Publications by authors named "Tomomasa Tochio"

16 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Ischemic hepatitis with infectious endocarditis: A case report.

Biomed Rep 2021 Nov 22;15(5):97. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Department of Gastroenterology, Suzuka General Hospital, Suzuka, Mie 513-8630, Japan.

A 58-year-old woman was admitted to Suzuka General Hospital with fever. She was diagnosed with infectious endocarditis based on the presence of anterior mitral leaflet vegetation on the echocardiography analysis and isolation of by blood culture. During treatment, the hepatic enzymes levels, including aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) were increased without any abdominal symptoms. Prolonged prothrombin time (PT) and prothrombin time international normalized ratio were observed, and acute hepatic failure was diagnosed. However, the hepatic injury resolved spontaneously with restoration of the PT value after the hepatic enzymes (AST, ALT, LDH and ALP) peaked. Diffusion-weighted imaging of hepatic magnetic resonance imaging showed diffuse high intensity of the entire liver except for part of the left lobe. The hepatic injury was diagnosed as ischemic hepatitis caused by embolization from the vegetation associated with infectious endocarditis. The recovery from hepatic ischemia was thought to be due to hepatic blood supply from extrahepatic collateral blood. After antibiotic treatment, the patient underwent resection of the vegetation on the anterior mitral valve leaflet. Hepatic artery occlusion is rare, but it may cause severe hepatic complications. During follow-up of infectious endocarditis, clinicians should be aware of the potential for whole organ ischemic damage caused by vessel occlusion, as well as hepatic ischemic damage.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/br.2021.1473DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8493543PMC
November 2021

Early stage clear cell adenocarcinoma coexisting with tubular adenoma and adenoma with clear cell change in the colon.

Clin J Gastroenterol 2021 Apr 8;14(2):589-593. Epub 2021 Jan 8.

Department of Clinical Laboratory Medicine, Shiga University of Medical Science, 520-2192, Seta Tsukinowa, Otsu, Shiga, Japan.

Primary clear cell adenocarcinoma (CCA) of the colorectum is rare. We report a case of a 57-year-old man with early-stage CCA with conventional tubular adenoma and tubular adenoma with clear cell change in the transverse colon, diagnosed with image-enhanced endoscopy. The tumor was then treated with endoscopic submucosal dissection. The endoscopic findings characteristic of clear cell adenoma/adenocarcinoma could not be identified. Therefore, similar diagnostic tools as for conventional colorectal adenoma/cancer were considered. The pathogenesis of the clear cell change was unknown, but it might appear with the progression of the malignancy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12328-020-01334-xDOI Listing
April 2021

Clinical importance of cold polypectomy during the insertion phase in the left side of the colon and rectum: a multicenter randomized controlled trial (PRESECT study).

Gastrointest Endosc 2020 04 24;91(4):917-924. Epub 2019 Dec 24.

Gastrointestinal Center, Sano Hospital, Kobe, Japan.

Background And Aims: Colorectal polyps are often detected during the insertion phase of colonoscopy but are commonly removed during the withdrawal phase. We aimed to investigate the clinical advantages of instant removal of colorectal polyps during the insertion phase to determine the appropriate strategy for polyps detected on insertion.

Methods: This prospective, multicenter, randomized trial targeted patients with at least 1 left-sided polyp <10 mm in size detected unintentionally on endoscope insertion from April 2018 to March 2019. Patients were allocated to the following 2 groups: study group, consisting of patients who had polyp removal instantly on insertion, and control group, comprising patients who had the endoscope inserted to the cecum first and polyps removed subsequently on withdrawal. Carbon dioxide gas insufflation and cold polypectomy were applied to minimize the influences of polypectomy on endoscope insertion. Twenty advanced endoscopists from 7 community-based institutions participated in this trial.

Results: Of 1451 patients enrolled, 220 patients were eligible for full assessment. Mean total procedure time was significantly shorter in the study group (18.9 vs 22.3 minutes, P < .001). Mean pure cecal intubation time and number of polyps per patient were similar between the 2 groups. In the control group, among 107 polyps found during insertion, 48 (45.8%) required reinspection and 7 (6.5%) were completely missed, with an average reinspection time of approximately 3 minutes.

Conclusions: Polypectomy during the insertion phase in the colon and rectum significantly shortens the total procedure time and eliminates all missed polyps without experiencing any disadvantages.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gie.2019.12.019DOI Listing
April 2020

Effective use of the Japan Narrow Band Imaging Expert Team classification based on diagnostic performance and confidence level.

World J Clin Cases 2019 Sep;7(18):2658-2665

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Kindai University, Osaka 5895811, Japan.

