Publications by authors named "Ulas Solmaz"

36 Publications

Identification of preterm birth in women with threatened preterm labour between 34 and 37 weeks of gestation.

J Obstet Gynaecol 2018 Jul 9;38(5):652-657. Epub 2018 Feb 9.

a Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology , Tepecik Training and Research Hospital , Izmir , Turkey.

The aim of this study was to assess whether serum markers would be useful as a new predictor of preterm birth in patients with spontaneous, late preterm labour. Patients diagnosed with late preterm labour were divided into preterm delivery (229 patients) and term delivery (178 patients) groups. The two groups were compared in terms of clinical characteristics and levels of serum markers (leukocyte subtypes, platelet, C-reactive protein [CRP], neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio [NLR] and platelet to lymphocyte ratio [PLR]), which were obtained at admission. The levels of leukocyte (p < .001), neutrophil (p < .001), CRP (p = .001), NLR (p < .001) and PLR (p = .003) were significantly higher, whereas lymphocytes (p = .012) were significantly lower in the preterm delivery group, compared to the term delivery group. On multivariate regression analysis, NLR positive was the most powerful predictive variable (OR = 1.41; 95%CI: 1.32-1.51; p = .005). NLR had the highest area under curve (0.711; 95%CI 0.662-0.760) in predicting preterm birth and a NLR >6.2 had the highest sensitivity (65.1%) and specificity (62.5%). High NLR at admission is an independent predictor of preterm birth in patients with spontaneous, late preterm labour. Impact statement What is already known on this subject: Preterm birth accounts for 5-12% of all births, and is a major factor associated with perinatal morbidity and mortality worldwide. However, more than 70% of preterm births occur at late preterm between 34 and 36 weeks of gestation. The central role of systemic and subclinical infections in preterm labour is well documented. Intrauterine infection leading to delivery can be measured by using a variety of laboratory parameters. What do the results of this study add: Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio is an inexpensive, easily interpretable and promising haematologic parameter that is widely available. This study explored the association of high neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio with the risk of preterm birth in women with preterm labour between 34 and 37 weeks of gestation. What are the implications of these findings for clinical practice and/or further research: Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio could be used in combination with existing markers to improve detection rates of preterm birth. Concomitant use of markers could be more powerful than measuring any of the individual markers alone.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01443615.2017.1399990DOI Listing
July 2018

Outcomes of patients with advanced stage ovarian cancer with intestinal metastasis.

Ginekol Pol 2017 ;88(10):537-542

Objectives: The aim of this study is to evaluate the results of advanced stage (stage IIIB-IVB) ovarian cancer (OC) patients with intestinal metastasis, and to investigate the factors that affect survival.

Material And Methods: Patients who underwent cytoreductive surgery (CS) for FIGO stage IIIB-IVB OC with metastasis in the intestinal system, at Tepecik Research and Treatment Hospital between 2008-2014, were analyzed retrospectively. Patients with borderline ovarian tumor; those who had previously undergone radiation therapy and/or hysterectomy and patients having secondary or tertiary cytoreduction were excluded and 49 patients were included and analyzed in this study. Hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oopherectomy, pelvic and para-aortic lymph node sampling, resection of bulky lymph nodes and omentectomy were performed. Optimal cytoreduction was accepted as that which left residual tumor ≤ one cm maximum size.

Results: The risk factors affecting OS interval were investigated according to Cox' regression analysis. Optimality of the primary CS (P = 0.008 and HR = 5.202) and cancer stage (P = 0.016 and HR = 6.083) were found to be statistically significant factors.

Conclusions: Achieving optimal CS is the most important aim for the general surgeon carrying out an intestinal resection procedure. Although resection procedures are superior in providing the desired optimal results when compared to excision surgery, their higher complication rates and subsequent lower quality of life must be taken into consideration when choosing either resection or excision methods; surgical intervention should always be kept to the minimum possible.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/GP.a2017.0098DOI Listing
July 2018

The Effect of Adenomyosis in Myometrial Invasion and Overall Survival in Endometrial Cancer.

Int J Gynecol Cancer 2018 01;28(1):145-151

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether adenomyosis had an effect on myometrial tumor invasion, stage of the disease, and survival in endometrial cancer.

Methods: Endometrial cancer patients encountered between 2007 and 2016 were identified from pathology records. Patients who underwent suboptimal surgical or medical treatment or with insufficient clinical or surgical data were excluded. Patients diagnosed as having concurrent adenomyosis constituted the study group. Control group patients were randomly selected in a paired design according to the tumor grades in the study group, and for each tumor grade, 4 times as many as patients were included. Tumor stage, histologic type and grade, myometrial invasion, lymphovascular space invasion, presence and location of the adenomyosis in myometrial wall, distance from endometrial line, tumor in adenomyosis, adjuvant treatment, and relapse were primary outcomes.Age, body mass index, medical comorbidities, and type of operation were also recorded. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression models were performed for overall survival.

Results: Of those 1242 endometrial cancer patients, 80 with concurrent adenomyosis were identified and compared with 320 patients without adenomyosis following a paired selection based on tumor grade. Higher rates of myometrial invasion, lymphovascular space invasion, tumor diameter, and adjuvant treatments were found in the nonadenomyosis group compared with adenomyosis group (P ≤ 0.001). In patients with adenomyosis, rates of early-stage disease and overall survival were significantly higher compared with the control group (P = 0.001 and 0.01, respectively).

Conclusions: Our results showed that adenomyosis is significantly associated with lower stage in endometrial cancer that may suggest a possible limiting effect on endometrial cancer spread. In addition, despite similar rates in disease-free survival and endometrial cancer-related death, overall survival rate was significantly higher in the presence of adenomyosis and might be considered as a good prognostic factor for endometrial cancer.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/IGC.0000000000001137DOI Listing
January 2018

Newly Developed Laparoscopic Needle Holder That Facilitates Knot Tying Makes Vaginal Cuff Suturing Easy in Single-Port Laparoscopic Hysterectomy.

Surg Innov 2017 Dec 21;24(6):605-610. Epub 2017 Sep 21.

1 Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey.

Background: To evaluate vaginal cuff closure times of a single-port laparoscopic hysterectomy using a newly developed Turkish-made laparoscopic needle holder (TMLNH) with a single-port laparoscopic hysterectomy using a laparoscopic needle holder with pistol handle (LNHPH).

