Publications by authors named "Tiziano Zanoni"

13 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Intravenous brivaracetam in status epilepticus: A multicentric retrospective study in Italy.

Seizure 2021 Jan 30;86:70-76. Epub 2021 Jan 30.

Neurology Unit "A", AOUI Verona, Italy.

Purpose: to evaluate the use, effectiveness, and adverse events of intravenous brivaracetam (BRV) in status epilepticus (SE).

Methods: a retrospective multicentric study involving 24 Italian neurology units was performed from March 2018 to June 2020. A shared case report form was used across participating centres to limit biases of retrospective data collection. Diagnosis and classification of SE followed the 2015 ILAE proposal. We considered a trial with BRV a success when it was the last administered drug prior the clinical and/or EEG resolution of seizures, and the SE did not recur during hospital observation. In addition, we considered cases with early response, defined as SE resolved within 6 h after BRV administration.

Results: 56 patients were included (mean age 62 years; 57 % male). A previous diagnosis of epilepsy was present in 21 (38 %). Regarding SE etiology classification 46 % were acute symptomatic, 18 % remote and 16 % progressive symptomatic. SE episodes with prominent motor features were the majority (80 %). BRV was administered as first drug after benzodiazepine failure in 21 % episodes, while it was used as the second or the third (or more) drug in the 38 % and 38 % of episodes respectively. The median loading dose was 100 mg (range 50-300 mg). BRV was effective in 32 cases (57 %). An early response was documented in 22 patients (39 % of the whole sample). The use of the BRV within 6 h from SE onset was independently associated to an early SE resolution (OR 32; 95 % CI 3.39-202; p = 0.002). No severe treatment emergent adverse events were observed.

Conclusion: BRV proved to be useful and safe for the treatment of SE. Time to seizures resolution appears shorter when it is administered in the early phases of SE.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seizure.2021.01.014DOI Listing
January 2021

Epileptic seizures of suspected autoimmune origin: a multicentre retrospective study.

J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2020 Nov 28;91(11):1145-1153. Epub 2020 Aug 28.

Department of Neuroscience, Biomedicine and Movement Sciences, Section of Neurology, University of Verona, Verona, Italy

Objective: To analyse autoantibody status in a well-defined European multicentre cohort of patients with epilepsy of unknown aetiology and to validate the recently proposed Antibody Prevalence in Epilepsy (APE2) and Response to ImmunoTherapy in Epilepsy (RITE2) scores.

Methods: We retrospectively collected clinical and paraclinical data of 92 patients referred to the Neurology Units of Verona and Salzburg between January 2014 and July 2019 with new-onset epilepsy, status epilepticus or chronic epilepsy of unknown aetiology. Fixed and live cell-based assays, tissue-based assays, immunoblot, and live rat hippocampal cell cultures were performed in paired serum/cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) to detect antineuronal and antiglial antibodies. The APE2 and RITE2 scores were then calculated and compared with clinical and laboratory data.

Results: Autoantibodies were detected in 29/92 patients (31.5%), with multiple positivity observed in 6/29 cases. The APE2 score (median 5, range 1-15) significantly correlated with antibody positivity (p=0.014), especially for the presence of neuropsychiatric symptoms (p<0.01), movement disorders (p<0.01), dysautonomia (p=0.03), faciobrachial dyskinesias (p=0.03) and cancer history (p<0.01). Status epilepticus was significantly more frequent in antibody-negative patients (p<0.01). Among the items of the RITE2 score, early initiation of immunotherapy correlated with a good treatment response (p=0.001), whereas a cancer history was significantly more common among non-responders (p<0.01). Persistence of neuropsychiatric symptoms and seizures correlated with antiepileptic maintenance after at least 1 year.

Conclusions: This is the first study that independently validates the APE2 and RITE2 scores and includes the largest cohort of patients whose paired serum and CSF samples have been tested for autoantibodies possibly associated with autoimmune epilepsy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jnnp-2020-323841DOI Listing
November 2020

A case of very prolonged new onset refractory status epilepticus (NORSE) with no evidence of autoimmune activation and a good neurological recovery.

Neurol Sci 2020 Oct 27;41(10):3003-3006. Epub 2020 May 27.

Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Integrata, Verona, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10072-020-04467-6DOI Listing
October 2020

Patterns of care of brain tumor-related epilepsy. A cohort study done in Italian Epilepsy Center.

PLoS One 2017 17;12(7):e0180470. Epub 2017 Jul 17.

Centro Regionale Epilessia, Università Magna Grecia di Catanzaro, Ospedale Riuniti, Reggio Calabria, Italia.

