Publications by authors named "Tran Quynh Anh"

10 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Factors Associated With the Intention to Participate in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Frontline Prevention Activities Among Nursing Students in Vietnam: An Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior.

Front Public Health 2021 2;9:699079. Epub 2021 Jul 2.

Center of Excellence in Evidence-based Medicine, Nguyen Tat Thanh University, Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam.

Medical students have been serving as a key part of the frontline health workforce responding to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic globally. Their contribution is especially important in the resource-scarce settings of developing nations such as Vietnam. Yet, the intention of medical students, in particular, nursing students, to participate in COVID-19 frontline prevention activities has not been well-understood. This study aimed to examine factors associated with the intentionto participate in COVID-19 frontline prevention activities among Vietnamese nursing students. A cross-sectional study was conducted on a total of 597 students in December 2020 in Hanoi, Vietnam. Information regarding the socioeconomic characteristics of participants, their source of COVID-19 related knowledge, and their perception and attitude toward participating in COVID-19 frontline activities [based on Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB)] was collected. A hierarchical regression model was employed to examine the association between intentions of students and associated factors. A positive intention to participate in COVID-19 frontline prevention activities was found (mean score of 25.3 over 35; SD = 4.4; min = 5; max = 35). Attitude toward behavior, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control (PBC) was found to be significantly associated with the intention of students. These variables explained the 37% variation in the intention of students in the model. Among three factors, subjective norm showed the strongest correlation with intention of students (β = 0.358; < 0.001). Obtaining information from official sources and community was also found to be positively correlated with intention to participate. Most of the respondents reported a positive intention to participate in COVID-19 frontline prevention activities. The findings suggested that the TPB was a good instrument to predict the intention to perform behavior among Vietnamese students. Enhancing the positive attitude of students, encouraging family and community supports, and providing adequately essential resources will contribute to optimizing the participation of students to confront COVID-19.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2021.699079DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8283521PMC
July 2021

Suspension sutures facilitate single-incision laparoscopic-assisted rectal pull-through for Hirschsprung disease.

BMC Surg 2021 May 31;21(1):274. Epub 2021 May 31.

Vietnam National Children's Hospital, Hanoi, Vietnam.

Background: To present a surgical technique of single-incision laparoscopic-assisted endorectal pull-through (SILEP) with suspension sutures using conventional instruments for Hirschsprung disease (HD) and its long-term follow-up outcomes.

Methods: The procedure began with a 1 cm transumbilical skin incision. Three separate punctures were made in the fascia with a 5 mm scope in the middle and 5 mm and 3 mm ports for working instruments on the left and right, respectively. The first suspension suture was placed to secure the sigmoid colon to the abdominal wall. A window was created through the rectal mesentery, and dissection around the rectum was carried out. The second suspension suture was performed to suspend the rectovesical peritoneal fold or the rectovaginal peritoneal fold to the abdominal wall. Dissection around the rectum was continued downward to approximately 1 cm below the peritoneal fold. Then, the operation was completed by a transanal approach.

Results: Forty patients underwent SILEP from March 2013 to April 2015. The median age was 2.7 months (ranging from 1 to 17 months). The mean operative time was 96 ± 23 min. No conversion to an open operation was required. The average hospitalization time was 4.5 ± 2 days. There were no intraoperative or perioperative complications. Long-term follow-up results were obtained from 38 patients. A frequency of defecation from every other day to twice a day was noted for 33 patients (86.8%) and more often for 5 patients (13.2%). Two patients had enterocolitis (5.2%).

Conclusion: Single-incision laparoscopic rectal pull-through with suspension sutures using conventional instruments is feasible and safe for HD with good long-term outcomes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12893-021-01260-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8166018PMC
May 2021

Suspension sutures facilitate single-incision laparoscopic-assisted rectal pull-through for Hirschsprung disease.

BMC Surg 2021 May 31;21(1):274. Epub 2021 May 31.

Vietnam National Children's Hospital, Hanoi, Vietnam.

Background: To present a surgical technique of single-incision laparoscopic-assisted endorectal pull-through (SILEP) with suspension sutures using conventional instruments for Hirschsprung disease (HD) and its long-term follow-up outcomes.

Methods: The procedure began with a 1 cm transumbilical skin incision. Three separate punctures were made in the fascia with a 5 mm scope in the middle and 5 mm and 3 mm ports for working instruments on the left and right, respectively. The first suspension suture was placed to secure the sigmoid colon to the abdominal wall. A window was created through the rectal mesentery, and dissection around the rectum was carried out. The second suspension suture was performed to suspend the rectovesical peritoneal fold or the rectovaginal peritoneal fold to the abdominal wall. Dissection around the rectum was continued downward to approximately 1 cm below the peritoneal fold. Then, the operation was completed by a transanal approach.

Results: Forty patients underwent SILEP from March 2013 to April 2015. The median age was 2.7 months (ranging from 1 to 17 months). The mean operative time was 96 ± 23 min. No conversion to an open operation was required. The average hospitalization time was 4.5 ± 2 days. There were no intraoperative or perioperative complications. Long-term follow-up results were obtained from 38 patients. A frequency of defecation from every other day to twice a day was noted for 33 patients (86.8%) and more often for 5 patients (13.2%). Two patients had enterocolitis (5.2%).

