Publications by authors named "Veera Luukkainen"

4 Publications

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Balloon Eustachian tuboplasty under monitored anaesthesia care with different balloon dilation devices: A pilot feasibility study with 18 patients.

Clin Otolaryngol 2019 01 4;44(1):87-90. Epub 2018 Nov 4.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Head and Neck Center, Helsinki University Hospital and University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/coa.13236DOI Listing
January 2019

Balloon Eustachian Tuboplasty: Systematic Review of Long-term Outcomes and Proposed Indications.

J Int Adv Otol 2018 Apr;14(1):112-126

Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Head and Neck Center, Helsinki University Hospital and University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

Balloon Eustachian tuboplasty (BET) aims to improve the function of the Eustachian tube (ET). The objective of this study was to review the long-term outcome of BET and present the process and results of outlining indications for BET by the Finnish Otosurgical Society. The literature review is based on a database search performed in May 2017. The search resulted in 100 individual articles, which were screened for relevance. Five articles fulfilled the inclusion criteria (follow-up ≥12 months). Five additional articles (follow-up, 6-11 months) were analyzed to obtain supportive information. The proposed BET indications were constituted in the 2016 annual meeting of the Finnish Otosurgical Society. The workshop included a review of the Eustachian tube physiology, middle ear aeration mechanisms, and BET outcome studies. Thereafter, the members of the Society first voted and then discussed 14 cases in order to conclude whether BET was indicated in each case, and subsequently, a consensus statement on the indications for BET was outlined. The long-term follow-up studies were heterogeneous regarding the Eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD) definition, patient selection, follow-up duration, additional treatments, and outcome measures. The current, but limited, evidence suggests that BET is effective in the long-term. However, more long-term studies with uniform criteria and outcome measures as well as placebo-controlled studies are needed. The proposed indications for BET by the Finnish Otosurgical Society include chronic bothersome symptoms referring to ETD, ETD-related symptoms when pressure changes rapidly, or recurring serous otitis media. With the current evidence, we suggest treating only adults with BET.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/iao.2018.4769DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6354503PMC
April 2018

Patient satisfaction in the long-term effects of Eustachian tube balloon dilation is encouraging.

Acta Otolaryngol 2018 Feb 10;138(2):122-127. Epub 2017 Oct 10.

a Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Center , Helsinki University Hospital, University of Helsinki , Helsinki , Finland.

Object: To investigate the long-term effects of balloon Eustachian tuboplasty (BET) from patient's perspective and to discover which symptoms of Eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD) benefit the most from BET.

Method: We designed a retrospective postal questionnaire based on the seven-item ETD questionnaire (ETDQ-7). Our questionnaire covered the severity of present ETD symptoms in comparison with the preoperative situation, the severity of current overall ear symptoms, and possible surgical interventions after BET. Forty-six patients treated in our institution between 2011 and 2013 fulfilled the inclusion criteria and 74% (34 patients; total 52 ears treated with BET) returned the questionnaire with a mean follow-up time of 3.1 years (range 1.8-4.6 years).

Results: Pain in the ears, feeling of pressure in the ears, and feeling that ears are clogged had reduced in 75% of the ears that suffered from these symptoms preoperatively. Seventy-seven percent of all the responders felt that their overall ear symptoms were reduced. Altogether, 82% of all the patients stated that they would undergo BET again if their ear symptoms returned to the preoperative level.

Conclusion: Patient satisfaction in the long-term effects of BET is encouraging. These results may help clinicians in preoperative patient selection and counselling.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2017.1384568DOI Listing
February 2018

Balloon Eustachian tuboplasty under local anesthesia: Is it feasible?

Laryngoscope 2017 May 3;127(5):1021-1025. Epub 2017 Feb 3.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Head and Neck Center, Helsinki University Hospital and University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

Objective: To study whether balloon Eustachian tuboplasty (BET) is a feasible and safe procedure under local anesthesia.

Study Design: Prospective multicenter case-control study.

Methods: Patients undergoing either BET (n = 13) or endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) (n = 12) under local anesthesia, with the possibility of sedation and analgesia, were monitored during the procedure and recovery period for possible adverse effects. After the procedure, the patients responded to a questionnaire assessing their experience.

Results: No adverse effects were detected in the BET group. Patients in the BET group reported similar Visual Analog Scale scores for pain during the operation as the ESS group (5.0 ± 0.7 vs. 3.2 ± 0.7, mean ± standard error of the mean). However, patients in the BET group experienced more discomfort (4.2 ± 0.6 vs. 2.5 ± 0.3, respectively, P = 0.049). Seventy-seven and 92% of the patients in the BET and ESS groups, respectively, considered the anesthesia and pain relief to be sufficient. Patients from both the BET and ESS groups were almost devoid of pain 1 to 2 hours postoperatively (0.8 ± 0.2 and 1.4 ± 0.3, respectively). In total, 12 of 13 patients in the BET group, and all 12 patients in the ESS group, would choose local anesthesia with sedation and analgesia if they needed to undergo the same procedure again.

Conclusion: BET is a safe and feasible procedure under monitored anesthesia care, including local anesthesia along with sedation and analgesia. There is need for further methodological improvement to reduce pain and discomfort during the operation.

Level Of Evidence: 4. Laryngoscope, 127:1021-1025, 2017.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.26488DOI Listing
May 2017