Publications by authors named "Traci Housten"

9 Publications

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A novel approach to perioperative risk assessment for patients with pulmonary hypertension.

ERJ Open Res 2021 Jul 19;7(3). Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Dept of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Rationale: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is associated with significant perioperative morbidity and mortality. We hypothesised that pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) composite risk assessment scores could estimate perioperative risk for PH patients when adjusted for inherent procedural risk.

Methods: We identified patients in the Johns Hopkins PH Center Registry that had noncardiac surgery (including endoscopies) between September 2015 and January 2020. We collected information on preoperative patient-level and procedural variables and used logistic regression to evaluate associations with a composite outcome of death within 30 days or serious postoperative complication. We generated composite patient-level risk assessment scores for each subject and used logistic regression to estimate the association with adverse surgical outcomes. We adjusted multivariable models for inherent procedural risk of major cardiovascular events and used these models to generate a numerical PH perioperative risk (PHPR) score.

Results: Among 150 subjects, 19 (12.7%) reached the primary outcome, including 7 deaths (4.7%). Individual patient-level and procedural variables were associated with the primary outcome (all p<0.05). A composite patient-level risk assessment score built on three noninvasive parameters was strongly associated with reduced risk for poor outcomes (OR=0.4, p=0.03). This association was strengthened after adjusting the model for procedural risk. A PHPR score derived from the multivariable model stratified patients into low (0%), intermediate (≤10%), or high (>10%) risk of reaching the primary outcome.

Conclusion: Composite PAH risk assessment scores can predict perioperative risk for PH patients after accounting for inherent procedural risk. Validation of the PHPR score in a multicentre, prospective cohort is warranted.
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July 2021

Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Emergency Complications and Evaluation: Practical Guide for the Advanced Practice Registered Nurses in the Emergency Department.

Adv Emerg Nurs J 2018 Oct/Dec;40(4):246-259

Pulmonary Hypertension Program, University of Colorado Health, Aurora, Colorado (Ms Hohsfield); Pulmonary Vascular Disease Program, University of Pennsylvania Health System, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (Ms Archer-Chicko); Johns Hopkins Pulmonary Hypertension Program, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland (Ms Housten); and University of Washington, Seattle, Washington (Ms Harris Nolley).

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) complicates common diseases and can lead to worsening symptoms and increased mortality. A specific group of PH, pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), World Health Organization Group 1, may present to the emergency department (ED). We review common ED presentations of patients with PAH such as cardiac arrest/sudden death, right ventricular failure, syncope, hypoxemic respiratory failure, arrhythmias, hemoptysis, pulmonary embolism, chest pain/left main compression syndrome, infection, and considerations for PAH medication administration. We include a case study to illustrate a real example with a positive outcome, and an algorithm for evaluating and triaging patients with PAH in the ED. The ability to recognize, triage, and communicate changes in PAH disease status in a multidisciplinary team approach between the patient, family, specialty pharmacy, and specialized health care providers such as the PH team, is essential for ED providers who are evaluating and treating patients with PAH.
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June 2019

Focused Review of Perioperative Care of Patients with Pulmonary Hypertension and Proposal of a Perioperative Pathway.

Cureus 2018 Jan 15;10(1):e2072. Epub 2018 Jan 15.

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.

Morbidity and mortality risk increase considerably for patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH) undergoing non-cardiac surgery. Unfortunately, there are no comprehensive, evidence-based guidelines for perioperative evaluation and management of these patients. We present a brief review of the literature on perioperative outcomes for patients with PH and describe the implementation of a collaborative perioperative management program for these high-risk patients at a tertiary academic center.
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January 2018

Ambrisentan and Tadalafil Up-front Combination Therapy in Scleroderma-associated Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension.

Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2015 Nov;192(9):1102-10

1 Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine and.

Background: Scleroderma-associated pulmonary arterial hypertension (SSc-PAH) is a rare disease characterized by a very dismal response to therapy and poor survival. We assessed the effects of up-front combination PAH therapy in patients with SSc-PAH.

Methods: In this prospective, multicenter, open-label trial, 24 treatment-naive patients with SSc-PAH received ambrisentan 10 mg and tadalafil 40 mg daily for 36 weeks. Functional, hemodynamic, and imaging (cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and echocardiography) assessments at baseline and 36 weeks included changes in right ventricular (RV) mass and pulmonary vascular resistance as co-primary endpoints and stroke volume/pulmonary pulse pressure ratio, tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion, 6-minute walk distance, and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide as secondary endpoints.

