Publications by authors named "Tobias Terzer"

7 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Comparison of Proteomic Technologies for Blood-Based Detection of Colorectal Cancer.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Jan 26;22(3). Epub 2021 Jan 26.

Division of Preventive Oncology, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ) and National Center for Tumor Diseases (NCT), 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.

Blood-based protein biomarkers are increasingly being explored as supplementary or efficient alternatives for population-based screening of colorectal cancer (CRC). The objective of the current study was to compare the diagnostic potential of proteins measured with different proteomic technologies. The concentrations of protein biomarkers were measured using proximity extension assays (PEAs), liquid chromatography/multiple reaction monitoring-mass spectrometry (LC/MRM-MS) and quantibody microarrays (QMAs) in plasma samples of 56 CRC patients and 99 participants free of neoplasms. In another approach, proteins were measured in serum samples of 30 CRC cases and 30 participants free of neoplasm using immunome full-length functional protein arrays (IpAs). From all the measurements, 9, 6, 35 and 14 protein biomarkers overlapped for comparative evaluation of (a) PEA and LC/MRM-MS, (b) PEA and QMA, (c) PEA and IpA, and (d) LC/MRM-MS and IpA measurements, respectively. Correlation analysis was performed, along with calculation of the area under the curve (AUC) for assessing the diagnostic potential of each biomarker. DeLong's test was performed to assess the differences in AUC. Evaluation of the nine biomarkers measured with PEA and LC/MRM-MS displayed correlation coefficients >+0.6, similar AUCs and DeLong's -values indicating no differences in AUCs for biomarkers like insulin-like growth factor binding protein 2 (IGFBP2), matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) and serum paraoxonase lactonase 3 (PON3). Comparing six proteins measured with PEA and QMA showed good correlation and similar diagnostic performance for only one protein, growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF15). The comparison of 35 proteins measured with IpA and PEA and 14 proteins analyzed with IpA and LC/MRM-MS revealed poor concordance and comparatively better AUCs when measured with PEA and LC/MRM-MS. The comparison of different proteomic technologies suggests the superior performance of novel technologies like PEA and LC/MRM-MS over the assessed array-based technologies in blood-protein-based early detection of CRC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms22031189DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7865621PMC
January 2021

Genomic heterogeneity in core-binding factor acute myeloid leukemia and its clinical implication.

Blood Adv 2020 12;4(24):6342-6352

Department of Internal Medicine III, University Hospital of Ulm, Ulm, Germany.

Core-binding factor (CBF) acute myeloid leukemia (AML) encompasses AML with inv(16)(p13.1q22) and AML with t(8;21)(q22;q22.1). Despite sharing a common pathogenic mechanism involving rearrangements of the CBF transcriptional complex, there is growing evidence for considerable genotypic heterogeneity. We comprehensively characterized the mutational landscape of 350 adult CBF-AML [inv(16): n = 160, t(8;21): n = 190] performing targeted sequencing of 230 myeloid cancer-associated genes. Apart from common mutations in signaling genes, mainly NRAS, KIT, and FLT3, both CBF-AML entities demonstrated a remarkably diverse pattern with respect to the underlying cooperating molecular events, in particular in genes encoding for epigenetic modifiers and the cohesin complex. In addition, recurrent mutations in novel collaborating candidate genes such as SRCAP (5% overall) and DNM2 (6% of t(8;21) AML) were identified. Moreover, aberrations altering transcription and differentiation occurred at earlier leukemic stages and preceded mutations impairing proliferation. Lasso-penalized models revealed an inferior prognosis for t(8;21) AML, trisomy 8, as well as FLT3 and KIT exon 17 mutations, whereas NRAS and WT1 mutations conferred superior prognosis. Interestingly, clonal heterogeneity was associated with a favorable prognosis. When entering mutations by functional groups in the model, mutations in genes of the methylation group (ie, DNMT3A, TET2) had a strong negative prognostic impact.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1182/bloodadvances.2020002673DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7757000PMC
December 2020

First-line therapy with bendamustine/prednisone/bortezomib-A GMMG trial for non-transplant eligible symptomatic multiple myeloma patients.

Eur J Haematol 2020 Aug 26;105(2):116-125. Epub 2020 May 26.

Department of Medicine V, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.

Objectives: The German-speaking Myeloma Multicenter Group (GMMG) conducted this trial to investigate efficacy and safety of the three-drug combination bendamustine/prednisone/bortezomib (BPV) as first-line therapy for elderly patients with multiple myeloma (MM).

Methods: Elderly MM patients requiring first-line therapy and not eligible for intensive treatment were enrolled in this phase IIb multicenter study. Patients were treated with BPV regimen for a maximum of nine cycles.

Results: Forty-six patients were included in the trial with a median age of 76 years. Nineteen patients had renal impairment at baseline. The ORR was 78.8% for patients treated with 3 and more BPV cycles and 71.1% for all evaluable patients. The median progression-free survival was 25 months, and overall survival at 24 months was 83.3%. The clinical benefit rate including MR was 91.2%. In patients with renal impairment at baseline, a renal response was observed in 11 pts. with complete recovery of the renal function in six patients. The most frequent CTC grade 3/4 AEs experienced by patients were hematological (17.5%) and infectious (9.8%) complications. No new safety signals were observed for the study drugs under investigation.

Conclusions: Bendamustine/prednisone/bortezomib may serve as a first-line regimen for transplant-ineligible elderly MM patients in particular for patients with renal impairment requiring a fast and durable renal response.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ejh.13409DOI Listing
August 2020

Daratumumab for systemic AL amyloidosis: prognostic factors and adverse outcome with nephrotic-range albuminuria.

