Publications by authors named "V L Popov"

2,155 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Microstructural Features in Multicore Cu-Nb Composites.

Materials (Basel) 2021 Nov 19;14(22). Epub 2021 Nov 19.

Institute of Metals, Technion R&D Foundation, Ltd., Haifa 3200003, Israel.

The study is devoted to heavily drawn multicore Cu-18Nb composites of cylindrical and rectangular shapes. The composites were fabricated by the melt-and-deform method, namely, 600 in situ rods of Cu-18%Nb alloy were assembled in a copper shell and cold-drawn to a diameter of 15.4 mm (e = 10.2) and then rolled into a rectangular shape the size of 3 × 5.8 mm (e = 12.5). The specimens were analyzed from the viewpoints of their microstructure, microhardness, and thermal stability. The methods of SEM, TEM, X-ray analysis, and microhardness measurements were applied. It is demonstrated that, at higher strain, the fiber texture 110Nb∥ 111Cu∥ DD (drawing direction), characteristic of this material, becomes sharper. The distortions of niobium lattice can be observed, namely, the 110 Nb interplanar distance is broadened in longitudinal direction of specimens and compacted in transverse sections. The copper matrix lattice is distorted as well, though its distortions are much less pronounced due to its recrystallization. Evolution of microstructure under annealing consists mainly in the coagulation of ribbon-like Nb filaments and in the vanishing of lattice distortions. The structural changes in Nb filaments start at 300-400 °C, then develop actively at 600 °C and cause considerable decrease of strength at 700-800 °C.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ma14227033DOI Listing
November 2021

Mechanisms of CP190 Interaction with Architectural Proteins in Drosophila Melanogaster.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Nov 17;22(22). Epub 2021 Nov 17.

Department of the Control of Genetic Processes, Institute of Gene Biology Russian Academy of Sciences, 34/5 Vavilov St., 119334 Moscow, Russia.

Most of the known Drosophila architectural proteins interact with an important cofactor, CP190, that contains three domains (BTB, M, and D) that are involved in protein-protein interactions. The highly conserved N-terminal CP190 BTB domain forms a stable homodimer that interacts with unstructured regions in the three best-characterized architectural proteins: dCTCF, Su(Hw), and Pita. Here, we identified two new CP190 partners, CG4730 and CG31365, that interact with the BTB domain. The CP190 BTB resembles the previously characterized human BCL6 BTB domain, which uses its hydrophobic groove to specifically associate with unstructured regions of several transcriptional repressors. Using GST pull-down and yeast two-hybrid assays, we demonstrated that mutations in the hydrophobic groove strongly affect the affinity of CP190 BTB for the architectural proteins. In the yeast two-hybrid assay, we found that architectural proteins use various mechanisms to improve the efficiency of interaction with CP190. Pita and Su(Hw) have two unstructured regions that appear to simultaneously interact with hydrophobic grooves in the BTB dimer. In dCTCF and CG31365, two adjacent regions interact simultaneously with the hydrophobic groove of the BTB and the M domain of CP190. Finally, CG4730 interacts with the BTB, M, and D domains of CP190 simultaneously. These results suggest that architectural proteins use different mechanisms to increase the efficiency of interaction with CP190.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms222212400DOI Listing
November 2021

Mitochondrial Antioxidant SkQ1 Has a Beneficial Effect in Experimental Diabetes as Based on the Analysis of Expression of microRNAs and mRNAs for the Oxidative Metabolism Regulators.

Antioxidants (Basel) 2021 Oct 31;10(11). Epub 2021 Oct 31.

Laboratory of Metagenomics and Food Biotechnology, Voronezh State University of Engineering Technologies, 394036 Voronezh, Russia.

