Publications by authors named "Vanesa Seery"

4 Publications

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Blood neutrophils from children with COVID-19 exhibit both inflammatory and anti-inflammatory markers.

EBioMedicine 2021 May 9;67:103357. Epub 2021 May 9.

División Infectología, Hospital General de Agudos Dr. Juan A. Fernández, Av. Cerviño 3356, CABA C1425, Argentina.

Background: Perhaps reflecting that children with COVID-19 rarely exhibit severe respiratory symptoms and often remain asymptomatic, little attention has been paid to explore the immune response in pediatric COVID-19. Here, we analyzed the phenotype and function of circulating neutrophils from children with COVID-19.

Methods: An observational study including 182 children with COVID-19, 21 children with multisystem inflammatory syndrome (MIS-C), and 40 healthy children was performed in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Neutrophil phenotype was analyzed by flow cytometry in blood samples. Cytokine production, plasma levels of IgG antibodies directed to the spike protein of SARS-CoV-2 and citrullinated histone H3 were measured by ELISA. Cell-free DNA was quantified by fluorometry.

Findings: Compared with healthy controls, neutrophils from children with COVID-19 showed a lower expression of CD11b, CD66b, and L-selectin but a higher expression of the activation markers HLA-DR, CD64 and PECAM-1 and the inhibitory receptors LAIR-1 and PD-L1. No differences in the production of cytokines and NETs were observed. Interestingly, the expression of CD64 in neutrophils and the serum concentration of IgG antibodies directed to the spike protein of SARS-CoV-2 distinguished asymptomatic from mild and moderate COVID-19.

Interpretation: Acute lung injury is a prominent feature of severe COVID-19 in adults. A low expression of adhesion molecules together with a high expression of inhibitory receptors in neutrophils from children with COVID-19 might prevent tissue infiltration by neutrophils preserving lung function.

Funding: This study was supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology (National Agency for Scientific and Technological Promotion, IP-COVID-19-0277 and PMO BID PICT 2018-2548), and University of Buenos Aires from Argentina (20020170100573BA).
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May 2021

Fcγ Receptor IIa Polymorphism Is Associated With Severe Respiratory Syncytial Virus Disease in Argentinian Infants.

Front Cell Infect Microbiol 2020 18;10:607348. Epub 2020 Dec 18.

Instituto de Investigaciones Biomédicas en Retrovirus y SIDA (INBIRS), Universidad de Buenos Aires, CONICET, Ciudad de Autónoma Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Background: Most patients with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection requiring hospitalization have no risk factors for severe disease. Genetic variation in the receptor for the Fc portion of IgG (FcγR) determines their affinity for IgG subclasses driving innate and adaptive antiviral immunity. We investigated the relationship between FcγRIIa-H131R polymorphism and RSV disease.

Methods: Blood samples were collected from 182 infants ≤24-month-old (50 uninfected, 114 RSV-infected with moderate course and 18 suffering severe disease). FcγRIIa-H131R SNP genotypic frequencies (HH, HR, RR) and anti-RSV IgG1, IgG2 and IgG3 levels were studied.

Results: Genotypic frequencies for FcγRIIa-H131R SNP were comparable between uninfected and RSV-infected infants. In contrast, we found a significant higher frequency of HH genotype in severe RSV-infected children compared to moderate patients. Among severe group, HH infants presented more factors associated to severity than HR or RR patients did. Furthermore, compared to moderate RSV-infected infants, severe patients showed higher levels of anti-RSV IgG1 and IgG3.

Conclusions: We found an association between an FcγRIIa (H131) polymorphism and severe RSV disease, which points towards a critical role for interactions between FcγRs and immune complexes in RSV pathogenesis. This genetic factor could also predict the worse outcome and identify those infants at risk during hospitalization.
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June 2021

IFN-γ and IgG responses to Mycobacterium tuberculosis latency antigen Rv2626c differentiate remote from recent tuberculosis infection.

Sci Rep 2020 05 4;10(1):7472. Epub 2020 May 4.

Instituto de Química Biológica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales (IQUIBICEN), Universidad de Buenos Aires (UBA)-CONICET, Intendente Güiraldes 2160, Pabellón II, 4° piso, Ciudad Universitaria (C1428EGA), Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Tuberculin skin test (TST) and IFN-γ release assays are currently used to detect Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection but none of them differentiate active from latent infection (LTBI). Since improved tests to diagnose Mtb infection are required, we studied the immune response to Mtb latency antigen Rv2626c in individuals exposed to the bacteria during different periods. Tuberculosis patients (TB), TB close contacts (CC: subjects exposed to Mtb for less than three months) and healthcare workers (HW: individuals exposed to Mtb at least two years) were recruited and QuantiFERON (QFT) assay, TST and IFN-γ secretion to Rv2626c were analyzed. Twenty-two percent of the individuals assessed had discordant results between QFT and TST tests. Furthermore, QFT negative and QFT positive individuals produced differential levels of IFN-γ against Rv2626c, in direct association with their exposure period to Mtb. Actually, 91% of CC QFT negative subjects secreted low levels of IFN-γ to Rv2626c, whereas 43% of HW QFT negative people produced elevated IFN-γ amounts against Rv2626c. Conversely, 69% of CC QFT positive subjects didn´t produce IFN-γ to Rv2626c. Interestingly, a similar pattern of IgG anti-Rv2626c plasma levels was observed. Therefore, determination of IFN-γ and IgG levels against the dormancy antigen Rv2626c allows to identify established LTBI.
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May 2020