Publications by authors named "Trevy Ramos"

2 Publications

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Management of Small Bowel Fistulae.

Authors:
Trevy Ramos

J Am Coll Surg 2016 Feb;222(2):e9-10

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2015.11.024DOI Listing
February 2016

Reduced antiarrhythmic efficacy of verapamil in isolated rat hearts in the presence of elevated extracellular calcium.

J Cardiovasc Pharmacol 2011 Apr;57(4):455-62

West Virginia School of Osteopathic Medicine, Lewisburg, WV 24901, USA.

An isolated heart method that has been proposed to aid in ascertaining the involvement of L-type calcium channel blockade in the mechanism of action of novel antiarrhythmic drugs involves increasing the calcium concentration in the perfusion buffer. The purpose of this study was to determine the validity of this method using an established L-type calcium channel blocker, verapamil. Isolated rat hearts were perfused with normal calcium (1.4 mM) Krebs solution containing drug vehicle only, a normal calcium solution containing verapamil (300 nM), or a high calcium (2.8 mM) solution containing verapamil. The occurrence of ventricular fibrillation during a subsequent period of regional myocardial ischemia was monitored. The incidence of ventricular fibrillation was significantly reduced from 80% in controls to 20% by perfusion with verapamil in normal calcium Krebs solution (P < 0.05). Perfusion with the high calcium solution increased the incidence of ventricular fibrillation in the presence of verapamil to 40% (P > 0.05 versus controls). We conclude that the antiarrhythmic effect of verapamil in isolated hearts can be attenuated by increasing the calcium content of the perfusion solution, but a twofold increase in the calcium concentration failed to fully restore susceptibility to ventricular fibrillation to that observed in verapamil-free controls.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/FJC.0b013e31820ff60eDOI Listing
April 2011