Publications by authors named "V P Novik"

88 Publications

A simplified cluster model and a tool adapted for collaborative labeling of lung cancer CT scans.

Comput Methods Programs Biomed 2021 Jul 18;206:106111. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Research and Practical Clinical Center for Diagnostics and Telemedicine Technologies of the Moscow Health Care Department, Petrovka str., 24, Moscow, 127051, Russia; Federal Research Center "Computer Science and Control" of Russian Academy of Sciences, Vavilova str., 44/2, Moscow, 119333, Russia. Electronic address:

Background And Objective: Lung cancer is the most common type of cancer with a high mortality rate. Early detection using medical imaging is critically important for the long-term survival of the patients. Computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) tools can potentially reduce the number of incorrect interpretations of medical image data by radiologists. Datasets with adequate sample size, annotation, and truth are the dominant factors in developing and training effective CAD algorithms. The objective of this study was to produce a practical approach and a tool for the creation of medical image datasets.

Methods: The proposed model uses the modified maximum transverse diameter approach to mark a putative lung nodule. The modification involves the possibility to use a set of overlapping spheres of appropriate size to approximate the shape of the nodule. The algorithm embedded in the model also groups the marks made by different readers for the same lesion. We used the data of 536 randomly selected patients of Moscow outpatient clinics to create a dataset of standard-dose chest computed tomography (CT) scans utilizing the double-reading approach with arbitration. Six volunteer radiologists independently produced a report for each scan using the proposed model with the main focus on the detection of lesions with sizes ranging from 3 to 30 mm. After this, an arbitrator reviewed their marks and annotations.

Results: The maximum transverse diameter approach outperformed the alternative methods (3D box, ellipsoid, and complete outline construction) in a study of 10,000 computer-generated tumor models of different shapes in terms of accuracy and speed of nodule shape approximation. The markup and annotation of the CTLungCa-500 dataset revealed 72 studies containing no lung nodules. The remaining 464 CT scans contained 3151 lesions marked by at least one radiologist: 56%, 14%, and 29% of the lesions were malignant, benign, and non-nodular, respectively. 2887 lesions have the target size of 3-30 mm. Only 70 nodules were uniformly identified by all the six readers. An increase in the number of independent readers providing CT scans interpretations led to an accuracy increase associated with a decrease in agreement. The dataset markup process took three working weeks.

Conclusions: The developed cluster model simplifies the collaborative and crowdsourced creation of image repositories and makes it time-efficient. Our proof-of-concept dataset provides a valuable source of annotated medical imaging data for training CAD algorithms aimed at early detection of lung nodules. The tool and the dataset are publicly available at https://github.com/Center-of-Diagnostics-and-Telemedicine/FAnTom.git and https://mosmed.ai/en/datasets/ct_lungcancer_500/, respectively.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cmpb.2021.106111DOI Listing
July 2021

Effect of high and low glycemic index breakfast on postprandial metabolic parameters and satiety in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus under intensive insulin therapy: Controlled clinical trial.

Clin Nutr ESPEN 2017 Aug 11;20:12-16. Epub 2017 May 11.

Universidad de Chile, Chile. Electronic address:

Background And Aim: The results of studies evaluating the metabolic effects of glycemic index (GI) in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) have been contradictory. Consequently, the benefits of its application are controversial and polarized opinions of international organizations have been disclosed. The above situation leads this study to evaluate the acute effect of low and high GI breakfast on the glycemic response and satiety in subjects with DM2 under intensive insulin therapy (IIT).

Methods: A controlled, crossover and single-blind clinical trial was developed involving 10 obese subjects with DM2 under IIT, with a period of at least six months under IIT and with fast insulin prescription before breakfast. Subjects ingested on two different occasions a high or low GI breakfast. In both stages, glycemia was evaluated at 0 (basal), 30, 60 and 120 min, and satiety and satiation were evaluated through a visual analogue scale.

