Publications by authors named "U Bohn Sarmiento"

32 Publications

Cellular, serological, and molecular polymorphism of the class I and class II loci of the canine Major Histocompatibility Complex.

Tissue Antigens 2002 Mar;59(3):205-10

Transplantation Biology Program, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seatle, WA, USA.

This study was undertaken to determine the relationships between canine cellular and serological determinants and more recently described genes. Such relationships might reveal information about immunological reactivity or function of various proteins. To do this we studied the haplotypic associations of dog leukocyte antigen (DLA) class I and class II alleles determined from a panel of 14 DLA-D homozygous dogs. This panel of dogs was typed for the serological determinants DLA-A, DLA-B and DLA-C. Polymorphisms for DLA-DQA1, DLA-DQB1, DLA-DRB1 and DLA-88 were also determined. The number of alleles (one or two) for two microsatellite markers in the DLA region were also determined. Analyses of the nucleotide sequences and of the serological and cellular typing data revealed that phenotypic homozygosity, as defined by the DLA-D type in mixed leukocyte culture (MLC), tended to correlate with homozygosity at the DLA-DRB1 locus but not necessarily at the DLA-DQB1 locus. Furthermore, MLC specificity was determined by other loci besides DLA-DRB1 and DLA-DQB1. The amino acid at position 63 of the DR beta chain could contribute to the DLA-B serological specificity. DLA-88, the most polymorphic class I gene characterized to date, did not have an easily identifiable association with either the DLA-A or DLA-C class I serological specificities. Homozygosity or heterozygosity of each of two microsatellite markers, FH 2200 and FH 2202, located in the class I or class II region, respectively, did not correlate with homozygosity or heterozygosity of the most polymorphic known class I (DLA-88) or class II (DLA-DRB1) genes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1034/j.1399-0039.2002.590304.xDOI Listing
March 2002

Regulatory effects of novel neurotrophin-1/b cell-stimulating factor-3 (cardiotrophin-like cytokine) on B cell function.

J Immunol 2002 Jun;168(11):5690-8

Amgen, Inc., Thousand Oaks, CA 91320, USA.

We describe regulatory effects that a novel neurotrophin-1/B cell-stimulating factor-3 (NNT-1/BSF-3; also reported as cardiotrophin-like cytokine) has on B cell function. NNT-1/BSF-3 stimulates B cell proliferation and Ig production in vitro. NNT-1/BSF-3-transgenic mice, engineered to express NNT-1/BSF-3 in the liver under control of the apolipoprotein E promoter, show B cell hyperplasia with particular expansion of the mature follicular B cell subset in the spleen and the prominent presence of plasma cells. NNT-1/BSF-3-transgenic mice show high serum levels of IgM, IgE, IgG2b, IgG3, anti-dsDNA Abs, and serum amyloid A. NNT-1/BSF-3-transgenic mice also show non-amyloid mesangial deposits that contain IgM, IgG, and C3 and are characterized by a distinctive ultrastructure similar to that of immunotactoid glomerulopathy. NNT-1/BSF-3-transgenic mice produce high amounts of Ag-specific IgM, IgA, and IgE and low amounts of IgG2a and IgG3. Normal mice treated with NNT-1/BSF-3 also produce high amounts of Ag-specific IgE. NNT-1/BSF-3 regulates immunity by stimulating B cell function and Ab production, with preference for Th2 over Th1 Ig types.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4049/jimmunol.168.11.5690DOI Listing
June 2002

A novel Notch ligand, Dll4, induces T-cell leukemia/lymphoma when overexpressed in mice by retroviral-mediated gene transfer.

Blood 2001 Dec;98(13):3793-9

Department of Pathology/Pharmacology, Amgen, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320, USA.

Notch receptors mediate cell-fate decisions through interaction with specific ligands during development. The biological role of a novel Notch ligand, Dll4, in mice was explored by reconstituting lethally irradiated mice with bone marrow (BM) cells transduced with Dll4 retroviral vector. White blood cell and lymphocyte counts in Dll4-overexpressing mice were reduced at the early stage of reconstitution but increased significantly at approximately 10 weeks after BM transplantation. BM, spleen, lymph nodes, and peripheral blood of Dll4-overexpressing mice contained predominantly CD4(+)CD8(+) T cells and virtually lacked B cells. The Dll4-overexpressing mice eventually developed a lethal phenotype that was characterized by the progression of a T-cell lymphoproliferative disease (restricted to BM and lymphoid tissues) to transplantable monoclonal T-cell leukemia/lymphoma scattered to multiple organs. Results suggest that the interaction of Dll4 with Notch1 may provide key signals for T-cell development.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1182/blood.v98.13.3793DOI Listing
December 2001

T-cell co-stimulation through B7RP-1 and ICOS.

Nature 1999 Dec;402(6763):827-32

Amgen Inc., Thousand Oaks, California 91320, USA.

T-cell activation requires co-stimulation through receptors such as CD28 and antigen-specific signalling through the T-cell antigen receptor. Here we describe a new murine costimulatory receptor-ligand pair. The receptor, which is related to CD28 and is the homologue of the human protein ICOS, is expressed on activated T cells and resting memory T cells. The ligand, which has homology to B7 molecules and is called B7-related protein-1 (B7RP-1), is expressed on B cells and macrophages. ICOS and B7RP-I do not interact with proteins in the CD28-B7 pathway, and B7RP-1 co-stimulates T cells in vitro independently of CD28. Transgenic mice expressing a B7RP-1-Fc fusion protein show lymphoid hyperplasia in the spleen, lymph nodes and Peyer's patches. Presensitized mice treated with B7RP-1-Fc during antigen challenge show enhanced hypersensitivity. Therefore, B7RP-1 exhibits co-stimulatory activities in vitro and in vivo. ICOS and B7RP-1 define a new and distinct receptor-ligand pair that is structurally related to CD28-B7 and is involved in the adaptive immune response.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/45582DOI Listing
December 1999

Novel neurotrophin-1/B cell-stimulating factor-3: a cytokine of the IL-6 family.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1999 Sep;96(20):11458-63

Amgen Inc., Thousand Oaks, CA 91320, USA.

We have identified a cytokine of the IL-6 family and named it novel neurotrophin-1/B cell-stimulating factor-3 (NNT-1/BSF-3). NNT-1/BSF-3 cDNA was cloned from activated Jurkat human T cell lymphoma cells. Its sequence predicts a 225-aa protein with a 27-aa signal peptide, a molecular mass of 22 kDa in mature form, and the highest homology to cardiotrophin-1 and ciliary neurotrophic factor. The gene for NNT-1/BSF-3 is on chromosome 11q13. A murine equivalent to NNT-1/BSF-3 also was identified, which shows 96% homology to human NNT-1/BSF-3. NNT-1/BSF-3 mRNA is found mainly in lymph nodes and spleen. NNT-1/BSF-3 induces tyrosine phosphorylation of glycoprotein 130 (gp130), leukemia inhibitory factor receptor beta, and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 in the SK-N-MC human neuroblastoma cells. NNT-1/BSF-3 shows activities typical of IL-6 family members. In vitro, it supports the survival of chicken embryo motor and sympathetic neurons. In mice, it induces serum amyloid A, potentiates the induction by IL-1 of corticosterone and IL-6, and causes body weight loss and B cell hyperplasia with serum IgG and IgM increase. NNT-1/BSF-3 is a gp130 activator with B-cell stimulating capability.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC18055PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.96.20.11458DOI Listing
September 1999
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