Publications by authors named "Tian Jia-Jun"

7 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Evolutions of Q-switched mode-locked square noise-like pulse with different cavity lengths.

Appl Opt 2021 May;60(13):3641-3646

A $Q$-switched mode-locked square noise-like pulse (QMLSNLP) is generated in a nonlinear polarization rotation passively mode-locked fiber laser. When the pump power changes from 154 mW to 414 mW, the frequency of the $Q$-switched envelope varies from 21.7 kHz to 38.9 kHz, while the duration of the $Q$-switched envelope decreases from $5.1\,\,{\unicode{x00B5}\rm s}$ to $3.2{\unicode{x00B5}\rm s}$, correspondingly. In the meantime, QMLSNLP keeps the fundamental repetition rate constant, and the pulse duration increases from 3.4 ns to 6.7 ns. By inserting different lengths of single-mode fiber into the ring cavity, the evolutions of QMLSNLP are measured and analyzed. According to the cavity parameters and experimental results, impacts of the cavity length on QMLSNLP are investigated in detail.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.423365DOI Listing
May 2021

[Role of ABCB1 and ABCG2 in the multidrug resistance of hypopharyngeal carcinoma FaDu cell line].

Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2012 Apr;47(4):305-10

Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan 250021, China.

Objective: To investigate the expression of multidrug resistance gene ABCB1 and ABCG2 in FaDu cells (human hypopharyngeal carcinoma cell line) and the multidrug resistance (MDR) cell lines FaDu/T transformed from FaDu cells by taxol and underlying mechanisms of MDR.

Methods: The multidrug resistance sensitivities of FaDu and FaDu/T to cisplatin (DDP), 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), doxorubicin (Dox), and vincristine (VCR) were examined by methyl-thiazolyl-tetrazolium (MTT) assay. The mRNA and protein expressions of multidrug resistance genes ABCB1 and ABCG2 were analysed with RT-PCR, Western blot and laser confocal microscopy. JNK signal proteins were detected through Western blot.

Results: The multidrug resistance of FaDu/T cells to Taxol, DDP, 5-FU, ADM and VCR was more than that of FaDu cells. The expression of ABCB1 in FaDu/T cells was significantly higher than that in FaDu cells (t = 22.42, P < 0.05), but the expression of ABCG2 in FaDu/T cells was significantly lower than that in FaDu cells (t = 10.06, P < 0.05). JNK signal was inhibited in FaDu or FaDu/T cells and the inhibited JNK was reactivated by taxol or anisomycin (an activator for MAPK signal transduction pathways). Anisomycin down-regulated the expression of ABCB1 (F = 33.72, P < 0.05) and up-regulated the expression of ABCG2 (F = 220.16, P < 0.05) in FaDu/T cells, but not in FaDu/T cells pretreated by JNK inhibitor SP600125 (P > 0.05).

Conclusion: The overexpression of ABCB1 and the down-regulation of ABCG2 in FaDu/T cells were the main features of MDR in hypopharyngeal carcinomas, in which JNK signal transduction pathways could play an important role.
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April 2012

Nimesulide inhibited the growth of hypopharyngeal carcinoma cells via suppressing Survivin expression.

Head Neck Oncol 2012 Mar 27;4. Epub 2012 Mar 27.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Provincial Hospital affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan 250021, PR, China.

Background: The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Nimesulide, a selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor, on the growth of hypopharyngeal carcinoma cells (FaDu) in vitro, and investigate its potential mechanism.

Methods: After FaDu cells were treated with graded concentrations of Nimesulide for divergent time, sensitivity of cells to drug treatment was analyzed by MTT assay. Morphological changes of FaDu cells in the presence of Nimesulide were observed by acridine orange cytochemistry staining. Proliferating cells were detected using the 5-Bromo-2'-deoxy-uridine (BrdU) incorporation assay. Following cells were subjected to Nimesulide (500 μmol/l) for 6 h, 12 h and 24 h, the percentage of apoptosis was examined by flow cytometry. We detected COX-2 and Survivin expression change by RT-PCR and Western blot, and analyzed the correlation of them with the growth of FaDu cells. Additionally, we also analyzed Caspase-3, Bcl-2 and Bax expressions as markers to investigate the related pathway of Nimesulide-indued apoptosis.