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 68 patients who underwent single-port laparoscopic hysterectomy using a TMLNH (n = 38) or a LNHPH (n = 30). Patients' age, parity, body mass index, mean operating time, mean vaginal cuff suturing time, uterine weight, estimated blood loss, drop of hemoglobin level, return of bowel activity, hospital stay, conversion to multiport access, conversion to laparotomy, and postoperative and intraoperative outcomes were analyzed.

Results: The TMLNH group had a shorter operative time ( P < .001) and a shorter vaginal cuff suturing time ( P < .001) compared with the LNHPH group during a single-port laparoscopic hysterectomy. There was no difference in intraoperative and postoperative complications.

Conclusion: The TMLNH facilitates vaginal cuff suturing and decreases operation time during a single-port laparoscopic hysterectomy. We proposed that the TMLNH is a promising technique for suturing and vaginal cuff closure in a single-port laparoscopic hysterectomy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1553350617731985DOI Listing
December 2017

Analysis of endometrial carcinoma in young women at a high-volume cancer center.

Int J Surg 2017 Aug 30;44:185-190. Epub 2017 Jun 30.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Health Sciences, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey.

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics, treatment, survival, and prognosis of endometrial cancer in women aged ≤40 years.

Methods: Women who underwent surgery for endometrial cancer at a single high-volume cancer center between January 1995 and December 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Women aged >40, patients with missing data, and those who did not undergo surgical staging were excluded. Univariate and multivariate regression models were used to identify the risk factors for overall survival and progression-free survival.

Results: A total of 40 patients with endometrial cancer were assessed. The median age at diagnosis was 38 (range, 21-40) years, and most of the uterine tumors found were early-stage (85%), low-grade (67.5%), and endometrioid carcinomas (97.5%). The median serum cancer antigen 125 level was 10.9 IU/mL (range, 3-1284 IU/mL). Optimal cytoreductive surgery was achieved in 35 patients (87.5%). All patients underwent total abdominal hysterectomy, and 97.5% of the patients underwent hysterectomy plus bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. Among the total group of 40 patients, 21 (52.5%) underwent pelvic and para-aortic lymph node dissection, and 15 (37.5%) underwent only pelvic lymph node dissection. Multivariate analysis confirmed that a cancer antigen 125 level ≥35 was the only independent prognostic factor for both progression-free survival (hazard ratio, 22.997; 95% confidence interval, 1.783-296.536; p = 0.016) and overall survival (hazard ratio, 22.541; 95% confidence interval, 1.75-290.364; p = 0,017).

Conclusions: Our study demonstrated that a cancer antigen 125 level ≥ 35 is the only independent prognostic factor for both progression-free survival and overall survival in patients aged ≤40 years with endometrial cancer.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijsu.2017.06.083DOI Listing
August 2017

Can the Myocardial Performance Index Be Used as a New Predictive Factor for a Poor Prognosis in Fetuses With Idiopathic Polyhydramnios?

J Ultrasound Med 2016 Dec 7;35(12):2649-2657. Epub 2016 Nov 7.

Department of Perinatology, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine whether there are any changes in cardiac function in fetuses with idiopathic polyhydramnios and also to evaluate the value of the myocardial performance index for prediction of adverse perinatal outcomes.

Methods: A prospective case-control study was conducted with a total of 134 fetuses between 24 and 40 weeks' gestation. Polyhydramnios was defined as an amniotic fluid index of greater than 24 cm. Seventy-three fetuses of healthy mothers were assigned as the control group whereas 36 fetuses with an amniotic fluid index of 24 to 34 cm constituted the nonsevere polyhydramnios group, and 31 fetuses with an amniotic fluid index of 35 cm or greater constituted the severe polyhydramnios group. Fetal echocardiography was performed to compare cardiac function parameters among groups. To determine which perinatal outcomes were independently associated with an increased myocardial performance index, a multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed.

Results: The myocardial performance index was significantly higher in polyhydramnios groups compared with controls (P < .001). Among fetuses with polyhydramnios, the myocardial performance index was significantly higher in severe polyhydramnios compared with nonsevere polyhydramnios (P = .003). An increased myocardial performance index in polyhydramnios was independently associated with nonreassuring fetal status (odds ratio, 2.12; 95% confidence interval, 1.41-4.53; P = .005), emergency cesarean delivery (odds ratio, 1.54; 95% confidence interval, 1.12-2.37; P= .025), and respiratory distress syndrome (odds ratio, 1.79; 95% confidence interval, 1.21-3.87; P = .012).

Conclusions: An increased myocardial performance index is an early indicator of adverse perinatal outcomes in pregnancies complicated by idiopathic polyhydramnios.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7863/ultra.15.11086DOI Listing
December 2016

Analysis of clinical and pathological characteristics, treatment methods, survival, and prognosis of uterine papillary serous carcinoma.

Tumori 2016 Dec 4;102(6):593-599. Epub 2016 Aug 4.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Izmir - Turkey.

Purpose: Uterine papillary serous carcinoma (UPSC) is an atypical variant of endometrial carcinoma with a poor prognosis. It is commonly associated with an increased risk of extrauterine disease. The aim of this study was to investigate clinical and pathological characteristics, therapeutic methods, and prognostic factors in women with UPSC.

Methods: All patients who underwent surgery for UPSC at a single high-volume cancer center between January 1995 and December 2010 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients who did not undergo surgical staging and those with mixed tumor histology were excluded. Univariate and multivariate regression models were used to identify the risk factors for overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS).

Results: A total of 46 patients were included, the majority of whom having stage I disease (IA, 13 [28.2%] and IB, 12 [26.7%]). Stages II, III, and IV were identified in 5 (10.9%), 8 (17.4%), and 8 (17.4%) women, respectively. Optimal cytoreduction was obtained in 67.3% of patients. Recurrences developed in 8 (17.4%) patients. Multivariate analysis confirmed that lymphovascular space invasion (LVSI) (odds ratio [OR] 26.83, p = 0.003) was the only independent prognostic factor for OS, whereas LVSI and optimal cytoreduction were found to be independent prognostic factors for PFS (OR 6.91, p = 0.013 and OR 2.69, p = 0.037, respectively). The 5-year overall survival rate was 63%.