Results: At 36 weeks, we found that treatment had resulted in significant reductions in median (interquartile range [IQR]) RV mass (28.0 g [IQR, 20.6-32.9] vs. 32.5 g [IQR, 23.2-41.4]; P < 0.05) and median pulmonary vascular resistance (3.1 Wood units [IQR, 2.0-5.7] vs. 6.9 Wood units [IQR, 4.0-12.9]; P < 0.0001) and in improvements in median stroke volume/pulmonary pulse pressure ratio (2.6 ml/mm Hg [IQR, 1.8-3.5] vs. 1.4 ml/mm Hg [IQR 8.9-2.4]; P < 0.0001) and mean ( ± SD) tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (2.2 ± 0.12 cm vs. 1.65 ± 0.11 cm; P < 0.0001), 6-minute walk distance (395 ± 99 m vs. 343 ± 131 m; P = 0.001), and serum N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (647 ± 1,127 pg/ml vs. 1,578 ± 2,647 pg/ml; P < 0.05).

Conclusions: Up-front combination therapy with ambrisentan and tadalafil significantly improved hemodynamics, RV structure and function, and functional status in treatment-naive patients with SSc-PAH and may represent a very effective therapy for this patient population. In addition, we identified novel hemodynamic and imaging biomarkers that could have potential value in future clinical trials. Clinical trial registered with (NCT01042158).
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November 2015

Serum endostatin is a genetically determined predictor of survival in pulmonary arterial hypertension.

Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2015 Jan;191(2):208-18

1 Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine.

Rationale: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a medically incurable disease resulting in death from right ventricular (RV) failure. Both pulmonary vascular and RV remodeling are linked to dynamic changes in the microvasculature. Therefore, we hypothesized that circulating angiostatic factors could be linked to outcomes and represent novel biomarkers of disease severity in PAH.

Objectives: We sought to determine the relationship of a potent angiostatic factor, endostatin (ES), with disease severity and mortality in PAH. Furthermore, we assessed genetic predictors of ES expression and/or function and their association with outcomes in PAH.

Methods: We measured levels of serum ES in two independent cohorts of patients with PAH. Contemporaneous clinical data included New York Heart Association functional class, 6-minute-walk distance, invasive hemodynamics, and laboratory chemistries.

Measurements And Main Results: Serum ES correlated with poor functional status, decreased exercise tolerance, and invasive hemodynamics variables. Furthermore, serum ES was a strong predictor of mortality. A loss-of-function, missense variant in the gene encoding ES, Col18a1, was linked to lower circulating protein and was independently associated with reduced mortality.

Conclusions: Our data link increased expression of ES to disease severity in PAH and demonstrate a significant relationship with adverse outcomes. Circulating ES levels can be genetically influenced, implicating ES as a genetically determined modifier of disease severity impacting on survival. These observations support serum ES as a potential biomarker in PAH with the capacity to predict poor outcomes. More importantly, this study implicates Col18a1/ES as a potential new therapeutic target in PAH.
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January 2015

Severity of systemic sclerosis-associated pulmonary arterial hypertension in African Americans.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2014 Jul;93(5):177-185

Divisions of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine (IB, SCM, DB, TMK, HC, TH, NC, ALZ, RD, REG, PMH), General Internal Medicine (MS, FMW), Rheumatology (LKH), and Cardiology (RJT, DAK), Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland; Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS) (IB), Barcelona, Spain; and Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Respiratorias (CIBERES) (IB), Spain.

African Americans (AA) with systemic sclerosis (SSc) have a worse prognosis compared to Americans of European descent (EA). We conducted the current study to test the hypothesis that AA patients with SSc have more severe disease and poorer outcomes compared to EA patients when afflicted with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). We studied 160 consecutive SSc patients with PAH diagnosed by right heart catheterization, comparing demographics, hemodynamics, and outcomes between AA and EA patients. The cohort included 29 AA and 131 EA patients with similar baseline characteristics except for increased prevalence of diffuse SSc in AA. AA patients had worse functional class (FC) (80% FC III-IV vs 53%; p = 0.02), higher brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP) (5729 ± 9730 pg/mL vs 1892 ± 2417 pg/mL; p = 0.02), more depressed right ventricular function, a trend toward lower 6-minute walk distance (263 ± 111  m vs 333 ± 110  m; p = 0.07), and worse hemodynamics (cardiac index 1.95 ± 0.58 L/min/m vs 2.62 ± 0.80 L/min/m; pulmonary vascular resistance 10.3 ± 6.2 WU vs 7.6 ± 5.0 WU; p  < 0.05) compared with EA patients. Kaplan-Meier survival estimates for AA and EA patients, respectively, were 62% vs 73% at 2 years and 26% vs 44% at 5 years (p  > 0.05). In conclusion, AA patients with SSc-PAH are more likely to have diffuse SSc and to present with significantly more severe PAH compared with EA patients. AA patients also appear to have poorer survival, though larger studies are needed to investigate this association definitively.
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July 2014

Tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion is a robust outcome measure in systemic sclerosis-associated pulmonary arterial hypertension.

