Publications by authors named "Vaseem Naheed Baig"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Association of SARS CoV-2 Cycle Threshold (Ct) with Outcomes in COVID-19: Hospital-Based Study.

J Assoc Physicians India 2021 07;69(7):20-23

Academic Research Development Unit, Rajasthan University of Health Sciences, Jaipur, Rajasthan.

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July 2021

Efficacy of IVRS-based mHealth intervention in reducing cardiovascular risk in metabolic syndrome: A cluster randomized trial.

Diabetes Metab Syndr 2021 Jun 21;15(5):102182. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Academic Research Development Unit, Rajasthan University of Health Sciences, 302033, Jaipur, India.

Aims: Efficacy of mobile-phone based intervention for reducing cardiovascular risk in metabolic syndrome (MetSyn).

Methods: We screened adults 20-60 years in 10 villages in India for MetSyn using stratified cluster sampling. Lifestyle and biochemical risk factors were assessed. International Harmonized Criteria were used for diagnosis. Villages were randomized with 5 each in control and intervention groups. Interactive voice response system (IVRS) in Hindi was developed. In intervention clusters two messages for promotion of healthy lifestyle and medical treatment were broadcast daily over 12-months and risk factors reassessed.

Results: 1012/1200(84%) persons were screened and MetSyn diagnosed in 286(28.3%). Villages were divided into 5 control(n = 136) and 5 intervention(n = 147) clusters. Baseline characteristics in both clusters were similar. Acceptability of intervention was >60% in 80% participants. At 12 months, significantly greater participants in intervention vs control clusters had healthier lifestyle (healthy diet 28.8vs14.7%, physical activity 25.9vs13.1%, tobacco 13.7vs32.5%), anthropometry (waist circumference 85.7 ± 6.3vs88.6 ± 14.0 cm, body mass index 21.9 ± 2.8vs23.1 ± 2.9 kg/m), systolic BP 123.6 ± 7.7vs128.6 ± 14.1 mmHg, fasting glucose 95.6 ± 19.4vs109.4 ± 43.7 mg/dl, cholesterol 175.5 ± 36.5vs186.4 ± 43.3 mg/dl, and triglycerides 147.6 ± 48.3vs159.5 ± 60.7 mg/dl (p < 0.01). Prevalence of metabolic syndrome declined in intervention group by 22.3%vs3.9%, p < 0.001).

Conclusion: An interactive voice response system based technology significantly reduced multiple cardiovascular risk factors and prevalence of metabolic syndrome.
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June 2021

Characteristics and Outcomes of Hospitalized Young Adults with Mild Covid -19.

J Assoc Physicians India 2020 Aug;68(8):62-65

Department of Research, RUHS College of Medical Sciences, Rajasthan.

Background: Stormy course has been reported among hospitalized adults with COVID-19 in high- and middle-income countries. To assess clinical outcomes in consecutively hospitalized patients with mild covid-19 in India we performed a study.

Methods: We developed a case registry of successive patients admitted with suspected covid-19 infection to our hospital (n=501). Covid-19 was diagnosed using reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Demographic, clinical, investigations details and outcomes were recorded. Descriptive statistics are presented.

Results: Covid-19 was diagnosed in 234 (46.7%) and data compared with 267 (53.3%) negative controls. Mean age of covid-19 patients was 35.1±16.6y, 59.4% were <40y and 64% men. Symptoms were in less than 10% and comorbidities were in 4-8%. History of BCG vaccination was in 49% cases vs 10% controls. Cases compared to controls had significantly greater white cell (6.96+1.89 vs 6.12+1.69x109 cells/L) and lower lymphocyte count (1.98+0.79 vs 2.32+0.91x109 cells/L). No radiological and electrocardiographic abnormality was observed. All these were isolated or quarantined in the hospital and observed. Covid-19 patients received hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin according to prevalent guidelines. One patient needed oxygen support while hospital course was uncomplicated in the rest. All were discharged alive. Conversion to virus negative status was in 10.2±6.4 days and was significantly lower in age >40y (9.1±5.2) compared to 40-59y (11.3±6.1) and ≥60y (16.4±13.3) (p=0.001).

Conclusions: This hospital-based registry shows that mildly symptomatic or asymptomatic young covid-19 patients have excellent prognosis.
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August 2020

A cross-sectional study of knowledge regarding rabies among attendees of anti-rabies clinic of a teaching hospital, Jaipur.

J Family Med Prim Care 2019 Jan;8(1):194-198

Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, S.M.S. Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.

Background: Being a fatal and 100% preventable disease, all efforts must be made by the health system to prevent even a single case of rabies. By assessing the knowledge of people regarding rabies prevention, we can make plans and policies for its prevention. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge regarding rabies among attendees of anti-rabies clinic of a teaching hospital, Jaipur.

Methods: This observational cross-sectional study was conducted among attendees of anti-rabies clinic, Govt. R.D.B.P. Jaipuria hospital, Jaipur from February 2018 to July 2018. A total of 107 participants were included in the study. Data was collected using preformed questionnaire. Continuous data were expressed in mean and standard deviation and count data were expressed in proportion.

Results: In our study population, only 22.5% respondents had good knowledge, 56% had fair, and 21.5% had poor knowledge. Fatality of rabies was known to 68.2% of participants. One fourth of the participants knew that rabies is not curable, however, approximately 83% knew that it is preventable. Fifty-six percent of the participants were aware about washing the bite wound with soap and water. Approximately one-third (36%) of the participants knew that it is an infectious disease, however, only 7.5% knew that saliva, vomitus, tear, and urine of rabies patient may have rabies virus. Approximately 15% of the attendees had a wrong concept that a single injection is sufficient for immunization.

Conclusion: Although this study was done at a teaching hospital, lack of knowledge is still a big issue in urban population as well. This study concludes that knowledge regarding rabies should be highlighted in national programs of India to acknowledge Indian population regarding fatal rabies.
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January 2019