Conclusions: Our study demonstrated that LVSI is the only independent prognostic factor for OS, whereas LVSI and optimal cytoreduction are independent prognostic factors for PFS in patients with UPSC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5301/tj.5000531DOI Listing
December 2016

Quantitative Evaluation of the Fetal Cerebellar Vermis Using the Median View on Two-Dimensional Ultrasound.

Iran J Radiol 2016 Apr 26;13(2):e34870. Epub 2016 Mar 26.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Izmir Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey.

Background: Evaluation of the cerebellum and vermis is one of the integral parts of the fetal cranial anomaly screening.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to create a nomogram for fetal vermis measurements between 17 and 30 gestational weeks.

Patients And Methods: This prospective study was conducted on 171 volunteer pregnant women between March 2013 and December 2014. Measurements of the fetal cerebellar vermis diameters in the sagittal plane were performed by two-dimensional transabdominal ultrasonography.

Results: Optimal median planes were obtained in 117 of the cases. Vermian diameters as a function of gestational age were expressed by regression equations and the correlation coefficients were found to be highly statistically significant (P < 0.001). The normal mean (± standard deviation) for each gestational week was also defined.

Conclusion: This study presents the normal range of the two-dimensional fetal vermian measurements between 17 and 30 gestational weeks. In the absence of a three-dimensional ultrasonography, two-dimensional ultrasonography could also be used confidently with more time and effort.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5037970PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/iranjradiol.34870DOI Listing
April 2016

High first-trimester neutrophil-to-lymphocyte and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratios are indicators for early diagnosis of preeclampsia.

Ginekol Pol 2016 ;87(6):431-5

Objectives: The aim of our study is to determine whether first-trimester neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and plate-let-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) would be useful as new predictors of subsequent preeclampsia.

Material And Methods: Medical records of women with preeclampsia and healthy controls from a tertiary referral center were retrospectively evaluated. The two groups were compared in terms of clinical characteristics and first-trimester levels of hemoglobin, leukocyte, neutrophil, lymphocyte, platelet, NLR and PLR. Receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis was performed to identify the optimal NLR and PLR levels predicting preeclampsia.

Results: Neutrophil (p < 0.001), platelet (p < 0.001), NLR (p < 0.001) and PLR (p < 0.001) levels were significantly elevated, whereas hemoglobin concentration (p = 0.003) was significantly lower in the group with preeclampsia as compared to the control group. On multivariate regression analysis, NLR (OR 1.43; 95% CI 1.21-1.76; p = 0.005) and PLR (OR 1.38; 95% CI 1.15-1.63; p = 0.008) were the most powerful predictive variables. The area under the ROC was 0.716 and 0.705 for NLR and PLR, respectively. The cut-off values of NLR ≥ 3.08 and PLR ≥ 126.8 predicted preeclampsia with the sensitivity of 74.6% and 71.8% and specificity of 70.1% and 72.4%, respectively.

Conclusions: High NLR and PLR during the first trimester are independent predictors of subsequent preeclampsia.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/GP.2016.0021DOI Listing
July 2018

Optimal cytoreduction, depth of myometrial invasion, and age are independent prognostic factors for survival in women with uterine papillary serous and clear cell carcinomas.

Int J Surg 2016 Aug 27;32:71-7. Epub 2016 Jun 27.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinicopathological characteristics, treatment methods, and prognostic factors in women with uterine papillary serous carcinoma (UPSC) and uterine clear-cell carcinoma (UCCC).

Study Design: All patients who had undergone surgery for UPCS and UCCC between January 1995 and December 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients with missing data, who did not undergo surgical staging and patients with mixed tumor histology were excluded. Multivariate regression models were used to identify the risk factors for overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS).

Results: A total of 49 UPSC and 22 UCCC women were included. The majority of the patients were at stage I [IA, 22 (31%) and IB, 18 (25.4%)]. Stages II, III, and IV were identified in 9 (12.7%), 13 (18.3%), and 9 (12.7%) of cases, respectively. Optimal cytoreduction was achieved in 71.8% of cases. Recurrences occurred in 16 patients (22.5%). The 5-year OS rates were 67% for UPSC; 76% for UCCC; 68% for both histology, respectively. Multivariate analysis pointed out that age>67 years (odds ratio (OR): 3.85, p = 0.009 and OR: 3.35, p = 0.014), >50% myometrial invasion (MI) (OR: 2.87, p = 0.037 and OR: 2.46, p = 0.046) and optimal cytoreduction (OR: 3.26, p = 0.006 and OR: 2.77, p = 0.015) were the independent prognostic factors for both PFS and OS.

Conclusions: Our study demonstrated that optimal cytoreduction, >50% MI, and age >67 years are the most significant factors affecting survival in women with UPSC and UCCC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijsu.2016.06.041DOI Listing
August 2016

Comparison of adverse perinatal outcomes after single-needle and double-needle CVS techniques.

J Perinat Med 2017 Feb;45(2):199-203

Objective: To determine the impact of the chorion villus sampling (CVS) technique on adverse perinatal outcomes.

Methods: In this case-control study, 412 women who underwent CVS at 11-14 weeks of gestation and 231 women who did not undergo any invasive procedure were retrospectively evaluated. The women in the CVS group were further divided into two groups according to the use of single-needle technique (n=148) vs. double-needle technique (n=264). The adverse outcomes were compared between controls and the two CVS groups, and regression analysis was used to determine the significance of independent contribution.

Results: The rate of preeclampsia for the control group was 2.2%, for the double-needle group was 3% and for the single-needle group was 8.1%. CVS with single-needle technique was found to be an independent and statistically significant risk factor for preeclampsia [odds ratio (OR)=2.1, 95% confidence interval (CI); 1.4-2.7, P=0.008].

Conclusion: The risk of preeclampsia after CVS appears to be increased with single-needle technique compared with double-needle technique.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/jpm-2015-0360DOI Listing
February 2017

Use of urea and creatinine levels in vaginal fluid for the diagnosis of preterm premature rupture of membranes and delivery interval after membrane rupture.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2017 Apr 26;30(7):772-778. Epub 2016 May 26.

a Department of Perinatology and.

Objective: To determine whether urea and creatinine measurements in vaginal fluid could be used to diagnose preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) and predict delivery interval after PPROM.

Methods: A prospective study conducted with 100 pregnant women with PPROM and 100 healthy pregnant women between 24 + 0 and 36 + 6 gestational weeks. All patients underwent sampling for urea and creatinine concentrations in vaginal fluid at the time of admission. Receiver operator curve analysis was used to determine the cutoff values for the presence of PPROM and delivery within 48 h after PPROM.

