Publications by authors named "Tsubasa Tsutsumi"

9 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

MAFLD: Renovation of clinical practice and disease awareness of fatty liver.

Hepatol Res 2021 Sep 2. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume, Japan.

Recently, international expert panels have proposed a new definition of fatty liver: metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD). MAFLD is not just a simple renaming of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The unique feature of MAFLD is the inclusion of metabolic dysfunctions, which are high-risk factors for events. In addition, MAFLD is independent of alcohol intake and the co-existing causes of liver disease. This new concept of MAFLD may have a widespread impact on patients, medical doctors, medical staff, and various stakeholders regarding fatty liver. Thus, MAFLD may renovate clinical practice and disease awareness of fatty liver. In this review, we introduce the definition of and rationale for MAFLD. We further describe representative cases showing how the diagnostic processes differ between MAFLD and NAFLD. We also summarize recent studies comparing MAFLD with NAFLD and discuss the impact of MAFLD on clinical trials, Japanese populations, and disease awareness.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/hepr.13706DOI Listing
September 2021

Association between Activity and Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor in Patients with Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: A Data-Mining Analysis.

Life (Basel) 2021 Aug 7;11(8). Epub 2021 Aug 7.

Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume 830-0011, Japan.

Reduction in activity links to the development and progression of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is known to regulate an activity. We aimed to investigate the association between reduction in activity and BDNF in patients with NAFLD using data-mining analysis. We enrolled 48 NAFLD patients. Patients were classified into reduced ( = 21) or normal activity groups ( = 27) based on the activity score of the Chronic Liver Disease Questionnaire-NAFLD/non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. Circulating BDNF levels were measured using an enzyme-linked immunoassay. Factors associated with reduced activity were analyzed using decision-tree and random forest analyses. A reduction in activity was seen in 43.8% of patients. Hemoglobin A1c and BDNF were identified as negative independent factors for reduced activity (hemoglobin A1c, OR 0.012, = 0.012; BDNF, OR 0.041, = 0.039). Decision-tree analysis showed that "BDNF levels ≥ 19.1 ng/mL" was the most important classifier for reduced activity. In random forest analysis, serum BDNF level was the highest-ranked variable for distinguishing between the reduced and normal activity groups (158 valuable importance). Reduced activity was commonly seen in patients with NAFLD. Data-mining analyses revealed that BNDF was the most important independent factor corresponding with the reduction in activity. BDNF may be an important target for the prevention and treatment of NAFLD.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/life11080799DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8401718PMC
August 2021

Effects of Mediterranean Diet in Patients with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: A Systematic Review, Meta-Analysis, and Meta-Regression Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Semin Liver Dis 2021 Aug 19;41(3):225-234. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume, Japan.

We conducted a meta-analysis to investigate the effects of the Mediterranean Diet (Med-Diet) on hepatic steatosis and insulin resistance in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Six randomized controlled trials were selected for the meta-analysis (sample size: 250 participants). In the meta-analysis, there was no significant difference in body mass index and waist circumference between the Med-Diet and control groups. Med-Diet significantly reduced fatty liver index (FLI) compared with the control diet (standard mean difference [SMD]: -1.06; 95% CI: -1.95 to -0.17;  = 0.02). Med-Diet significantly reduced homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) compared with the control diet (SMD: -0.34; 95% CI: -0.65 to -0.03;  = 0.03). Similarly, a meta-regression analysis using age showed that Med-Diet significantly reduced FLI and HOMA-IR (95% CI: -0.956 to -0.237,  = 0.001 and 95% CI: -0.713 to -0.003,  = 0.048, respectively). This meta-analysis demonstrated that Med-Diet improved hepatic steatosis and insulin resistance in patients with NAFLD. Thus, Med-Diet is a beneficial pharmaconutritional therapy in patients with NAFLD.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0041-1723751DOI Listing
August 2021

MAFLD better predicts the progression of atherosclerotic cardiovascular risk than NAFLD: Generalized estimating equation approach.

Hepatol Res 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume, Japan.

Aim: Metabolic associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) partly overlaps with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Thus, using a generalized estimating equation (GEE) approach, we aimed to investigate the difference in worsening of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk between patients with MAFLD and NAFLD. We also investigated factors related to the difference between the two groups.

Methods: We enrolled 2306 subjects with fatty liver (MAFLD 80.7%, NAFLD 63.4%). Subjects with MAFLD/NAFLD were sub-classified into three groups: NAFLD with no metabolic dysfunction (non-Met NAFLD), overlapping, and MAFLD with moderate alcohol consumption (mod-Alc MAFLD). ASCVD risk was estimated by non-invasive tests, including the Suita score. An event was defined as worsening of these scores from the low-risk to the high-risk group. Independent factors for the event were analyzed by Cox regression analysis with the GEE.

