Publications by authors named "Tong-Hui Ma"

22 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Hypermethylation of the CHRDL1 promoter induces proliferation and metastasis by activating Akt and Erk in gastric cancer.

Oncotarget 2017 04;8(14):23155-23166

Department of Hepatobiliary-Pancreatic Surgery, Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province 310014, PR China.

CHRDL1 (Chordin-like 1) is a secreted protein that acts as an antagonist of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP). BMP plays a role as an activator of BMP receptor II (BMPR II), which mediates extracellular to intracellular signal transmission and is involved in carcinogenesis and metastasis. Herein, we report that CHRDL1 expression was significantly down-regulated in gastric cancer tissues and associated with poor survival. Clinic-pathological parameters demonstrated a close relationship between low CHRDL1 expression and metastasis. In vitro, CHRDL1 knockdown promoted tumor cell proliferation and migration through BMPR II by activating Akt, Erk and β-catenin. Furthermore, we observed the hypermethylation of the CHRDL1 promoter in gastric cancer, which induced low expression of CHRDL1 and decreased its secretion to the supernatant. Finally, in vivo experiments confirmed that CHRDL1 acted as a tumor suppressor gene in suppressing tumor growth and metastasis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.15513DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5410293PMC
April 2017

Low level of swiprosin-1/EFhd2 in vestibular nuclei of spontaneously hypersensitive motion sickness mice.

Sci Rep 2017 01 27;7:40986. Epub 2017 Jan 27.

Department of Pharmacology, College of Pharmacy, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200433, China.

Susceptibility to motion sickness (MS) varies considerably among humans. However, the cause of such variation is unclear. Here, we used a classical genetic approach to obtain mouse strains highly sensitive and resistant to MS (SMS and RMS). Proteomics analysis revealed substantially lower swiprosin-1 expression in SMS mouse brains. Inducing MS via rotary stimulation decreased swiprosin-1 in the mouse brains. Swiprosin-1 knockout mice were much more sensitive to motion disturbance. Immunohistochemistry revealed strong swiprosin-1 expression in the vestibular nuclei (VN). Over-expressing swiprosin-1 in the VN of SMS mice decreased MS susceptibility. Down-regulating swiprosin-1 in the VN of RMS mice by RNAi increased MS susceptibility. Additional in vivo experiments revealed decreased swiprosin-1 expression by glutamate via the NMDA receptor. Glutamate increased neuronal excitability in SMS or swiprosin-1 knockout mice more prominently than in RMS or wild-type mice. These results indicate that swiprosin-1 in the VN is a critical determinant of the susceptibility to MS.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep40986DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5269593PMC
January 2017

Tubeimoside-1 induces oxidative stress-mediated apoptosis and G0/G1 phase arrest in human prostate carcinoma cells in vitro.

Acta Pharmacol Sin 2016 Jul 13;37(7):950-62. Epub 2016 Jun 13.

Jilin Provincial Key Laboratory on Molecular and Chemical Genetics, the Second Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun 130041, China.

Aim: Tubeimoside-1 (TBMS1), a triterpenoid saponin extracted from the Chinese herbal medicine Bolbostemma paniculatum (Maxim) Franquet (Cucurbitaceae), has shown anticancer activities in various cancer cell lines. The aim of this study was to investigate the anticancer activity and molecular targets of TBMS1 in human prostate cancer cells in vitro.

Methods: DU145 and P3 human prostate cancer cells were treated with TBMS1. Cell viability and apoptosis were detected. ROS generation, mitochondrial membrane potential and cell cycle profile were examined. Western blotting was used to measure the expression of relevant proteins in the cells.