Results: In multivariate logistic regression analysis, vaginal fluid urea and creatinine levels were found to be significant predictors of PPROM (p < 0.001 and p < 0.001, respectively) and delivery within 48 h after PPROM (p = 0.012 and p = 0.017, respectively). The optimal cutoff values for the diagnosis of PPROM were >6.7 mg/dl for urea and >0.12 mg/dl for creatinine. The optimal cutoff values for the detection of delivery within 48 h were >19.4 mg/dl for urea and >0.23 mg/dl for creatinine.

Conclusion: Measurement of urea and creatinine levels in vaginal fluid is a rapid and reliable test for diagnosing and also for predicting delivery interval after PPROM.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14767058.2016.1188072DOI Listing
April 2017

Treatment results and prognostic factors of patients with vulvar cancer treated with postoperative or definitive radiotherapy.

Tumori 2016 Jun 14;2016(3):311-5. Epub 2016 Apr 14.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Ege University Faculty of Medicine, Izmir - Turkey.

Purpose: Vulvar cancer is a relatively uncommon type of gynecologic cancer. The aim of this study is to analyze the treatment results and prognostic factors of vulvar cancer.

Methods: Forty-four vulvar cancer patients treated between 2000 and 2011 at the Department of Radiation Oncology, Ege University Faculty of Medicine, were retrospectively reviewed. External radiotherapy (RT) was applied with 6-18 MV linear accelerators with 1.8 Gy daily fractions with a median total dose of 50.4 Gy (45-59.4 Gy) for postoperative cases and 64.8 Gy (range 54-66 Gy) for definitive cases. Statistical analyses were performed with SPSS 13.0.

Results: Among 44 patients with a median age of 68 years (range 28-86), 14 (31.8%) were treated with curative and 30 (68.2%) were treated with postoperative RT or radiochemotherapy (RCT). According to International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics staging, 11 (25%) had stage IB, 10 (22.7%) had stage II, 6 (13.6%) had stage IIIA, 5 (11.4%) had stage IIIB, and 12 (27.3%) had stage IVA disease. Within a median of 24 months (range 6-135) of follow-up, 11 (27.3%) patients had local recurrence, 8 had regional recurrence, 2 had both local and regional recurrence, and 6 had distant metastases. Five-year locoregional, disease-free, and overall survival rates were 45%, 40%, and 54%, respectively. Older age, poor tumor differentiation, positive surgical margin, and lymphovascular space invasion were found to be important prognostic factors for disease-related outcomes.

Conclusions: Prognosis of vulvar cancer remains poor even with a multidisciplinary approach. Molecular prognostic factors need to be defined for individualized treatment options to achieve better treatment results.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5301/tj.5000509DOI Listing
June 2016

Assessment of the effect of pelvic floor exercises on pelvic floor muscle strength using ultrasonography in patients with urinary incontinence: a prospective randomized controlled trial.

J Phys Ther Sci 2016 Jan 29;28(2):360-5. Epub 2016 Feb 29.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ege Faculty, University of Medicine, Turkey.

[Purpose] The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the effect of pelvic floor exercises on pelvic floor muscle strength could be detected via ultrasonography in patients with urinary incontinence. [Subjects and Methods] Of 282 incontinent patients, 116 participated in the study and were randomly divided into a pelvic floor muscle training (n=65) group or control group (n=51). The pelvic floor muscle training group was given pelvic floor exercise training for 12 weeks. Both groups were evaluated at the beginning of the study and after 12 weeks. Abdominal ultrasonography measurements in transverse and longitudinal planes, the PERFECT scheme, perineometric evaluation, the stop test, the stress test, and the pad test were used to assess pelvic floor muscle strength in all cases. [Results] After training, the PERFECT, perineometry and transabdominal ultrasonography measurements were found to be significantly improved, and the stop test and pad test results were significantly decreased in the pelvic floor muscle training group, whereas no difference was observed in the control group. There was a positive correlation between the PERFECT force measurement scale and ultrasonography force measurement scale before and after the intervention in the control and pelvic floor muscle training groups (r=0.632 and r=0.642, respectively). [Conclusion] Ultrasonography can be used as a noninvasive method to identify the change in pelvic floor muscle strength with exercise training.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1589/jpts.28.360DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4792974PMC
January 2016

Prognostic Value of Fetal Thymus Size in Intrauterine Growth Restriction.

J Ultrasound Med 2016 Mar 9;35(3):511-7. Epub 2016 Feb 9.

Department of Perinatology, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey (A.E., C.G., C.E.T., U.S., M.O.); and Department of Radiology, Dokuz Eylul University Faculty of Medicine, Izmir, Turkey (N.S.G.).

Objectives: Our aim was to evaluate the size of the fetal thymus by sonography in pregnancies with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and to search for a possible relationship between a small fetal thymus and adverse perinatal outcomes.

Methods: The transverse diameter of the fetal thymus was prospectively measured in 150 healthy and 143 IUGR fetuses between 24 and 40 weeks' gestation. The fetuses with IUGR were further divided according to normal or abnormal Doppler assessment of the umbilical and middle cerebral arteries and ductus venosus. Measurements were compared with reference ranges from controls. To determine which perinatal outcomes were independently associated with a small fetal thymus, a multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed.

Results: Thymus size was significantly lower in IUGR fetuses compared to controls (P < .05). Among IUGR fetuses, thymus size was significantly smaller in IUGR fetuses with abnormal Doppler flow compared to normal flow (P < .05). A small thymus in IUGR fetuses was independently associated with early delivery (odds ratio [OR], 1.24; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.05-1.49; P= .023), respiratory distress syndrome (OR, 1.36; 95% CI, 1.09-1.78; P= .005), early neonatal sepsis (OR, 1.65; 95% CI, 1.11-2.42; P= .001), and a longer stay in the neonatal intensive care unit (OR, 1.33; 95% CI, 1.08-1.71; P = .017).

Conclusions: Intrauterine growth restriction is associated with fetal thymic involution, and a small fetal thymus is an early indicator of adverse perinatal outcomes in pregnancies complicated by IUGR.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7863/ultra.15.05039DOI Listing
March 2016

Prevalence and risk factors of anemia among pregnant women attending a high-volume tertiary care center for delivery.

