Publications by authors named "Tsunehiro Ii"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Negative-pressure wound therapy in combination with bronchial occlusion to treat bronchopleural fistula: a case report.

Surg Case Rep 2021 Mar 2;7(1):61. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Department of General Thoracic Surgery, Ayabe City Hospital, 20-1 Otsuka, Aono-cho, Ayabe, Kyoto, 623-0011, Japan.

Background: Bronchopleural fistula, which usually accompanies bronchial fistula and empyema, is a severe complication of lung cancer surgery. Negative-pressure wound therapy can enhance drainage and reduce the empyema cavity, potentially leading to early recovery. This therapy is not currently indicated for bronchopleural fistulas because of the risk of insufficient respiration due to air loss from the fistula.

Case Presentation: A 73-year-old man, who was malnourished because of peritoneal dialysis, was referred to our hospital for the treatment of lung cancer. Right lower lobectomy with mediastinal lymph node dissection was performed via posterolateral thoracotomy, and the bronchial stump was covered with the intercostal muscle flap. His postoperative course was uneventful and he was discharged. However, he was readmitted to our hospital because of respiratory failure and diagnosed as having bronchopleural fistula on the basis of the bronchoscopic finding of a 10-mm hole at the membranous portion of the inlet of the remnant lower lobe bronchus. Thus, thoracotomy debridement and open window thoracostomy were immediately performed. After achieving infection control, bronchial occlusion was performed using fibrin glue and a polyglycolic acid sheet was inserted through a fenestrated wound. Bronchial fistula closure was observed on bronchoscopy; therefore, a negative-pressure wound therapy system was applied to close the fenestrated wound. The collapsed lung was re-expanded and the granulation tissue around the wound increased; therefore, thoracic cavity size decreased and thoracoplasty using the latissimus dorsi was performed.

Conclusions: This bronchopleural fistula was treated successfully after a right lower lobectomy using an extra-pleural bronchial occlusion and negative-pressure wound therapy.
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March 2021

Early chest tube removal after surgery for primary spontaneous pneumothorax.

Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2019 Sep 23;67(9):794-799. Epub 2019 Feb 23.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Otsu City Hospital, 2-9-9 Motomiya, Otsu, Shiga, 520-0804, Japan.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to analyze the safety and validity of early chest tube removal after bullectomy for primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP).

Methods: Between January 2005 and July 2018, 123 cases of thoracoscopic surgery for PSP were reviewed. The principle procedure was bullectomy accompanied by mechanical and chemical pleurodesis. Approximately 4 h after surgery, we confirmed patients' sufficient recovery from anesthesia and investigated the presence of air leak in a sitting position. Chest tubes were removed on the same day as the surgery if there was no air leak or bloody drainage observed. Postoperative complications and factors that prevented early chest tube removal were analyzed by comparing the early removal group and the remaining tube group.

Results: Chest tubes could be removed on the day of the surgery in 105 cases (85.4%). There were 7 cases (5.7%) in which chest tubes could be removed because air leak was not detected after patients' recovery despite intraoperative detection of minor air leak from the resection stump. No patients required chest tube reinsertion during their hospital stay. The mean length of postoperative hospital stay was 1.1 ± 0.5 days. In a logistic regression analysis, surgical history of ipsilateral PSP was independently and significantly associated with the prevention of early chest tube removal.

Conclusions: Chest tube removal on the day of surgery for PSP appears to be safe when air leak examination can be performed after sufficient recovery from anesthesia.
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September 2019

Induction of cell cycle arrest and p21(CIP1/WAF1) expression in human lung cancer cells by isoliquiritigenin.

Cancer Lett 2004 Apr;207(1):27-35

Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kawaramachi-Hirokoji, Kyoto 602-8566, Japan.

Isoliquiritigenin is a natural flavonoid isolated from licorice, shallot and bean sprouts. The effect of isoliquiritigenin on cell proliferation and cell cycle progression was examined in the A549 human lung cancer cell line. Isoliquiritigenin significantly inhibited the proliferation of lung cancer cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Flow cytometric analysis demonstrated that isoliquiritigenin restrained the cell cycle progression at G2/M phase. Further examinations using cDNA arrays and real-time quantitative RT-PCR revealed that isoliquiritigenin enhanced the expression of p21(CIP1/WAF1), a universal inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinases. These results suggest that isoliquiritigenin will be a promising agent for use in chemopreventive or therapeutics against lung cancer.
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April 2004

Cancer Chemoprevention by Phytochemicals and their Related Compounds.

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2000 ;1(1):49-55

Department of Biochemistry, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto 602-8566, Japan.

Cancer chemoprevention by phytochemicals may be one of the most feasible approaches for cancer control. For example, phytochemicals obtained from vegetables, fruits, spices, teas, herbs and medicinal plants, such as carotenoids, phenolic compounds and terpenoids, have been proven to suppress experimental carcinogenesis in various organs. These candidates should be evaluated by intervention studies, before acceptance as cancer preventive agents for human application. Phytochemicals may also be useful to develop "designer foods" or "functional foods" for cancer prevention. We are now planning animal foods, such as meats, eggs and milk, which contain anti-carcinogenic phytochemicals. In prototype experiments, expression of genes for synthesis of phytochemicals, such as phytoene and limonene, has been successful in cultured animal cells.
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January 2000

Carotenoids in cancer chemoprevention.

Cancer Metastasis Rev 2002 ;21(3-4):257-64

Department of Biochemistry, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kawaramachi-Hirokoji, Kamigyoku, Kyoto, Japan.

Various natural carotenoids, besides beta-carotene, were proven to have anticarcinogenic activity, and some of them showed more potent activity than beta-carotene. Thus, these carotenoids (alpha-carotene, lutein, zeaxanthin, lycopene, beta-cryptoxanthin, fucoxanthin, astaxanthin, capsanthin, crocetin and phytoene), as well as beta-carotene, may be useful for cancer prevention. In the case of phytoene, the concept of 'bio-chemoprevention', which means biotechnology-assisted method for cancerchemoprevention, may be applicable. In fact, establishment of mammalian cells producing phytoene was succeeded by the introduction of crtB gene, which encodes phytoene synthase, and these cells were proven to acquire the resistance against carcinogenesis. Antioxidative phytoene-containing animal foods may be classified as a novel type of functional food, which has the preventive activity against carcinogenesis, as well as the ability to reduce the accumulation of oxidative damages, which are hazardous for human health.
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July 2003