Publications by authors named "Toshiro Io"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Direct Reprogramming Induces Vascular Regeneration Post Muscle Ischemic Injury.

Mol Ther 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Cardiovascular Research Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA, 10029; Department of Genetics and Genomic Sciences, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA, 10029; Black Family Stem Cell Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA, 10029. Electronic address:

Reprogramming non-cardiomyocytes (non-CMs) into cardiomyocyte (CM)-like cells is a promising strategy for cardiac regeneration in conditions such as ischemic heart disease. Here, we used a modified mRNA (modRNA) gene delivery platform to deliver a cocktail of four cardiac-reprogramming genes (Gata4 (G), Mef2c (M), Tbx5 (T) and Hand2 (H)) together with three reprogramming-helper genes (Dominant Negative (DN)-TGFβ, DN-Wnt8a and Acid ceramidase (AC)), termed 7G-modRNA, to induce CM-like cells. We showed that 7G-modRNA reprogrammed 57% of CM-like cells in vitro. Through a lineage-tracing model, we determined that delivering the 7G-modRNA cocktail at the time of myocardial infarction reprogrammed ∼25% of CM-like cells in the scar area and significantly improved cardiac function, scar size, long-term survival and capillary density. Mechanistically, we determined that while 7G-modRNA cannot create de-novo beating CMs in vitro or in vivo, it can significantly upregulate pro-angiogenic mesenchymal stromal cells markers and transcription factors. We also demonstrated that our 7G-modRNA cocktail leads to neovascularization in ischemic-limb injury, indicating CM-like cells importance in other organs besides the heart. modRNA is currently being used around the globe for vaccination against COVID-19, and this study proves this is a safe, highly efficient gene delivery approach with therapeutic potential to treat ischemic diseases.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ymthe.2021.07.014DOI Listing
July 2021

A miniature pig model of pharmacological tolerance to long-term sedation with the intravenous benzodiazepines; midazolam and remimazolam.

Eur J Pharmacol 2021 Apr 23;896:173886. Epub 2021 Jan 23.

Paion GmbH, Martinstr. 2-10, 52062, Aachen, Germany. Electronic address:

As a new and ultra fast-acting IV benzodiazepine, pharmacological tolerance may be anticipated during long-term treatment with remimazolam e.g. in intensive care. In this context, tolerance is particularly relevant for withdrawal syndrome. However, apart from primates, existing models of sedative tolerance are unsuitable for remimazolam due to its excessive metabolic clearance (i.e. in rodents) or paradoxical responses (in dogs). Pigs are a well-established model species, especially for in-vivo drug safety studies, and appear a well suited as model for evaluation of remimazolam. In a series of experiments from dose-range-finding bolus and infusion studies through to 28-day continuous level sedation, we established a viable model of intravenous benzodiazepine sedation in NIBS micropigs to compare tolerance development during 28 days sedation with either midazolam or remimazolam. Dose increases after 28 days were lower for remimazolam (0 to 3-fold) than for midazolam (2 to 4-fold) and recovery times were approximately 40% faster for remimazolam vs midazolam. Tolerance to remimazolam is therefore likely in long-term human sedation and may be less than that seen for midazolam.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejphar.2021.173886DOI Listing
April 2021
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