J Turk Ger Gynecol Assoc 2015 2;16(4):231-6. Epub 2015 Nov 2.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, İzmir, Turkey.

Objective: The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of anemia and predisposing factors contributing to anemia in pregnant women prior to delivery.

Material And Methods: A retrospective case-control study was conducted on 1221 women who delivered between 37 and 42 weeks of gestation between July 2014 and January 2015. Data on the subjects' socioeconomic and demographic characteristics, pregnancy outcomes, and hemoglobin levels within 24 h prior to delivery were collected. The study population was divided into two groups on the basis of the presence of anemia within 24 h prior to delivery. Anemia was defined as a hemoglobin level of <11 g/dL. The prevalence of pre-delivery anemia was estimated, and antenatal predictors of anemia were determined using multivariate logistic regression analysis.

Results: The prevalence of anemia in women attending our center for delivery was 41.6% [95% confidence interval (CI) =38.84-44.37]. After multivariate logistic regression analysis, parity >3 [odds ratio (OR) =1.82, 95% CI=1.24-2.96, p=0.002], illiterate (OR=2.23, 95% CI=1.35-3.45, p=0.001) and primary educational level (OR=2.01, 95% CI=1.28-3.39, p=0.008), household monthly income per person <250 Turkish liras (OR=2.34, 95% CI=1.49-3.89, p<0.001), first admission at second (OR=1.63, 95% CI=1.24-2.81, p=0.006) and third trimester (OR=2.45, 95% CI=1.41-4.06, p<0.001), number of antenatal visits <5 (OR=1.45, 95% CI=10.5-2.11) and 5-10 (OR=1.3, 95% CI=1.03-2.09), duration of iron supplementation <3 months (OR=2.62, 95% CI=1.51-4.17) and 3-6 months (OR=1.68, 95% CI=1.13-2.91), and occurrence of preeclampsia (OR=1.55, 95% CI=1.03-2.1, p=0.041) were independently associated with anemia.

Conclusion: Socioeconomic determinants constitute most of the anemia cases and, hence, should be considered as major risk factors of anemia in women attending for delivery at term.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/jtgga.2015.15071DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4664215PMC
December 2015

The Turkish version of the pregnancy physical activity questionnaire: cross-cultural adaptation, reliability, and validity.

J Phys Ther Sci 2015 Oct 30;27(10):3215-21. Epub 2015 Oct 30.

School of Physiotherapy, Dokuz Eylul University, Turkey.

[Purpose] The aim of this study was to translate the Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire, adapt it for use with Turkish subjects and determine its reliability and validity. [Subjects and Methods] The Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire was translated into Turkish and administered twice at 7-14-day intervals to pregnant women to assess the test-retest reliability. Cronbach's α was used for internal consistency, and the inter-rater correlation coefficient was used to calculate the test-retest reliability. The Turkish Short Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36) and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire were used to estimate validity. [Results] The internal consistency during the first and third trimesters of pregnancy was excellent, with Cronbach's α values of 0.93 and 0.95, respectively. The mean interval between the two assessments was 11.1 ± 2.1 days. The correlation coefficient between the total activity measured by the Turkish version of the Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire estimates of the total metabolic equivalent were fair to poor during the first, second, and third trimesters of pregnancy (r = 0.17, r = 0.17, r = 0.21, respectively). The Turkish version of the Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire showed fair correlations with the Short Form 36 Health Survey physical component score (r = -0.30) and mental component score (r = -0.37) for the first trimester of pregnancy. [Conclusion] The Turkish version of the Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire was found to be reliable and valid for assessing a pregnant woman's physical activity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1589/jpts.27.3215DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4668169PMC
October 2015

Effect of antenatal betamethasone administration on Doppler velocimetry of fetal and uteroplacental vessels: a prospective study.

J Perinat Med 2016 Mar;44(2):243-8

Objectives: To examine the effect of antenatal betamethasone administration on Doppler parameters of fetal and uteroplacental circulation.

Methods: Seventy-six singleton pregnancies that received betamethasone therapy were prospectively evaluated. Doppler measurements of pulsatility indices (PI) in fetal umbilical artery (UA), middle cerebral artery (MCA), ductus venosus and maternal uterine arteries were performed before (0 h) and 24, 48, 72 and 96 h after the first dose of betamethasone. Women with positive end-diastolic flow (EDF) in UA and those with absent or reversed EDF in UA were evaluated separately.

Results: Fifty-two women with EDF in UA and 24 women with absent or reversed flow in UA were examined. Administration of maternal betamethasone was followed by a significant decrease in the PI of the MCA at 24 h (P<0.05). Additionally, return of absent to positive, reversed to absent or from reversed to positive diastolic flow in UA was detected within 24 h in 19 (79.2%) fetuses with absent or reversed UA-EDF. All alterations were transient and maintained up to 72 h.

Conclusions: Antenatal administration of betamethasone is associated with significant but transient changes in the fetal blood flow. Hence, intensive surveillance of fetuses with Doppler ultrasonography is warranted following betamethasone therapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/jpm-2015-0194DOI Listing
March 2016

An analysis of 37 patients with uterine leiomyosarcoma at a high-volume cancer center.

Turk J Obstet Gynecol 2015 Sep 15;12(3):158-163. Epub 2015 Sep 15.

Ege University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, İzmir, Turkey.

Objective: To evaluate the clinicopathologic characteristics, treatment methods, survival, and prognosis of uterine leiomyosarcoma (ULMS).

Materials And Methods: All patients with ULMS who were treated between January 1998 and October 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. A total of 37 women who met the inclusion criteria were included in the present study. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to identify the risk factors for overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS).

Results: The majority of patients had stage 1 disease (IA, n=9 (24.3%); IB, n=23 (62.1%)). All patients underwent total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. Additionally, only pelvic, and pelvic plus para-aortic lymphadenectomy was performed in 5 (13.5%) and 8 (21.6%) women, respectively. Adjuvant treatment was administered to 27 (72.9%) patients. Patients who did not receive adjuvant therapy had stage 1 disease. Recurrences occurred in 5 (13.5%) patients. The median follow-up period was 71 months (range 1-158 months). The 5-year PFS and OS rates were 68% and 74%, for all patients. The 5-year OS rates for women with stage 1 and ≥ stage 2 disease were 82% and 27%, respectively. Multivariate analysis confirmed stage 1 disease as the only independent predictor of both PFS (Odds ratio (OR) 10.955, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.686-71.181, (p=0.012)) and OS (OR 57.429, 95% CI 3.287-1003.269, (p=0.006)).