Five years have passed since the Japan Narrow Band Imaging Expert Team (JNET) classification was proposed in 2014. However, the diagnostic performance of this classification has not yet been established. We conducted a retrospective study and a systematic search of Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System On-Line. There were three retrospective single center studies about the diagnostic performance of this classification. In order to clarify this issue, we reviewed our study and three previous studies. This review revealed the diagnostic performance in regards to three important differentiations. (1) Neoplasia from non-neoplasia; (2) malignant neoplasia from benign neoplasia; and (3) deep submucosal invasive cancer (D-SMC) from other neoplasia. The sensitivity in differentiating neoplasia from non-neoplasia was 98.1%-99.8%. The specificity in differentiating malignant neoplasia from benign neoplasia was 84.7%-98.2% and the specificity in the differentiation D-SMC from other neoplasia was 99.8%-100.0%. This classification would enable endoscopists to identify almost all neoplasia, to appropriately determine whether to perform en bloc resection or not, and to avoid unnecessary surgery. This article is the first review about the diagnostic performance of the JNET classification. Previous reports about the diagnostic performance have all been retrospective single center studies. A large-scale prospective multicenter evaluation study is awaited for the validation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12998/wjcc.v7.i18.2658DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6789391PMC
September 2019

The spontaneous clearance of hepatitis E virus (HEV) and emergence of HEV antibodies in a transfusion-transmitted chronic hepatitis E case after completion of chemotherapy for acute myeloid leukemia.

Clin J Gastroenterol 2020 Apr 24;13(2):252-259. Epub 2019 Jul 24.

Division of Virology, Department of Infection and Immunity, Jichi Medical University School of Medicine, 3311-1 Yakushiji, Shimotsuke, Tochigi, 329-0498, Japan.

A 64-year-old woman was infected with hepatitis E virus (HEV) during chemotherapy for leukemia. By retrospective analyses of stored serum from the blood products and the patient, the source of the infection was determined to be platelet concentration (PC) transfused during chemotherapy. The partial nucleotide sequence of the HEV strain isolated from the donated PC and that from the patient's sera was identical and was subgenotype 3b. Clinical indicators such as alanine aminotransferase, HEV RNA titer, and anti-HEV antibodies in the serum were investigated from the beginning of the infection until 1 year after the termination of HEV infection. HEV RNA had propagated over 6 months and then cleared spontaneously after the completion of chemotherapy. Anti-HEV antibodies appeared in the serum just before the clearance of HEV RNA. Interestingly, HEV RNA was detected in the patient's urine, spinal fluid, and saliva. The HEV RNA titers in those samples were much lower than in the serum and feces. No renal, neurological, or salivary gland disorders appeared during the follow-up. We observed virological and biochemical progress and cure of transfusion-transmitted chronic hepatitis E in the patient despite an immunosuppressive status during and after chemotherapy against hematological malignancy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12328-019-01024-3DOI Listing
April 2020

Hepatic Injury without Granulomatous Formation Associated with Intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guérin Therapy.

Intern Med 2019 May 10;58(10):1429-1432. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Department of Pathology, Suzuka General Hospital, Japan.

A 74-year-old man developed hepatic injury after intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) therapy for bladder carcinoma. Although hepatitis-associated disseminated BCG was suspected, granulomatous formations were undetectable. The hepatic injury was considered to have resulted from an allergic reaction to BCG therapy because a histopathological assessment revealed enlarged portal areas with eosinophils and neutrophils. The hepatic injury was resolved by prednisolone. This case suggested that hepatic injury associated with BCG therapy might be due to an allergic mechanism unrelated to disseminated BCG disease. A liver biopsy is needed to confirm the histopathological findings of hepatic injury after BCG therapy in order to differentiate allergic hepatic injury from infectious hepatic injury.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.2073-18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6548914PMC
May 2019

Early stage clear cell adenocarcinoma of the colon examined in detail with image-enhanced endoscopy: a case report.

Clin J Gastroenterol 2018 Dec 30;11(6):465-469. Epub 2018 Jul 30.

Department of Pathology, Niigata Cancer Center Hospital, 2-15-3, Kawagishicho, Chuo-ku, Niigata-Shi, Niigata, Japan.

Primary clear cell adenocarcinoma (CCA) of the colorectum is a rare tumor. We report on a 48-year-old man with early stage CCA in the descending colon who underwent detailed examination with image-enhanced endoscopy, such as magnifying endoscopy with narrow-band imaging and crystal violet staining. The tumor was treated successfully with endoscopic mucosal resection at our hospital.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12328-018-0889-6DOI Listing
December 2018

Gastric adenocarcinoma coexisting with a reddish semipedunculated polyp arising from Helicobacter pylori-negative normal gastric mucosa: a report of two cases.

Clin J Gastroenterol 2018 Dec 18;11(6):481-486. Epub 2018 Jul 18.

Happy GI Clinic, 2-9-33 Honmachi, Kameyama, Mie, Japan.

