Publications by authors named "Tzu-Kan Lin"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Long Term Surgical Outcome and Prognostic Factors of Atypical and Malignant Meningiomas.

Sci Rep 2016 10 20;6:35743. Epub 2016 Oct 20.

Department of Neurosurgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou; School of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan, ROC.

Atypical and malignant meningiomas are rare. Our aim was to examine the treatment outcomes following surgical resection, and analyze associations between clinical characteristics and overall survival (OS) or relapse free survival (RFS). 102 patients with atypical or malignant meningiomas underwent microsurgical resection between June 2001 and November 2009 were analyzed retrospectively. We compared demographics, clinical characteristics, treatment, and complications. The five-year and ten-year overall survival rates were 93.5% and 83.4%, respectively. Three factors significantly reduced OS: Malignant meningiomas (p < 0.001), which also decreased RFS (p < 0.001); female patients (p = 0.049), and patients with Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) < 70 at diagnosis (p = 0.009). Fifty two patients (51%) experienced tumor relapse. Total resection of tumors significantly impacted RFS (p = 0.013). Tumors located at parasagittal and posterior fossa area lead to higher relapse rate (p = 0.004). Subtotal resection without adjuvant radiotherapy lead to the worst local control of tumor (p = 0.030). An MIB-1 index <8% improved OS and RFS (p = 0.003). Total resection of atypical and malignant meningiomas provided better outcome and local control. Adjuvant radiation therapy is indicated for patients with malignant meningiomas, with incompletely excised tumors; or with tumors in the parasagittal or posterior fossa area. The MIB-1 index of the tumor is an independent prognostic factor of clinical outcome.
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October 2016

Functional neuroprotective effect of CGS 26303, a dual ECE inhibitor, on ischemic-reperfusion spinal cord injury in rats.

Exp Biol Med (Maywood) 2007 Feb;232(2):214-8

Department of Anesthesiology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital-Kaohsiung Medical Center, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taiwan.

Endothelin-1 (ET-1) has been implicated in many neurological diseases, including subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and cerebral ischemia. ET-1 is also proved to deteriorate the ischemia-reperfusion injury in many organs. Our previous studies demonstrated that the endothelin-converting enzyme (ECE) inhibitor, CGS 26303, possessed beneficial effects for the treatment of SAH and transient middle cerebral artery occlusion. In this study, we investigated the neuroprotective effect of CGS 26303 on the locomotor function and mRNA expression of heme-oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in rats subjected to a 15-min spinal cord ischemia. The results showed that pretreatment with CGS 26303 significantly preserved the locomotor function and decreased the paraplegia rate at Days 1 and 3 as compared with a saline-treated group. Furthermore, rats pretreated with CGS 26303 had a significant increase in the levels of HO-1 mRNA expression at Day 3 when compared with animals pretreated with saline after spinal cord ischemia and the sham operation group. These results suggest that CGS 26303 may have a promising neuroprotective effect in the spinal cord after ischemia-reperfusion injury, and beneficial result may be due to an adaptive mechanism involved by HO-1 overexpression.
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February 2007