Epilepsy is the most common comorbidity in patients with brain tumors.

Study Aims: To define characteristics of brain tumor-related epilepsy (BTRE) patients and identify patterns of care. Nationwide, multicenter retrospective cohort study. Medical records of BTRE patients seen from 1/1/2010 to 12/31/2011, followed for at least one month were examined. Information included age, sex, tumor type/treatments, epilepsy characteristics, antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). Time to modify first AED due to inefficacy and/or toxicity was assessed with the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazard models were used to identify predictors of treatment outcome. Enrolled were 808 patients (447 men, 361 women) from 26 epilepsy centers. Follow-up ranged 1 to 423 months (median 18 months). 732 patients underwent surgery, 483 chemotherapy (CT), 508 radiotherapy. All patients were treated with AEDs. Levetiracetam was the most common drug. 377 patients (46.7%) were still on first drug at end of follow-up, 338 (41.8%) needed treatment modifications (uncontrolled seizures, 229; side effects, 101; poor compliance, 22). Treatment discontinuation for lack of efficacy was associated with younger age, chemotherapy, and center with <20 cases. Treatment discontinuation for side effects was associated with female sex, enzyme-inducing drugs and center with > 20 cases. About one-half of patients with BTRE were on first AED at end of follow-up. Levetiracetam was the most common drug. A non enzyme-inducing AED was followed by a lower risk of drug discontinuation for SE.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0180470PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5513411PMC
September 2017

Nystagmus and Lower Extremity Hyperalgesia After Colectomy.

JAMA 2016 Oct;316(14):1488-1489

Division of Neurology, Department of Neuroscience, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Integrata of Verona, Verona, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.2016.13658DOI Listing
October 2016

Off-label thrombolysis versus full adherence to the current European Alteplase license: impact on early clinical outcomes after acute ischemic stroke.

J Thromb Thrombolysis 2014 May;37(4):549-56

SSO Stroke Unit, U.O. Neurologia d.O., DAI di Neuroscienze, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Integrata, Piazzale A. Stefani 1, 37126, Verona, Italy,

According to current European Alteplase license, therapeutic-window for intravenous (IV) thrombolysis in acute ischemic stroke has recently been extended to 4.5 h after symptoms onset. However, due to numerous contraindications, the portion of patients eligible for treatment still remains limited. Early neurological status after thrombolysis could identify more faithfully the impact of off-label Alteplase use that long-term functional outcome. We aimed to identify the impact of off-label thrombolysis and each off-label criterion on early clinical outcomes compared with the current European Alteplase license. We conducted an analysis on prospectively collected data of 500 consecutive thrombolysed patients. The primary outcome measures included major neurological improvement (NIHSS score decrease of ≤8 points from baseline or NIHSS score of 0) and neurological deterioration (NIHSS score increase of ≥4 points from baseline or death) at 24 h. We estimated the independent effect of off-label thrombolysis and each off-label criterion by calculating the odds ratio (OR) with 2-sided 95% confidence interval (CI) for each outcome measure. As the reference, we used patients fully adhering to the current European Alteplase license. 237 (47.4%) patients were treated with IV thrombolysis beyond the current European Alteplase license. We did not find significant differences between off- and on-label thrombolysis on early clinical outcomes. No off-label criteria were associated with decreased rate of major neurological improvement compared with on-label thrombolysis. History of stroke and concomitant diabetes was the only off-label criterion associated with increased rate of neurological deterioration (OR 5.84, 95% CI 1.61-21.19; p = 0.024). Off-label thrombolysis may be less effective at 24 h than on-label Alteplase use in patients with previous stroke and concomitant diabetes. Instead, the impact of other off-label criteria on early clinical outcomes was not different compared with current European Alteplase license.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11239-013-0980-2DOI Listing
May 2014

Seizure induced ventricular fibrillation: a case of near-SUDEP.

Seizure 2013 Apr 9;22(3):249-51. Epub 2013 Jan 9.

Division of Neurology, University Hospital of Verona, P.le A. Stefani 1, 37126 Verona, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seizure.2012.12.008DOI Listing
April 2013

Oculo-pyramidal crossed syndrome heralded by seizure: a case report.

Neurol Sci 2011 Oct 14;32(5):967-8. Epub 2011 Apr 14.

Dipartimento di Scienze Neurologiche, Neuropsicologiche, Morfologiche e Motorie, Università di Verona, Verona, Italy.

