Publications by authors named "Toshiyuki Iida"

18 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Formation of multi-charged ion beams by focusing effect of mid-electrode on electron cyclotron resonance ion source.

Rev Sci Instrum 2014 Feb;85(2):02A955

Division of Electrical, Electronic and Information Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamada-oka, Suita-shi, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.

We are constructing a tandem type electron cyclotron resonance ion source (ECRIS) and a beam line for extracting ion beams. The ion beam is extracted from the second stage by an accel-decel extraction system with a single-hole and the ion beam current on each electrode is measured. The total ion beam current is measured by a faraday cup downstream the extraction electrodes. We measure these currents as a function of the mid-electrode potential. We also change the gap length between electrodes and perform similar measurement. The behaviors of these currents obtained experimentally against the mid-electrode potential show qualitatively good agreement with a simple theoretical consideration including sheath potential effects. The effect of mid-electrode potential is very useful for decreasing the beam loss for enhancing ion beam current extracted from ECRIS.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4861401DOI Listing
February 2014

New tandem type ion source based on electron cyclotron resonance for universal source of synthesized ion beams.

Rev Sci Instrum 2014 Feb;85(2):02A950

Division of Electrical, Electronic and Information Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamada-oka, Suita-shi, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.

A new tandem type source has been constructed on the basis of electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) plasma for producing synthesized ion beams. We investigate feasibility and hope to realize the device which has wide range operation window in a single device to produce many kinds of ion beams based on ECR ion source (ECRIS). It is considered that ECR plasmas are necessary to be available to individual operations with different plasma parameters. Both of analysis of ion beams and investigation of plasma parameters are conducted on produced plasmas. We describe construction of the new tandem type ion source based on ECRIS with wide operation window for aiming at producing synthesized ion beams as this new source can be a universal source.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4857975DOI Listing
February 2014

Enhanced production of electron cyclotron resonance plasma by exciting selective microwave mode on a large-bore electron cyclotron resonance ion source with permanent magnet.

Rev Sci Instrum 2014 Feb;85(2):02A938

Division of Electrical, Electronic and Information Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamada-oka, Suita-shi, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.

We are constructing a tandem type ECRIS. The first stage is large-bore with cylindrically comb-shaped magnet. We optimize the ion beam current and ion saturation current by a mobile plate tuner. They change by the position of the plate tuner for 2.45 GHz, 11-13 GHz, and multi-frequencies. The peak positions of them are close to the position where the microwave mode forms standing wave between the plate tuner and the extractor. The absorbed powers are estimated for each mode. We show a new guiding principle, which the number of efficient microwave mode should be selected to fit to that of multipole of the comb-shaped magnets. We obtained the excitation of the selective modes using new mobile plate tuner to enhance ECR efficiency.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4832068DOI Listing
February 2014

Controlling precise magnetic field configuration around electron cyclotron resonance zone for enhancing plasma parameters and beam current.

Rev Sci Instrum 2014 Feb;85(2):02A937

Division of Electrical, Electronic and Information Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamada-oka, Suita-shi, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.

Multi-charged ion source which has wide operating conditions is required in various application fields. We have constructed tandem type ECR ion source (ECRIS); one of the features of its main stage is an additional coil for controlling magnetic field distribution around the mirror bottom precisely. Here the effect of magnetic field variation caused by the additional coil is experimentally considered in terms of plasma parameters and beam current as the first investigation of the main stage plasma. Furthermore, behavior of magnetic lines of force flowing from the ECR zone is calculated, and is compared with measurement results aiming for better understanding of interrelationship between plasma production and ion beam generation on the ECRIS.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4827424DOI Listing
February 2014

Electron energy distribution function by using probe method in electron cyclotron resonance multicharged ion source.

Rev Sci Instrum 2014 Feb;85(2):02A925

Division of Electrical, Electronic and Information Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan.

We are constructing a tandem type electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) ion source (ECRIS). High-energy electrons in ECRIS plasma affect electron energy distribution and generate multicharged ion. In this study, we measure electron energy distribution function (EEDF) of low energy region (≦100 eV) in ECRIS plasma at extremely low pressures (10(-3)-10(-5) Pa) by using cylindrical Langmuir probe. From the result, it is found that the EEDF correlates with the electron density and the temperature from the conventional probe analysis. In addition, we confirm that the tail of EEDF spreads to high energy region as the pressure rises and that there are electrons with high energy in ECR multicharged ion source plasma. The effective temperature estimated from the experimentally obtained EEDF is larger than the electron temperature obtained from the conventional method.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4829738DOI Listing
February 2014

Electron cyclotron resonance plasma production by using pulse mode microwaves and dependences of ion beam current and plasma parameters on the pulse condition.

