Publications by authors named "Thomas Wiesel"

12 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Sickle cell disease in Germany: Results from a national registry.

Pediatr Blood Cancer 2020 04 22;67(4):e28130. Epub 2019 Dec 22.

Department of Pediatric Oncology, Hematology and Immunology, Hopp-Children's Cancer Center (KiTZ) Heidelberg, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.

Background: Limited data on the prevalence and medical care of sickle cell disease (SCD) in Germany are available. Here, we make use of a patient registry to characterize the burden of disease and the treatment modalities for patients with SCD in Germany.

Procedure: A nationwide German registry for patients with SCD documents basic data on diagnosis and patient history retrospectively at the time of registration. A prospective annual documentation provides more details on complications and treatment of SCD. For the current analyses, data of 439 patients were available.

Results: Most patients had homozygous SCD (HbSS 75.1%, HbS/β-thalassemia 13.2%, and HbSC 11.3%). The median age at diagnosis was 1.9 years (interquartile range, 0.6-4.4 years), most patients were diagnosed when characteristic symptoms occurred. Sepsis and stroke had affected 3.2% and 4.2% of patients, respectively. During the first year of observation, 48.3% of patients were admitted to a hospital and 10.1% required intensive care. Prophylactic penicillin was prescribed to 95.6% of patients with homozygous SCD or HbS/β thalassemia below the age of six and hydroxycarbamide to 90.4% of patients above the age of two years. At least one annual transcranial Doppler ultrasound was documented for 74.8% of patients between 2 and 18 years.

Conclusion: With an estimated number of at least 2000, the prevalence of SCD in Germany remains low. Prospectively, we expect that the quality of care for children with SCD will be further improved by an earlier diagnosis after the anticipated introduction of a newborn screening program for SCD.
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April 2020

Novel mutations in TNFRSF7/CD27: Clinical, immunologic, and genetic characterization of human CD27 deficiency.

J Allergy Clin Immunol 2015 Sep 3;136(3):703-712.e10. Epub 2015 Apr 3.

Division of Clinical Immunology, Department of Laboratory Medicine, Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address:

Background: The clinical and immunologic features of CD27 deficiency remain obscure because only a few patients have been identified to date.

Objective: We sought to identify novel mutations in TNFRSF7/CD27 and to provide an overview of clinical, immunologic, and laboratory phenotypes in patients with CD27 deficiency.

Methods: Review of the medical records and molecular, genetic, and flow cytometric analyses of the patients and family members were performed. Treatment outcomes of previously described patients were followed up.

Results: In addition to the previously reported homozygous mutations c.G24A/p.W8X (n = 2) and c.G158A/p.C53Y (n = 8), 4 novel mutations were identified: homozygous missense c.G287A/p.C96Y (n = 4), homozygous missense c.C232T/p.R78W (n = 1), heterozygous nonsense c.C30A/p.C10X (n = 1), and compound heterozygous c.C319T/p.R107C-c.G24A/p.W8X (n = 1). EBV-associated lymphoproliferative disease/hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, Hodgkin lymphoma, uveitis, and recurrent infections were the predominant clinical features. Expression of cell-surface and soluble CD27 was significantly reduced in patients and heterozygous family members. Immunoglobulin substitution therapy was administered in 5 of the newly diagnosed cases.

Conclusion: CD27 deficiency is potentially fatal and should be excluded in all cases of severe EBV infections to minimize diagnostic delay. Flow cytometric immunophenotyping offers a reliable initial test for CD27 deficiency. Determining the precise role of CD27 in immunity against EBV might provide a framework for new therapeutic concepts.
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September 2015

Sequential decisions on FAS sequencing guided by biomarkers in patients with lymphoproliferation and autoimmune cytopenia.

Haematologica 2013 Dec 12;98(12):1948-55. Epub 2013 Jul 12.