Results: TBMS1 (5-100 μmol/L) significantly suppressed the viability of DU145 and P3 cells with IC50 values of approximately 10 and 20 μmol/L, respectively. Furthermore, TBMS1 dose-dependently induced apoptosis and cell cycle arrest at G0/G1 phase in DU145 and P3 cells. In DU145 cells, TBMS1 induced mitochondrial apoptosis, evidenced by ROS generation, mitochondrial dysfunction, endoplasmic reticulum stress, modulated Bcl-2 family protein and cleaved caspase-3, and activated ASK-1 and its downstream targets p38 and JNK. The G0/G1 phase arrest was linked to increased expression of p53 and p21 and decreased expression of cyclin E and cdk2. Co-treatment with Z-VAD-FMK (pan-caspase inhibitor) could attenuate TBMS1-induced apoptosis but did not prevent G0/G1 arrest. Moreover, co-treatment with NAC (ROS scavenger), SB203580 (p38 inhibitor), SP600125 (JNK inhibitor) or salubrinal (ER stress inhibitor) significantly attenuated TBMS1-induced apoptosis.

Conclusion: TBMS1 induces oxidative stress-mediated apoptosis in DU145 human prostate cancer cells in vitro via the mitochondrial pathway.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/aps.2016.34DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4933758PMC
July 2016

A research update on the potential roles of aquaporin 4 in neuroinflammation.

Acta Neurol Belg 2016 Jun 11;116(2):127-34. Epub 2015 Aug 11.

Department of Physiology, Dalian Medical University, Dalian, 116044, China.

The presence of aquaporins (AQPs) in the brain has led to intense research on the underlying roles of this family of proteins under both normal and pathological conditions. Aquaporin 4 (AQP4) is the major water-channel membrane protein expressed in the central nervous system (CNS), primarily in astrocytes. Emerging evidence suggests that AQP4 could play an important role in water and ion homeostasis in the brain, and it has been studied in various brain pathological conditions. However, far less is known about the potential for AQP4 to influence neuroinflammation and, furthermore, its potential role in neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). It has been suggested that the pathogenesis of many clinical diseases, such as neuromyelitis optica (NMO), multiple sclerosis (MS) and brain injuries, is related to the regulation of AQP4 expression. Investigating the effects of AQP4 on microglia and astrocytes could be important to understand its role in the pathogenesis of neuroinflammation. Although the exact roles of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in protection against the detrimental effects of neuroinflammation remain unclear, research into the possible neuroprotective effects of AQP4 against neuroinflammation regulation seems to be important for future investigations.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13760-015-0520-2DOI Listing
June 2016

Osmotic water permeability diversification in primary trophoblast cultures from aquaporin 1-deficient pregnant mice.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2015 Sep 25;41(9):1399-405. Epub 2015 May 25.

Central Research Laboratory, Jilin University Bethune Second Hospital, Changchun, China.

Aim: Aquaporins (AQP) are water channel proteins, and some play an important role in maternal-fetal fluid exchange. The present study aimed to measure the osmotic water permeability in primary cultures of trophoblast cells from AQP1-deficient (AQP1(-/-) ) pregnant mice and to define the quantitative role of AQP1 in water transport across the trophoblast plasma membrane.

Material And Methods: Trophoblast cells were obtained from placental tissue cell culture of AQP1(-/-) pregnant mice and were characterized by cytokeratin 7 immunostaining. The expression of the AQP1 gene in trophoblast cells of wild-type (AQP1(+/+) ) mice was confirmed by immunofluorescence. The osmotic water permeability of trophoblast plasma membranes was measured by a calcein fluorescence quenching method in response to osmotic gradients.

Results: A primary cell culture system for trophoblasts was successfully established. Immunofluorescence showed the expression of AQP1 in the trophoblast cell membrane of AQP1(+/+) mice. The osmotic water permeability of AQP1(-/-) trophoblast cells was significantly lower than that in AQP1(+/+) trophoblast cells, in response to both hypotonic and hypertonic challenges.

Conclusion: The results suggest an important role of AQP1-mediated plasma membrane water permeability in maternal-fetal fluid balance and also provide a potential direction for the identification of therapeutic targets for the treatment of abnormalities in amniotic fluid volume.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jog.12737DOI Listing
September 2015

The D₁ dopamine receptor agonist, SKF83959, attenuates hydrogen peroxide-induced injury in RGC-5 cells involving the extracellular signal-regulated kinase/p38 pathways.