Rev Sci Instrum 2012 Feb;83(2):02A324

Division of Electrical, Electronic and Information Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamada-oka, Suita-shi, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.

We measure the ion beam current and the plasma parameters by using the pulse mode microwave operation in the first stage of a tandem type ECRIS. The time averaged extracted ion beam current in the pulse mode operation is larger than that of the cw mode operation with the same averaged microwave power. The electron density n(e) in the pulse mode is higher and the electron temperature T(e) is lower than those of the cw mode operation. These plasma parameters are considered to cause in the increase of the ion beam current and are suitable to produce molecular or cluster ions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3669792DOI Listing
February 2012

Profiles of ion beams and plasma parameters on a multi-frequencies microwaves large bore electron cyclotron resonance ion source with permanent magnets.

Rev Sci Instrum 2012 Feb;83(2):02A317

Division of Electrical, Electronic and Information Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamada-oka, Suita-shi, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.

In order to contribute to various applications of plasma and beams based on an electron cyclotron resonance, a new concept on magnetic field with all magnets on plasma production and confinement has been proposed with enhanced efficiency for broad and dense ion beam. The magnetic field configuration consists of a pair of comb-shaped magnet surrounding plasma chamber cylindrically. Resonance zones corresponding for 2.45 GHz and 11-13 GHz frequencies are positioned at spatially different positions. We launch simultaneously multiplex frequencies microwaves operated individually, try to control profiles of the plasma parameters and the extracted ion beams, and to measure them in detail.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3666184DOI Listing
February 2012

Dependence of ion beam current on position of mobile plate tuner in multi-frequencies microwaves electron cyclotron resonance ion source.

Rev Sci Instrum 2012 Feb;83(2):02A310

Division of Electrical, Electronic and Information Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.

We are constructing a tandem-type electron cyclotron resonance ion source (ECRIS). The first stage of this can supply 2.45 GHz and 11-13 GHz microwaves to plasma chamber individually and simultaneously. We optimize the beam current I(FC) by the mobile plate tuner. The I(FC) is affected by the position of the mobile plate tuner in the chamber as like a circular cavity resonator. We aim to clarify the relation between the I(FC) and the ion saturation current in the ECRIS against the position of the mobile plate tuner. We obtained the result that the variation of the plasma density contributes largely to the variation of the I(FC) when we change the position of the mobile plate tuner.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3662016DOI Listing
February 2012

Development of thermal neutron-sensitive glass dosemeter containing lithium.

Radiat Prot Dosimetry 2011 Mar 10;144(1-4):226-30. Epub 2011 Jan 10.

Division of Electrical, Electronic and Information Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.

New radiophotoluminescence (RPL) phosphate glass containing (6)Li was successfully made from the powder of NaPO(3), Al(PO(3))(3), LiOH, HPO(3) and AgCl. The ternary diagram of NaPO(3)-Al(PO(3))(3)-LiPO(3) has clarified the region where satisfactory RPL characteristics of the glass are kept up. The synthesised phosphate glass indicated good RPL characteristics on the condition that the content of LiPO(3) was below 10 wt%. Gamma-ray irradiation experiments showed that the newly synthesised phosphate glass had satisfactory linearity and wide dynamic range in dose measurement and low variation in sensitivity. It was confirmed from thermal neutron irradiation experiments that a pair of the newly synthesised phosphate glass containing enriched (6)Li and (7)Li, or (n)Li and enriched (7)Li could be effectively used for the evaluation of thermal neutron dosimetry.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/rpd/ncq552DOI Listing
March 2011

Development of confocal laser microscope system for examination of microscopic characteristics of radiophotoluminescence glass dosemeters.

Radiat Prot Dosimetry 2011 Mar 6;144(1-4):222-5. Epub 2011 Jan 6.

Division of Electrical, Electronic and Information Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.

