Publications by authors named "Valter Sonzogni"

11 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Effect of ultrasound-guided continuous erector spinae plane block on severe post-herpetic neuralgia in adolescent without skin rash.

Minerva Anestesiol 2020 12 11;86(12):1365-1366. Epub 2020 Nov 11.

Unit of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Department of Emergency and Critical Area, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Bergamo, Italy.

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December 2020

Persistent pain following common outpatient surgeries in children: A multicenter study in Italy.

Paediatr Anaesth 2018 03 20;28(3):231-236. Epub 2018 Jan 20.

Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Città Della Salute e della Scienza, Regina Margherita Children's Hospital, Torino, Italy.

Introduction: The prevalence of persistent postsurgical pain in children is over 20% after major surgeries; however, data are scarce on the prevalence, character, and risk factors among children undergoing common ambulatory surgeries. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of persistent pain following pediatric ambulatory surgery at 1, 3, and 6 months. Secondary aims were to identify risk factors and characterize the pain and consequences of persistent postsurgical pain.

Methods: ASA I-II, ages 1 month to 16 years old, undergoing elective hypospadias repair, herniorraphy, orchiopexy, and orthopedic surgery were enrolled in a prospective, longitudinal, observational study at 3 pediatric centers in Italy. All patients received general plus regional anesthesia. Postoperative pain was evaluated using age appropriate pain scales at 1 and 3 hours. At 1, 3, and 6 months, pain scores were obtained and Parent's Postoperative Pain Measures (<8 yo) and Child Activity Limitations Interview (>8 yo) surveys were administered.

Results: About 350 patients completed the study. The prevalence of pain at 1, 3, and 6 months was 24% (84/350), 6.0% (21/350), and 4.0% (14/350), respectively. Inguinal herniorraphy patients experienced significantly higher pain at all 3-time points; 35.6%, 14.9%, and 9.2%. There was no significant association between mean pain scores >4 in PACU and persistent pain. Pain persisting at 6 months had neuropathic characteristics and frequently interfered with daily activities and sleep.

Conclusion: Our data support the presence of persistent pain in pediatric patients after common surgeries. Most patients who developed persistent pain at 6 months had pain at 1 month. We recommend questioning at follow-up visit about persistent pain and functional impairment with follow-up until resolution.
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March 2018

Time course of cytokines, hemodynamic and metabolic parameters during hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy.

Minerva Anestesiol 2016 Mar 16;82(3):310-9. Epub 2015 Jul 16.

Department of General Surgery, "Papa Giovanni XXIII" Hospital, Bergamo, Italy -

Background: Systemic response to cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) causes the activation of endocrine, metabolic, hemodynamic and inflammatory processes. The aim of this work is to describe and analyze the time course of the inflammatory markers concentration during CRS+HIPEC in plasma and peritoneal fluids and the association with hemodynamic and metabolic parameters.

Methods: Pre-, intra- and postoperative data were collected. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF), interleukine 6 (IL-6), pro-calcitonin (PCT), cancer antigen 125 (CA-125) in blood and in peritoneal fluids were evaluated.

Results: Thirty-eight patients were included, 29 (76.3%) of them were female. Mean/median PCI was 9.2/5, primary malignancy was 5 colorectal cancer (13.2%), 5 gastric cancer (13.2%), 23 ovarian cancer (60.5%) and 5 other malignancies (13.2%). Combined clinical risk 0-1 was reached in all patients. Cardiac index, heart rate and central venous pressure increased during the procedure, while stroke volume variation showed a decrease. Mean arterial pressure and superior vena cava oxygenation were stable throughout the whole procedure. TNF and CA-125 were steady during the whole procedure; IL-6 had a relevant increase from baseline to start of perfusion (P<0.01); PCT had a steady increase at every time point. Peritoneal sampling showed a statistically significant increase (P<0.01) between start and end of the perfusion phase for all markers but TNF. Serum and peritoneal marker concentration were similar for TNF, PCT and CA-125. IL-6 showed a sharp difference.

Conclusions: The most significant variations were in IL-6 and PCT levels. The cytokines level parallels the hemodynamic derangements. Treatment during HIPEC should mimic the established treatment during sepsis and septic shock.
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March 2016

A novel balanced isotonic sodium solution vs normal saline during major surgery in children up to 36 months: a multicenter RCT.

Paediatr Anaesth 2014 Sep 14;24(9):980-6. Epub 2014 May 14.