Mol Vis 2012 1;18:2882-95. Epub 2012 Dec 1.

Department of Ophthalmology, Second Hospital of JiLin University, Changchun, China.

Purpose: Oxidative stress is widely implicated in the death of retinal ganglion cells associated with various optic neuropathies. Agonists of the dopamine D(1) receptor have recently been found to be potentially neuroprotective against oxidative stress-induced injury. The goal of this study was to investigate whether SKF83959, a next-generation high-affinity D(1) receptor agonist, could protect retinal ganglion cell 5 (RGC-5) cells from H(2)O(2)-induced damage and the molecular mechanism involved.

Methods: We examined expression of the D(1) receptor in RGC-5 cells with reverse-transcription-PCR and immunoblotting and assessed neuroprotection using propidium iodide staining and the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay. In addition, we monitored the activation and involvement of members of mitogen-activated protein kinase family, extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), p38 and c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase, with western blot and specific inhibitors.

Results: We found that the D(1) receptor was expressed in RGC-5 cells, but the sequence analysis suggested this cell line is from mouse and not rat origin. SKF83959 exhibited a remarkable neuroprotective effect on H(2)O(2)-damaged RGC-5 cells, which was blocked by the specific D(1) receptor antagonist, SCH23390. ERK and p38 were activated by SKF83959, and pretreatment with their inhibitors U0126 and SB203580, respectively, significantly blunted the SKF83959-induced cytoprotection. However, the specific c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase inhibitor, SP600125, had no effect on the SKF83959-induced protection.

Conclusions: We conclude that SKF83959 attenuates hydrogen peroxide-induced injury in RGC-5 cells via a mechanism involving activation of the ERK and p38 pathways and the D(1) receptor is a potential molecular target for developing neuroprotective drugs.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3519376PMC
May 2013

Visible light may directly induce nuclear DNA damage triggering the death pathway in RGC-5 cells.

Mol Vis 2011 15;17:3279-89. Epub 2011 Dec 15.

Department of Ophthalmology, Second Hospital of JiLin University, ChangChun, China.

Purpose: Visible light has been previously demonstrated to induce retinal ganglion cell (RGC)-5 cell death through the mitochondrial pathway. The present study was designed to determine whether visible light might also directly trigger the death pathway by damaging nuclear DNA.

Methods: RGC-5 cells were exposed to various intensities and durations of visible light exposure. Cell viability and death were monitored with the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay and propidium iodide staining. Nuclear DNA damage caused by light was determined with the plasmid assay, genome DNA assay, and in situ terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling. The subsequent activation of nuclear enzyme poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) was measured with western blot, and PARP-1's role in the death pathway was assessed by using specific inhibitors. Poly (ADP-ribose) glycohydrolase and apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) inhibitors were used to show their influence on light-induced cell death. Calcium influx was examined with the fura-2 assay and calcium channel blocker.

Results: We found that visible light induced RGC-5 cell death in a time- and intensity-dependent manner. After the light intensity was increased to 2,600 lx, activation of the death pathway in RGC-5 cells was clearly observed by detecting double-strand DNA breaks and nuclear DNA damage in vitro. Nuclear enzyme PARP-1 was promptly activated after exposure to 2,600 lx of light for 2 days, and specific inhibitors of PARP-1 had significant neuroprotective effects. The poly(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolase inhibitor tannic acid and AIF inhibitor N-phenylmaleimide partially protected RGC-5 cells from light injury. A massive calcium influx was detected after 2 days of light exposure, and a calcium channel blocker partially protected cells against light injury.

Conclusions: These results suggest that visible light exposure may directly cause nuclear DNA damage, which consequently activates PARP-1. In addition, RGC-5 cells damaged by 2,600 lx of light exposure can be used as an appropriate cell death model for screening neuroprotective drugs, since this treatment induced remarkable cell death within 2 days. Moreover, these results show that 2,600 lx of light exposure provides a more apparent activation of the death pathway than 1,000 lx of light exposure, which was used in a previous study.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3244485PMC
April 2012

Stimulation of Airway and Intestinal Mucosal Secretion by Natural Coumarin CFTR Activators.