We experienced two cases of adenocarcinoma coexisting with a hyperplastic polyp arising from Helicobacter pylori-negative normal gastric mucosa. The first case was of a 59-year-old man. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed a protruding lesion measuring 4 mm in diameter on the greater curvature of the middle gastric body. The second case was of a 47-year-old man. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy showed a protruding lesion measuring 5 mm located at the greater curvature of the upper gastric body. The absence of atrophic changes in the entire gastric mucosa was confirmed endoscopically in both cases. Multiple H. pylori tests were all negative. Endoscopically, these protruding lesions appeared as reddish, semipedunculated polyps. Hyperplastic polyps were suspected based on white light endoscopic findings. Magnified endoscopy with narrow band imaging could not predict the coexistence of cancer. However, histopathological examination of the resected specimen revealed focal cancer at the surface of the gastric hyperplastic polyps. Considering the possibility that cancer may be coexisting in polyps, when reddish polyps are detected in H. pylori-negative normal gastric mucosa, it is important to perform a biopsy, or a careful follow-up endoscopy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12328-018-0887-8DOI Listing
December 2018

A case of diminished pericardial effusion after treatment of a giant hepatic cyst.

Clin J Gastroenterol 2017 Aug 18;10(4):377-382. Epub 2017 May 18.

Department of Cardiology, Suzuka General Hospital, 1275-53 Yasuduka-cho, Suzuka, Mie, 513-8630, Japan.

A 75-year-old woman was discovered to have a pericardial effusion when she was admitted to our hospital because of a giant hepatic cyst. We could not detect the cause of the effusion and diagnosed idiopathic pericardial effusion. The patient underwent transcutaneous drainage of the hepatic cyst and an injection of antibiotics. There was no communication between the pericardial effusion and the hepatic cyst. Although the hepatic cyst was reduced in size, the pericardial effusion showed no remarkable change immediately after treatment; however, 5 months later, the pericardial effusion was found to be diminished. The pericardial effusion might have been caused by the physical pressure of the giant hepatic cyst and disturbance in the balance between the production and reabsorption of the pericardial fluid. When we experience a huge hepatic cyst, we should take into account its influence against the surrounding organs, including the intrapleural space.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12328-017-0748-xDOI Listing
August 2017

Hemostasis by esophageal stent placement for management of esophageal tumor bleeding:a case report.

Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi 2016 ;113(12):2029-2034

Department of Gastroenterology, Suzuka General Hospital.

A 67-year-old male was diagnosed with advanced esophageal cancer. A computed tomography scan showed multiple intra-abdominal lymphadenopathies. Because the tumor was thought to be unresectable, we initiated chemotherapy. Twelve months later, the patient was admitted to our hospital because of hematemesis. Gastroduodenoscopy revealed oozing bleeding from the esophageal tumor. Hemostasis was not achieved with conservative treatment, and frequent blood transfusions were required. Endoscopic hemostasis was difficult to achieve because of the malignant esophageal stenosis. To treat the malignant esophageal stricture and esophageal tumor bleeding, we attempted to insert an esophageal covered self-expandable metallic stent. After the procedure, hemostasis was achieved by mechanical tamponade. Here we report a rare case of esophageal tumor bleeding that was managed with mechanical tamponade using an esophageal covered self-expandable metallic stent.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.11405/nisshoshi.113.2029DOI Listing
May 2017

An impacted minor papilla stone in a patient with pancreas divisum that caused acute exacerbation of chronic pancreatitis: a case report.

Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi 2016 ;113(11):1916-1922

Department of Gastroenterology, Suzuka General Hospital.

A 75-year-old woman with epigastric pain was admitted to our emergency department. She was diagnosed with an acute exacerbation of chronic pancreatitis based on the results of blood tests and abdominal computed tomography (CT). The abdominal CT and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography revealed pancreas divisum. Abdominal CT also showed a stone in the minor papilla, with impaction of the stone being the most likely cause of the acute episode. Therefore, endoscopic sphincterotomy of the minor papilla and endoscopic naso-pancreatic duct drainage were performed to remove the stone and decrease the internal pressure of the pancreatic duct. These procedures improved the patient's clinical status. The naso-pancreatic drainage tube was removed, and her pancreatitis has not recurred. Herein, we report a rare case of an impacted minor papilla stone in a patient with pancreas divisum that caused an acute exacerbation of chronic pancreatitis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.11405/nisshoshi.113.1916DOI Listing
March 2017

A case of gastric crystal-storing histiocytosis.

Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi 2016 ;113(6):968-74

Department of Gastroenterology, JA Suzuka General Hospital.

