Publications by authors named "Veniamin S Fishman"

11 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Differential DNA Methylation of the IMMP2L Gene in Families with Maternally Inherited 7q31.1 Microdeletions is Associated with Intellectual Disability and Developmental Delay.

Cytogenet Genome Res 2021 Apr 13:1-15. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Research Institute of Medical Genetics, Tomsk National Research Medical Center, Tomsk, Russian Federation.

Most copy number variations (CNVs) in the human genome display incomplete penetrance with unknown underlying mechanisms. One such mechanism may be epigenetic modification, particularly DNA methylation. The IMMP2L gene is located in a critical region for autism susceptibility on chromosome 7q (AUTS1). The level of DNA methylation was assessed by bisulfite sequencing of 87 CpG sites in the IMMP2L gene in 3 families with maternally inherited 7q31.1 microdeletions affecting the IMMP2L gene alone. Bisulfite sequencing revealed comparable levels of DNA methylation in the probands, healthy siblings without microdeletions, and their fathers. In contrast, a reduced DNA methylation index and increased IMMP2L expression were observed in lymphocytes from the healthy mothers compared with the probands. A number of genes were upregulated in the healthy mothers compared to controls and downregulated in probands compared to mothers. These genes were enriched in components of the ribosome and electron transport chain, as well as oxidative phosphorylation and various degenerative conditions. Differential expression in probands and mothers with IMMP2L deletions relative to controls may be due to compensatory processes in healthy mothers with IMMP2L deletions and disturbances of these processes in probands with intellectual disability. The results suggest a possible partial compensation for IMMP2L gene haploinsufficiency in healthy mothers with the 7q31.1 microdeletion by reducing the DNA methylation level. Differential DNA methylation of intragenic CpG sites may affect the phenotypic manifestation of CNVs and explain the incomplete penetrance of chromosomal microdeletions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000514491DOI Listing
April 2021

The Mutation Spectrum of Maturity Onset Diabetes of the Young (MODY)-Associated Genes among Western Siberia Patients.

J Pers Med 2021 Jan 18;11(1). Epub 2021 Jan 18.

Federal Research Center Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences (SB RAS), Prospekt Lavrentyeva 10, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia.

Maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY) is a congenital form of diabetes characterized by onset at a young age and a primary defect in pancreatic-β-cell function. Currently, 14 subtypes of MODY are known, and each is associated with mutations in a specific gene: , , , , , , , , , , , , , and . The most common subtypes of MODY are associated with mutations in the genes , , , and . Among them, up to 70% of cases are caused by mutations in and . Here, an analysis of 14 MODY genes was performed in 178 patients with a MODY phenotype in Western Siberia. Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification analysis of DNA samples from 50 randomly selected patients without detectable mutations did not reveal large rearrangements in the MODY genes. In 38 patients (37% males) among the 178 subjects, mutations were identified in , , , and . We identified novel potentially causative mutations p.Lys142*, Leu146Val, Ala173Glnfs*30, Val181Asp, Gly261Ala, IVS7 c.864 -1G>T, Cys371*, and Glu443Lys in and Ser6Arg, IVS 2 c.526 +1 G>T, IVS3 c.713 +2 T>A, and Arg238Lys in .
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jpm11010057DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7831070PMC
January 2021

Postsynthetic On-Column 2' Functionalization of RNA by Convenient Versatile Method.

Int J Mol Sci 2020 Jul 20;21(14). Epub 2020 Jul 20.

Institute of Chemical Biology and Fundamental Medicine SB RAS Lavrentiev Ave. 8, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia.

We report a universal straightforward strategy for the chemical synthesis of modified oligoribonucleotides containing functional groups of different structures at the 2' position of ribose. The on-column synthetic concept is based on the incorporation of two types of commercial nucleotide phosphoramidites containing orthogonal 2'--protecting groups, namely 2'--thiomorpholine-carbothioate (TC, as "permanent") and 2'---butyl(dimethyl)silyl (BDMS, as "temporary"), to RNA during solid-phase synthesis. Subsequently, the support-bound RNA undergoes selective deprotection and follows postsynthetic 2' functionalization of the naked hydroxyl group. This convenient method to tailor RNA, utilizing the advantages of solid phase approaches, gives an opportunity to introduce site-specifically a wide range of linkers and functional groups. By this strategy, a series of RNAs containing diverse 2' functionalities were synthesized and studied with respect to their physicochemical properties.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms21145127DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7404181PMC
July 2020

Targeted genomic integration of EGFP under tubulin beta 3 class III promoter and mEos2 under tryptophan hydroxylase 2 promoter does not produce sufficient levels of reporter gene expression.

J Cell Biochem 2019 10 20;120(10):17208-17218. Epub 2019 May 20.

Department of Molecular Mechanisms of Development, Institute of Cytology and Genetics Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia.