Conclusion: Single-incision laparoscopic rectal pull-through with suspension sutures using conventional instruments is feasible and safe for HD with good long-term outcomes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12893-021-01260-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8166018PMC
May 2021

The Presence of Poultry Influenza Strains in Two Live Bird Markets near the East-West Boundary of Vietnam.

Biomed Res Int 2020 4;2020:1487651. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Vietnam National Centre for Veterinary Diagnostics, Vietnam.

The spread of avian influenza virus among Asian countries is becoming a concern after influenza epidemics in recent years. This study is aimed at identifying the subtypes of avian influenza viruses collected from healthy chickens and ducks at two live bird markets in a border province of Vietnam and the Lao People Democratic Republic. Cloacal and tracheal swab samples from 100 chickens and 101 ducks were collected in May 2017. All samples were screened to detect avian influenza virus by real-time reverse transcriptase PCR. Samples that are avian influenza virus-positive were isolated in embryonated chicken eggs, and the subtypes were identified by RT-PCR with the specific primers. The samples positive for influenza virus H5 were sequenced to identify HA and NA genes. The prevalence of avian influenza virus (AIV) among chicken and duck samples was 27.5% (55/200) and 24.8% (50/202), respectively. AIV subtypes identified among 17 samples positive with the hemagglutination test include H3N6, H6N6, and H9N2. Of these 17 samples, 7 duck samples were found to be H6N6, 4 duck samples were infected with both subtypes of H3N6 and H6N6, and two chicken samples were recorded as H9N2. A positive chicken sample with A/H5 contains 99% similarity nucleotide with H5N6 reference strain. Results suggested that while the presence of low pathogenic avian influenza virus is predominant, potential risks of the appearance of high pathogen avian influenza virus in the east-west boundary in Vietnam should be concerned and studied further. Furthermore, prevention activities are needed to reduce such biosecurity threats in Vietnam and other Asian countries.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/1487651DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7293723PMC
March 2021

Procalcitonin Identifies Bacterial Coinfections in Vietnamese Children with Severe Respiratory Syncytial Virus Pneumonia.

Biomed Res Int 2020 9;2020:7915158. Epub 2020 May 9.

Faculty of Health Sciences, Thang Long University, Hanoi, Vietnam.

This study assessed the diagnostic value of interleukin- (IL-) 6, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), and procalcitonin (PCT) in differentiating severe pneumonia caused by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) alone and RSV with bacterial coinfections among Vietnamese children under 5 years old. A cross-sectional study on 70 children with severe RSV pneumonia was conducted. IL-6, hs-CRP, and PCT tests were performed. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was employed to measure the diagnostic values of PCT, IL-6, and hs-CRP. Of 70 children, 11 children were confirmed to have bacterial coinfections. The most common bacterial coinfection was . This study underlined that inflammatory biomarkers such as PCT had a moderate-to-high capability of disseminating severe pneumonia children with RSV alone or RSV and bacterial coinfections. This may support clinicians in administrating appropriate antibiotics to children suffering from severe RSV pneumonia.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/7915158DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7232683PMC
March 2021

Follow-Up Outcomes of Laparoscopic-Assisted Anorectal Pull Through for Anorectal Malformations of High Type.

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2019 Nov 7;29(11):1497-1500. Epub 2019 Oct 7.

Department of General Surgery, Military Medical Academy, Hanoi, Vietnam.

Laparoscopic-assisted endorectal pull-through (LAEPT) procedure in the management of high-type anorectal malformations (ARMs) was first introduced in 1998 and is quickly accepted worldwide. However, evidence on long-term outcomes of this technique is constrained. This study aims to evaluate the long-term outcomes of LAEPT for high-type ARMs in Vietnamese pediatrics. A longitudinal study was carried out from January 2009 to July 2014 in 56 patients <3 years old. Variables included age of operation, associated anomalies, type of fistula, the duration of hospital stay, complications, and long-term functional outcomes (Krickenbeck modified standards were used for children ≥3 years). There were 56 patients including 48 males and 8 females. The mean age at operation was 3.7 months, the mean hospital stay was 4.6 days. The mean operative time was 76.7 minutes. The mean follow-up time was from 38 to 104 months (mean follow-up: 71.5 months). There were 46 (82.1%) patients having feeling of urge, 42 (75.0%) patients having capacity to verbalize, and 40 (71.4%) patients having hold the bowel movement. LAEPT is feasible, safe, and effective in the management of high-type ARMs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/lap.2018.0163DOI Listing
November 2019

Capacity of Commune Health Stations in Chi Linh District, Hai Duong Province, for Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases.