Clinical and genetic heterogeneity renders confirmation or exclusion of autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome difficult. To re-evaluate and improve the currently suggested diagnostic approach to patients with suspected FAS mutation, the most frequent cause of autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome, we prospectively determined 11 biomarkers in 163 patients with splenomegaly or lymphadenopathy and presumed or proven autoimmune cytopenia(s). Among 98 patients sequenced for FAS mutations in CD3(+)TCRα/β(+)CD4(-)CD8(-) "double negative" T cells, 32 had germline and six had somatic FAS mutations. The best a priori predictor of FAS mutations was the combination of vitamin B12 and soluble FAS ligand (cut-offs 1255 pg/mL and 559 pg/mL, respectively), which had a positive predictive value of 92% and a negative predictive value of 97%. We used these data to develop a web-based probability calculator for FAS mutations using the three most discriminatory biomarkers (vitamin B12, soluble FAS ligand, interleukin-10) of the 11 tested. Since more than 60% of patients with lymphoproliferation and autoimmune cytopenia(s) in our cohort did not harbor FAS mutations, 15% had somatic FAS mutations, and the predictive value of double-negative T-cell values was rather low (positive and negative predictive values of 61% and 77%, respectively), we argue that the previously suggested diagnostic algorithm based on determination of double-negative T cells and germline FAS sequencing, followed by biomarker analysis, is not efficient. We propose vitamin B12 and soluble FAS ligand assessment as the initial diagnostic step with subsequent decision on FAS sequencing supported by a probability-calculating tool.
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December 2013

Sorafenib and cisplatin/doxorubicin (PLADO) in pediatric hepatocellular carcinoma.

Pediatr Blood Cancer 2012 Apr 15;58(4):539-44. Epub 2011 Sep 15.

Department of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Children's Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany.

Purpose: Overall survival is poor in children with primary unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma. Sorafenib has been shown to significantly improve progression-free survival in adult hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. We evaluated the experience of PLADO (cisplatin 80 mg/m(2) /day, doxorubicin 2 × 30 mg/m(2) /day) in combination with sorafenib in pediatric HCC patients.

Patients And Methods: Clinical data of 12 patients (7-16 years), 7 with unresectable tumor, were retrospectively assessed.

Results: In total 6/12 (50%) patients are in complete remission after a median follow-up of 20 months (4 with PLADO/sorafenib/resection, 2 with liver transplantation after local relapse). Of the seven patients with unresectable tumor, PLADO/sorafenib resulted in partial response (PR) in four, stable disease (SD) in two, and progression in one. Three are alive in CR after complete resection after 12 (alternative therapy after two cycles PLADO/sorafenib), 12 and 18 months (six cycles PLADO/sorafenib), respectively. All four patients with elevated alpha-fetoprotein levels had a marked drop after two cycles. Of the five patients with primary complete tumor resection one is alive disease-free at 27 months. Four had local or metastatic relapses (13, 7, 12, and 13 months), two of whom were rescued by liver transplantation (CR after 25 and 32 months). The main toxicity attributable to sorafenib was a hand-foot skin reaction (HFSR) in seven patients.

Conclusion: Sorafenib in combination with PLADO may be a promising approach in pediatric HCC; HFSR was the most important toxicity. Data based on prospective studies are needed to evaluate pharmacokinetics, resectability rates, and survival in pediatric HCC treated with sorafenib.
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April 2012

Appendiceal carcinoid tumor with lymph node metastasis in a child: case report and review of the literature.

J Pediatr Surg 2010 Nov;45(11):e1-5

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Stiftung Katholisches Krankenhaus Marienhospital Herne, Klinikum der Ruhr-Universität Bochum, 44627 Herne, Germany.

Most appendiceal carcinoids (ACs) in children present without lymph node metastasis. Lymph node metastasis is rarely present when primary tumor diameter exceeds 1 cm. We present the extraordinary case of an AC with a primary tumor diameter of 0.7 cm and infiltration of the mesentery, as well as 1 positive lymph node of the mesentery in a 14-year-old boy. Besides adding a rare case, we review the data published in the current literature on AC with lymph node metastasis in children and summarize up-to-date guidelines for diagnostic workup, therapy, and follow-up.
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November 2010

Infection of T lymphocytes in Epstein-Barr virus-associated hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis in children of non-Asian origin.