Results: Compared with the control group, the viabilities rates were decreased by Nimesulide in time- and dose-dependent manners, typical morphological changes of apoptotic cells were observed in the Nimesulide-treatment groups, Nimesulide could suppress the proliferation of FaDu cells significantly. The percentage of apoptosis in FaDu cells were markedly increased after Nimesulide-treatment for 6 h, 12 h and 24 h. Nimesulide down-regulated the Survivin and COX-2 expressions at mRNA and protein levels in FaDu cells. Additional analyses indicated that Bcl-2 expression was significantly decreased and the expressions of Caspase-3 as well as Bax were increased at both mRNA and protein levels.

Conclusions: Based on the induction of apoptosis and suppression of proliferation, Nimesulide could inhibit the growth of FaDu cells. Furthermore, the suppression of Survivin expression may play an important role in Nimesulide-induced growth inhibition. Nimesulide could act as an effective therapeutic agent for hypopharyngeal carcinoma therapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1758-3284-4-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3364892PMC
March 2012

Down-regulation of TWIST decreases migration and invasion of laryngeal carcinoma Hep-2 cells by regulating the E-cadherin, N-cadherin expression.

J Cancer Res Clin Oncol 2011 Oct 7;137(10):1487-93. Epub 2011 Aug 7.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, 250021, Peoples' Republic of China.

Purpose: The transcription factor TWIST is an important factor in regulation of the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), which represents the primary stages during the metastasis of tumors. To identify the role of TWIST in the regulation of metastasis in laryngeal carcinoma Hep-2 cells, we investigated whether the alteration of TWIST has an effect on the Hep-2 cells morphology and whether the alteration of TWIST has an effect on the expression of E-cadherin, N-cadherin as well as the ability of cell motion, migration, and invasion.

Methods: Morphological changes of Hep-2 cells that were transfected a mircoRNA against TWIST vector were observed by the reserved microscope. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was performed in order to examine the mRNA expression of TWIST, E-cadherin, and N-cadherin. Western blotting was performed to examine the protein expression of TWIST, E-cadherin, and N-cadherin. Cell motion ability was examined by Scratch-wound assay. Transwell(™) chamber assays were used to determine cell migration and invasion.

Results: Transfecting a mircoRNA down-regulated TWIST expression at mRNA and protein levels. Down-regulation of TWIST expression induced morphological changes, such as the inversion of the EMT. Moreover, down-regulation of TWIST expression up-regulated E-cadherin and down-regulated N-cadherin expressions at mRNA and protein levels, respectively. Furthermore, we confirmed that down-regulation of TWIST expression decreased the motion, invasion, and migration ability of the Hep-2 cells.

Conclusions: Down-regulation of TWIST expression decreases migration and invasion of laryngeal carcinoma Hep-2 cells by regulation of the E-cadherin, N-cadherin expression.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00432-011-1023-zDOI Listing
October 2011

Twist modulates lymphangiogenesis and correlates with lymph node metastasis in supraglottic carcinoma.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2011 May;124(10):1483-7

Institute of Eye and Ear Nose Throat Branch, Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong 250021, China.

Background: Twist is a highly conserved epithelial-mesenchymal transcription factor that has been reported to be a key factor in tumor malignancy, including lymph node metastasis. It represents the major step of dissemination and serves as a chief prognostic indicator of disease progression. However, the mechanism by which Twist regulates lymph node metastasis remains incompletely understood. Studies on the mechanism of metastasis are thus required for determining appropriate therapeutic strategies.

Methods: Immunohistochemistry for lymphatic vessel endothelial receptor 1 (LYVE-1), Ki-67, Twist, vascular endothelial growth factor C (VEGF-C), and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 3 (VEGFR-3) was performed to detect lymphatic vessel density (LVD), cell proliferation levels and the expressions of Twist, VEGF-C, and VEGFR-3 were determined from 66 primary supraglottic carcinoma tissue samples from 36 patients with lymph node metastasis (pathological N+, pN+) and 30 patients without metastasis (pathological N0, pN0). Western blotting analysis of the proteins in pN+ and pN0 primary tumors was used to characterize the expressions of Twist, VEGF-C, and VEGFR-3 further.