Department of Pediatric Anesthesia, Istituto Giannina Gaslini, Genoa, Italy.

Background: The use of isotonic electrolytic solutions for the intraoperative fluid management in children is largely recognized, but the exact composition still needs to be defined.

Objectives: The primary objective of this randomized controlled open trial was to compare the changes in chloride plasma concentration using two intraoperative isotonic fluid regimens (Sterofundin vs. normal saline, both added with 1% of glucose) in children undergoing major surgery. Secondary objectives were to compare changes in other electrolytes, renal function, and the occurrence of hypoglycemia.

Methods: Children aged between 1 and 36 months, scheduled for major surgery, were randomized to receive Sterofundin or saline during the intraoperative time. Children with preoperative electrolyte abnormalities, hemodynamic instability, and severe renal or hepatic dysfunction were excluded. The primary outcome was the Δ of Cl(-) (Δ = change in plasma concentration between post- and pre-infusion), and secondary outcomes included Δ of other electrolytes and intraoperative hypoglycemia.

Results: A total of 240 patients were included in the two study sites and randomized to receive Sterofundin plus 1% glucose or normal saline plus 1% glucose, in a open fashion (229 were finally analyzed). Δ of Cl- and Mg++ was statistically less relevant in patients who received intraoperative Sterofundin, and Δ of the other electrolytes was comparable between the two study groups. Relative risk of hyperchloremia was significantly higher when large volumes were infused (over than 46.7 ml·kg(-1) ), regardless of type of crystalloid infused. Hypoglycemia occurred in two of 229 patients.

Conclusions: Sterofundin is safer than normal saline in protecting young children undergoing major surgery against the risk of increasing plasma chlorides and the subsequent metabolic acidosis.
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September 2014

Management of hemodynamically unstable pelvic trauma: results of the first Italian consensus conference (cooperative guidelines of the Italian Society of Surgery, the Italian Association of Hospital Surgeons, the Multi-specialist Italian Society of Young Surgeons, the Italian Society of Emergency Surgery and Trauma, the Italian Society of Anesthesia, Analgesia, Resuscitation and Intensive Care, the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, the Italian Society of Emergency Medicine, the Italian Society of Medical Radiology -Section of Vascular and Interventional Radiology- and the World Society of Emergency Surgery).

World J Emerg Surg 2014 Mar 7;9(1):18. Epub 2014 Mar 7.

First General Surgery Unit, Ospedale Papa Giovanni XXIII, Bergamo, Italy.

Hemodynamically Unstable Pelvic Trauma is a major problem in blunt traumatic injury. No cosensus has been reached in literature on the optimal treatment of this condition. We present the results of the First Italian Consensus Conference on Pelvic Trauma which took place in Bergamo on April 13 2013. An extensive review of the literature has been undertaken by the Organizing Committee (OC) and forwarded to the Scientific Committee (SC) and the Panel (JP). Members of them were appointed by surgery, critical care, radiology, emergency medicine and orthopedics Italian and International societies: the Italian Society of Surgery, the Italian Association of Hospital Surgeons, the Multi-specialist Italian Society of Young Surgeons, the Italian Society of Emergency Surgery and Trauma, the Italian Society of Anesthesia, Analgesia, Resuscitation and Intensive Care, the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, the Italian Society of Emergency Medicine, the Italian Society of Medical Radiology, Section of Vascular and Interventional Radiology and the World Society of Emergency Surgery. From November 2012 to January 2013 the SC undertook the critical revision and prepared the presentation to the audience and the Panel on the day of the Conference. Then 3 recommendations were presented according to the 3 submitted questions. The Panel voted the recommendations after discussion and amendments with the audience. Later on a email debate took place until December 2013 to reach a unanimous consent. We present results on the 3 following questions: which hemodynamically unstable patient needs an extraperitoneal pelvic packing? Which hemodynamically unstable patient needs an external fixation? Which hemodynamically unstable patient needs emergent angiography? No longer angiography is considered the first therapeutic maneuver in such a patient. Preperitoneal pelvic packing and external fixation, preceded by pelvic binder have a pivotal role in the management of these patients.Hemodynamically Unstable Pelvic Trauma is a frequent death cause among people who sustain blunt trauma. We present the results of the First Italian Consensus Conference.
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March 2014

Video-assisted thoracoscopic extended thymectomy in myasthenic children.