Pediatr Blood Cancer 2009 Aug;53(2):184-90

Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

Background: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is one of the most frequent triggers of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH). EBV-associated HLH (EBV-HLH) and ectopic infection of T cells has been particularly described in patients from Far East Asia.

Procedure: In a cohort of 12 children with EBV-HLH treated in Germany, the EB viral load was detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction in plasma and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). Virological and clinical data were analyzed retrospectively.

Results: Among the 12 mainly German patients, children with underlying immunodeficiencies as well as otherwise healthy individuals were affected. The clinical course ranged from a steroid-responding to a fatal disease despite intensive treatment. Increased EBV copy numbers in plasma and/or PBMC were found in all patients. Serial measurements reflected the course of the disease. Cell-type specific viral load was determined in seven patients and revealed EBV-infection of T cells in all of them. In contrast to the reported Asian patients a significant viral load was also found in B cells.

Conclusions: T cell infection appears to be a typical feature of EBV-associated HLH irrespective of patients ethnic background and the clinical course. Evaluation of cell-type specific infection should be considered when targeted therapy is applied.
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August 2009

Antioxidant level and redox status of coenzyme Q10 in the plasma and blood cells of children with diabetes mellitus type 1.

Pediatr Diabetes 2008 Dec 7;9(6):540-5. Epub 2008 Aug 7.

Children's Hospital of Datteln, University of Witten/Herdecke, Datteln, Germany.

Hyperglycaemia has been reported to cause increased production of oxygen free radicals. Oxidative stress may contribute to the pathogenesis of diabetic complications. Coenzyme Q(10) (CoQ(10)) is known for its key role in mitochondrial bioenergetics and is considered as a potent antioxidant and free radical scavenger. This study was conducted to evaluate plasma and blood cell concentrations of CoQ(10) in accordance to its redox capacity in children with diabetes mellitus type 1. CoQ(10) plasma and blood cell concentrations and redox status were measured using high-performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection in 43 children with diabetes mellitus type 1 and compared with 39 healthy children. In addition, the diabetic patients were subdivided according to their haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) values into two groups, that is, those with good control (<8%) and those with poor control (>8%), and the CoQ(10) status was compared between the two groups. Children with type 1 diabetes showed increased plasma levels of CoQ(10) in comparison to healthy children. While CoQ(10) erythrocyte and platelet concentrations did not differ, in the diabetes group, the platelet redox status differed with a significantly increased part of reduced CoQ(10). This difference in concentration and redox status in comparison to healthy controls may be attributed to the subgroup of patients with poor control, as the subdivision of diabetic patients according to their HbA1c values shows. In diabetic children, especially in those with poor control, an increase in plasma concentration and intracellular redox capacity of the antioxidant CoQ(10) may contribute to the body's self-protection during a state of enhanced oxidative stress.
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December 2008

Coenzyme Q10 concentration in the plasma of children suffering from acute lymphoblastic leukaemia before and during induction treatment.

Biofactors 2007 ;29(2-3):83-9

Vestische Kinderklinik Datteln, University Witten-Herdecke, Datteln, Germany.

Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is used by the body as an endogenous antioxidant. This property combined with its essential function in mitochondrial energy production suggests that it may have therapeutic potential in cancer treatment. As part of the body's antioxidant defence against free radical production, CoQ10 concentrations may change during anti-cancer chemotherapy. Our study measured CoQ10 concentration in the plasma of 27 children with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) at the time of diagnosis, during induction (protocol ALL-BFM 2000), and post induction treatment. The starting values were compared to the CoQ10 concentrations in 92 healthy children. The total CoQ10 concentration and its redox status were measured by HPLC using electrochemical detection and internal standardisation. While the CoQ10 concentration in the plasma of children with ALL was within a normal range at the time of diagnosis (0.99 +/- 0.41 pmol/microl), a drastic increase was observed during induction treatment (2.19 +/- 1.01 pmol/mul on day 33). This increase was accompanied by shift in the redox status in favour of the reduced form of CoQ10. The increase in CoQ10 concentration during induction treatment may be attributed to the activation of a natural antioxidative defence mechanism, endocrine influence on CoQ10 synthesis from steroid treatment, or a shift in CoQ10 from the damaged cells to the plasma after cell lysis.
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November 2007

Levothyroxine in euthyroid autoimmune thyroiditis and type 1 diabetes: a randomized, controlled trial.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2007 May 13;92(5):1647-52. Epub 2007 Feb 13.