Neuronal tracing is a modern technology that is based on the expression of fluorescent proteins under the control of cell type-specific promoters. However, random genomic integration of the reporter construct often leads to incorrect spatial and temporal expression of the marker protein. Targeted integration (or knock-in) of the reporter coding sequence is supposed to provide better expression control by exploiting endogenous regulatory elements. Here we describe the generation of two fluorescent reporter systems: enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) under pan-neural marker class III β-tubulin (Tubb3) promoter and mEos2 under serotonergic neuron-specific tryptophan hydroxylase 2 (Tph2) promoter. Differentiation of Tubb3-EGFP embryonic stem (ES) cells into neurons revealed that though Tubb3-positive cells express EGFP, its expression level is not sufficient for the neuronal tracing by routine fluorescent microscopy. Similarly, the expression levels of mEos2-TPH2 in differentiated ES cells was very low and could be detected only on messenger RNA level using polymerase chain reaction-based methods. Our data shows that the use of endogenous regulatory elements to control transgene expression is not always beneficial compared with the random genomic integration.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcb.28981DOI Listing
October 2019

A mosaic intragenic microduplication of LAMA1 and a constitutional 18p11.32 microduplication in a patient with keratosis pilaris and intellectual disability.

Am J Med Genet A 2018 11 23;176(11):2395-2403. Epub 2018 Sep 23.

Laboratory of Cytogenetics, Research Institute of Medical Genetics, Tomsk NRMC, Tomsk, Russia.

The application of array-based comparative genomic hybridization and next-generation sequencing has identified many chromosomal microdeletions and microduplications in patients with different pathological phenotypes. Different copy number variations are described within the short arm of chromosome 18 in patients with skin diseases. In particular, full or partial monosomy 18p has also been associated with keratosis pilaris. Here, for the first time, we report a young male patient with intellectual disability, diabetes mellitus (type I), and keratosis pilaris, who exhibited a de novo 45-kb microduplication of exons 4-22 of LAMA1, located at 18p11.31, and a 432-kb 18p11.32 microduplication of paternal origin containing the genes METTL4, NDC80, and CBX3P2 and exons 1-15 of the SMCHD1 gene. The microduplication of LAMA1 was identified in skin fibroblasts but not in lymphocytes, whereas the larger microduplication was present in both tissues. We propose LAMA1 as a novel candidate gene for keratosis pilaris. Although inherited from a healthy father, the 18p11.32 microduplication, which included relevant genes, could also contribute to phenotype manifestation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.a.40478DOI Listing
November 2018

Allele-Specific Biased Expression of the CNTN6 Gene in iPS Cell-Derived Neurons from a Patient with Intellectual Disability and 3p26.3 Microduplication Involving the CNTN6 Gene.

Mol Neurobiol 2018 Aug 11;55(8):6533-6546. Epub 2018 Jan 11.

Institute of Cytology and Genetics SB RAS, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia.

Copy number variations (CNVs) of the human CNTN6 gene caused by megabase-scale microdeletions or microduplications in the 3p26.3 region are often the cause of neurodevelopmental disorders, including intellectual disability and developmental delay. Surprisingly, patients with different copy numbers of this gene display notable overlapping of neuropsychiatric symptoms. The complexity of the study of human neuropathologies is associated with the inaccessibility of brain material. This problem can be overcome through the use of reprogramming technologies that permit the generation of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells from fibroblasts and their subsequent in vitro differentiation into neurons. We obtained a set of iPS cell lines derived from a patient carrier of the CNTN6 gene duplication and from two healthy donors. All iPS cell lines displayed the characteristics of pluripotent cells. Some iPS cell lines derived from the patient and from healthy donors were differentiated in vitro by exogenous expression of the Ngn2 transcription factor or by spontaneous neural differentiation of iPS cells through the neural rosette stage. The obtained neurons showed the characteristics of mature neurons as judged by the presence of neuronal markers and by their electrophysiological characteristics. Analysis of allele-specific expression of the CNTN6 gene in these neuronal cells by droplet digital PCR demonstrated that the level of expression of the duplicated allele was significantly reduced compared to that of the wild-type allele. Importantly, according to the sequencing data, both copies of the CNTN6 gene, which were approximately 1 Mb in size, showed no any additional structural rearrangements.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12035-017-0851-5DOI Listing
August 2018

Alternative dominance of the parental genomes in hybrid cells generated through the fusion of mouse embryonic stem cells with fibroblasts.

Sci Rep 2017 12 22;7(1):18094. Epub 2017 Dec 22.

Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia.

