Publications by authors named "Thomas H Cribb"

142 Publications

Eight species of Lintonium Stunkard & Nigrelli, 1930 (Digenea: Fellodistomidae) in Australian tetraodontiform fishes.

Syst Parasitol 2021 Sep 18. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

School of Biological Sciences, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, QLD, 4072, Australia.

We report eight species of Lintonium from tetraodontiform fishes from Australian waters and describe six of them as new. Two species are described from tetraodontids from the Great Barrier Reef (GBR): Lintonium kostadinovae n. sp. from Arothron nigropunctatus (Bloch & Schneider) and Arothron hispidus (Linnaeus); and Lintonium droneni n. sp. from A. nigropunctatus. Two species are described from temperate monacanthids: Lintonium crowcrofti n. sp. from Meuschenia hippocrepis (Quoy & Gaimard) and Meuschenia freycineti (Quoy & Gaimard) off Tasmania and from M. hippocrepis off Glenelg, South Australia and off Fremantle, Western Australia; and Lintonium blendi n. sp. from M. hippocrepis off Stanley, Tasmania. The final two new species are described from tropical monacanthids: Lintonium currani n. sp. from Cantherhines pardalis (Rüppell) from Ningaloo Reef, Western Australia; and Lintonium madhaviae n. sp. from Amanses scopas (Cuvier) from the southern GBR. Two previously described species are reported from tetraodontids: Lintonium pulchrum (Johnston, 1913) Yamaguti, 1954 from Arothron stellatus (Anonymous), A. hispidus, A. manilensis (Marion de Procé) and Lagocephalus lunaris (Bloch & Schneider) from the GBR and southern Queensland; and Lintonium consors (Lühe, 1906) Crowcroft, 1950 from A. nigropunctatus from the southern GBR. Sequence data for three markers (ITS2 and 28S rDNA and cox1 mtDNA) for six of the eight species (L. crowcrofti n. sp., L. currani n. sp., L. droneni n. sp., L. kostadinovae n. sp., L. madhaviae n. sp. and L. pulchrum) are the first for the genus and distinguish each species unambiguously. Many records of species of Lintonium, especially widespread records of the type species, L. vibex (Linton, 1900) Stunkard & Nigrelli, 1930, remain to be clarified. A key finding of the present study is that three fish species (A. hispidus, A. nigropunctatus and M. hippocrepis) are identified as harbouring either two or three species of Lintonium at individual localities.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11230-021-10000-wDOI Listing
September 2021

STABLE ISOTOPE SIGNATURES OF AN ACANTHOCEPHALAN AND TREMATODE FROM THE HERBIVOROUS MARINE FISH KYPHOSUS BIGIBBUS (PERCIFORMES: KYPHOSIDAE).

J Parasitol 2021 Sep;107(5):726-730

University of Washington, School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, 1122 Northeast Boat Street, Seattle, Washington 98195.

Stable isotope analyses of carbon and nitrogen (δ13C and δ15N) are useful for elucidating consumer relationships of free-living organisms, as carbon isotopes indicate dietary carbon sources and incremental increases in nitrogen isotopic enrichment are correlated with increases in trophic position. However, host-parasite relationships are more difficult to interpret using isotopes, as data from different host-parasite systems rarely show any consistent pattern. This inconsistency of pattern reflects the complexity of host-parasite relationships, but also the scarcity of data from a diverse assemblage of host-parasite systems. We present stable isotope data from a host-parasite system including 2 ecologically contrasting helminths, an acanthocephalan (Filisoma filiformis) and a digenetic trematode (Enenterum sp.), which co-occur in the intestine of the same marine fish (Kyphosus bigibbus), the diet of which consists almost exclusively of macroalgae. We obtained δ13C and δ15N data from K. bigibbus muscle, stomach contents, and pooled infrapopulations of Enenterum sp. and F. filiformis. Consistent with other isotope studies including acanthocephalans, F. filiformis was depleted in δ13C and δ15N relative to K. bigibbus. Although Enenterum sp. exhibited values for δ13C similar to those for F. filiformis, they were enriched in δ15N relative to the acanthocephalan, with a signature similar to that of K. bigibbus. These findings are discussed within a host-ecosystem context, highlighting the importance of considering species-specific biology when interpreting host-parasite relationships using stable isotopes. Our study adds to the growing body of literature indicating that absorptive feeders, such as acanthocephalans, are typically depleted in δ13C and δ15N relative to their hosts, whereas trematodes, with a greater diversity of feeding opportunities, exhibit a wide variety of isotopic signatures across life stage and different host-parasite systems.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1645/21-29DOI Listing
September 2021