J Rheumatol 2011 Nov 1;38(11):2410-8. Epub 2011 Oct 1.

Divisions of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Cardiology, and Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins, University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Objective: The tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) strongly reflects right ventricular (RV) function and predicts survival in idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). But its role in systemic sclerosis (SSc)-associated PAH has not been established. Our objective was to validate the TAPSE in the assessment of RV function and prediction of survival in SSc-PAH.

Methods: Fifty consecutive patients with SSc-PAH who underwent echocardiography with TAPSE measurement within 1 h of clinically indicated right heart catheterization were followed prospectively. The relationship between TAPSE and measures of RV function and measures of survival was assessed.

Results: The majority of the cohort were women in New York Heart Association class III/IV with severe PAH (mean cardiac index 2.4 ± 0.8 l/min/m(2)). RV function was significantly impaired (mean cardiac index 2.1 ± 0.7 vs 2.9 ± 0.8 l/min/m(2); p < 0.01) and RV afterload was significantly greater (mean pulmonary vascular resistance 11.1 ± 5.1 vs 5.8 ± 2.5 Wood units; p < 0.01) in subjects with a TAPSE ≤ 1.7 cm. The proportion surviving in the low TAPSE group was significantly lower [0.56 (95% CI 0.37-0.71) and 0.46 (95% CI 0.28-0.62) vs 0.87 (95% CI 0.55-0.96) and 0.79 (95% CI 0.49-0.93), 1- and 2-year survival, respectively]. TAPSE ≤ 1.7 cm conferred a nearly 4-fold increased risk of death (HR 3.81, 95% CI 1.31-11.1, p < 0.01).

Conclusion: TAPSE is a robust measure of RV function and strongly predicts survival in patients with PAH-SSc. Future studies are needed to identify the responsiveness of TAPSE to PAH-specific therapy and to assess its diagnostic utility in PAH-SSc.
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November 2011

Hemodynamic predictors of survival in scleroderma-related pulmonary arterial hypertension.

Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2010 Jul 25;182(2):252-60. Epub 2010 Mar 25.

MD, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, 1830 E Monument St, Fifth Floor, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.

Rationale: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) related to systemic sclerosis (SSc) has a poorer prognosis compared with other forms of PAH for reasons that remain unexplained.

Objectives: To identify risk factors of mortality in a well-characterized cohort of patients with PAH related to systemic sclerosis (SSc-PAH).

Methods: Seventy-six consecutive patients with SSc (64 women and 12 men; mean age 61 +/- 11 yr) were diagnosed with PAH by heart catheterization in a single center, starting in January 2000, and followed over time. Kaplan-Meier estimates were calculated and mortality risk factors were analyzed.

Measurements And Main Results: Forty (53%) patients were in World Health Organization functional class III or IV. Mean pulmonary artery pressure was 41 +/- 11 mm Hg, pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) was 8.6 +/- 5.6 Wood units, and cardiac index was 2.4 +/- 0.7 L/min/m(2). Median follow-up time was 36 months, with 42 deaths observed. Survival estimates were 85%, 72%, 67%, 50%, and 36% at 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 years, respectively. Multivariate analysis identified PVR (hazard ratio [HR], 1.10; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.03-1.18; P < 0.01), stroke volume index (HR, 0.94; 95% CI, 0.89-0.99; P = 0.02), and pulmonary arterial capacitance (HR, 0.43; 95% CI, 0.20-0.91; P = 0.03) as strong predictors of survival. An estimated glomerular filtration rate less than 60 ml/min/1.73 m(2) portended a threefold risk of mortality.

Conclusions: Our results suggest that specific components of right ventricular dysfunction and renal impairment contribute to increased mortality in SSc-PAH. Understanding the mechanisms of right ventricular dysfunction in response to increased afterload should lead to improved targeted therapy in these patients.
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July 2010