Division of Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes, University Children's Hospital, University of Ulm, Eythstrasse 24, D-89075 Ulm, Germany.

Context: Patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) have an increased risk of autoimmune thyroiditis (AIT).

Objective: Our objective was to determine whether levothyroxine (l-T(4)) treatment prevents the clinical manifestation of AIT in euthyroid subjects with T1D.

Design And Setting: We conducted a prospective, randomized, open, controlled clinical trial at six tertiary care centers for pediatric endocrinology and diabetes.

Patients: Of 611 children and adolescents with T1D, 89 individuals (14.5%) were identified with positive thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPOAb), thyroglobulin antibodies (TgAb), or both. Of these, 30 patients (age, 13.3 +/- 2.1 yr) met the inclusion criteria and were randomized to receive l-T(4) (n = 16 patients) or no treatment (n = 14 patients).

Intervention: l-T(4) (1.3 microg/kg daily) was given for 24 months in the treatment group, followed by an additional observation period of 6 months in both groups.

Main Outcome Measures: Thyroid gland volume (as determined by ultrasound), serum levels of TSH, thyroid hormones, TPOAb, and TgAb were assessed every 6 months for 30 months.

Results: Mean thyroid volume decreased in the treatment group after 24 months (-0.60 sd score) and increased in the observation group (+ 1.11 sd score; P = 0.0218). Serum thyrotropin, free T(4), TPOAb, and TgAb levels were not significantly different in both groups during the entire study period. Hypothyroidism developed in three individuals treated with l-T(4) and in four untreated patients (conversion rate, 9.3% per year).

Conclusions: In this study in euthyroid patients with AIT and T1D, l-T(4) treatment reduced thyroid volume but had no effect on thyroid function and serum autoantibody levels.
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May 2007

Pain in pediatric oncology--children's and parents' perspectives.

Eur J Pain 2005 Aug;9(4):395-406

Children's Hospital Datteln, Witten/Herdecke University, Dr.-Friedrich-Steiner Str. 5, D-45711 Datteln, Germany.

There is a lack of valid epidemiological data on malignancy-associated pain in modern pediatric oncology. Pediatric oncology patients (self-assessment) and their parents from 28 hospitals were questioned using age-adapted, structured interviews and validated pain assessment tools. Pain intensity was measured by the NRS and Bieri faces scale. We conducted 363 interviews with patients and their parents, and 46 with the parents alone (if patients <2.5 years). Pain was reported at the time of the interview or within the last 24 h, 7 d, or 4 weeks in 15%, 28%, 50% and 58% of cases, respectively. The proportion of patients suffering severe to maximal pain (NRS>3; Bieri>2) increased significantly (p=0.001, chi2 test). The median pain intensity for the most severe pain episode within the last 4 weeks was 6.7 (NRS 0-10). Adverse effects of anti-tumor therapy were the most frequent cause of pain. Multivariate analyses depicted general physical condition either "severely reduced" (ASA status 3) (OR 4.0, 95% CI 1.1-14.7, p=0.037) or "moderately reduced" (ASA status 2) (OR 1.8, 95% CI 1.1-2.9, p=0.018), "in-patient status" (OR 1.8, 95% CI 1.2-2.9, p=0.010), and "co-morbidity present" (OR 3.5, 95% CI 1.1-10.7, p=0.030) as risk factors for severe to maximal pain. General anesthesia was the only factor significantly (OR 0.14, 95% CI 0.05-0.39, p<0.01) associated with a reduction in the proportion of patients suffering severe to maximal pain during bone marrow aspiration. Our data emphasize both the importance of in-house acute pain control and the need for general anesthesia during painful procedures in pediatric oncology.
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August 2005

Insulin resistance in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus: relation to obesity.