Asia Pac J Public Health 2017 Jul;29(5_suppl):94S-101S

1 Hanoi University of Public Health, Hanoi, Vietnam.

The primary health care system in Vietnam has been playing an important role in prevention and control of diseases. This study aimed to describe the capacity of commune health stations in Chi Linh district, Hai Duong province for prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). A mixed-methods (quantitative and qualitative approaches) approach was applied to collect data in 20 commune health stations. The participants, including health workers, stakeholders, and patients with NCDs, were selected for the study. The findings reported that the main activities of prevention and control of NCDs at commune health stations (CHSs) still focused on information-education-community (IECs), unqualified for providing screening, diagnosis, and treatments of NCDs. The capacity for prevention and control of NCDs in CHSs was inadequate to provide health care services related to prevention and control of NCDs and unmet with the community's demands. In order to ensure the role and implementation of primary care level, there is an urgent need to improve the capacity of CHSs for prevention and control of NCDs, particularly a national budget for NCDs prevention and control, the essential equipment and medicines recommended by the World Health Organization should be provided and available at the CHSs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1010539517717020DOI Listing
July 2017

Performance of computed tomography of the head to evaluate for skull fractures in infants with suspected non-accidental trauma.

Pediatr Radiol 2017 Jan 15;47(1):74-81. Epub 2016 Oct 15.

Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX, USA.

Background: Young children with suspected abusive head trauma often receive skull radiographs to evaluate for fractures as well as computed tomography (CT) of the head to assess for intracranial injury. Using a CT as the primary modality to evaluate both fracture and intracranial injury could reduce exposure to radiation without sacrificing performance.

Objective: To evaluate the sensitivity of CT head with (3-D) reconstruction compared to skull radiographs to identify skull fractures in children with suspected abusive head trauma.

Materials And Methods: This was a retrospective (2013-2014) cross-sectional study of infants evaluated for abusive head trauma via both skull radiographs and CT with 3-D reconstruction. The reference standard was skull radiography. All studies were read by pediatric radiologists and neuroradiologists, with ten percent read by a second radiologist to evaluate for interobserver reliability.

Results: One hundred seventy-seven children (47% female; mean/median age: 5 months) were included. Sixty-two (35%) had skull fractures by radiography. CT with 3-D reconstruction was 97% sensitive (95% confidence interval [CI]: 89-100%) and 94% specific (CI: 87-97%) for skull fracture. There was no significant difference between plain radiographs and 3-D CT scan results (P-value = 0.18). Kappa was 1 (P-value <0.001) between radiologist readings of CTs and 0.77 (P = 0.001) for skull radiographs.

Conclusion: CT with 3-D reconstruction is equivalent to skull radiographs in identifying skull fractures. When a head CT is indicated, skull radiographs add little diagnostic value.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-016-3707-7DOI Listing
January 2017

Health insurance drop-out among adult population: findings from a study in a Health and demographic surveillance system in Northern Vietnam 2006-2013.

Glob Health Epidemiol Genom 2016 14;1:e16. Epub 2016 Oct 14.

Hanoi School of Public Health, 138 Giang Vo Street, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi, Vietnam.

The coverage of health insurance as measured by enrollment rates has increased significantly in Vietnam. However, maintaining health insurance to the some groups such as the farmer, the borderline poor and informal workers, etc. has been very challenging. This paper examines the situation of health insurance drop-out among the adult population in sub-rural areas of Northern Vietnam from 2006 to 2013, and analyzes several socio-economic correlates of the health insurance drop-out situation. Data used in this paper were obtained from Health and Demographic Surveillance System located in Chi Linh district, an urbanizing area, in a northern province of Vietnam. Descriptive analyses were used to describe the level and distribution of the health insurance drop-out status. Multiple logistic regressions were used to assess associations between the health insurance drop-out status and the independent variables. A total of 32 561 adults were investigated. We found that the cumulative percentage of health insurance drop-out among the study participants was 21.2%. Health insurance drop-out rates were higher among younger age groups, people with lower education, and those who worked as small trader and other informal jobs, and belonged to the non-poor households. Given the findings, further attention toward health insurance among these special populations is needed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/gheg.2016.14DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5870418PMC
October 2016

Adverse Childhood Experiences and the Health of University Students in Eight Provinces of Vietnam.

Asia Pac J Public Health 2015 Nov 5;27(8 Suppl):26S-32S. Epub 2015 Jun 5.

Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi, Vietnam.

Recent systematic reviews have emphasized the need for more research into the health and social impacts of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) in the Asia-Pacific region. This cross-sectional study was conducted with 2099 young adult students in 8 medical universities throughout Vietnam. An anonymous, self-report questionnaire included the World Health Organization ACE-International Questionnaire and standardized measures of mental and physical health. Three quarters (76%) of the students reported at least one exposure to ACEs; 21% had 4 or more ACEs. The most commonly reported adversities were emotional abuse, physical abuse, and witnessing a household member being treated violently (42.3%, 39.9%, and 34.6%, respectively). Co-occurrence of ACEs had dose-response relationships with poor mental health, suicidal ideation, and low physical health-related quality of life. This first multisite study of ACEs among Vietnamese university students provided evidence that childhood adversity is common and is significantly linked with impaired health and well-being into the early adult years.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1010539515589812DOI Listing
November 2015
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