Publications by authors named "Tomislav Bunjevac"

3 Publications

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Predicting symptom clusters of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in Croatian war veterans: the role of socio-demographics, war experiences and subjective quality of life.

Psychiatr Danub 2014 Sep;26(3):231-8

Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital Centre Zagreb, Kišpatićeva 12, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia,

Background: Previous research has documented multiple chains of risk in the development of PTSD among war veterans. However, existing studies were mostly carried out in the West, while they also did not analyze specific symptom clusters of PTSD. The aim of this study was to examine the role of socio-demographic characteristics, war experiences and subjective quality of life in the prediction of three clusters of PTSD symptoms (i.e., avoidance, intrusion, hyperarousal).

Subjects And Methods: This study comprised 184 male participants who have survived war imprisonment during the Croatian Homeland War in the period from 1991 to 1995. The data was collected through several self-report measuring instruments: questionnaire on socio-demographic data, war experiences (Questionnaire on Traumatic Combat and War Experiences), subjective quality of life (WHO-Five Well-being Index), and PTSD symptoms (Impact of Events Scale - Revised).

Results: The level of three symptom clusters of PTSD was found to be moderate to high, as indicated by the scores on the IES-R. Results of the three hierarchical regression analyses showed the following: traumatic war experiences were significant predictors of avoidance symptoms; traumatic war experiences and subjective quality of life were significant predictors of hyperarousal symptoms; and traumatic war experiences, material status and subjective quality of life were significant predictors of intrusion symptoms.

Conclusions: These findings support the widespread belief that the development of war-related PTSD is accounted for by multiple chains of risk, while traumatic war experiences seem to be the only predictor of all three symptom clusters. Future research should put more emphasis on specific PTSD symptom clusters when investigating the etiopathogenesis of this disorder among war-affected populations.
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September 2014

Development of a new chewing function questionnaire for assessment of a self-perceived chewing function.

Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2013 Dec 1;41(6):565-73. Epub 2013 Apr 1.

Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dental Medicine, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.

Objective: To develop a new unidimensional questionnaire for patients' self-assessment of their chewing function (chewing function questionnaire: CFQ) and to test its psychometric properties.

Methods: A focus group of 7 dentists and 15 prosthodontic patients generated a pool of 30 relevant items. A 5-point Likert scale (0-4) was used. A focus group reduced some redundant items, and 21 items remained for pilot testing after which additional four items were eliminated. Then, the 17-item questionnaire was tested on a larger sample (200 participants). Factor analysis was obtained to investigate the dimensionality of the questionnaire. Finally the 10 items remained, and the CFQ was unidimensional. To test the psychometric properties, the CFQ was administrated to 224 individuals: 100 patients were already removable denture wearers (RDWs), 24 patients needed a removable prosthodontic treatment, and 100 individuals had natural teeth (NT group). Discriminative validity was tested between the RDWs and the NT groups. Convergent validity and internal consistency were tested on 200 subjects. The internal consistency was assessed by calculating the Cronbach's alpha coefficient and the average interitem correlation. The test-retest reliability was tested on 60 subjects. Responsiveness was tested on 24 patients who received new removable prosthodontic treatment.

Results: The initial factor analysis revealed that the items had been grouped in three different dimensions. By eliminating items with complexities greater than one, additional six questions were eliminated. One more item with the lowest correlation was further eliminated. The final questionnaire included 10 items. Discriminative validity showed significant differences between the NT group and the RDWs, as predicted (P < 0.001). Convergent validity was confirmed by the Spearman's rank correlation. A significant positive association (P < 0.001) was found between the CFQ and one general question about chewing difficulties, as well as between the CFQ and five items from the OHIP49 related to chewing. The test-retest reliability showed high intraclass correlation and no significant differences between the two administrations of the CFQ (P > 0.05). The internal consistency showed satisfactory Cronbach's alpha values (0.916 for all subjects, 0.742 for the NT group, and 0.852 for the RDWs). Responsiveness was confirmed by a significant difference between the baseline and the follow-up score (P < 0.001) and a high effect size (0.95).

Conclusions: The developed CFQ provides an assessment instrument of the hypothetical construct invoked to explain the chewing function. Psychometric properties are satisfactory demonstrating that the instrument is suitable for the assessment of a self-perceived chewing function.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdoe.12048DOI Listing
December 2013

Self-assessment of well-being as an indicator of quality of life of former war prisoners - A Croatian study.

Coll Antropol 2011 Jan;35 Suppl 1:199-204

University of Zagreb, Zagreb University Hospital Center, Department of Psychiatry, Zagreb, Croatia.

The impact of war on the population is vast, especially when it comes to those who were directly affected by war, among other things as concentration camp detainees. Because of the specific war experience of this population it is important to better understand the possible contribution of key socio-demographic variables, war traumatization and acute disturbances in mental health to their subjective assessment of their own well-being, which represents a psychological category and is based on a subjective assessment. The starting point is a theoretical precept according to which individual characteristics, together with war experience, can have repercussions on mental health, and eventually on the general well-being of an individual and their quality of life. The study comprised 184participants who had given their informed consent for participation and filled out complete questionnaires. The participants were a convenience sample of male persons who had survived war captivity in the Homeland War in the period from 1991 to 1995. The study was conducted as part of the physical examinations at the University Hospital "Fran Mihaljević" in Zagreb. The data was collected using several self-evaluation measuring instruments one of which served to collect socio-demographic data, two to collect data on the participants' mental health, one for the data on the participants' combat and war experiences and one to assess the participants' well-being. The data obtained suggest that only avoidance and arousal symptoms and psychosomatic difficulties are predictors of the well-being of persons who have experienced war captivity.
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January 2011