Publications by authors named "Utsav Gupta"

5 Publications

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Mucromycosis in India: Pathophysiology and Perspectives on Treatment and Management.

Infect Disord Drug Targets 2022 May 9. Epub 2022 May 9.

Department of Pharmacy, School of Medical & Allied Sciences, Galgotias University, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Mucormycosis, also known as "black fungus," is a potentially fatal disorder that causes blurred or double vision, chest pain, and breathing problems. The introduction of novel risk factors and causative agents, as well as the problems with controlling the disease, are all significant problems with mucormycosis in India. It is most common among COVID-19 patients. Mucormycosis is an invasive fungal disease that primarily affects immunosuppressant patients, mainly caused by mold fungi of the genus mucor, rhizopus, rhizomucor, and absidia, which are in the zygomycetes class and the mucorales order. The most common risk factor is diabetes mellitus, followed by haematological malignancy and solid-organ transplantation. Reversal of underlying predisposing factors, surgical debridement of infected tissues, and proper antifungal therapy are all required for the treatment of mucormycosis. In this review, the epidemiology, pathogenesis, and symptoms of black fungus and its association with covid-19, treatment and diagnosis are discussed.
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May 2022

Assessment of health-related quality of life in cancer patients undergoing treatment using Health Utilities Index (HUI-3) in east Delhi, India.

Indian J Cancer 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Community Medicine, University College of Medical Sciences and Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Background: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is a construct that focuses on the capacity for living afforded by the health status of a patient. Measurement of HRQOL allows a composite estimation of the capacity for living of a patient and can help capture the suffering experienced by the patient due to adverse effects of therapeutic interventions. This study was conducted to understand the health-related quality of life of cancer patients undergoing various modalities of treatment to generate evidence source for need-based intervention, to assess patients diagnosed with cancers, using Health Utilities Index - 3 (HUI-3) and assign them single-score values to gauge HRQOL and to measure the various domains of HRQOL and change in HRQOL after a period of three months of treatment.

Methods: A descriptive, longitudinal study was conducted amongst patients aged more than 18 years, who were diagnosed with cancer at a tertiary care multispecialty hospital in New Delhi. They were administered a standardized HUI-3 Questionnaire and their responses were recorded, simultaneously. Statistical significance for change in HRQOL score was assessed with paired t-test. Multivariate linear regression was used to identify the various correlates of HRQOL.

Results: The mean (± standard deviation) overall HRQOL score for all participants was 0.71 (± 0.262) [range=-0.09 to 1.00]. A follow-up assessment was carried out after three months and changes in health scores were subsequently recorded. A significant decrease in mean overall HRQOL score was seen for the entire group after three months of having been administered treatment. Single-attributes of emotion and ambulation were maximally affected amongst cancer patients after three months of treatment. On linear regression analyses, baseline HRQOL was a significant correlate of HRQOL at follow-up after three months.

Conclusion: : Addressing the HRQOL of a cancer patient before starting treatment would address morbidity that might be present even after three months.
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May 2021

Socioclinical profile of patients seeking treatment for cancer in a Teaching hospital in east Delhi, India.

J Family Med Prim Care 2020 Jun 30;9(6):2763-2768. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Community Medicine, University College of Medical Sciences and GTB Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Background: Prevalence of cancer in urban India is seeing a discernible increase due to lifestyle modifications and adverse environmental exposures. The pattern of cancer incidence varies from one region to another within a large country like India.

Aim And Objectives: This study was conducted to understand the socioclinical profile of the patients attending a tertiary care hospital in east Delhi for the treatment of cancer.

Methods: Patients above the age of 18 years, who had been diagnosed with cancer, were recruited for our study and their socioclinical details were elicited. After 3 months they were reassessed and their treatment and side-effect profile were studied.

Results: Majority of our patients were diagnosed with cancers of the oral cavity and were married men in age group of 40-60 years, residing in the National Capital Region. Patients diagnosed with breast cancer were more likely to receive chemotherapy and suffer from side effects of treatment like nausea, anorexia, and loss of weight.

Conclusion: Physicians need to be aware of these complications and should incorporate a proper counselling mechanism before treatment is started in such patients. Family physicians play a defining role in the palliative management since he remains a trusted face in his community and can provide professional and psychotherapeutic support.
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June 2020

Pulmonary artery-to-left atrial fistula discovered after the closure of atrial septal defect: A rare clinical scenario.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2018 May-Aug;11(2):211-213

Department of Cardiology, G B Pant Hospital, New Delhi, India.

A case of the right pulmonary artery-to- left atrial fistula with atrial septal defect (ASD) is presented. The fistula was detected after the patient developed desaturation following surgical closure of the ASD. It was managed with a transcatheter (trans-RPA route) closure of the fistula using a 12-mm Amplatzer ventricular septal defect closure device.
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June 2018

Volvulus of ileal S-pouch: A rare complication of ileal pouch anal anastomoses.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2014 23;5(10):717-9. Epub 2014 Aug 23.

Department of General Surgery, S.M.S. Medical College, JLN Marg, Jaipur 302004, Rajasthan, India. Electronic address:

Introduction: Ileal pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA) after total proctocolectomy is a frequently performed surgery for medically refractory ulcerative colitis (UC). Volvulus of the ileal pouch as a complication of IPAA is extremely rare. We present a case of volvulus of S-type ileal pouch.

Presentation Of Case: A 28 year old male, with history of total proctocolectomy with IPAA for severe UC in 2009 presented with signs of bowel obstruction. Emergency laparotomy was done and a volvulus of the S-type ileal pouch was derotated and pouchpexy done.

Discussion: The IPAA has a wide spectrum of complications, with obstruction of proximal small bowel occurring frequently. Volvulus of the ileal pouch is extremely rare with only 3 reported cases. Early diagnosis and intervention is important to salvage the pouch. Computed tomography (CT) may aid the diagnosis in stable patients.

Conclusion: The diagnosis of ileal pouch volvulus although rare, should be kept in mind when dealing with patients complaining of recurrent obstruction following IPAA.
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October 2014