Front Pharmacol 2011 27;2:52. Epub 2011 Sep 27.

School of life sciences, Liaoning Provincial Key Laboratory of Biotechnology and Drug Discovery, Liaoning Normal University Dalian, PR China.

Mutations of cystic fibrosis (CF) transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) cause lethal hereditary disease CF that involves extensive destruction and dysfunction of serous epithelium. Possible pharmacological therapy includes correction of defective intracellular processing and abnormal channel gating. In a previous study, we identified five natural coumarin potentiators of ΔF508-CFTR including osthole, imperatorin, isopsoralen, praeruptorin A, and scoparone. The present study was designed to determine the activity of these coumarine compounds on CFTR activity in animal tissues as a primary evaluation of their therapeutic potential. In the present study, we analyzed the affinity of these coumarin potentiators in activating wild-type CFTR and found that they are all potent activators. Osthole showed the highest affinity with K(d) values <50 nmol/L as determined by Ussing chamber short-circuit current assay. Stimulation of rat colonic mucosal secretion by osthole was tested by the Ussing chamber short-circuit current assay. Osthole reached maximal activation of colonic Cl(-) secretion at 5 μmol/L. Stimulation of mouse tracheal mucosal secretion was analyzed by optical measurement of single gland secretion. Fluid secretion rate of tracheal single submucosal gland stimulated by osthole at 10 μmol/L was three-fold more rapid than that in negative control. In both cases the stimulated secretions were fully abolished by CFTR(inh)-172. In conclusion, the effective stimulation of Cl(-) and fluid secretion in colonic and tracheal mucosa by osthole suggested the therapeutic potential of natural coumarin compounds for the treatment of CF and other CFTR-related diseases.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2011.00052DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3180640PMC
November 2011

Pregnant phenotype in aquaporin 8-deficient mice.

Acta Pharmacol Sin 2011 Jun 23;32(6):840-4. Epub 2011 May 23.

Department of Obstetrics, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Centre, Guangzhou Medical College, Guangzhou 510623, China.

Aim: Aquaporin 8 (AQP8) is expressed within the female reproductive system but its physiological function reminds to be elucidated. This study investigates the role of AQP8 during pregnancy using AQP8-knockout (AQP8-KO) mice.

Methods: Homozygous AQP8-KO mice were mated, and the conception rate was recorded. AQP8-KO pregnant mice or their offspring were divided into 5 subgroups according to fetal gestational day (7, 13, 16, 18 GD) and newborn. Wild type C57 pregnant mice served as the control group. The number of pregnant mice, total embryos and atrophic embryos, as well as fetal weight, placental weight and placental area were recorded for each subgroup. The amount of amniotic fluid in each sac at 13, 16, and 18 GD was calculated. Statistical significance was determined by analysis of variance of factorial design and chi-square tests.

Results: Conception rates did not differ significantly between AQP8-KO and wild type mice. AQP8-KO pregnant mice had a significantly higher number of embryos compared to wild type controls. Fetal/neonatal weight was also significantly greater in the AQP8-KO group compared to age-matched wild type controls. The amount of amniotic fluid was greater in AQP8-KO pregnant mice than wild type controls, although the FM/AFA (fetal weight/amniotic fluid amount) did not differ. While AQP8-KO placental weight was significantly larger than wild type controls, there was no evidence of placental pathology in either group.

Conclusion: The results suggest that AQP8 deficiency plays an important role in pregnancy outcome.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/aps.2011.45DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4009960PMC
June 2011

Expression and function of aquaporins in peripheral nervous system.

Acta Pharmacol Sin 2011 Jun 23;32(6):711-5. Epub 2011 May 23.

Central Research Laboratory, Jilin University Bethune Second Hospital, Changchun 130041, China.