Pediatr Diabetes 2005 Mar;6(1):5-12

Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Vestische Youth Hospital, University of Witten Herdecke, Datteln, Germany.

Background: Insulin resistance is well recognized both in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and in obesity. Studies concerning the relation between insulin resistance and overweight in T1DM have not yet been carried out.

Methods: Degree of overweight [standard deviation score-body mass index (SDS-BMI)] and daily insulin doses per weight (ID/kg), per body surface (ID/m2), and per ideal body weight (ID/IW) were recorded in 4124 children aged between 5 and 20 yr with a duration of T1DM of 4-5 yr and an adequate metabolic control [hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) <8.0%]. SDS-BMI was compared between insulin-resistant (ID/kg > or = 1.0) and insulin-sensitive (ID/kg <1.0) children. The ID/kg, ID/m2, and ID/IW were compared between obese (SDS-BMI >1.9) and non-obese children. Multivariate linear regression analysis was conducted for the dependent variables ID/kg, ID/m2, and ID/IW, including age, gender, SDS-BMI, and HbA1c as independent variables.

Results: The 882 insulin-resistant children did not differ significantly (p = 0.447) with respect to SDS-BMI (median +0.38) compared to the 3242 insulin-sensitive children (median SDS-BMI +0.42). The ID/kg was significantly (p = 0.031) lower in the obese children compared to the non-obese children (median 0.80 vs. 0.83), while ID/m2 (median 31.0 vs. 26.2) and ID/IW (median 1.17 vs. 0.85) were significantly (p < 0.001) increased in the obese children. In multivariate linear regression analysis, SDS-BMI was significantly (p < 0.001) associated with an increase in ID/m2 and ID/IW and a decrease in ID/kg.

Conclusions: T1DM children with insulin resistance based on ID/kg are not more overweight than insulin-sensitive children with T1DM. ID/m2 and ID/IW seem to reflect a better tool than ID/kg to describe the influence of overweight on insulin resistance in T1DM.
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March 2005

Coenzyme Q10 in plasma and erythrocytes: comparison of antioxidant levels in healthy probands after oral supplementation and in patients suffering from sickle cell anemia.

Clin Chim Acta 2002 Dec;326(1-2):155-61

Vestische Kinderklinik Datteln, University Witten-Herdecke, Dr.-Friedrich-Steiner-Str. 5, D-45711 Datteln, Germany.

Background: The membrane-associated antioxidant coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) or ubiquinone-10 is frequently measured in serum or plasma. However, little is known about the total contents or redox status of CoQ10 in blood cells.

Methods: We have developed a method for determination of CoQ10 in erythrocytes. Total CoQ10 in erythrocytes was compared to the amounts of ubiquinone-10 and ubihydroquinone-10 in plasma using high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) with electrochemical detection and internal standardisation (ubiquinone-9, ubihydroquinone-9).

Results: Investigations in 10 healthy probands showed that oral intake of CoQ10 (3 mg/kg/day) led to a short-term (after 5 h, 1.57+/-0.55 pmol/microl plasma) and long-term (after 14 days, 4.00+/-1.88 pmol/microl plasma, p<0.05 vs. -1 h, 1.11+/-0.24 pmol/microl plasma) increase in plasma concentrations while decreasing the redox status of CoQ10 (after 14 days, 5.37+/-1.31% in plasma, p<0.05 vs. -1 h, 6.74+/-0.86% in plasma). However, in these healthy probands, CoQ10 content in red blood cells remained unchanged despite excessive supplementation. In addition, plasma and erythrocyte concentrations of CoQ10 were measured in five patients suffering from sickle cell anemia, a genetic anemia characterised by an overall accelerated production of reactive oxygen species. While these patients showed normal or decreased plasma levels of CoQ10 with a shifting of the redox state in favour of the oxidised part (10.8-27.2% in plasma), the erythrocyte concentrations of CoQ10 were dramatically elevated (280-1,093 pmol/10(9) ERY vs. 22.20+/-6.17 pmol/10(9) ERY).

Conclusions: We conclude that normal red blood cells may regulate their CoQ10 content independently from environmental supplementation, but dramatic changes may be expected under pathological conditions.
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December 2002