Conclusions: Extensive surgery is not associated with prognosis and stage 1 disease is the only independent good prognostic factor for survival in patients with ULMS.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4274/tjod.33602DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5558390PMC
September 2015

Benefits of short-term structured exercise in non-overweight women with polycystic ovary syndrome: a prospective randomized controlled study.

J Phys Ther Sci 2015 Jul 22;27(7):2293-7. Epub 2015 Jul 22.

Department of Physiotherapy, Dokuz Eylul University, Turkey.

[Purpose] The short-term effects of structured exercise on the anthropometric, cardiovascular, and metabolic parameters of non-overweight women diagnosed with polycystic ovary syndrome were evaluated. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty women with a diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome were prospectively randomized to either a control group (n=16) or a training group (n=14) for a period of 8 weeks. Anthropometric, cardiovascular, and metabolic parameters and hormone levels were measured and compared before and after the intervention. [Results] Waist and hip measurements (anthropometric parameters); diastolic blood pressure; respiratory rate (cardiovascular parameters); levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, total cholesterol, fasting glucose, and fasting insulin; and the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance index (metabolic parameters) were significantly lower in the training group after 8 weeks of exercise compared to the baseline values. After exercise, the training group had significantly higher oxygen consumption and high-density lipoprotein levels and significantly shorter menstrual cycle intervals. The corresponding values for controls did not significantly differ between the start and end of the 8-week experiment. [Conclusion] Short-term regular exercise programs can lead to improvements in anthropometric, cardiovascular, and metabolic parameters of non-overweight women with polycystic ovary syndrome.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1589/jpts.27.2293DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4540866PMC
July 2015

Does neoadjuvant chemotherapy plus cytoreductive surgery improve survival rates in patients with advanced epithelial ovarian cancer compared with cytoreductive surgery alone?

J BUON 2015 May-Jun;20(3):847-54

Department of Gynecologic Oncology, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes of interval debulking surgery after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC/IDS) with primary debulking surgery (PDS) in patients diagnosed with advanced epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC).

Methods: A total of 292 patients with IIIC and IV disease stages, who were treated with either NAC/IDS or PDS between 1995 and 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. The study population was divided into two groups: the NAC/IDS group (N=84) and the PDS group (N=208). Progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), and optimal cytoreduction were compared.

Results: The mean patient age was significantly higher in the NAC/IDS group (61.5±11.5 vs 57.8±11.1, p=0.01). Optimal cytoreduction was achieved in 34.5% (29/84) of the patients in the NAC/IDS group and in 32.2% (69/208) in the PDS group (p=0.825). The survival rates were comparable. The survival rate of patients who received optimal cytoreductive surgery in either the PDS or the NAC/IDS arm was significantly higher than that of patients who received suboptimal cytoreductive surgery (p<0.01 and p<0.01, respectively). Multivariate analysis confirmed the treatment method, amount of ascitic fluid, and optimal cytoreduction as independent factors for OS.

Conclusions: There was no definitive evidence regarding whether NAC/IDS increases survival rates compared with PDS. NAC should be reserved for patients who cannot tolerate PDS or when optimal cytoreduction is not feasible.
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August 2015

Impact of interpregnancy interval on the subsequent risk of adverse perinatal outcomes.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2015 Nov 14;41(11):1744-51. Epub 2015 Jul 14.

Department of Perinatology, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey.

Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of interpregnancy interval as a risk factor on multiple adverse perinatal outcomes.

Material And Methods: Interpregnancy intervals and confounding factors were determined for healthy pregnancies (controls [n = 357]) and for pregnancies complicated by adverse perinatal outcomes. Interpregnancy interval was categorized as <6, 6-11, 12-17, 18-23, 24-35 and ≥36 months. Adverse outcomes included spontaneous labor leading to preterm birth (n = 265), preterm premature rupture of membranes (n = 245), pre-eclampsia (n = 286), gestational diabetes (n = 302), abnormal placentation (n = 154), anemia (n = 314), congenital anomalies (n = 459), post-partum hemorrhage (n = 326) and small for gestational age (n = 168). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to assess the association of each outcome with the interpregnancy interval categories.

Results: Spontaneous labor leading to preterm birth (odds ratio [OR], 1.86; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.13-1.97), preterm premature rupture of membranes (OR, 1.69; 95%CI, 1.28-2.39), congenital anomalies (OR, 1.38; 95%CI, 1.09-1.76) and small for gestational age (OR, 1.68; 95%CI, 1.14-2.34) were significantly associated with intervals of <6 months. Among congenital anomalies, short interpregnancy interval represents an increased risk for cardiac defects (OR, 1.55; 95%CI, 1.09-5.46), neural tube defects (OR, 2.06; 95%CI, 1.32-7.64) and central nervous system anomalies (OR, 1.45; 95%CI, 1.12-3.65).

Conclusion: Short interpregnancy interval is an independent risk factor for adverse perinatal outcomes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jog.12783DOI Listing
November 2015

Synchronous primary endometrial and ovarian cancers: a multicenter review of 63 cases.

Tumori 2016 10 30;102(5):508-513. Epub 2015 Jun 30.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical School of Celal Bayar University, Manisa - Turkey.

Aims: To investigate clinicopathologic characteristics, therapeutic methods, and prognostic factors in women with synchronous primary endometrial and ovarian cancers (SEOCs).

Methods: A retrospective review of 2 cancer registry databases in Turkey was conducted to identify patients diagnosed with SEOCs between January 1995 and December 2012. Patients with recurrent, metastatic, and metachronously occurring tumors were excluded. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to identify prognostic predictors for progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS).

Results: The analysis included 63 women with SEOCs. Seventy-six percent of the patients had stage I endometrial cancer, and 60% of the patients had stage I ovarian cancer. Thirty-seven patients (58.7%) had endometrioid/endometrioid histology. Optimal cytoreduction was obtained in 47 (74.6%) patients. Recurrence developed in 17 patients (27%). Multivariate analysis confirmed lymphovascular space invasion (LVSI) as an independent poor prognostic factor for OS (odds ratio [OR] 3.1, p = 0.045), whereas early-stage disease and optimal cytoreduction were found to be independent good prognostic factors for both PFS (OR 12.85, p<0.001 and OR 4.58, p = 0.004, respectively) and OS (OR 7.31, p = 0.002 and OR 2.95, p = 0.028, respectively). The 3- and 5-year OS rates were 74% and 69%, respectively.