The expression and role of the aquaporin (AQP) family water channels in the peripheral nervous system was less investigated. Since 2004, however, significant progress has been made in the immunolocalization, regulation and function of AQPs in the peripheral nervous system. These studies showed selective localization of three AQPs (AQP1, AQP2, and AQP4) in dorsal root ganglion neurons, enteric neurons and glial cells, periodontal Ruffini endings, trigeminal ganglion neurons and vomeronasal sensory neurons. Functional characterization in transgenic knockout mouse model revealed important role of AQP1 in pain perception. This review will summarize the progress in this field and discuss possible involvement of AQPs in peripheral neuropathies and their potential as novel drug targets.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/aps.2011.63DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4009970PMC
June 2011

Maternal-fetal fluid balance and aquaporins: from molecule to physiology.

Acta Pharmacol Sin 2011 Jun 23;32(6):716-20. Epub 2011 May 23.

Department of Obstetrics, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Centre, Guangzhou Medical College, Guangzhou 510623, China.

Maternal-fetal fluid balance is critical during pregnancy, and amniotic fluid is essential for fetal growth and development. The placenta plays a key role in a successful pregnancy as the interface between the mother and her fetus. Aquaporins (AQPs) form specific water channels that allow the rapid transcellular movement of water in response to osmotic/hydrostatic pressure gradients. AQPs expression in the placenta and fetal membranes may play important roles in the maternal-fetal fluid balance.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/aps.2011.59DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4009966PMC
June 2011

CFTR chloride channel as a molecular target of anthraquinone compounds in herbal laxatives.

Acta Pharmacol Sin 2011 Jun 23;32(6):834-9. Epub 2011 May 23.

School of Life Sciences, Liaoning Provincial Key Laboratory of Biotechnology and Drug Discovery, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, China.

Aim: To clarify whether CFTR is a molecular target of intestinal fluid secretion caused by the anthraquinone compounds from laxative herbal plants.

Methods: A cell-based fluorescent assay to measure I(-) influx through CFTR chloride channel. A short-circuit current assay to measure transcellular Cl(-) current across single layer FRT cells and freshly isolated colon mucosa. A closed loop experiment to measure colon fluid secretion in vivo.

Results: Anthraquinone compounds rhein, aloe-emodin and 1,8-dihydroxyanthraquinone (DHAN) stimulated I(-) influx through CFTR chloride channel in a dose-dependent manner in the presence of physiological concentration of cAMP. In the short-circuit current assay, the three compound enhanced Cl(-) currents in epithelia formed by CFTR-expressing FRT cells with EC(50) values of 73 ± 1.4, 56 ± 1.7, and 50 ± 0.5 μmol/L, respectively, and Rhein also enhanced Cl(-) current in freshly isolated rat colonic mucosa with a similar potency. These effects were completely reversed by the CFTR selective blocker CFTR(inh)-172. In in vivo closed loop experiments, rhein 2 mmol/L stimulated colonic fluid accumulation that was largely blocked by CFTR(inh)-172. The anthraquinone compounds did not elevate cAMP level in cultured FRT cells and rat colonic mucosa, suggesting a direct effect on CFTR activity.

Conclusion: Natural anthraquinone compounds in vegetable laxative drugs are CFTR potentiators that stimulated colonic chloride and fluid secretion. Thus CFTR chloride channel is a molecular target of vegetable laxative drugs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/aps.2011.46DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4009961PMC
June 2011

NPA motifs play a key role in plasma membrane targeting of aquaporin-4.

IUBMB Life 2010 Mar;62(3):222-6

Northeast Normal University, Changchun, China.

