Publications by authors named "Vanessa Barbosa Veronesi"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Agomelatine reduces circulating triacylglycerides and hepatic steatosis in fructose-treated rats.

Biomed Pharmacother 2021 Jun 11;141:111807. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, State University of Campinas, 105 Alexander Flemming St., Zip Code: 13083-881, Campinas, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:

Agomelatine (AGO) is an antidepressant drug with agonistic activity at melatonin receptor 1 (MT1) and MT2 and with neutral antagonistic activity at serotonin receptor 5-HT2. Although experimental studies show that melatonin reduces hypertriglyceridemia and hepatic steatosis induced by excessive fructose intake, no studies have tested if AGO exerts similar actions. To address this issue we have treated male Wistar rats with fructose (15% in the drinking water) and/or AGO (40 mg/kg/day) for two weeks. AGO reduced body weight gain, feeding efficiency and hepatic lipid levels without affecting caloric intake in fructose-treated rats. AGO has also decreased very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) production and circulating TAG levels after an oral load with olive oil. Accordingly, treatment with AGO reduced the hepatic expression of fatty acid synthase (Fasn), a limiting step for hepatic de novo lipogenesis (DNLG). The expression of apolipoprotein B (Apob) and microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (Mttp) in the ileum, two crucial proteins for intestinal lipoprotein production, were also downregulated by treatment with AGO. Altogether, the present data show that AGO mimics the metabolic benefits of melatonin when used in fructose-treated rats. This study also suggests that it is relevant to evaluate the potential of AGO to treat metabolic disorders in future clinical trials.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopha.2021.111807DOI Listing
June 2021

Dexamethasone programs lower fatty acid absorption and reduced PPAR-γ and fat/CD36 expression in the jejunum of the adult rat offspring.

Life Sci 2021 Jan 13;265:118765. Epub 2020 Nov 13.

Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, State University of Campinas, 105 Alexander Flemming St., Campinas, SP 13083-881, Brazil. Electronic address:

The progeny of rats born and breastfed by mothers receiving dexamethasone (DEX) during pregnancy exhibits permanent reduction in body weight and adiposity but the precise mechanisms related to this programming are not fully understood. In order to clarify this issue, the present study investigated key aspects of lipoprotein production and lipid metabolism by the liver and the intestine that would explain the reduced adiposity seen in the adult offspring exposed to DEX in utero. Female Wistar rats were treated with DEX (0.1 mg/kg/day) between the 15th and the 21st days of pregnancy, while control mothers were treated with vehicle. Male offspring born to control mothers were nursed by either adoptive control mothers (CTL/CTL) or DEX-treated mothers (CTL/DEX). Male offspring born to DEX-treated mothers were nursed by either control mothers (DEX/CTL) or adoptive DEX-treated mothers (DEX/DEX). We found that only the male DEX/DEX offspring had reduced adiposity. Additionally, male DEX/DEX progeny had lower circulating triacylglycerol (TAG) levels only in fed-state. The four groups of offspring presented similar energy expenditure, respiratory quotient and very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) production. On the other hand, DEX/DEX rats displayed reduced TAG levels after gavage with olive oil and reduced expression of fatty acid translocase Cd36 (Fat/Cd36) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (Pparg) in the jejunum. Altogether, our study supports the notion that reduced fat absorption by the jejunum may contribute to the lower adiposity of the adult offspring born and breastfed by mothers treated with DEX during pregnancy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lfs.2020.118765DOI Listing
January 2021

Cafeteria diet during the gestation period programs developmental and behavioral courses in the offspring.

Int J Dev Neurosci 2018 08 3;68:45-52. Epub 2018 May 3.