Conclusions: Our study demonstrated that optimal cytoreduction, early-stage disease, and LVSI are the most significant factors affecting survival in women with SEOC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5301/tj.5000378DOI Listing
October 2016

Predictors of severity in primary postpartum hemorrhage.

Arch Gynecol Obstet 2015 Dec 4;292(6):1247-54. Epub 2015 Jun 4.

Department of Perinatology, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey.

Purpose: To identify risk factors and etiologies leading to severe primary postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) in women with PPH.

Methods: Women who experienced PPH within the first 24 h after delivery over a 3-year period were retrospectively evaluated. Patients were divided into two groups on the basis of severe PPH (n = 125) or non-severe PPH (n = 411). Risk factors and etiologies for severe PPH were explored using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses.

Results: PPH and severe PPH complicated 2.1 and 0.49 % of all deliveries, respectively. Previous cesarean delivery (OR = 3.15, 95 % CI = 1.02-10.3; p = 0.001), prolonged labor (OR = 3.62, 95 % CI = 3.21-4.03; p < 0.001), oxytocin augmentation (OR = 3.32, 95 % CI 2.05-5.93; p < 0.001) and emergency cesarean delivery (OR = 4.75, 95 % CI 1.32-12.96; p < 0.001) were the factors independently associated with severe PPH. Etiologies significantly associated with severe PPH are uterine atony (OR = 2.72, 95 % CI 1.64-4.55; p < 0.001) and abnormal placentation (OR = 3.05, 95 % CI 1.56-6.27; p = 0.006).

Conclusion: Previous cesarean delivery, prolonged labor, oxytocin augmentation and emergency cesarean delivery are strongest predictors of severe blood loss in women with PPH. In addition, uterine atony and abnormal placentation are the etiologies significantly associated with severe PPH.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00404-015-3771-5DOI Listing
December 2015

Does neoadjuvant chemotherapy plus cytoreductive surgery improve survival rates in patients with advanced epithelial ovarian cancer compared with cytoreductive surgery alone?

J BUON 2015 Mar-Apr;20(2):580-7

Department of Gynecologic Oncology, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey.

Purpose: To compare the outcomes of interval debulking surgery (IDS) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC/IDS) with primary debulking surgery (PDS) in patients diagnosed with advanced epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC).

Methods: A total of 292 patients with stages IIIC and IV disease who were treated with either NAC/IDS or PDS between 1995 and 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. The study population was divided into two groups: the NAC/IDS group (N=84) and the PDS group (N=208). Progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), and optimal cytoreduction were compared.

Results: The mean age was significantly higher in the NAC/IDS group (61.5±11.5 vs 57.8±11.1 years, p=0.01). Optimal cytoreduction was achieved in 34.5% (29/84) of the patients in the NAC/IDS group and in 32.2% (69/208) in the PDS group (p=0.825). The survival rates were comparable. The mean survival rate of patients who achieved optimal cytoreductive surgery in either the PDS or the NAC/IDS arm was significantly higher than that of patients who achieved suboptimal cytoreductive surgery (p<0.001 and p<0.001, respectively). Multivariate analysis confirmed the treatment method, amount of ascitic fluid, and optimal cytoreduction as independent factors for OS.

Conclusions: No definitive evidence was noticed regarding whether NAC/IDS increases survival compared with PDS. NAC should be reserved for patients who cannot tolerate PDS or when optimal cytoreduction is not feasible.
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July 2015

Chylous ascites following retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy in gynecologic malignancies: incidence, risk factors and management.

Int J Surg 2015 Apr 9;16(Pt A):88-93. Epub 2015 Mar 9.

Department of Gynecologic Oncology, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey.

Introduction: Chylous ascites is a rare form of ascites that results from accumulated lymph fluid in the peritoneal cavity caused by blocked or disrupted lymph flow through the major lymphatic channels. In the present study, our aim was to analyze the incidence, risk factors, diagnostic evaluation and management of chylous ascites after lymphadenectomy in gynecologic malignancies.

Methods: A total of 458 patients who had undergone staging surgery for gynecologic malignancies at our institution between January 2010 and December 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. After the exclusion criteria were applied, 399 patients were divided into 2 groups based on the presence (n = 36) or absence (n = 363) of chylous ascites.

Results: Among the 399 patients, 36 (9%) developed chylous ascites. The median time to onset was 4 days (range, 2-7 days). The analysis of the various features of lymphadenectomy showed that the number of para-aortic lymph nodes (PALNs) removed was significantly greater in the patients with chylous ascites (p < 0.001). A cut-off value of >14 PALNs was a good predictor of chylous ascites. In all patients, chylous ascites resolved with conservative management.

Conclusions: Postoperative chylous ascites was strongly associated with the number of harvested PALNs. According to our findings, we suggest that conservative treatment should be the first step in managing patients with chylous ascites. Using an abdominal drain after surgery seems to be an effective diagnostic tool and treatment method for chylous ascites.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijsu.2015.02.020DOI Listing
April 2015

Lymphovascular space invasion and cervical stromal invasion are independent risk factors for nodal metastasis in endometrioid endometrial cancer.

Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 2015 Feb;55(1):81-6

Department of Gynaecologic Oncology, Tepecik Education and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey.

Aims: The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential roles of pathological variables in the prediction of nodal metastasis in women with endometrioid endometrial cancer (EC).

Materials And Methods: Women who underwent surgery for endometrioid EC between 1995 and 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. Those who underwent prior neoadjuvant chemotherapy or radiotherapy and inadequate lymphadenectomy as well as those with nonendometrioid histology, synchronous cancers, International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage IV disease, gross uterine serosal and/or gross adnexal involvement were excluded. Lymph node dissemination was defined as occurring in the following circumstances: (i) when nodal metastasis with pelvic and/or para-aortic (P/PA) lymph node dissection (LND) was performed or (ii) when there was recurrence in the P/PA lymph nodes after a negative LND or when LND was not performed. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used to identify the pathological predictors of lymphatic dissemination.

