Publications by authors named "Tiziana Mazzullo"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Spondylodiscitis in hemodialysis patients: a new emerging disease? Data from an Italian Center.

G Ital Nefrol 2020 Oct 5;37(5). Epub 2020 Oct 5.

Nephrology and Dialysis Unit, IRCCS Multimedica, Sesto San Giovanni, Milan, Italy.

Hemodialysis (HD) patients are at high risk for infectious complications such as spondylodiscitis. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the cases of infective spondylodiscitis occurred between May 2005 and October 2019 among HD patients at our center. In 14 years, there were 9 cases (mean age 69±12 years). The main comorbidities found were diabetes mellitus (55.6% of patients), hypertension (55.6%), bone diseases (22.2%), cancer (11.1%) and rheumatoid arthritis treated with steroids (11.1%). The clinical onset included back pain (100% of cases), fever (55.6%), neurological deficits (33.4%), leukocytosis (55.6%) and elevated CRP level (88.9%). Most cases were diagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging (66.7%) with more frequent involvement of lumbar region (77.8%). Blood cultures were positive in five patients (mostly for S. aureus); three of them used catheters as vascular access and, in two cases, their removal was necessary. The mean time interval between the onset of symptoms and the diagnosis was 34±42 days. All patients received antibiotic treatment for a mean duration of 6 weeks; most cases were initially treated with vancomycin or teicoplanin plus ciprofloxacin. Most patients (77.8%) recovered after a mean of 3.5 months; one patient had a relapse after 2 years and one patient had long-term neurologic sequelae. Infective spondylodiscitis in HD must be suspected in the presence of back pain, even in the absence of fever or traditional risk factors. An early diagnosis could improve the outcome. Close monitoring of vascular access, disinfection procedures and aseptic techniques are important to avoid this complication.
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October 2020

Case report: the thoracoscopic surgery in peritoneal-pleural leakage. A valid therapeutic strategy.

G Ital Nefrol 2020 Aug 11;37(4). Epub 2020 Aug 11.

Department of Nephrology, IRCCS Multimedica, Sesto San Giovanni, Milan, Italy.

Pleuro-peritoneal leakage is an uncommon complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD). In this study, we report the case of a male patient (age 83), treated with PD (daytime single-exchange). In October 2019, hospitalization was necessary due to dyspnoea and a reduction of peritoneal ultrafiltration. A right pleural leakage resulted at chest x-ray. A regression of the pleural leakage was immediately observed after interrupting PD. It was then performed a pleuro-peritoneal CT scan at baseline, followed by a second scan performed 4 hours after the injection of 2 L of isotonic solution with 100ml of contrast medium, which evidenced a pleuro-peritoneal communication. It was then decided to perform a video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS), that showed no evidence of diaphragm communication. It was then executed a pleurodesis using sterile talcum. The patient was released on the 3rd day, with a conservative therapy and a low-protein diet. After 2 weeks a new pleuro-peritoneal CT scan with contrast medium was executed. This time the scan evidenced the absence of contrast medium in the thoracic cavity. The patient then resumed PD therapy, with 3 daily exchanges with isotonic solution (volume 1.5 L), showing no complications. Concerning the treatment of pleuro-peritoneal leakage, VATS allows both the patch-repairing of diaphragmatic flaws and the instillation of chemical agents. In our case, VATS allowed the chemical pleurodesis which in turn enabled, in just 2 weeks of conservative treatment, the resuming of PD. In conclusion, this methodology is a valid option in the treatment of pleuro-peritoneal leakage in PD patients.
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August 2020

[Staphylococcus aureus: age-old but still going strong].

Tiziana Mazzullo

G Ital Nefrol 2012 Nov-Dec;29(6):648

Unita' di Nefrologia e Dialisi, IRCCS Multimedica, Sesto San Giovanni, Italy.

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November 2013

Experience of 70-cm-long femoral tunnelled twin Tesio catheters for chronic haemodialysis.

Nephrol Dial Transplant 2010 May 10;25(5):1584-8. Epub 2009 Dec 10.

Renal Unit, IRCCS Multimedica Holding Spa, Sesto San Giovanni, Milano, Italy.

Background: Tunnelled femoral catheters with their tip in the lower inferior vena cava (IVC) are proposed only in few cases, but they often provide less than optimal blood flows and frequently have complications. The aim of this prospective observational study is to evaluate the use of 70-cm-long tunnelled cuffed femoral twin Tesio catheters with their tip in the upper IVC for haemodialysis.

Methods: Between May 2007 and May 2009, 25 tunnelled femoral catheters (fCVC) have been placed in 25 patients (77.7 +/- 10.8 years) with exhausted thoracic venous accesses or old patients with several comorbidities. Two 10 Fr carbothane 70-cm-long Tesio catheters with a Dacron cuff at 45 cm from the tip were placed in the femoral vein of each patient and then tunnelled; tips were in the upper third of the IVC. fCVCs were removed for either malfunction (Qb < 200 ml/min) or infection that did not resolve with antibiotics.