Results: In Cox regression analysis, MAFLD (HR 1.08, 95% CI 1.02-1.15, p = 0.014) and alcohol consumption (20-39 g/day; HR 1.73, 95% CI 1.26-2.36, p = 0.001) were independently associated with worsening of the Suita score. In a subanalysis, the incidence of the event was significantly lower in non-Met NAFLD than in the overlapping group (HR 0.70, 95% CI 0.50-0.98, p = 0.042). However, no significant difference was observed in the incidence between the overlapping and mod-Alc MAFLD group (HR 1.19, 95% CI 0.89-1.58, p = 0.235).

Conclusions: The GEE approach demonstrates that MAFLD better identifies patients with worsening of ASCVD risk than NAFLD. Moreover, the superiority of MAFLD over NAFLD was due to the presence of metabolic dysfunction rather than moderate alcohol consumption.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/hepr.13685DOI Listing
June 2021

Effects of a low-intensity resistance exercise program on serum miR-630, miR-5703, and Fractalkine/CX3CL1 expressions in subjects with No exercise habits: A preliminary study.

Hepatol Res 2021 Jul 2;51(7):823-833. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Orthopedics, School of Medicine, Kurume University, Kurume, Japan.

Aims: Exercise is effective for the prevention of liver cancer. Exercise exerts biological effects through the regulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) and cytokines/myokines. We aimed to investigate the effects of low-intensity resistance exercise on serum miRNA and cytokine/myokine expressions in subjects with no exercise habits.

Methods: We enrolled seven male subjects with no exercise habits in this prospective before-after study. All subjects performed a low-intensity resistance exercise program (three metabolic equivalents, approximately 20 min/session). Serum miRNA expressions were evaluated using microarrays. We performed Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis of differentially expressed miRNAs before and after exercise. Serum cytokine/myokine expressions were evaluated using a multiplex panel.

Results: All subjects completed the exercise program with no adverse events. In the microarray analysis, seven miRNAs showed a significant change between before and after exercise. Of these, microRNA (miR)-630 and miR-5703 showed a >1.5-fold increase (miR-630: 40.7 vs. 69.3 signal intensity, p = 0.0133; miR-5703: 30.7 vs. 55.9 signal intensity, p = 0.0051). KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed that miR-630- and miR-5703-related genes were enriched in 37 and 5 pathways, including transforming growth factor-beta and Wnt signaling pathways, respectively. In the multiplex analysis, 12 cytokines/myokines showed significant alteration after exercise compared to before exercise. Of these, fractalkine/CX3CL1 showed the most significant up-regulation by exercise (94.5 vs. 109.1 pg/ml, p = 0.0017).

Conclusions: A low-intensity resistance exercise program was associated with upregulation of serum miR-630, miR-5703, and fractalkine/CX3CL1 expressions in subjects with no exercise habits. Thus, even low-intensity exercise may alter miRNA and cytokine/myokine expressions in humans.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/hepr.13670DOI Listing
July 2021

Effects of In-Hospital Exercise on Frailty in Patients with Hepatocellular Carcinoma.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Jan 7;13(2). Epub 2021 Jan 7.

Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume 830-0011, Japan.

Frailty including physical inactivity is associated with the survival of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We aimed to investigate the effects of in-hospital exercise on frailty in patients with HCC. This was a multi-center observational study. Patients with HCC were classified into exercise ( = 114) and non-exercise ( = 67) groups. The exercise group was treated with a mixture of aerobic and resistance exercises (20-40 min/day, median four days). Frailty was assessed using the liver frailty index (LFI). Factors for changes in LFI were examined by multivariate and decision-tree analyses. The factors were also examined after propensity score matching. During hospitalization, LFI was significantly improved in the exercise group compared to the non-exercise group (ΔLFI -0.17 vs. -0.02, = 0.0119). In multivariate analysis, exercise (odds ratio (OR) 2.38, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.240-4.570, = 0.0091) and females (OR 2.09; 95%CI, 1.062-4.109; = 0.0328) were identified as independent factors for the improvement of LFI. In the decision-tree analysis, exercise was identified as an initial classifier associated with the improvement of LFI. Similar findings were also seen in the propensity score matching analyses. We demonstrated that in-hospital exercise improved frailty in patients with HCC. Thus, in-hospital exercise may be beneficial for improving physical function in patients with HCC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/cancers13020194DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7826707PMC
January 2021

Effects of In-Hospital Physical Therapy on Activities of Daily Living in Patients with Hepatocellular Carcinoma.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 12 6;17(23). Epub 2020 Dec 6.

Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume 830-0011, Japan.

