polymer, the mucoadhesive and cohesive properties of poly(acrylic acid) were strongly improved. Furthermore, the thiolated polymer exhibited a significantly (p < 0.05) improved permeation enhancing effect in comparison to the unmodified polymer. Because of these features the poly(acrylic acid)-homocysteine conjugate seems to represent a promising novel tool, which might be useful in particular for aqueous formulations based on thiomers.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1081/ddc-120027505DOI Listing
January 2004
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