Departamento de Ciências Fisiológicas, Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas, Universidade Federal de Alfenas (Unifal-MG), Alfenas, Minas Gerais, Brazil; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biociências Aplicadas à Saúde, Brazil. Electronic address:

The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of exposure to maternal consumption of a hyperenergetic, highly palatable diet, known as the cafeteria diet, during the gestation period on the development and behavior of offspring. For this, we used pregnant female mice that were fed a normal or a cafeteria diet during the gestation period. The evaluation of maternal behavior in lactating dams was performed from the second to the eighth day postpartum (PND 2-8). Weight gain, feed intake, and energy intake were recorded during the gestation period. In the offspring, reflex parameters and physical development were evaluated during the lactation period and when they reached adolescence. Behavioral performance was evaluated in light-dark, open-field, and play behavior tests. In addition, biochemical parameters of the dams and the adolescent offspring were evaluated. The cafeteria diet during gestation altered maternal behavior and the onset of physical and neurodevelopmental landmarks and had an impact on emotional and play behavior in adolescent offspring. In conclusion, our results demonstrate that exposure to maternal consumption of a cafeteria diet during the gestation period can program developmental and behavioral courses in the offspring.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdevneu.2018.05.001DOI Listing
August 2018

Maternal dipyrone treatment during lactation in mice reduces maternal behavior and increases anxiety-like behavior in offspring.

Int J Dev Neurosci 2017 May 20;58:74-81. Epub 2017 Feb 20.

Departamento de Ciências Fisiológicas, Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas, Universidade Federal de Alfenas (Unifal-MG), Alfenas, Minas Gerais, Brazil; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biociências Aplicadas à Saúde, Brazil. Electronic address:

Dipyrone (metamizole), a powerful drug, is widely used as an analgesic and antipyretic; however, the safety of its use during lactation and the potential impact on the offspring are not well established. This study aimed to determine the effect of maternal dipyrone treatment during lactation on offspring development and emotional behavior and on the dam's maternal behavior. Hence, on postnatal day (PND) 2, drinking water only or drinking water containing dipyrone at doses of 100, 300, and 500mg/kg/day, were offered to lactating mothers up to PND9. Thereafter, all mice were provided regular drinking water. On PND2, all litters were culled to 8 pups (4 males and 4 females). Maternal behavior was evaluated at PND3, 6, 9, and 12, and at PND7 we evaluated locomotor activity in the open field. Reflex parameters and physical development of offspring were evaluated during lactation. At PND7, analysis of ultrasonic vocalization (USV) was performed. When the animals reached adolescence, we evaluated their performance in the open field, elevated plus maze (EPM), and marble burying. Our data demonstrated that maternal dipyrone treatment during lactation not only altered maternal behavior and the onset of physical and neurodevelopmental landmarks but also had an impact on anxiety-like behavior in offspring.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdevneu.2017.02.005DOI Listing
May 2017

Protein malnutrition during pregnancy alters maternal behavior and anxiety-like behavior in offspring.

Nutr Neurosci 2017 Oct 28;20(8):437-442. Epub 2016 Apr 28.

a Departamento de Ciências Fisiológicas , Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas, Universidade Federal de Alfenas (Unifal-MG) , Alfenas, Minas Gerais , Brazil.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of protein malnutrition during pregnancy on maternal behavior, on the early behavior in pups by ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs) emission, and on the behavior of offspring in adulthood in an elevated T-maze.

Methods: Pregnant female rats were fed a normal protein-powdered diet (22% casein; control) or a low-protein (hypoproteic) diet (6% casein; protein restriction) during the first 2 weeks of pregnancy. On the fifth postpartum day (PND5), the number of USV was rated. On PND7, maternal behavior was assessed. Male offspring in adulthood were evaluated for behavioral performance in an elevated T-maze.

Results: Our results demonstrated that a hypoproteic diet during early pregnancy increased the maternal behavior, increased the number of USV by pups, and reduced the inhibitory avoidance responses in an elevated T-maze during adulthood. In addition, there was a reduction in weight gain of rats during pregnancy and of offspring during lactation.

Conclusion: In conclusion, the data found in our study suggest that the increase in USV emitted by pups due to hypoproteic diet during pregnancy accentuated maternal behavior. In addition, an increase in maternal care promoted the reduction in anxiety-like behavior in adult male offspring.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1028415X.2016.1177320DOI Listing
October 2017
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