Publications by authors named "Tiago Esposito"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Plastome evolution in the Caesalpinia group (Leguminosae) and its application in phylogenomics and populations genetics.

Planta 2021 Jul 8;254(2):27. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Laboratory of Plant Cytogenetics and Evolution, Department of Botany, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil.

Main Conclusion: The chloroplast genomes of Caesalpinia group species are structurally conserved, but sequence level variation is useful for both phylogenomic and population genetic analyses. Variation in chloroplast genomes (plastomes) has been an important source of information in plant biology. The Caesalpinia group has been used as a model in studies correlating ecological and genomic variables, yet its intergeneric and infrageneric relationships are not fully solved, despite densely sampled phylogenies including nuclear and plastid loci by Sanger sequencing. Here, we present the de novo assembly and characterization of plastomes from 13 species from the Caesalpinia group belonging to eight genera. A comparative analysis was carried out with 13 other plastomes previously available, totalizing 26 plastomes and representing 15 of the 26 known Caesalpinia group genera. All plastomes showed a conserved quadripartite structure and gene repertoire, except for the loss of four ndh genes in Erythrostemon gilliesii. Thirty polymorphic regions were identified for inter- or intrageneric analyses. The 26 aligned plastomes were used for phylogenetic reconstruction, revealing a well-resolved topology, and dividing the Caesalpinia group into two fully supported clades. Sixteen microsatellite (cpSSR) loci were selected from Cenostigma microphyllum for primer development and at least two were cross-amplified in different Leguminosae subfamilies by in vitro or in silico approaches. Four loci were used to assess the genetic diversity of C. microphyllum in the Brazilian Caatinga. Our results demonstrate the structural conservation of plastomes in the Caesalpinia group, offering insights into its systematics and evolution, and provides new genomic tools for future phylogenetic, population genetics, and phylogeographic studies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00425-021-03655-8DOI Listing
July 2021

Development and characterization of eleven microsatellite loci for the tropical understory tree Paypayrola blanchetiana Tul. (Violaceae).

Mol Biol Rep 2019 Apr 28;46(2):2529-2532. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Laboratory of Plant Cytogenetics and Evolution, Department of Botany, Center of Biosciences, Federal University of Pernambuco, R. Prof. Moraes Rego, s/n, CDU, Recife, PE, 50670-420, Brazil.

Microsatellites markers were developed for Paypayrola blanchetiana (Violaceae), a near-dispersing forest tree forming aggregated populations, to investigate genetic diversity and gene flow among subpopulations in a fragmented environment. Next generation sequencing (Illumina platform) was used to develop ten nuclear microsatellite loci and one plastid microsatellite locus that amplify in P. blanchetiana. Polymorphism was tested in two subpopulations separated by a distance of approximately 11 km. The identified loci contained between two and five alleles per locus. Observed heterozygosity ranged between 0.063 and 0.563 in both subpopulations, while expected heterozygosity ranged from 0.063 to 0.567 in the first, and 0.063-0.627 in the second subpopulation. The microsatellites are among the first in the family Violaceae and will be useful for population genetic studies in this species. Amplification was successful in one further Paypayrola species from Amazonia, which suggest a wider usefulness of the present markers.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11033-019-04622-zDOI Listing
April 2019

Low genetic diversity and high differentiation among relict populations of the neotropical gymnosperm Podocarpus sellowii (Klotz.) in the Atlantic Forest.

Genetica 2015 Feb 23;143(1):21-30. Epub 2014 Dec 23.

Laboratory of Plant Cytogenetics and Evolution, Department of Botany, Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE, 50670-420, Brazil.

Podocarpus sellowii (Podocarpaceae) is one of only a few gymnosperms native to Brazil and the sole species of the genus found in the northeastern region of that country. It has a very restricted distribution in this region, with only three known populations in highland forests (called Brejos de Altitude), which apparently have been isolated from each other since the Pleistocene. Due to this long-term isolation and the fact that these populations have few adult individuals and suffer great anthropogenic pressure, low genetic variability is expected, compromising their long-term viability. The present work assessed the genetic variability and structure of northeastern populations of P. sellowii to investigate the role of Pleistocene glaciations on the genetic relationships between them and to propose strategies for their conservation by analyzing the SSR and ISSR markers of adult and juvenile individuals. Low genetic diversity was found with both markers, associated with a high differentiation of the Brejo de Baturité population in relation to the others-suggesting their isolation at different points in time, probably during the Pleistocene. Actions directed towards increasing the genetic diversity of these populations will be needed, such as planting seedlings with high genetic variability-but the high degrees of differentiation observed between the populations must be taken into account.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10709-014-9809-yDOI Listing
February 2015
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