Publications by authors named "Tony Y Ren"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

High-Fat Diet Accelerates Carcinogenesis in a Mouse Model of Barrett's Esophagus via Interleukin 8 and Alterations to the Gut Microbiome.

Gastroenterology 2019 08 15;157(2):492-506.e2. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Irvine Cancer Research Center, Columbia University, New York, New York.

Background & Aims: Barrett's esophagus (BE) is a precursor to esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC). Progression from BE to cancer is associated with obesity, possibly due to increased abdominal pressure and gastroesophageal reflux disease, although this pathogenic mechanism has not been proven. We investigated whether environmental or dietary factors associated with obesity contribute to the progression of BE to EAC in mice.

Methods: Tg(ED-L2-IL1RN/IL1B)#Tcw mice (a model of BE, called L2-IL1B mice) were fed a chow (control) or high-fat diet (HFD) or were crossbred with mice that express human interleukin (IL) 8 (L2-IL1B/IL8 mice). Esophageal tissues were collected and analyzed for gene expression profiles and by quantitative polymerase chain reaction, immunohistochemistry, and flow cytometry. Organoids were established from BE tissue of mice and cultured with serum from lean or obese individuals or with neutrophils from L2-IL1B mice. Feces from mice were analyzed by 16s ribosomal RNA sequencing and compared to 16s sequencing data from patients with dysplasia or BE. L2-IL1B were mice raised in germ-free conditions.

Results: L2-IL1B mice fed an HFD developed esophageal dysplasia and tumors more rapidly than mice fed the control diet; the speed of tumor development was independent of body weight. The acceleration of dysplasia by the HFD in the L2-IL1B mice was associated with a shift in the gut microbiota and an increased ratio of neutrophils to natural killer cells in esophageal tissues compared with mice fed a control diet. We observed similar differences in the microbiomes from patients with BE that progressed to EAC vs patients with BE that did not develop into cancer. Tissues from dysplasias of L2-IL1B mice fed the HFD contained increased levels of cytokines that are produced in response to CXCL1 (the functional mouse homolog of IL8, also called KC). Serum from obese patients caused organoids from L2-IL1B/IL8 mice to produce IL8. BE tissues from L2-IL1B mice fed the HFD and from L2-IL1B/IL8 mice contained increased numbers of myeloid cells and cells expressing Cxcr2 and Lgr5 messenger RNAs (epithelial progenitors) compared with mice fed control diets. BE tissues from L2-IL1B mice raised in germ-free housing had fewer progenitor cells and developed less dysplasia than in L2-IL1 mice raised under standard conditions; exposure of fecal microbiota from L2-IL1B mice fed the HFD to L2-IL1B mice fed the control diet accelerated tumor development.

Conclusions: In a mouse model of BE, we found that an HFD promoted dysplasia by altering the esophageal microenvironment and gut microbiome, thereby inducing inflammation and stem cell expansion, independent of obesity.
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August 2019

Bis-alkynyl diruthenium compounds with built-in electronic asymmetry: toward an organometallic Aviram-Ratner diode.

Chemistry 2007 ;13(24):6874-82

Department of Chemistry, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA.

Conditions to prepare trans-[Ru2(dmba)4(C[triple chemical bond]CAr)2] from [Ru2(dmba)4(NO(3))2] (DMBA=N,N'-dimethylbenzamidinate) and HC[triple chemical bond]CAr were optimized; Et2NH was found to be the most effective among a number of weak bases in facilitating the product formation. Furthermore, a series of unsymmetric trans-[(ArC[triple chemical bond]C)Ru(2)(dmba)4(C[triple chemical bond]CAr')] compounds were prepared under optimized conditions, in which one or both of Ar and Ar' are donor (NMe2)-/acceptor (NO(2))-substituted phenyls. While the X-ray crystallographic studies revealed a minimal structural effect upon donor/acceptor substitution, voltammetric measurements indicated a significant influence of substituents on the energy level of frontier orbitals. In particular, placing a donor and an acceptor on the opposite ends of trans-[(ArC[triple chemical bond]C)Ru2(dmba)4(C[triple chemical bond]CAr')] moiety results in an energetic alignment of frontier orbitals that favors a directional electron flow, a necessary condition for unimolecular rectification.
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October 2007