For the first time, two types of hybrid cells with embryonic stem (ES) cell-like and fibroblast-like phenotypes were produced through the fusion of mouse ES cells with fibroblasts. Transcriptome analysis of 2,848 genes differentially expressed in the parental cells demonstrated that 34-43% of these genes are expressed in hybrid cells, consistent with their phenotypes; 25-29% of these genes display intermediate levels of expression, and 12-16% of these genes maintained expression at the parental cell level, inconsistent with the phenotype of the hybrid cell. Approximately 20% of the analyzed genes displayed unexpected expression patterns that differ from both parents. An unusual phenomenon was observed, namely, the illegitimate activation of Xist expression and the inactivation of one of two X-chromosomes in the near-tetraploid fibroblast-like hybrid cells, whereas both Xs were active before and after in vitro differentiation of the ES cell-like hybrid cells. These results and previous data obtained on heterokaryons suggest that the appearance of hybrid cells with a fibroblast-like phenotype reflects the reprogramming, rather than the induced differentiation, of the ES cell genome under the influence of a somatic partner.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-18352-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5741742PMC
December 2017

Deterministic versus stochastic model of reprogramming: new evidence from cellular barcoding technique.

Open Biol 2017 04;7(4)

Laboratory of Developmental Genetics, Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia

Factor-mediated reprogramming of somatic cells towards pluripotency is a low-efficiency process during which only small subsets of cells are successfully reprogrammed. Previous analyses of the determinants of the reprogramming potential are based on average measurements across a large population of cells or on monitoring a relatively small number of single cells with live imaging. Here, we applied lentiviral genetic barcoding, a powerful tool enabling the identification of familiar relationships in thousands of cells. High-throughput sequencing of barcodes from successfully reprogrammed cells revealed a significant number of barcodes from related cells. We developed a computer model, according to which a probability of synchronous reprogramming of sister cells equals 10-30%. We conclude that the reprogramming success is pre-established in some particular cells and, being a heritable trait, can be maintained through cell division. Thus, reprogramming progresses in a deterministic manner, at least at the level of cell lineages.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsob.160311DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5413903PMC
April 2017

Comparison of the three-dimensional organization of sperm and fibroblast genomes using the Hi-C approach.

Genome Biol 2015 Apr 14;16:77. Epub 2015 Apr 14.

Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia.

Background: The three-dimensional organization of the genome is tightly connected to its biological function. The Hi-C approach was recently introduced as a method that can be used to identify higher-order chromatin interactions genome-wide. The aim of this study was to determine genome-wide chromatin interaction frequencies using the Hi-C approach in mouse sperm cells and embryonic fibroblasts.

Results: The obtained data demonstrate that the three-dimensional genome organizations of sperm and fibroblast cells show a high degree of similarity both with each other and with the previously described mouse embryonic stem cells. Both A- and B-compartments and topologically associated domains are present in spermatozoa and fibroblasts. Nevertheless, sperm cells and fibroblasts exhibit statistically significant differences between each other in the contact probabilities of defined loci. Tight packaging of the sperm genome results in an enrichment of long-range contacts compared with the fibroblasts. However, only 30% of the differences in the number of contacts are based on differences in the densities of their genome packages; the main source of the differences is the gain or loss of contacts that are specific for defined genome regions. We find that the dependence of the contact probability on genomic distance for sperm is close to the dependence predicted for the fractal globular folding of chromatin.

Conclusions: Overall, we can conclude that the three-dimensional structure of the genome is passed through generations without being dramatically changed in sperm cells.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13059-015-0642-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4434584PMC
April 2015

Allelic expression and DNA methylation profiles of promoters at the parental Oct4 and Nanog genes in Mus musculus ES cell/Mus caroli splenocyte hybrid cells.

Cell Tissue Res 2009 Sep 17;337(3):439-48. Epub 2009 Jul 17.

Department of Developmental Genetics, Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Academy of Sciences of Russia, Siberian Branch, Novosibirsk, Russia.

Expression of the parental Oct4 and Nanog alleles and DNA methylation of their promoters were studied in a set of Mus musculus embryonic stem (ES) cell/M. caroli splenocyte hybrid cells containing a variable ratio of parental chromosomes 6 and 17. The transcripts of the reactivated splenocyte Oct4 and Nanog genes were revealed in all hybrid cell clones positive for M. caroli chromosomes 6 and 17. We found that 11 CpG sites in the Oct4 promoter were heavily methylated in M. caroli splenocytes (>80%), whereas M. musculus ES cells were essentially unmethylated (<1%). Analysis of the methylation status of the Oct4 promoter in seven hybrid cell clones showed that the splenocyte-derived promoter sequence lost DNA methylation so that its methylation level was comparable with that of the ES cells. Additionally, no preferential de novo methylation was seen in the Oct4 promoters of M. musculus and M. caroli in teratomas developed from two independent hybrid clones. The upstream region of Nanog was heavily methylated in mouse embryonic fibroblasts (66%) and less methylated in M. caroli splenocytes (24%). The Nanog promoter region was completely unmethylated in M. musculus ES cells. We found that both parental alleles of the Nanog gene promoter were essentially unmethylated in five examined hybrid clones. Thus, we have demonstrated that (1) the Oct4 and Nanog genes of splenocytes are activated, and their promoters undergo demethylation in ES cell hybrids; (2) these events are independent of the number and ratio of parental chromosomes carrying these genes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00441-009-0835-5DOI Listing
September 2009