Activities of daily living (ADL) are frequently impaired in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In this retrospective study, we aimed to investigate the effects of physical therapy on ADLs in patients with HCC during hospitalization for cancer treatment. Nineteen patients with HCC were enrolled. During hospitalization, patients performed a combination of resistance training, stretching, and aerobic exercise (20-60 min/day). ADLs were assessed using the functional independence measure (FIM). Changes in FIM were evaluated by before-after analysis. No significant difference was seen in Child-Pugh class before and after physical therapy. The bilateral knee extension strength and chair stand test were significantly increased after physical therapy compared with before physical therapy ( = 0.001 and = 0.008, respectively). The total FIM score was significantly increased after physical therapy compared with that before physical therapy ( = 0.0156). Among the 18 indexes of FIM, the stairs index was significantly improved after physical therapy compared with that before physical therapy (5.9 vs. 6.4 points, = 0.0241). We demonstrated that physical therapy improved muscle strength without worsening liver function. Furthermore, physical therapy improved FIM, especially in the stairs index, in patients with HCC. Thus, physical therapy may be beneficial in patients with HCC during cancer treatment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17239098DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7730642PMC
December 2020

MAFLD identifies patients with significant hepatic fibrosis better than NAFLD.

Liver Int 2020 12;40(12):3018-3030

Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume, Japan.

Background & Aims: Diagnostic criteria for metabolic associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) have been proposed, but not validated. We aimed to compare the diagnostic accuracy of the MAFLD definition vs the existing NAFLD criteria to identify patients with significant fibrosis and to characterize the impact of mild alcohol intake.

Methods: We enrolled 765 Japanese patients with fatty liver (median age 54 years). MAFLD and NAFLD were diagnosed in 79.6% and 70.7% of patients respectively. Significant fibrosis was defined by FIB-4 index ≥1.3 and liver stiffness ≥6.6 kPa using shear wave elastography. Mild alcohol intake was defined as <20 g/day. Factors associated with significant fibrosis were analysed by logistic regression and decision-tree analyses.

Results: Liver stiffness was higher in MAFLD compared to NAFLD (7.7 vs 6.8 kPa, P = .0010). In logistic regression, MAFLD (OR 4.401; 95% CI 2.144-10.629; P < .0001), alcohol intake (OR 1.761; 95% CI 1.081-2.853; P = .0234), and NAFLD (OR 1.721; 95%CI 1.009-2.951; P = .0463) were independently associated with significant fibrosis. By decision-tree analysis, MAFLD, but not NAFLD or alcohol consumption was the initial classifier for significant fibrosis. The sensitivity for detecting significant fibrosis was higher for MAFLD than NAFLD (93.9% vs 73.0%). In patients with MAFLD, even mild alcohol intake was associated with an increase in the prevalence of significant fibrosis (25.0% vs 15.5%; P = .0181).

Conclusions: The MAFLD definition better identifies a group with fatty liver and significant fibrosis evaluated by non-invasive tests. Moreover, in patients with MAFLD, even mild alcohol consumption is associated with worsening of hepatic fibrosis measures.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/liv.14675DOI Listing
December 2020

Patient-reported outcomes in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: A narrative review of Chronic Liver Disease Questionnaire-non-alcoholic fatty liver disease/non-alcoholic steatohepatitis.

J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2021 Mar 16;36(3):629-636. Epub 2020 Jul 16.

Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume, Japan.

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common liver disease worldwide and one of the leading causes of hepatocellular carcinoma and liver transplantation. Moreover, patients with NAFLD frequently complain of non-specific symptoms including fatigue, abdominal discomfort, as well as anxiety, and NAFLD is reported to affect patient-reported outcomes (PROs). Thus, for clarifying the total burden of NAFLD, it is crucial to assess all associated outcomes, including not only clinical and economic outcomes but also PROs. PROs are thought to reflect what is happening in one's daily life and is an important way patients and health-care professionals communicate. There are various instruments for the assessment of PROs. Recently, a NAFLD/non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)-specific instrument called "Chronic Liver Disease Questionnaire (CLDQ)-NAFLD/NASH" has been developed. CLDQ-NAFLD/NASH comprises six domains: (i) abdominal symptoms, (ii) activity/energy, (iii) emotional health, (iv) fatigue, (v) systemic symptoms, and (vi) worry. CLDQ-NAFLD/NASH has demonstrated excellent internal consistency, face validity, content validity, and test-retest reliability. It has been sufficiently validated in two international phase 3 clinical trials. In this review, we summarize features of various instruments for assessing PROs by focusing on CLDQ-NAFLD/NASH. We also examine the validity of CLDQ-NAFLD/NASH in Japanese patients and alterations in CLDQ-NAFLD/NASH score in Japanese patients with significant hepatic fibrosis. Moreover, we discuss the utility of CLDQ-NAFLD/NASH in phase 3 clinical trials and in a real-world clinical setting.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jgh.15172DOI Listing
March 2021
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