A 54-year-old male patient underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, which revealed a 25-mm brown region in the angular section of the greater curvature of the stomach. The region was histologically determined to be gastric mucosa with an accumulation of histiocytes containing eosinophilic substances in the cytoplasm and chronic inflammatory cell infiltration. Histiocytes were immunohistologically positive for CD68, IgG, and κ. Based on these findings, the patient was diagnosed with gastric crystal-storing histiocytosis comprised of histiocytes phagocytosing IgG-κ-type immunoglobulin. This is a rare disease of which there have been no previous reports that included long-term follow-up. Here, we report the case with a literature review.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.11405/nisshoshi.113.968DOI Listing
February 2017

[Acute obstructive suppurative pancreatic ductitis after endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography in a patient with carcinoma of the pancreatic head:a case report].

Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi 2016 ;113(2):289-95

Department of Gastroenterology, Suzuka General Hospital.

An 85-year-old woman with jaundice was referred to our hospital where she was diagnosed with obstructive jaundice due to carcinoma of the pancreatic head based on blood tests and abdominal computed tomography (CT). We performed endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for biliary drainage, but 5 days after the procedure, she complained of epigastric pain. Laboratory data revealed an elevated white blood cell count and a high serum amylase concentration. Follow-up CT 6 days after the ERCP revealed that the main pancreatic duct diameter had increased since the time of admission. Therefore, ERCP was performed for pancreatic ductal drainage. Purulent pancreatic juice was drained by endoscopic placement of a nasopancreatic drainage tube in the main pancreatic duct, resulting in marked alleviation of clinical symptoms;however, after removal of the tube, the abdominal pain recurred. Subsequent endoscopic placement of a pancreatic stent improved her clinical status once again. Herein, we report this rare case of acute obstructive suppurative pancreatic ductitis in a patient with carcinoma of the pancreatic head.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.11405/nisshoshi.113.289DOI Listing
February 2017

A case of a resectable single hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma with characteristic imaging by ADC map.

Clin J Gastroenterol 2015 Dec 7;8(6):406-13. Epub 2015 Oct 7.

Department of Surgery, Suzuka General Hospital, 1275-53 Yasuduka-cho, Suzuka, Mie, 513-8630, Japan.

A 47-year-old woman with a single-nodule hepatic tumor was referred to our hospital. She had no symptoms. The tumor was located at the surface of the right lobe of the liver; it showed peripheral low signal intensity on a magnetic resonance imaging apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) map, and an influx of blood flow into the peripheral area of the tumor at the early vascular phase on perflubutane microbubble (Sonazoid(®)) contrast-enhanced (CE) ultrasonography. Since we suspected a malignant tumor, the patient underwent surgical resection. The hepatic tumor was resected curatively. Pathological examination revealed that the tumor was composed of epithelioid cells with an epithelioid structure and/or cord-like structure. Immunohistochemical staining was positive for cluster of differentiation 34 and factor VIII-related antigen. Based on the above, a final diagnosis of hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE) was made. Hepatic EHE is a rare hepatic tumor: only a few cases of hepatic EHE with curative resection have been reported. We were unable to reach a diagnosis of hepatic EHE by imaging studies; however, an ADC map was useful in showing the malignant potential of the tumor, and CE ultrasonography was useful in revealing the peripheral blood flow of the tumor. When an unusual hepatic mass is encountered, hepatic EHE should be kept in mind, and the mass should be inspected with more than one imaging modality, including an ADC map, in the process of differential diagnosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12328-015-0604-9DOI Listing
December 2015

A case of a stomach gastrointestinal stromal tumor with extremely predominant cystic formation.

Clin J Gastroenterol 2015 Aug 26;8(4):197-201. Epub 2015 Jun 26.

Department of Gastroenterology, Suzuka General Hospital, 1275-53, Yasuduka-cho, Suzuka, Mie, 513-8630, Japan,

A 79-year-old male was referred to the hospital with a history of abdominal discomfort. Abdominal computed tomography revealed a cystic tumor with irregular wall thickness, approximately 50 mm in diameter, along the lesser curvature of the gastric body. Magnetic resonance imaging visualized the mass as signal-hyperintense on T2-weighted imaging. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy showed a submucosal tumor with normal mucosa. Surgery was performed and the 60 × 50 × 50 mm mass was resected. The resected tumor comprised cystic and solid regions; the cystic region was filled by light bloody serous fluid. On histological examination, a solid region of the resected tumor showed a spindle-cell appearance. The diagnosis was gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) with predominant cystic formation. GISTs are usually solitary tumors, but in this case the tumor demonstrated extremely predominant cystic formation. Lesions with a hemorrhage or necrosis may form large cystic spaces. GISTs may show extensive cystic changes in response to tyrosine kinase inhibitor treatment; however, this patient had not undergone any such treatment before diagnosis. This represents an interesting case of a gastric GIST with predominant cystic formation occupying most of the tumor volume. Care should be taken to differentiate between GISTs and actual intra-abdominal cystic lesions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12328-015-0577-8DOI Listing
August 2015
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