Results: In contrast to high GI breakfast, the low GI meal generated a significant decrease of 46% for the area under the curve of glucose (Δ 1940 mg/dL × 120 min, p = 0.022) and in mean glycemia evaluated at 30, 60 and 120 min. Moreover, in the low GI stage 8 of 10 patients achieved a 2 h postprandial glycemia lower than 180 mg/dL, without statistical significance. A nonsignificant increase of 12.7% (Δ 1.06 cm, p = 0.271) in satiety at 120 min in the low GI stage was observed.

Conclusion: In contrast to high GI breakfast, the low GI breakfast generated a significantly lower glycemic response. This assay allowed for the contribution of more in depth nutritional recommendations for this group of patients. Registered under ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier no. NCT02881164.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clnesp.2017.04.082DOI Listing
August 2017

Conifer Green Needle Complex in Patients with Precancerous Gastric Lesions: An Observational Pilot Study.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2016 28;2016:3848409. Epub 2016 Nov 28.

Solagran Limited, Biotechnology Company, 98-106 Moray St., South Melbourne, VIC 3205, Australia; Saint Petersburg State Forest Technical Academy, Saint Petersburg, Russia.

. infection is common and can lead to precancerous gastric lesions. Standard antibiotic therapy has a failure rate of more than 25% from antibiotic resistance. The primary aim of this observational pilot study was to test the feasibility of a large-scale clinical trial of Conifer Green Needle Complex (CGNC) to treat precancerous gastric lesions. Secondary aims were to investigate infection, stomach function, and histopathology of the gastric mucosa. . A tablet form of CGNC (extracted from and (L) Karst) was prescribed to 26 patients with precancerous gastric lesions (two tablets, 100 mg CGNC/tablet, three times per day for six months). Another 24 patients received no treatment. Compared with control patients, CGNC-treated patients showed total or partial regression (using the quantitative Rome III diagnostic criteria) of dyspeptic symptoms (92.3%, < 0.0001), eradication of infection (57.1%, < 0.03), a reduction in endoscopic signs of gastritis (92.3%, < 0.001), an increase of pepsinogen-pepsin in the gastric juice (57.7%, < 0.05), and total regression or reduction in the degree of intestinal metaplasia (46.2%, < 0.05) and lymphoplasmacytic infiltration (53.8%, < 0.05). This study justifies a randomised-controlled trial with CGNC in patients with atrophic gastritis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3848409DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5149685PMC
November 2016

Effectiveness of cytological diagnosis of breast cancer metastases in regional lymph nodes.

Vopr Onkol 2016;62(3):465-9

Results are presented of preoperative and intraoperative cytological diagnosis of breast cancer metastases in regional lymph nodes in 84 patients. Of them in 42 there was studied material of fine-needle aspiration biopsy, in 42 - smears of sentinel lymph nodes. In all cases cytohistological comparisons were carried out. The effectiveness of cytological examination of material of fine-needle aspiration biopsy was 90.5%. Urgent cytology of smears of sentinel lymph nodes allowed revealing metastases in 5 of 10 patients. The use of immunohistochemical examination increases the likelihood of detection of micrometastases and isolated tumor cell clusters.
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February 2019

[Morpho-densitometric researches of cell nuclei at atypical hyperplasia and initial breast cancer].

Vopr Onkol 2016;62(2):310-3

There were performed researches on morphometric (the nuclear area, perimeter, the maximum and minimum diameters) and densitometric (optical density, integrated optical density) parameters of nuclei of cells on the cytologic smears received from 28 patients with atypical hyperplasia and an initial breast cancer. Significant reduction of measured nuclei parameters was noted among: moderately - and high-grade ductal carcinoma in situ, atypical ductal hyperplasia, lobular carcinoma in situ, an invasive papillary cancer, intraductal papilloma. The lowest value of the measured parameters was noted at love-grade ductal carcinoma in situ and intraductal papillary cancer. It was established that morphometric and densitometric indicators at atypical hyperplasia of an epithelium and an initial breast cancer in some cases overlap each other that is at the bottom of difficulties of differential cytomorphological diagnostics and quite often forces to formulate the cytologic conclusion in the presumable form.
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December 2018