A confocal laser microscope system was developed for the measurement of radiophotoluminescence (RPL) photons emitted from a minute alpha-ray-irradiated area in an RPL glass dosemeter. The system was composed mainly of an inverted-type microscope, an ultraviolet laser, an XY movable stage and photon-counting circuits. The photon-counting circuits were effective in the reduction of the background noise level in the measurement of RPL photons. The performance of this microscope system was examined by the observation of standard RPL glass samples irradiated using (241)Am alpha rays. The spatial resolution of this system was ∼ 3 μm, and with regard to the sensitivity of this system, a hit of more than four to five alpha rays in unit area produced enough amount of RPL photons to construct the image.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/rpd/ncq563DOI Listing
March 2011

Pulse modulated microwave operation on large bore electron cyclotron resonance ion source with cylindrically comb-shaped magnetic fields configuration.

Rev Sci Instrum 2010 Feb;81(2):02A325

Division of Electrical, Electronic and Information Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamada-oka, Suita-shi, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.

In order to enhance efficiency of an electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) plasma for broad and dense ion beam source under the low pressure, the magnetic field configuration is constructed by a pair of comb-shaped magnet which has opposite polarity each other, and which cylindrically surrounds the plasma chamber. By using the pulse microwave mode operation, we aim at generation of plasma with parameters that cannot be achieved at the continuous microwave (cw) mode. The maximum beam current is obtained in the experimental condition of the pulse width 100-200 micros at the duty ratio 40%-50%. According to probe measurements of the ECR plasma, it is found the electron density in the pulse mode is larger than that in the cw mode, while the electron temperatures in the pulse mode were lower than that in the cw mode. These indirect evidences cause to enhance ion beams in the pulse mode operation, and then suggest a spread of operation windows for plasma parameters suitable to production of molecular or cluster ions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3267847DOI Listing
February 2010

Induction heating pure vapor source of high temperature melting point materials on electron cyclotron resonance ion source.

Rev Sci Instrum 2010 Feb;81(2):02A322

Division of Electrical, Electronic and Information Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamada-oka, Suita-shi, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.

Multicharged ions that are needed are produced from solid pure material with high melting point in an electron cyclotron resonance ion source. We develop an evaporator by using induction heating (IH) with multilayer induction coil, which is made from bare molybdenum or tungsten wire without water cooling and surrounding the pure vaporized material. We optimize the shapes of induction coil and vaporized materials and operation of rf power supply. We conduct experiment to investigate the reproducibility and stability in the operation and heating efficiency. IH evaporator produces pure material vapor because materials directly heated by eddy currents have no contact with insulated materials, which are usually impurity gas sources. The power and the frequency of the induction currents range from 100 to 900 W and from 48 to 23 kHz, respectively. The working pressure is about 10(-4)-10(-3) Pa. We measure the temperature of the vaporized materials with different shapes, and compare them with the result of modeling. We estimate the efficiency of the IH vapor source. We are aiming at the evaporator's higher melting point material than that of iron.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3272830DOI Listing
February 2010

Production of electron cyclotron resonance plasma by using multifrequencies microwaves and active beam profile control on a large bore electron cyclotron resonance ion source with permanent magnets.

Rev Sci Instrum 2010 Feb;81(2):02A313

Division of Electrical, Electronic and Information Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamada-oka, Suita-shi, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.

A new concept on magnetic field with all magnets on plasma production and confinement has been proposed to enhance efficiency of an electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) plasma for broad and dense ion beam source under the low pressure. The magnetic field configuration is constructed by a pair of magnets assembly, i.e., comb-shaped magnet which cylindrically surrounds the plasma chamber. The resonance zones corresponding to the fundamental ECR for 2.45 GHz and 11-13 GHz frequencies are constructed at different positions. The profiles of the plasma parameters in the ECR ion source are different from each frequency of microwave. Large bore extractor is set at the opposite side against the microwave feeds. It is found that differences of their profiles also appear at those of ion beam profiles. We conducted to launch simultaneously multiplex frequencies microwaves controlled individually, and tried to control the profiles of the plasma parameters and then those of extracted ion beam.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3277195DOI Listing
February 2010

Microchamber arrays for the identification of individual cells exposed to an X-ray microbeam.

Radiat Environ Biophys 2008 Nov 27;47(4):535-40. Epub 2008 Jun 27.

Division of Electric, Electronic and Information Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka 567-0871, Japan.