The two highly conserved NPA motifs (asparagine-proline-alanine, NPA) are the most important structural domains that play a crucial role in water-selective permeation in aquaporin water channels. However, the functions of NPA motifs in aquaporin (AQP) biogenesis remain largely unknown. Few AQP members with variations in NPA motifs such as AQP11 and AQP12 do not express in the plasma membrane, suggesting an important role of NPA motifs in AQP plasma membrane targeting. In this study, we examined the role of the two NPA motifs in AQP4 plasma membrane targeting by mutagenesis. We constructed a series of AQP4 mutants with NPA deletions or single amino acid substitutions in AQP4-M1 and AQP4-M23 isoforms and analyzed their expression patterns in transiently transfected FRT and COS-7 cells. Western blot analysis showed similar protein bands of all the AQP4 mutants and the wild-type AQP4. AQP4 immunofluorescence indicated that deletion of one or both NPA motifs resulted in defective plasma membrane targeting, with apparent retention in endoplasmic reticulum (ER). The A99T mutant mimicking AQP12 results in ER retention, whereas the A99C mutant mimicking AQP11 expresses normally in plasma membrane. Furthermore, the AQP4-M1 but not the M23 isoform with P98A substitution in the first NPA motif can target to the plasma membrane, indicating an interaction of N-terminal sequence of AQP4-M1 with the first NPA motif. These results suggest that NPA motifs play a key role in plasma membrane expression of AQP4 but are not involved in AQP4 protein synthesis and degradation. The NPA motifs may interact with other structural domains in the regulation of membrane trafficking during aquaporin biogenesis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/iub.311DOI Listing
March 2010

Reduced lung water transport rate associated with downregulation of aquaporin-1 and aquaporin-5 in aged mice.

Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol 2009 Jul 10;36(7):734-8. Epub 2009 Feb 10.

Membrane Channel Research Laboratory, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, PR China.

1. The purpose of the present study was to examine lung water transport properties and the expression and regulation of the alveolar endothelial water channel aquaporin (AQP)-1 and the epithelial water channel AQP-5 in aged mouse lung using gene expression analysis and water permeability measurements. 2. In aged (20-24-month-old) mice, AQP-1 and AQP-5 mRNA expression decreased by 55.5 and 50.3%, respectively, compared with that in young (8-10-week-old) mice (P < 0.01). In addition, AQP-1 and AQP-5 protein expression decreased in aged mice by 36.9 and 44.6%, respectively, compared with that in young mice (P < 0.01). 3. The osmotically driven water transport rate between the airspace and capillary compartments was reduced by 31.7% in aged mice compared with young mice (2.8 +/- 0.3 vs 4.1 +/- 0.3 mg/s, respectively; P < 0.01). The hydrostatically driven lung water accumulation rate in response to a 10 cmH(2)O increase in pulmonary artery pressure was also reduced in aged mice by 21.9% compared with young mice (0.32 +/- 0.06 vs 0.41 +/- 0.04 mg/s, respectively; P < 0.01). 4. There was a 62.7% decrease in serum glucocorticoids in aged mice compared with young mice (67.6 +/- 26.8 vs 181.3 +/- 44.4 nmol/L, respectively; P < 0.01). In vivo administration of dexamethasone (4 mg/kg) for 5 consecutive days to aged mice increased lung AQP-1 mRNA and protein expression by 2.1 +/- 0.1 fold (P < 0.01) and 1.8 +/- 0.2 fold (P < 0.01), respectively. Accordingly, osmotically and hydrostatically driven water transport rates increased by 35.6% (P < 0.01) and 31.2% (P < 0.01), respectively. 5. The present study provides the first evidence of altered lung water transport associated with downregulation of AQPs in aged lung. Blood glucocorticoid hormone levels are important to maintain normal AQP-1 expression in the lung microvascular endothelium. Corticosteroid-induced AQP-1 upregulation may contribute to the role of corticosteroids in accelerating oedema clearance in aged lung.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1681.2009.05156.xDOI Listing
July 2009

[Expression of glutathione S-transferase-aquaporin 1 carboxyl terminal domain fusion protein in Escherchia coli].

Fen Zi Xi Bao Sheng Wu Xue Bao 2008 Feb;41(1):81-5

Membrane Channel Research Laboratory, School of Life Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024.