Ischemic oculo-pyramidal crossed syndrome, i.e. amaurosis fugax contralateral to hemiparesis, is caused by an embolus from internal carotid artery occluding the retinal or the ophthalmic artery as well as the middle cerebral artery. We report on a patient with an oculopyramidal crossed syndrome due to internal carotid artery dissection and clinically manifesting with amaurosis fugax and seizure. Ischemic lesions can present with symptomatic seizures and, conversely, seizures may precede ischemic strokes, thus being a warning sign of a cerebrovascular event.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10072-011-0585-5DOI Listing
October 2011

EEG-fMRI as an useful tool to detect epileptic foci associated with secondary bilateral synchrony.

Seizure 2010 Nov 8;19(9):605-8. Epub 2010 Oct 8.

Department of Neurological, Neuropsychological, Morphological and Movement Sciences, University of Verona, P.le LA Scuro, 37134 Verona, Italy.

Introduction: Tailoring the epileptic cortex is the key issue in the pre-surgical work-up of patients with pharmacoresistant focal epilepsy. Not always, however, the conventional MRI and the scalp EEG are able to provide the information needed to address this issue since the imaging may be normal (criptogenetic epilepsy) and the EEG, even ictal, poorly localizing.

Patient And Methods: We present a case of focal criptogenetic epilepsy with speech arrest seizures and bilateral synchronous spike and wave scalp EEG pattern (secondary bilateral synchrony). The patient underwent an EEG-fMRI continuous co-registration.

Results: The EEG-fMRI showed a clear cut activation of a BOLD signal during the epileptic discharge over the left Supplementary Motor Area (SMA) and, on lesser degree, over the homolateral motor strip.

Discussion: Knowledge and expertise about this technique has greatly increased over the last few years making it an useful tool for localizing purposes specially in patients with ambiguous scalp EEG and normal MRI just like the one we presented.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seizure.2010.09.001DOI Listing
November 2010

Blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome with late onset of central nervous system symptomatic involvement.

Neurol Sci 2010 Aug 30;31(4):501-4. Epub 2010 Mar 30.

Unità Operativa Di Neurologia, Azienda Ospedaliera-Universitaria, Verona, Italy.

Blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome is a rare vascular disorder characterized by cavernous angiomas of skin and other organs including the gastrointestinal tract. The central nervous system involvement is seldom reported, and neurological symptoms at onset in adulthood are extremely rare. Here, we describe a case of 82-year-old patient presenting multiple skin haemangiomas for some years, who was admitted for a brain hemorrhage. The MRI demonstrated the presence of multiple cavernous angiomas within the cerebral tissue.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10072-010-0250-4DOI Listing
August 2010

EEG-fMRI coregistration in non-ketotic hyperglycemic occipital seizures.

Epilepsy Res 2009 Aug 14;85(2-3):321-4. Epub 2009 May 14.

Department of Neurological and Visual Science, University of Verona, Italy.

We report the first case, to our knowledge, of non-ketotic hyperglycemic (NKH) related occipital seizures studied by continuous EEG-fMRI in an undiagnosed diabetic patient. Ictal EEG showed left posterior spikes and sharp-waves. Seizures subsided after insulin therapy was started. Continuous EEG-fMRI was performed and BOLD activation was identified in the left Brodmann's area 18 (visual association area). Activation of an epileptic focus related with the patient's metabolic disturbance can be postulated.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eplepsyres.2009.03.025DOI Listing
August 2009

Pulsed-arterial-spin-labeling perfusion 3T MRI following single seizure: a first case report study.

Epilepsy Res 2008 Oct 5;81(2-3):225-7. Epub 2008 Aug 5.

Service of Neuroradiology, Verona City Hospital, Italy.

A 41-year-old woman with focal epilepsy was analyzed immediately and 1 week post-ictally using pulsed-arterial-spin-labeling perfusion 3T MRI, a non-invasive method. Seizure-associated blood flow alterations were characterized by increased ictal perfusion in the occipito-parietal right cortex, and hypoperfusion in the same location 1 week later. These results indicate that non-invasive perfusion MRI can be used routinely to detect vascular alterations in epilepsy, and possibly to identify the location of the seizure focus.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eplepsyres.2008.06.009DOI Listing
October 2008

Ifosfamide encephalopathy: a case report.

Tumori 2005 Mar-Apr;91(2):197-200

Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Section of Medical Oncology, University of Verona, Italy.

The aim of this short communication is to discuss the mechanism, modality and treatment of ifosfamide encephalopathy. We present the case of a 52-year-old woman treated with this alkylating agent who developed severe neurotoxicity. It was resolved with administration of Methylene blue, abundant intravenous hydration and interruption of ifosfamide.
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June 2005