To identify individual cells exposed to a X-ray microbeam in a cell population, we developed a biocompatible microchamber-array chip using UV lithography of photopolymer SU-8. The center-to-center distance between microchambers is 50 mum including a wall of 15 mum height. Using the microchamber-array chip, we performed tracking of individual exposed cells. Sample cells loaded in a microchamber array were selectively irradiated with the X-ray microbeam under microscopic observation. All the irradiated cells were indexed by the array arrangement of the microchambers. For about 24 h of post-irradiation incubation, the irradiated cells were identified successfully by time-lapse observation. In addition, the induction of radiation effects was observed in identified cells using immunofluorescence.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00411-008-0180-1DOI Listing
November 2008

Effects of fundamental and second harmonic electron cyclotron resonances on ECRIS.

Rev Sci Instrum 2008 Feb;79(2 Pt 2):02A323

Division of Electrical, Electronic and Information Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, Suita-Shi, Osaka, Japan.

A new concept on magnetic field of plasma production and confinement has been proposed to enhance efficiency of an electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) plasma for broad and dense ion beam source under the low pressure. The magnetic field configuration is constructed by a pair of comb-shaped magnet which has opposite polarity to each other, and which cylindrically surrounds the plasma chamber. This magnetic configuration suppresses the loss due to E x B drift, and then plasma confinement is enhanced. The profiles of the electron temperature and density are measured around the ECR zones of the fundamentals and the second harmonics for 2.45 GHz and 11-13 GHz microwaves by using Langmuir probe. Their characteristics and effects are clarified under various operating conditions in both of simple multipole and comb-shaped magnetic configurations.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2816759DOI Listing
February 2008

Multicharged iron ions produced by using induction heating vapor source.

Rev Sci Instrum 2008 Feb;79(2 Pt 2):02A312

Division of Electrical, Electronic and Information Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, Suita-Shi, Osaka, Japan.

Multiply charged Fe ions are produced from solid pure material in an electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) ion source. We develop an evaporator by using induction heating with an induction coil which is made of bare molybdenum wire partially covered by ceramic beads in vacuum and surrounding and heating directly the pure Fe rod. Heated material has no contact with insulators, so that outgas is minimized. The evaporator is installed around the mirror end plate outside of the ECR plasma with its hole grazing the ECR zone. Helium or argon gas is usually chosen for supporting gas. The multicharged Fe ions up to Fe(13+) are extracted from the opposite side of mirror and against the evaporator, and then multicharged Fe ion beam is formed. We compare production of multicharged iron ions by using this new source with our previous methods.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2816708DOI Listing
February 2008

Hydrated thymine cluster in the supersonic gas jet.

Radiat Prot Dosimetry 2006 24;122(1-4):95-9. Epub 2007 Jan 24.

Division of Electrical, Electronic and Information Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka, Japan.

Fragmentation of hydrated thymine clusters in the gas phase induced by UV laser pulse at 266 nm was studied by means of time-of-flight (TOF) mass spectrometry. Hydrated thymine clusters were produced by supersonic expansion in the gas jet in a high vacuum region. The range of laser intensity for ionisation of the gaseous targets was from 10(6) to 10(9) W cm(-2). In the condition of low laser intensity, the peaks corresponding to hydrated thymine clusters [(C(5)H(6)N(2)O(2))(m)(H(2)O)(n)] and large mass fragments from them were obtained mainly. In the laser intensity region from 10(7) to 10(8) W cm(-2), the fragment ions released from thymine such as HCNH(+), HNCO(+), CH(2)CCHNH(+), CH(3)CCHNH(+), C(3)H(4)O(+), etc. were mainly detected due to C-C and C-N bond breaks in a ring structure of thymine.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/rpd/ncl403DOI Listing
July 2007

Synthesis of phenylnitroxides bridged by an sp(3)-linkage.

Org Lett 2002 Feb;4(3):403-6

Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8527, Japan.

Silicon- and carbon-bridged phenylnitroxides were synthesized. They exhibited similar ESR profiles independent of the nature of the sp(3) bridge and the substitution mode of the phenylene units. The spectra revealed a quintet signal at room temperature, which became a broad triplet by lowering the temperature. Accumulated ESR measurements at 77 K led to the successful observation of a signal at Deltam(s) = 2, indicating that the triplet state was involved in this system.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ol017093pDOI Listing
February 2002
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