We constructed a recombinant plasmid of water channel protein Aquaporin 1 (AQP1) carboxyl terminal domain (DNA sequence from 700bp-801bp) in pGEX-4T-1 vector and express the carboxyl terminal hydrophilic peptide AQP1 in E. coli. In this study, the DNA sequence of AQP1 hydrophilic peptide was amplified by PCR and was cloned into pGEX-4T-1 expression vector. After identified by restriction enzyme digestion and sequencing, the recombinant clone was transformed into the competent expression cells of E. coli BL21. The GST-AQP1 fusion protein was induced by IPTG and further purified by Glutathione Sepharose 4B to obtain a fusion protein with molecular weight of 30KD. So the fusion protein of AQP1 C-terminal hydrophilic peptide combined with GST was successfully expressed and purified. We set up important bases for the further research in AQP1 gene function.
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February 2008

Identification of natural coumarin compounds that rescue defective DeltaF508-CFTR chloride channel gating.

Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol 2008 Aug 21;35(8):878-83. Epub 2008 Apr 21.

Membrane Channel Research Laboratory, North-east Normal University, Changchun 130024, China.

1. Deletion of phenylalanine at position 508 (DeltaF508) of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) chloride channel is the most common mutation causing cystic fibrosis (CF). Effective pharmacological therapy of CF caused by the DeltaF508-CFTR mutation requires the rescue of both intracellular processing and channel gating defects. 2. We identified a class of natural coumarin compounds that can correct the defective DeltaF508-CFTR chloride channel gating by screening a collection of 386 single natural compounds from Chinese medicinal herbs. Screening was performed with an iodide influx assay in Fischer rat thyroid epithelial cells coexpressing DeltaF508-CFTR and an iodide-sensitive fluorescent indicator (YFP-H148Q/I152L). 3. Dose-dependent potentiation of defective DeltaF508-CFTR chloride channel gating by five coumarin compounds was demonstrated by the fluorescent iodide influx assay and confirmed by an Ussing chamber short-circuit current assay. Activation was fully abolished by the specific CFTR inhibitor CFTR(inh)-172. Two potent compounds, namely imperatorin and osthole, have activation K(d) values of approximately 10 micromol/L, as determined by the short-circuit current assay. The active coumarin compounds do not elevate intracellular cAMP levels. Activation of DeltaF508-CFTR by the coumarin compounds requires cAMP agonist, suggesting direct interaction with the mutant CFTR molecule. Kinetics analysis indicated rapid activation of DeltaF508-CFTR by the coumarin compounds, with half-maximal activation of < 5 min. The activating effect was fully reversed for all five active compounds 45 min after washout. 4. In conclusion, the natural coumarin DeltaF508-CFTR activators may represent a new class of natural lead compounds for the development of pharmacological therapies for CF caused by the DeltaF508 mutation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1681.2008.04943.xDOI Listing
August 2008

Water channel activity of plasma membrane affects chondrocyte migration and adhesion.

Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol 2008 Jan 17;35(1):7-10. Epub 2007 Oct 17.

Membrane Channel Research Laboratory, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, China.

1. Recent studies indicate that the aquaporin-1 (AQP1) water channel is expressed in human and equine articular chondrocytes. The role of AQP1 in chondrocyte function has not been characterized. In the present study, we investigated the expression of the AQP1 water channel in cultured articular chondrocytes from wild-type (AQP1(+/+)) and AQP1-knockout (AQP1(-/-)) mice and characterized its function in chondrocyte proliferation, migration and adhesion. 2. Expression of AQP1 mRNA and protein was identified in freshly isolated neonatal AQP(+/+) chondrocytes. Immunofluorescence localized the AQP1 protein to the plasma membrane of AQP(+/+) chondrocytes in primary cultures. Relative plasma membrane water permeability of AQP1(+/+) chondrocytes was approximately 1.6-fold higher than that of AQP1(-/-) chondrocytes. 3. The chondrocyte proliferation rate was not affected by AQP1 deletion. However, the serum-induced transwell migration rate of AQP1(-/-) chondrocytes was markedly reduced compared with AQP1(+/+) chondrocytes (16.2 +/- 0.2 vs 27.1 +/- 0.3%, respectively; P < 0.01). Cell adhesion to type II collagen-coated plates was also significantly reduced in AQP1(-/-) chondrocytes compared with AQP1(+/+) chondrocytes (38.1 +/- 0.3 vs 51 +/- 1%, respectively; P < 0.01). 4. The results provided direct evidence that AQP1-mediated plasma membrane water permeability plays an important role in chondrocyte migration and adhesion.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1681.2007.04808.xDOI Listing
January 2008