Diabetes mellitus and related complications are among the most important problems of the world-leading healthcare systems. Despite their priority, molecular and genetic aspects of diabetes pathogenesis are poorly understood; however, the involvement of oxidative stress in this process is undoubted. Rats with experimental diabetes induced by the intraperitoneal injection of alloxan were subjected to the antioxidant pre-therapy with a series of mitochondria-targeted 10-(6'-plastoquinonyl)decyltriphenylphosphonium (SkQ1) injections and analyzed for the expression of mRNAs and microRNAs by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction to identify potential predictors of diabetes. Animals that received SkQ1 before diabetes induction demonstrated lower blood glucose levels compared to the diabetic animals not subjected to the therapy. SkQ1 caused changes in the mRNA levels of genes involved in the cellular defense against free radicals, which indicates a beneficial effect of the pre-therapy. Moreover, similar changes were observed on the epigenetic level, as the microRNA expression patterns not only proved the SkQ1 efficacy but also correlated with the expression levels of their mRNA targets. Oxidative stress and macromolecule damage by free radicals are determining factors in diabetes, which suggests that strategies aimed at restoring the antioxidant status of the cell can be beneficial. Mitochondria-targeted antioxidant SkQ1 demonstrates positive effects on several levels, from the normalization of the blood glucose content to genetic and epigenetic changes. Our results can serve as a basis for the development of novel therapeutic and diagnostic strategies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/antiox10111749DOI Listing
October 2021

The Tien Shan vole (; Rodentia: Cricetidae) as a new species in the Late Pleistocene of Europe.

Ecol Evol 2021 Nov 4;11(22):16113-16125. Epub 2021 Nov 4.

Institute of Systematics and Evolution of Animals Polish Academy of Sciences Kraków Poland.

Grey voles (subgenus ) represent a complex of at least seven closely related and partly cryptic species. The range of these species extends from the Atlantic to the Altai Mountains, but most of them occur east of the Black Sea. Using ancient DNA analyses of the Late Pleistocene specimens, we identified a new mtDNA lineage of grey voles in Europe. Phylogenetic analysis of mitochondrial DNA cytochrome sequences from 23 voles from three caves, namely, Emine-Bair-Khosar (Crimea, Ukraine), Cave 16 (Bulgaria), and Bacho Kiro (Bulgaria), showed that 14 specimens form a previously unrecognized lineage, sister to the Tien Shan vole. The average sequence divergence of this lineage and the extant Tien Shan vole was 4.8%, which is similar to the divergence of grey vole forms, which are considered distinct species or being on the verge of speciation; . and . or . and . . We estimated the time to the most recent common ancestor of the grey voles to be 0.66 Ma, which is over twice the recent estimates, while the divergence of the extant Tien Shan vole and the new lineage to be 0.29 Ma. Our discovery suggests that grey voles may have been more diversified in the past and that their ranges may have differed substantially from current ones. It also underlines the utility of ancient DNA to decipher the evolutionary history of voles.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ece3.8289DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8601874PMC
November 2021

Measurements of the Electroweak Diboson Production Cross Sections in Proton-Proton Collisions at sqrt[s]=5.02  TeV Using Leptonic Decays.

Phys Rev Lett 2021 Nov;127(19):191801

Universiteit Antwerpen, Antwerpen, Belgium.

The first measurements of diboson production cross sections in proton-proton interactions at a center-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV are reported. They are based on data collected with the CMS detector at the LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 302  pb^{-1}. Events with two, three, or four charged light leptons (electrons or muons) in the final state are analyzed. The WW, WZ, and ZZ total cross sections are measured as σ_{WW}=37.0_{-5.2}^{+5.5}(stat)_{-2.6}^{+2.7}(syst)  pb, σ_{WZ}=6.4_{-2.1}^{+2.5}(stat)_{-0.3}^{+0.5}(syst)  pb, and σ_{ZZ}=5.3_{-2.1}^{+2.5}(stat)_{-0.4}^{+0.5}(syst)  pb. All measurements are in good agreement with theoretical calculations at combined next-to-next-to-leading order quantum chromodynamics and next-to-leading order electroweak accuracy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.127.191801DOI Listing
November 2021
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