Results: A total of 827 women with endometrioid EC were assessed; 516 (62.4%) of whom underwent P/PA LND and 205 (24.8%) underwent P LND. Sixty-seven (13%) women in the P/PA LND group and 5 (2.4%) in the P LND group had positive lymph nodes. Multivariate analysis confirmed cervical stromal invasion (OR 4.04, 95% CI 2.02-8.07 (P < 0.001)) and lymphovascular space invasion (LVSI) (OR 110.18, 95% CI 38.43-315.87 (P < 0.001)) as independent predictors of lymphatic dissemination.

Conclusion: Cervical stromal invasion and LVSI are highly associated with LN metastasis. These markers may serve as a surrogate for nodal metastasis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ajo.12321DOI Listing
February 2015

Lymphovascular space invasion and positive pelvic lymph nodes are independent risk factors for para-aortic nodal metastasis in endometrioid endometrial cancer.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2015 Mar 23;186:63-7. Epub 2015 Jan 23.

Department of Pathology, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey.

Objective: Para-aortic lymph node dissemination in endometrioid endometrial cancer is uncommon, and systematic para-aortic lymph node dissection increases morbidity. The purpose of this study was to identify a subgroup of endometrioid endometrial cancer patients who did not require para-aortic lymphadenectomy.

Study Design: All patients who had undergone surgery for endometrioid endometrial cancer between 1 January 1995 and 31 December 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients with higher risk factors for nodal metastasis and inadequate lymphadenectomy were excluded. Para-aortic lymph node dissemination was defined as nodal metastasis when pelvic and para-aortic lymph node dissection was performed, when para-aortic lymph node recurrence occurred after negative para-aortic lymph node dissection or when para-aortic lymph node dissection was not performed. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to identify the pathological features as predictors for para-aortic lymphatic dissemination.

Results: A total of 827 patients were assessed, 516 (62.4%) of whom underwent pelvic and para-aortic lymph node dissection. Sixty-seven (13%) patients (37 with only pelvic, 26 with pelvic and para-aortic, and 4 with only para-aortic metastasis) had positive lymph nodes in the pelvic and para-aortic lymph node dissection group. Multivariate analysis confirmed positive pelvic nodes (odds ratio 20.58; p<0.001) and lymphovascular space invasion (odds ratio 8.10; p=0.022) as independent predictors of para-aortic lymphatic dissemination. When these two factors were absent (in 83% of patients), the predicted probability of para-aortic lymph node metastasis was 0.1%.

Conclusion: Positive pelvic nodes and lymphovascular space invasion are highly associated with para-aortic lymph node metastasis. These markers may be useful for identifying those patients who require para-aortic lymph node dissection.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejogrb.2015.01.006DOI Listing
March 2015

Prognostic Significance of Retroperitoneal Lymphadenectomy, Preoperative Neutrophil Lymphocyte Ratio and Platelet Lymphocyte Ratio in Primary Fallopian Tube Carcinoma: A Multicenter Study.

Cancer Res Treat 2015 Jul 17;47(3):480-8. Epub 2014 Nov 17.

Department of Gynecologic Oncology, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the prognostic role of preoperative neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and the need for para-aortic lymphadectomy in patients with primary fallopian tube carcinoma (PFTC).

Materials And Methods: Ninety-one patients with a diagnosis of PFTC were identified through the gynecologic oncology service database of six academic centers. Clinicopathological, surgical, and complete blood count data were collected.

Results: In univariate analysis, advanced stage, suboptimal surgery, and NLR > 2.7 were significant prognostic factors for progression-free survival, whereas in multivariate analysis, only advanced stage and suboptimal surgery were significant. In addition, in univariate analysis, cancer antigen 125 ≥ 35 U/mL, ascites, advanced stage, suboptimal surgery, NLR > 2.7, PLR > 233.3, platelet count ≥ 400,000 cells/mm(3), staging type, and histological subtype were significant prognostic factors for overall survival (OS); however, in multivariate analysis, only advanced stage, suboptimal surgery, NLR > 2.7, and staging type were significant. Inclusion of pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy in surgery showed significant association with longer OS, with a mean and median OS of 42.0 months and 35.5 months (range, 22 to 78 months), respectively, vs. 33.5 months and 27.5 months (range, 14 to 76 months), respectively, for patients who underwent surgery without para-aortic lymphadenectomy (hazard ratio, 3.1; 95% confidence interval, 1.4 to 5.7; p=0.002).

Conclusion: NLR (in both univariate and multivariate analysis) and PLR (only in univariate analysis) were prognostic factors in PFTC. NLR and PLR are inexpensive and easy tests to perform. In addition, patients with PFTC who underwent bilateral pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy had longer OS.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4143/crt.2014.058DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4506112PMC
July 2015

Is mucinous adenocarcinoma of the endometrium a risk factor for lymph node involvement? A multicenter case-control study.

Int J Clin Oncol 2015 Aug 8;20(4):782-9. Epub 2014 Nov 8.

Department of Gynecologic Oncology, Tepecik Education and Research Hospital, Gaziler Street, 35120, Izmir, Turkey,

Purpose: The purpose of this multicenter case-control study was to compare the demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with mucinous adenocarcinoma of the endometrium (MAE) and endometrioid endometrial carcinoma (EEC).

Methods: A retrospective review of two cancer registry databases in Turkey was conducted to identify patients diagnosed with MAE between January 1996 and December 2012. Each patient was matched with a control EEC patient by age and tumor grade. Cases and controls were compared in terms of known risk factors for lymph node metastasis, disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS).

Results: The analysis included 112 patients with MAE and 112 with EEC. No significant difference in baseline characteristics was evident between the two groups. Lymphovascular space invasion, deep myometrial invasion, cervical involvement, and tumor diameter did not differ significantly between the mucinous and endometrioid cases. Multivariate analysis confirmed that only mucinous histology (OR 2.2, 95 % CI 1.1-4.5; P = 0.02) was an independent predictor of lymph node involvement. Although the median DFS and OS tended to be better in the endometrioid group, the differences were not statistically significant. Routine appendectomy was performed in 52 (46.2 %) patients with MAE. No mucinous tumor of the appendix was identified.

Conclusion: Routine appendectomy is not necessary when the appendix is grossly normal at the time of surgery for MAE. Although the DFS and OS of EEC and MAE patients were similar, the risk of nodal metastasis in MAE patients was greater than that in ECC patients, and we thus suggest to perform retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy (both pelvic and para-aortic) for patients with MAE during the initial operation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10147-014-0767-2DOI Listing
August 2015
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