Results: The LVD was 22.4 ± 10.3 in pN+ patients and 6.8 ± 4.1 in pN0 ones. For Ki-67, the number of proliferous cells in pN+ patients was greater than that in pN0 ones. Both, however, were associated with their clinical nodal stages. In pN+ patients, Twist, VEGF-C, and VEGFR-3 expressions were 86.11% (31/36), 80.56% (29/36), and 58.33% (21/36), respectively. These values were higher than those found for pN0 patients (i.e., 13/30, 11/30, and 7/30, respectively) (P < 0.05). Among the samples with Twist expression, 88.64% were VEGF-C-positive and 59.09% were VEGFR-3-positive. The pN0 counterparts were 4.55% and 9.09%, respectively (P < 0.05). The expressions of Twist, VEGF-C, and VEGFR-3 in pN+ patients obtained through Western blotting analysis were significantly higher than those in pN0 patients, and the levels of VEGF-C and VEGFR-3 were positively correlated with that of Twist.

Conclusions: Twist expression correlates with lymph node metastasis. The mechanism involved in such a correlation may be related to lymphangiogenesis.
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May 2011

[Nimesulide induced apoptosis and inhibited metastasis of hypopharyngeal carcinoma cells].

Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2010 Oct;45(10):854-8

Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Shandong University, Jinan 250021, China.

Objective: To investigate the effects of Nimesulide, a selective Cox-2 inhibitor, on the apoptosis, invasion and migration of hypopharyngeal carcinoma cell line (FaDu).

Methods: Viabilities of FaDu cells treated with various concentrations of Nimesulide were detected by MTT assay. Morphological changes were observed by acridine orange cytochemistry staining. Apoptosis was examined by flow cytometry. The ability of invasion and migration of cells was detected by Transwell chambers. The mRNA and protein expressions of Cox-2, MMP-9 and caspase-3 in response to Nimesulide were examined by RT-PCR and Western blot, respectively.

Results: MTT assay showed that the cell surviving rates significantly decreased in time- and concentration-dependent manners (P < 0.05). The typical morphological changes of apoptotic cells were observed. Percent of apoptosis after 6 h Nimesulide treatment was (32.4 ± 6.1)%. The metastatic cells were decreased by Nimesulide to about 20%. Nimesulide decreased the expressions of Cox-2 and MMP-9, whereas increased expression the of Caspase-3.

Conclusion: Nimesulide could induce the apoptosis and inhibit metastasis of FaDu cells.
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October 2010

[Role of TWIST in the apoptosis of Hep-2 cells induced by paclitaxel].

Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2009 Sep;44(9):772-6

Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, China.

Objective: To explore the relationship between the expression of transcription factor TWIST and apoptosis of Hep-2 cells induced by paclitaxel.

Methods: Morphological changes of Hep-2 cells were observed by reserved microscopy and acridine orange cytochemistry staining. Viability of Hep-2 cells treated with various concentrations of paclitaxel was detected by MTT assay. Apoptosis was examined by flow cytometry. The expressions of transcription factor TWIST at both mRNA and protein level in response to paclitaxel at 24 h, 48 h and 72 h were then examined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blot, respectively.

Results: Typical morphological changes of apoptotic cells, i.e., cellular rounding-up, cytoplasmic contraction, chromatin condensation and, particularly, apoptotic body, the main morphological characteristic of apoptosis, were observed by reserved microscopy and acridine orange cytochemistry staining. The cell surviving rates significantly decreased in a concentration- and time-dependent manner as evidenced by MTT assay (P < 0.05). Percent of apoptosis after 24 h, 48 h or 72 h paclitaxel-treatment was (22.6 +/- 5.3)%, (38.7 +/- 7.9)% and (52.4 +/- 14.3)%, respectively, whereas the percent of control was (9.85 +/- 5.83)%. There existed a statistically significant difference between treatment and control (F = 12.621, P < 0.05). The expression of TWIST at both mRNA and protein levels for 24 h, 48 h or 72 h in the paclitaxel-induced apoptosis of Hep-2 cells were decreased by 16.7%, 46.8%, 76.9% (F = 10.407, P < 0.05) and 16.4%, 33.6%, 69.6% (F = 18.013, P < 0.05) respectively.

Conclusions: TWIST, which is significantly decreased in expression in response to paclitaxel in Hep-2 cells, may play a pivotal role in paclitaxel-induced apoptosis of Hep-2 cells.
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September 2009
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