Aquaporins as potential drug targets.

Acta Pharmacol Sin 2006 Apr;27(4):395-401

Membrane Channel Research Laboratory, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China.

The aquaporins (AQP) are a family of integral membrane proteins that selectively transport water and, in some cases, small neutral solutes such as glycerol and urea. Thirteen mammalian AQP have been molecularly identified and localized to various epithelial, endothelial and other tissues. Phenotype studies of transgenic mouse models of AQP knockout, mutation, and in some cases humans with AQP mutations have demonstrated essential roles for AQP in mammalian physiology and pathophysiology, including urinary concentrating function, exocrine glandular fluid secretion, brain edema formation, regulation of intracranial and intraocular pressure, skin hydration, fat metabolism, tumor angiogenesis and cell migration. These studies suggest that AQP may be potential drug targets for not only new diuretic reagents for various forms of pathological water retention, but also targets for novel therapy of brain edema, inflammatory disease, glaucoma, obesity, and cancer. However, potent AQP modulators for in vivo application remain to be discovered.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-7254.2006.00318.xDOI Listing
April 2006

Cloning and characterization of porcine aquaporin 1 water channel expressed extensively in gastrointestinal system.

World J Gastroenterol 2006 Feb;12(7):1092-7

Membrane Channel Research Laboratory, Northeast Normal University, 5268 Renmin Street,Changchun 130024, Jilin Province, China.

Aim: To clone and characterize the porcine aquaporins (AQPs) in the gastrointestinal system.

Methods: A PCR-based cloning strategy and RACE were used to clone full-length AQP coding sequence from reversely transcribed pig liver cDNA. Stopped-flow light scattering and a YFP-based fluorescence method were used to measure the osmotic water permeability of erythrocytes and the stably transfected CHO cells. RT-PCR, Northern blot, and immunohistochemistry were used to determine the gastrointestinal expression and localization of cloned AQPs. Protein expression in transfected cells and red blood cells was analyzed by Western blot.

Results: An 813 bp cDNA encoding a 271 amino acid porcine aquaporin (designated pAQP1) was cloned from liver mRNA (pAQP1 has a 93% identity with human AQP1 and contains two NPA motifs conserved in AQP family, one consensus sequence for N-linked glycosylation, and one mercury-sensitive site at cysteine 191). RT-PCR analysis revealed extensive expression of pAQP1 mRNA in porcine digestive glands and gut. Northern blot showed a single 3.0 kb transcript in selected digestive organs. pAQP1 protein was localized at central lacteals of the small intestine, microvessles of salivary glands, as well as epithelium of intrahepatic bile ducts by immunoperoxydase. High osmotic water permeability that is inhibitable by HgCl2 was detected in porcine erythrocytes and CHO cells stably transfected with pAQP1 cDNA. Immunoblot analysis of porcine erythrocytes and pAQP-transfected CHO cells revealed an unglycosylated 28 ku band and larger glycosylated proteins.

Conclusion: pAQP1 is the first porcine aquaporin that can be molecularly identified so far. The broad distribution of pAQP1 in epithelium and endothelium of porcine digestive organs may suggest an important role of channel-mediated water transport in fluid secretion/absorption as well as in digestive function and pathophysiology of the gastrointestinal system.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4087902PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.3748/wjg.v12.i7.1092DOI Listing
February 2006
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