Publications by authors named "Tommaso Candian"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Outcome of cataract surgery in children affected by malignancies other than retinoblastoma with eye-lens radiation exposure.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2021 Apr 10:11206721211009445. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

San Paolo Ophthalmic Center, San Antonio Hospital - University Hospital, Padova, Italy.

Purpose: To describe, retrospectively, the visual outcome, feasibility, and safety of cataract surgery in a pediatric population affected by iatrogenic cataract, secondary to systemic oncological treatment for malignancies other than retinoblastoma.

Methods: Young patients, affected by radiation-induced cataract, who were referred to the San Paolo Ophthalmic Center in Padova between 2010 and 2017, were included in the study. All patients had previously received radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy treatment for malignancies, between 2004 and 2013. All medical records of infants who underwent cataract surgery were accurately reviewed.

Results: Eighteen eyes out of 11 patients included in the study underwent cataract surgery. The age at surgery was 9.7 ± 3.6 years. The interval between tumor diagnosis and cataract development was around 3 years. Mean follow-up after surgery was 15.4 ± 6.3 months. All eyes underwent posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation, posterior capsulotomy, and anterior vitrectomy in one time surgery. No intraoperative complications were shown. Post-operatively, only one eye received laser capsulotomy due to posterior capsule opacification. At the end of follow up, best-corrected visual acuity was 20/20 (LogMAR 0) in all eyes and significantly improved ( < 0.01) compared to baseline.

Conclusions: Iatrogenic-cataract surgery in pediatric oncological patients is a safe and effective way to improve visual acuity. Posterior capsulotomy and anterior vitrectomy at the time of surgery reduce the rate of posterior lens opacification and guarantee an excellent visual acuity in these patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/11206721211009445DOI Listing
April 2021

Intraocular Pressure Changes during Femtosecond Laser-Assisted Cataract Surgery: A Comparison between Two Different Patient Interfaces.

J Ophthalmol 2019 25;2019:5986895. Epub 2019 Sep 25.

Eye Clinic, Department of Medicine, Surgery and Health Sciences, University of Trieste, Trieste 34129, Italy.

Purpose: The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to evaluate intraocular pressure (IOP) changes during femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) using two different patient interface systems.

Methods: 116 eyes of 116 patients scheduled for cataract surgery were divided into 2 groups: group 1 (61 eyes) and group 2 (55 eyes) underwent FLACS using Catalys Laser with fluid interface (liquid optics interface, LOI) and LenSx Laser with curved interface and soft contact lens (SoftFit), respectively. IOP was assessed using a portable rebound tonometer (Icare®) preoperatively, after docking, immediately after surgery, at one and seven days postoperatively.

Results: In group 1, the mean IOP (±SD) was 14.1 ± 0.4 mmHg before surgery, 33.2 ± 1.1 mmHg after docking, and 21.4 ± 0.9 mmHg immediately after surgery. In group 2, the mean IOP was 13.8 ± 0.4 mmHg before surgery, 24.2 ± 1.4 mmHg after docking, and 20.2 ± 1.2 mmHg immediately after surgery. After the docking procedure, a statistically significant increase in IOP from the baseline was found in both groups ( < 0.001). Moreover, no statistically significant difference in IOP measured at 1 and 7 days postoperatively was observed compared with the preoperative values ( > 0.05) using both laser platforms. No intraoperative and postoperative complications were observed.

Conclusions: FLACS suction phase resulted in a transient increase of IOP in both groups, especially with the LOI system, and it is probably related to the greater pressure of a suction ring and suction generated through the vacuum, independently from the effect of femtosecond laser itself.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/5986895DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6778884PMC
September 2019

Scanning Electron Microscopy Analysis of the Anterior Capsulotomy Edge: A Comparative Study between Femtosecond Laser-Assisted Capsulotomy and Manual Capsulorhexis.

J Ophthalmol 2018 14;2018:8620150. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Medicine, Surgery and Health Sciences, University of Trieste, Piazza Ospedale 1, 34129 Trieste, Italy.

Purpose: To compare the capsule edges ultrastructure obtained by two femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) platforms and manual continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis (CCC) using scanning electron microscopy (SEM).

Setting: Eye Clinic, University of Trieste, Italy.

Design: Experimental comparative study.

Methods: 150 anterior capsules were collected and divided into three groups as follows: Group 1 (50 capsules) obtained with manual CCC, Groups 2 and 3 (each with 50 capsules) obtained with the Catalys Laser and the LenSx Laser, respectively. All samples were imaged by means of SEM and regularity of the cut surface, and thickness of the capsule edge were evaluated and compared.

Results: All femtosecond laser (FSL) capsules were perfectly circular, whereas some alteration of the circular shape was observed in the manual ones. Group 1 showed a smooth and regular capsule edge without any surface irregularity, conversely Groups 2 and 3 showed postage-stamp perforations on the capsule edge. The cut surface irregularity value in Group 2 was 1.4 ± 0.63, while it was 0.7 ± 0.49 in Group 3 ( < 0.05). Group 1 had a significantly lower thickness of the capsule edge than the FSL groups ( < 0.05). No statistically significant difference in the capsule edge thickness between the FSL groups was found (=0.244).

Conclusions: Despite the presence of slight cut surface irregularities, both FSL capsulotomies showed a better geometry and circularity than the manual ones. Capsulotomy specimens obtained using both FSL capsulotomies showed laser-induced alterations of the capsule edge when compared with smooth and regular edges obtained using manual CCC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8620150DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6261235PMC
November 2018

Tracing Males From Different Continents by Genotyping JC Polyomavirus in DNA From Semen Samples.

J Cell Physiol 2017 05 20;232(5):982-985. Epub 2016 Nov 20.

Department of Morphology, Surgery and Experimental Medicine, Section of Pathology, Oncology Experimental Biology, Laboratories of Cell Biology and Molecular Genetics, Ferrara, Italy.

The human JC polyomavirus (JCPyV) is an ubiquitous viral agent infecting approximately 60% of humans. Recently, JCPyV sequences have been detected in semen samples. The aim of this investigation was to test whether semen JCPyV genotyping can be employed to trace the origin continent of males. Semen DNA samples (n = 170) from males of different Continents were investigated by PCR for the polymorphic JCPyV viral capsid protein 1 (VP1) sequences, followed by DNA sequencing. JCPyV sequences were detected with an overall prevalence of 27.6% (47/170). DNA sequencing revealed that European males carried JCPyV types 1A (71.4%), 4 (11.4%), 2B (2.9%), 2D1 (2.9%), and 3A (2.9%). Asians JCPyV type 2D1 (66.7%) and Africans JCPyV types 3A (33.3%) and 1A (33.3%). In 10.6% of males, two different JCPyV genotypes were detected, suggesting that the second JCPyV genotype was acquired in the destination country. This study indicates that the majority of semen samples found to be JCPyV-positive, were infected with the JCPyV genotype found in the geographic area of male origin. Therefore, semen JCPyV genotyping could be employed to trace the origin continent of males. Our findings could be applied to forensic investigations, in case of for instance sexual crimes. Indeed, JCPyV genotyping should enable investigators to make additional detailed profiling of the offender. J. Cell. Physiol. 232: 982-985, 2017. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcp.25686DOI Listing
May 2017