Pediatr Rep 2013 Feb 7;5(1):e4. Epub 2013 Mar 7.

Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care I, A.O. Ospedali Riuniti di Bergamo;

Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disease marked by weakness of voluntary musculature. Medical and surgical therapy of adult myasthenia is well documented. There is little pediatric surgical evidence, only a few case reports being available. The aim of this paper is to verify whether the surgical and anesthesiological techniques can warrant an early and safe discharge from the operating room. The secondary aim is to assess the presence of perioperative indicators that can eventually be used as predictors of postoperative care. During the years 2006-2009, 10 pediatric patients were treated according to a surgical approach based on video assisted thoracoscopic extended thymectomy (VATET). Standard preoperative evaluation is integrated with functional respiratory tests. Anesthetic induction was made with propofol and fentanyl/remifentanyl and maintenance was obtained with sevoflurane/desflurane/propofol ± remifentanyl. A muscle relaxant was used in only one patient. Right or left double-lumen bronchial tube (Rüsch Bronchopart® Carlens) placement was performed. Six patients were transferred directly to the surgical ward while 4 were discharged to the intensive care unit (ICU); ICU stay was no longer than 24 h. Length of hospital stay was 4.4±0.51 days. No patient was readmitted to the hospital and no surgical complications were reported. Volatile and intravenous anesthetics do not affect ventilator weaning, extubation or the postoperative course. Paralyzing agents are not totally contraindicated, especially if short-lasting agents are used with neuromuscular monitoring devices and new reversal drugs. Perioperative evaluation of the myasthenic patient is mandatory to assess the need for postoperative respiratory support and also predict timely extubation with early transfer to the surgical department. Availability of new drugs and of reversal drugs, the current practice of mini-invasive surgical techniques, and the availability of post anesthesia care units are the keys to the safety and successful prognosis of patients affected by MG who undergo thymectomy.
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February 2013

Emergence delirium in children: a comparison of sevoflurane and desflurane anesthesia using the Paediatric Anesthesia Emergence Delirium scale.

Paediatr Anaesth 2013 Apr 9;23(4):301-8. Epub 2012 Oct 9.

1st Service of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Ospedali Riuniti di Bergamo, Bergamo, Italy.

Objectives/aim: This randomized control trial was designed to evaluate the incidence of emergence delirium (ED) in preschool children receiving sevoflurane or desflurane anesthesia combined with an effective caudal block.

Background: While ED has been described in children receiving sevoflurane or desflurane anesthesia, a direct comparison between the two agents using a validated ED assessment tool has not been reported previously.

Methods/materials: Two hundred and sixty preschool children scheduled for elective sub-umbilical surgery were randomized to receive sevoflurane or desflurane anesthesia combined with a caudal block. ED was defined as a Paediatric Anesthesia Emergence Delirium scale (PAED) ≥ 10 points. A delirium-specific score (ED I) was calculated from the first three items of the PAED score (eye contact, purposeful actions, awareness of the surroundings) and a nonspecific score (ED II) from the last two items on the PAED score (restlessness and inconsolability) to test the hypothesis that some items of the PAED scale may better reflect clinical ED than others.

Results: Thirty-one (25%) children in each group demonstrated ED after awakening with ED being of shorter duration in the desflurane group than the sevoflurane group. An ED I score of nine points had a sensitivity of 0.93 and a specificity of 0.94 for ED. An ED II score of five points had a sensitivity of 0.34 and specificity of 0.95 for ED.

Conclusion: Sevoflurane and desflurane anesthesia were associated with similar incidences of ED in children undergoing sub-umbilical surgery and receiving effective regional anesthesia. High scores on the first three items of the PAED scale were highly correlated with ED. The items restlessness and inconsolability had lower sensitivity for the diagnosis of ED.
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April 2013

Congenital heart disease and pediatric liver transplantation: complications and outcome.

Pediatr Transplant 2007 Dec;11(8):876-81

Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care 1, Ospedali Riuniti di Bergamo, Largo Barozzi, Italy.