Molecular phylogenetic analysis of the problematic genus Cardicola (Digenea: Aporocotylidae) indicates massive polyphyly, dramatic morphological radiation and host-switching.

Mol Phylogenet Evol 2021 Aug 8;164:107290. Epub 2021 Aug 8.

The University of Queensland, School of Biological Sciences, Brisbane, Queensland 4072, Australia.

Novel multi-locus sequence data were used to assess the molecular phylogenetic relationships of fish blood flukes showing similarity to the genus Cardicola Short, 1953 (Trematoda: Aporocotylidae). Analyses of three ribosomal (ITS2, 28S & 18S) subregions and one mitochondrial (cox1) DNA subregion shows that the hitherto-monophyletic clade formed by species of Cardicola Short, 1953 also includes species of three other genera - Braya Nolan & Cribb, 2006, Elaphrobates Bullard & Overstreet, 2003 and Rhaphidotrema Yong & Cribb, 2011 - as well as a new, morphologically distinct species discovered from the heart of the yellowfin tripodfish, Tripodichthys angustifrons (Tetraodontiformes: Triacanthidae). In the context of conflicting morphological, molecular and ecological data, we argue that the recognition of seven genera produces a more satisfactory taxonomy for these parasites than considering them all as species of Cardicola. We thus recognise Cardicola (as an explicitly polyphyletic taxon) together with Braya, Elaphrobates, Rhaphidotrema and three new genera. We propose Allocardicola n. gen. for A. johnpagei n. sp. from T. angustifrons, Chanicola n. gen. for three species of Cardicola that infect the chanid Chanos chanos, and Spirocaecum n. gen. for six species of Cardicola that infect siganid fishes. We interpret the pattern of diversification seen in the clade of these seven genera as one of multiple host-switching events followed by diversification among closely-related hosts and differing levels of morphological divergence.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2021.107290DOI Listing
August 2021

Gastropod first intermediate hosts for two species of Monorchiidae Odhner, 1911 (Trematoda): I can't believe it's not bivalves!

Int J Parasitol 2021 Jun 27. Epub 2021 Jun 27.

The University of Queensland, School of Biological Sciences, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia.

The trematode superfamily Monorchioidea comprises three families of teleost parasites: the Monorchiidae Odhner, 1911, Lissorchiidae Magath, 1917, and Deropristidae Cable & Hunninen, 1942. All presently known lissorchiid and deropristid life cycles have gastropods as first intermediate hosts, whereas those of monorchiids involve bivalves. Here, we report an unexpected intermediate host for monorchiids; two species of Hurleytrematoides Yamaguti, 1954 use gastropods as first intermediate hosts. Sporocysts and cercariae were found infecting two species of the family Vermetidae, highly specialised sessile gastropods that form calcareous tubes, from two locations off the coast of Queensland, Australia. These intramolluscan infections broadly corresponded morphologically to those of known monorchiids in that the cercariae have a spinous tegument, oral and ventral suckers, a simple tail and distinct eye-spots. Given the simplified morphology of intramolluscan infections, genetic data provided a definitive identification. ITS2 rDNA and cox1 mtDNA sequence data from the gastropod infections were identical to two species of Hurleytrematoides, parasites of butterflyfishes (Chaetodontidae); Hurleytrematoides loi McNamara & Cribb, 2011 from Moreton Bay (south-eastern Queensland) and Heron Island (southern Great Barrier Reef) and Hurleytrematoides morandi McNamara & Cribb, 2011 from Heron Island. Notably, species of Hurleytrematoides are positioned relatively basal in the phylogeny of the Monorchiidae and are a sister lineage to that of species known to infect bivalves. Thus, the most parsimonious evolutionary hypothesis to explain infection of gastropods by these monorchiids is that basal monorchiids (in our analyses, species of Cableia Sogandares-Bernal, 1959, Helicometroides Yamaguti, 1934 and Hurleytrematoides) will all prove to infect gastropods, suggesting a single host switching event into bivalves for more derived monorchiids (17 other genera in our phylogenetic analyses). A less parsimonious hypothesis is that the infection of vermetids will prove to be restricted to species of Hurleytrematoides, as an isolated secondary recolonisation of gastropods from a bivalve-infecting lineage. Regardless of how their use arose, vermetids represent a dramatic host jump relative to the rest of the Monorchiidae, one potentially enabled by their specialised feeding biology.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpara.2021.05.003DOI Listing
June 2021