Results: Technical success of placement was 100%. The 6- and 12-month assisted primary patency rate were respectively 67 +/- 13% and 54 +/- 17%. The mean session Kt/V was 1.45 +/- 0.19, and the blood flow was 270 +/- 17 ml/min. Six fCVCs have been removed: three for infection, one for accidental damaging and two for the making of a different vascular access. The main complications were 2 catheter tip thrombi, 3 tunnel infections and 11 fCVC-related bacteraemia (1.77 episodes per 1000 CVC-days).

Conclusion: The placement of twin fCVCs with their tip in the high IVC can provide an adequate dialysis and can be considered for patients with no remaining thoracic accesses.
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May 2010

Renal function and functional reserve in healthy elderly individuals.

J Nephrol 2007 Sep-Oct;20(5):617-25

Unit of Nephrology, Dialysis and Transplantation, IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, University of Pavia, Pavia - Italy.

Background: Aging is characterized by a decline in renal function and by a susceptibility to renal diseases. However it is not clear whether the observed changes are solely hemodynamic, structural or both. We evaluated renal function, functional reserve (RFR) and morphology in healthy elderly individuals.

Methods: Healthy participants (n=19) were divided into young (n=6, age range 25-37 years), middle-aged (n=6, 44-74 years) and elderly (n=7, 81-96 years). Nitric oxide (NO), plasma renin activity (PRA) and aldosterone, renal plasma flow (RPF) by p-aminohippurate clearance (CPAH) and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) by inulin clearance (CIN) were determined before and during maximal vasodilating stimuli, induced with the infusion of dopamine and amino acids. Glomerular sclerosis, lumen area and wall thickness of afferent arterioles were determined by kidney biopsy from 36 healthy kidney donors and from 6 nephrectomies for renal carcinoma.

Results: GFR and RPF were slightly reduced in elderly individuals whereas filtration fraction (FF) was increased. GFR and RPF did not increase in the elderly after maximal vasodilating stimuli as in young and middle-aged subjects suggesting a reduction of RFR. NO, increased at baseline, did not increase further after vasodilating stimuli; while on the contrary, PRA, similar in the 3 groups at baseline, was not reduced by vasodilating stimuli in the elderly. Sclerotic glomeruli but not glomerular volume were significantly increased by aging. Afferent arteriole lumens were reduced by aging whereas wall thickness was unchanged.

Conclusions: Renal function is preserved with aging in healthy subjects at the expense of a complete reduction of RFR. RFR may be wasted to compensate for the increased number of sclerotic glomeruli. Vascular changes, suggested by reduced arteriolar lumen, may be so advanced that even in the presence of high levels of vasodilatory molecules, kidneys are not responsive anymore to maximal vasoactive stimuli.
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December 2007

Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) modulates matrix turnover in human glomeruli.

Kidney Int 2005 Jun;67(6):2143-50

Unit of Nephrology, Dialysis and Transplantation, IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy.

Background: The imbalance between synthesis and degradation of mesangial matrix causes glomerulosclerosis and leads to renal failure. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) has been shown to reduce the progression in murine models of chronic renal failure. The present study evaluated the effect of HGF on the extracellular matrix turnover and on c-met receptor in human glomeruli.

Methods: Human glomeruli microdissected from donor kidney biopsies before transplantation were incubated with culture media containing HGF (50 ng/mL). After 24 and 48 hours, the expression of c-met, (alpha2) IV collagen, transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), metalloprotease (MMP) 2 and 9 and of the inhibitor of MMP-2, tissue inhibitors of metalloprotease-1 (TIMP-1), was evaluated by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). beta-actin was used as housekeeping gene. The production of collagen type IV and TGF-beta was evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and Western blotting and the activity of MMP by zymography.

Results: (alpha2) IV collagen, TGF-beta, and TIMP-1 mRNA levels were markedly decreased in glomeruli treated with HGF at 24 and 48 hours. The expression of c-met was up-regulated by HGF treatment. HGF reduced the production of collagen type IV and TGF-beta. MMP-2 but not MMP-9 mRNA level was increased in HGF-treated glomeruli, although the gelatinolytic activity of the supernatant was not changed. By light microscopic examination kidney biopsies neither showed glomerular hypercellularity nor mesangial expansion.

Conclusion: HGF reduced expression and synthesis of TGF-beta and collagen type IV and increased MMP-2 mRNA level in normal human glomeruli. These results suggest an antifibrotic effect of HGF on glomerular cells and may explain its beneficial role in glomerulosclerosis.
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June 2005