Mild and moderate CHD in infants do not always need surgical correction but possibly augment the operative risk of patients with ESLD undergoing OLT. The aim of this study is to assess the intraoperative and post-operative complications and evaluate the outcome of these patients. The records of 196 patients were reviewed retrospectively in a cohort study, 50 CHD were found in 36 patients undergoing 41 OLT procedures. The prevalence of CHD during pediatric OLT was 18%. Our data identified no significant differences between the two groups of patients, regarding hypotension, desaturation, acidosis, and bleeding during the procedure. Post-operatively, no differences were observed in the hemodynamic, respiratory, and renal systems as no differences were detected for graft failure, surgical complications, infection, and rejection rates. Mortality is comparable in the two groups as are re-transplantation and recovery rates. The above mentioned results indicate that minor cardiac defects do not significantly influence the operative risk of these patients.
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December 2007

Caudal 0.2% ropivacaine is less effective during surgery than 0.2% levobupivacaine and 0.2% bupivacaine: a double-blind, randomized, controlled trial.

Paediatr Anaesth 2006 Sep;16(9):955-61

Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Department, Ospedali Riuniti di Bergamo, Bergamo, Italy.

Background: We hypothesized that without the analgesic effects of volatile anesthetics, caudal 0.20% ropivacaine would be less effective during surgical stimulation than 0.20% bupivacaine or 0.20% levobupivacaine. This trial was designed to examine whether the combination of a caudal block with 0.20% ropivacaine and i.v. anesthesia resulted in reduced analgesic efficacy during surgery compared with caudal 0.20% levobupivacaine or 0.20% bupivacaine in children.

Methods: Ninety ASA I-II children between 1 and 7 years old, scheduled for inguinal hernia repair or orchidopexy under propofol anesthesia were randomized to receive a caudal block with 1 ml x kg(-1) of 0.2% bupivacaine, 0.2% ropivacaine or 0.2% levobupivacaine. The primary outcome measure of the study was the clinical efficacy of the caudal block during surgery. Secondary outcome measures were postoperative pain relief and residual motor blockade.

Results: Four children were excluded and 86 were analyzed. The proportion of children with effective caudal block during surgery was significantly higher in children receiving levobupivacaine (26/28) or bupivacaine (27/29) compared with patients receiving ropivacaine (21/29) (P = 0.03). There were no significant differences among groups in the analgesic onset time (P = 0.1), incidence of residual motor blockade (P = 0.4), number of patients requiring analgesia after operation or in the time from caudal injection to the first administration of analgesic medication (P = 0.3).

Conclusions: Combined with propofol anesthesia, 0.2% levobupivacaine and 0.2% bupivacaine are more effective than 0.2% ropivacaine for caudal use in children undergoing inguinal hernia repair or orchidopexy.
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September 2006

Anaesthesia for liver transplantation in two infants with an organic acidaemia.

Pediatr Transplant 2006 Aug;10(5):623-8

Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care 1, Ospedali Riuniti di Bergamo, Bergamo, Italy.

Liver transplantation is an accepted option of treatment in patients with inborn errors of metabolism limited to or mainly located into hepatocytes who have not responded well to medical treatment. Recurrent metabolic failure and neurological impairment might be an indication for early transplantation in patients with organic acidaemias. We discuss the anaesthetic management and metabolic implications of acidaemia in the first two cases of successfully treated propionic and methylmalonic acidaemia in Italy. A nine and 12 month follow up did not show any further metabolic failure after the procedure, indicating that early liver transplantation improves the quality of life of these patients.
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August 2006

Hemolytic uremic syndrome: a fatal outcome after kidney and liver transplantation performed to correct factor h gene mutation.

Am J Transplant 2005 May;5(5):1146-50

Department of Medicine and Transplantation, Ospedali Riuniti, Bergamo, Italy.

Factor H-associated hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is a genetic form of thrombotic microangiopathy characterized by deficient factor H (HF-1) levels/activity and uncontrolled complement activation. The disorder mostly leads to end-stage renal disease and often recurs after kidney transplantation. We previously demonstrated that in a child with HF-1-associated HUS a simultaneous kidney and liver transplantation restored the defective HF-1 with no recurrence of the disease in the transplanted kidney. Here we describe a second childhood case of HF-1-associated HUS treated by combined kidney and liver transplant and complicated by a fatal, primary non-function of the liver graft. Graft hypoperfusion during surgery triggered ischemia/reperfusion changes and complement activation. Conceivably, as a result of defective complement regulatory potential, massive shedding of vascular heparan sulfates was documented in the transplanted liver. This might have impaired the physiological thromboresistance of vascular endothelium ending with widespread microvascular thrombosis and infarction. This case indicates that more fundamental research is needed before combined liver and kidney transplant is considered an option for children with HF-1-associated HUS.
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May 2005