Blood 2020 04;135(18):1517-1530

Division of Hematology/Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine V, and.

Daratumumab has shown promising first results in systemic amyloid light-chain (AL) amyloidosis. We analyzed a consecutive series of 168 patients with advanced AL receiving either daratumumab/dexamethasone (DD, n = 106) or daratumumab/bortezomib/dexamethasone (DVD, n = 62). DD achieved a remission rate (RR) of 64% and a very good hematologic remission (VGHR) rate of 48% after 3 months. Median hematologic event-free survival (hemEFS) was 11.8 months and median overall survival (OS) was 25.6 months. DVD achieved a 66% RR and a 55% VGHR rate. Median hemEFS was 19.1 months and median OS had not been reached. Cardiac organ responses were noted in 22% with DD and 26% with DVD after 6 months. Infectious complications were common (Common Terminology Criteria [CTC] grade 3/4: DD 16%, DVD 18%) and likely related to a high rate of lymphocytopenia (CTC grade 3/4: DD 20%, DVD 17%). On univariable analysis, hyperdiploidy and gain 1q21 conferred an adverse factor for OS and hemEFS with DD, whereas translocation t(11;14) was associated with a better hemEFS. N-terminal prohormone of brain natriuretic peptide >8500 ng/L could not be overcome for survival with each regimen. Multivariable Cox regression analysis revealed plasma cell dyscrasia (difference between serum free light chains [dFLC]) >180 mg/L as an overall strong negative prognostic factor. Additionally, nephrotic-range albuminuria with an albumin-to-creatinine-ratio (ACR) >220 mg/mmol was a significantly adverse factor for hemEFS (hazard ratio, 2.1 and 3.1) with DD and DVD. Daratumumab salvage therapy produced good results and remission rates challenging any therapy in advanced AL. Outcome is adversely influenced by the activity of the underlying plasma cell dyscrasia (dFLC) and nephrotic-range albuminuria (ACR).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1182/blood.2019003633DOI Listing
April 2020

Predicting sinusoidal obstruction syndrome after allogeneic stem cell transplantation with the EASIX biomarker panel.

Haematologica 2021 Feb 1;106(2):446-453. Epub 2021 Feb 1.

Medicine V, University Hospital Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.

No biomarker panel is established for prediction of sinusoidal obstruction syndrome/veno-occlusive disease (SOS/VOD), a major complication of allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT). We compared the potential of the Endothelial Activation and Stress Index (EASIX), based on lactate dehydrogenase, creatinine, and thrombocytes, with that of the SOS/VOD CIBMTR clinical risk score to predict SOS/VOD in two independent cohorts. In a third cohort, we studied the impact of endothelium-active prophylaxis with pravastatin and ursodeoxycholic acid (UDA) on SOS/VOD risk. The cumulative incidence of SOS/VOD within 28 days after alloSCT in the training cohort (Berlin, 2013-2015, n=446) and in the validation cohort (Heidelberg, 2002-2009, n=380) was 9.6% and 8.4%, respectively. In both cohorts, EASIX assessed at the day of alloSCT (EASIX-d0) was significantly associated with SOS/VOD incidence (p<0.0001), overall survival (OS) and non-relapse mortality (NRM). In contrast, the CIBMTR score showed no statistically significant association with SOS/VOD incidence, and did not predict OS and NRM. In patients receiving pravastatin/UDA, the cumulative incidence of SOS/VOD was significantly lower at 1.7% (p<0.0001, Heidelberg, 2010-2015, n=359) than in the two cohorts not receiving pravastatin/UDA. The protective effect was most pronounced in patients with high EASIX-d0. The cumulative SOS/VOD incidence in the highest EASIX-d0 quartiles were 18.1% and 16.8% in both cohorts without endothelial prophylaxis as compared to 2.2% in patients with pravastatin/UDA prophylaxis (p<0.0001). EASIX-d0 is the first validated biomarker for defining a subpopulation of alloSCT recipients at high risk for SOS/VOD. Statin/UDA endothelial prophylaxis could constitute a prophylactic measure for patients at increased SOS/VOD risk.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3324/haematol.2019.238790DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7849560PMC
February 2021

EASIX and mortality after allogeneic stem cell transplantation.

Bone Marrow Transplant 2020 03 26;55(3):553-561. Epub 2019 Sep 26.

Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Hematology, Oncology and Tumorimmunology, Berlin, Germany.

Allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT) is an effective immunotherapy in patients with hematological malignancies. Endothelial dysfunction was linked to major complications after alloSCT. We asked the question if the "Endothelial Activation and Stress Index" (EASIX; [(creatinine × LDH) ÷ thrombocytes]) can predict mortality after alloSCT. We performed a retrospective cohort analysis in five alloSCT centers in the USA and Germany. EASIX was assessed prior to conditioning (EASIX-pre) and correlated with mortality in 755 patients of a training cohort in multivariable models. The predictive model established in the training cohort was validated in 1267 adult allo-recipients. Increasing EASIX-pre predicted lower overall survival (OS) after alloSCT, and successful model validation was achieved for the validation cohort. We found that EASIX-pre predicts OS irrespective of established scores. Moreover, EASIX-pre was also a significant prognostic factor for transplant-associated microangiopathy. Finally, EASIX-pre correlated with biomarkers of endothelial homeostasis such as CXCL8, interleukin-18, and insulin-like-growth-factor-1 serum levels. This study establishes EASIX-pre based on a standard laboratory biomarker panel as a predictor of individual risk of mortality after alloSCT independently from established clinical criteria.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41409-019-0703-1DOI Listing
March 2020