Publications by authors named "Valerie Meersschaut"

8 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Genetic screening of LCA in Belgium: predominance of CEP290 and identification of potential modifier alleles in AHI1 of CEP290-related phenotypes.

Hum Mutat 2010 Oct;31(10):E1709-66

Center for Medical Genetics Ghent, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium.

Leber Congenital Amaurosis (LCA), the most severe inherited retinal dystrophy, is genetically heterogeneous, with 14 genes accounting for 70% of patients. Here, 91 LCA probands underwent LCA chip analysis and subsequent sequencing of 6 genes (CEP290, CRB1, RPE65, GUCY2D, AIPL1and CRX), revealing mutations in 69% of the cohort, with major involvement of CEP290 (30%). In addition, 11 patients with early-onset retinal dystrophy (EORD) and 13 patients with Senior-Loken syndrome (SLS), LCA-Joubert syndrome (LCA-JS) or cerebello-oculo-renal syndrome (CORS) were included. Exhaustive re-inspection of the overall phenotypes in our LCA cohort revealed novel insights mainly regarding the CEP290-related phenotype. The AHI1 gene was screened as a candidate modifier gene in three patients with the same CEP290 genotype but different neurological involvement. Interestingly, a heterozygous novel AHI1 mutation, p.Asn811Lys, was found in the most severely affected patient. Moreover, AHI1 screening in five other patients with CEP290-related disease and neurological involvement revealed a second novel missense variant, p.His758Pro, in one LCA patient with mild mental retardation and autism. These two AHI1 mutations might thus represent neurological modifiers of CEP290-related disease.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/humu.21336DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3048164PMC
October 2010

Mitochondrial mosaics in the liver of 3 infants with mtDNA defects.

BMC Clin Pathol 2009 Jun 5;9. Epub 2009 Jun 5.

Department of Pathology, Ghent University Hospital, block A, De Pintelaan 185, 9000 Gent, Belgium.

Background: In muscle cytochrome oxidase (COX) negative fibers (mitochondrial mosaics) have often been visualized.

Methods: COX activity staining of liver for light and electron microscopy, muscle stains, blue native gel electrophoresis and activity assays of respiratory chain proteins, their immunolocalisation, mitochondrial and nuclear DNA analysis.

Results: Three unrelated infants showed a mitochondrial mosaic in the liver after staining for COX activity, i.e. hepatocytes with strongly reactive mitochondria were found adjacent to cells with many negative, or barely reactive, mitochondria. Deficiency was most severe in the patient diagnosed with Pearson syndrome. Ragged-red fibers were absent in muscle biopsies of all patients. Enzyme biochemistry was not diagnostic in muscle, fibroblasts and lymphocytes. Blue native gel electrophoresis of liver tissue, but not of muscle, demonstrated a decreased activity of complex IV; in both muscle and liver subcomplexes of complex V were seen. Immunocytochemistry of complex IV confirmed the mosaic pattern in two livers, but not in fibroblasts. MRI of the brain revealed severe white matter cavitation in the Pearson case, but only slight cortical atrophy in the Alpers-Huttenlocher patient, and a normal image in the 3rd. MtDNA in leucocytes showed a common deletion in 50% of the mtDNA molecules of the Pearson patient. In the patient diagnosed with Alpers-Huttenlocher syndrome, mtDNA was depleted for 60% in muscle. In the 3rd patient muscular and hepatic mtDNA was depleted for more than 70%. Mutations in the nuclear encoded gene of POLG were subsequently found in both the 2nd and 3rd patients.

Conclusion: Histoenzymatic COX staining of a liver biopsy is fast and yields crucial data about the pathogenesis; it indicates whether mtDNA should be assayed. Each time a mitochondrial disorder is suspected and muscle data are non-diagnostic, a liver biopsy should be recommended. Mosaics are probably more frequent than observed until now. A novel pathogenic mutation in POLG is reported.Tentative explanations for the mitochondrial mosaics are, in one patient, unequal partition of mutated mitochondria during mitoses, and in two others, an interaction between products of several genes required for mtDNA maintenance.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1472-6890-9-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2706255PMC
June 2009

Network injury to pulvinar with neonatal arterial ischemic stroke.

Neuroimage 2008 Feb 13;39(4):1850-7. Epub 2007 Nov 13.

Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Sophia Children's Hospital Erasmus MC Rotterdam, dr Molewaterplein 60, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

The purpose of this study is to establish that newborn stroke involving extensive parts of cerebral cortex immediately leads to secondary network injury in pulvinar. Seven term infants with cortical stroke presented with hypersignal in pulvinar on DWI. Stroke types included: complete MCA stroke (n=4); PCA stroke, ICA stroke and multiple artery stroke (1 each). Age range at scanning was between day 2 and 6 after birth (except for 1 infant scanned within 7 days of acute presentation during ECMO). ADC values in secondarily injured pulvinar were significantly higher than in the area with primary (sub)cortical injury (all patients scanned with identical MR image acquisition). In the absence of asphyxia and because pulvinar is outside of the primary area of infarction, we conclude that there are suggestions from imaging for acute secondary injury to pulvinar following primary damage of their cortical targets and/or connecting axons. Acute secondary injury is probably due to excitotoxicity and deafferentiation. The relevance of network injury for prognosis and the impact of early treatment on it have yet to be studied, in stroke but also in other acute perinatal brain disorders.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2007.10.056DOI Listing
February 2008

Report of a female patient with mental retardation and tall stature due to a chromosomal rearrangement disrupting the OPHN1 gene on Xq12.

Eur J Med Genet 2007 Nov-Dec;50(6):446-54. Epub 2007 Aug 6.

Center for Medical Genetics, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium.

We report on a patient with mental retardation, seizures and tall stature with advanced bone age in whom a de novo apparently balanced chromosomal rearrangement 46,XX,t(X;9)(q12;p13.3) was identified. Using array CGH on flow-sorted derivative chromosomes (array painting) and subsequent FISH and qPCR analysis, we mapped and sequenced both breakpoints. The Xq12 breakpoint was located within the gene coding for oligophrenin 1 (OPHN1) whereas the 9p13.3 breakpoint was assigned to a non-coding segment within a gene dense region. Disruption of OPHN1 by the Xq12 breakpoint was considered the major cause of the abnormal phenotype observed in the proband.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejmg.2007.07.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2688819PMC
March 2008

Two female siblings with congenital heart disease, postaxial polydactyly, ectopic neuropituitary gland, hair anomalies and characteristic facial features: a new syndrome?

Clin Dysmorphol 2006 Apr;15(2):71-4

Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital Ghent, Ghent, Belgium.

We present two siblings from unrelated parents presenting with intrauterine growth retardation, a congenital heart defect, postaxial polydactyly, a brain malformation (ectopic neuropituitary gland associated with a hypoplastic adenopituitary in one of them, and a hypoplastic cerebellum and vermis in the other), abnormal hair with temporal balding, a striking facial dysmorphism and, at least in the child who survived, postnatal growth retardation and severe developmental delay. This probably represents a novel syndrome.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.mcd.0000194409.30794.66DOI Listing
April 2006

Neonatal pulmonary interstitial glycogen accumulation disorder.

Eur J Pediatr 2004 Jul 23;163(7):408-9. Epub 2004 Apr 23.

Neonatal Intensive Care Unit 1 B1, Ghent University Hospital, De Pintelaan 185, 9000 Ghent, Belgium.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00431-004-1450-9DOI Listing
July 2004

Colonic arteriovenous malformation in a child misinterpreted as an idiopathic colonic varicosis on angiography: remarks on current classification of childhood intestinal vascular malformations.

Eur Radiol 2003 Dec;13 Suppl 4:L138-41

Department of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, Ghent University Hospital, De Pintelaan 185, 9000 Ghent, Belgium.

A case of lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage in a child caused by an arteriovenous malformation (AVM) of the colon is presented. On diagnostic angiography, the lesion was misinterpretated as an idiopathic colonic varicosis because none of the characteristic features of an AVM were present. The role of angiography and shortcomings in nomenclature and classification of intestinal vascular anomalies in childhood are discussed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-003-1967-8DOI Listing
December 2003

Congenital bilateral plexiform neurofibromas of the cavernous sinuses.

Pediatr Radiol 2003 Apr 14;33(4):272-4. Epub 2003 Feb 14.

Department of Paediatric Radiology, University Hospital Rotterdam, Dr. Molenwaterplein 60, 3015 GJ Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

We report the CT and MRI findings of congenital bilateral plexiform neurofibromas of the cavernous sinuses in a 2-month-old girl. Contrast-enhanced CT showed enhancement of masses in both cavernous sinuses and enlargement of both superior orbital fissures. On MRI the masses were isointense with muscle on T1-weighted images, hypointense on T2-weighted images and showed strong homogeneous enhancement on contrast-enhanced T1-weighted images. A dural tail sign was observed. The diagnosis was proven by biopsy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-003-0878-9DOI Listing
April 2003
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