Correction to: Molecular characterisation of acanthocephalans from Australian marine teleosts: proposal of a new family, synonymy of another and transfer of taxa between orders.

Syst Parasitol 2020 Dec;97(6):859-861

Parasitology Section, South Australian Museum, Adelaide, SA, 5000, Australia.

Shortly after publication it was brought to authors' attention that two of the cox1 sequences reported in the study, those of Neoechinorhynchus tylosuri (MN692675) and Transvena annulospinosa (MN692690) were potentially erroneous. After investigation, it was determined that this was indeed the case and was caused by contamination of original sequencing results. They were found to be near-duplicates of other species from the same sequencing batch. These sequences have been removed from GenBank. Unfortunately, this means that no cox1 sequence data were provided for the above two species in the referenced study. The remaining cox1 sequences reported have been checked and are reliable. Furthermore, cox1 sequence data were not analysed as part of the study, and thus the above error does not affect the results or conclusions of the study. Corrections to the text in reference to the above are made in Table 1 (removal of the above GenBank accession numbers), on page 10 ("Sequence data for all three targeted markers were obtained for 13 (rather than 15) of the 17 acanthocephalan species studied") and on page 19 ("We generated new cox1 sequence data for all but three (rather than one) of the acanthocephalan species from our collection…").
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11230-020-09932-6DOI Listing
December 2020

A new genus of Bucephalidae Poche, 1907 (Trematoda: Digenea) for three new species infecting the yellowtail pike, Sphyraena obtusata Cuvier (Sphyraenidae), from Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia.

Syst Parasitol 2020 10 13;97(5):455-476. Epub 2020 Aug 13.

School of Biological Sciences, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD, 4072, Australia.

Three new species of the family Bucephalidae Poche, 1907 (Trematoda: Digenea) are described from the yellowtail pike, Sphyraena obtusata Cuvier (Sphyraenidae), from Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. The three species are morphologically consistent with the present broad concept of the genus Bucephalus Baer, 1827, but significant phylogenetic and ecological differences relative to the type-species of Bucephalus require the proposal of a new genus. Aenigmatrema n. g. is proposed for A. undecimtentaculatum n. sp. (type-species), A. inopinatum n. sp. and A. grandiovum n. sp. In addition, based on morphological, ecological and biogeographical similarities, we recombine two existing species of Bucephalus as Aenigmatrema kaku (Yamaguti, 1970) n. comb. and Aenigmatrema sphyraenae (Yamaguti, 1952) n. comb. Although the three species described in this study are extremely morphologically similar, they can be differentiated from each other, and from A. kaku and A. sphyraenae, morphometrically on the basis of egg size, tentacle number and a combination of the caecum and vitelline field lengths. Complete ITS2 rDNA, partial 28S rDNA and partial cox1 mtDNA sequence data were generated for the three new species, which formed a well-supported clade in all 28S phylogenetic analyses. An expanded phylogenetic tree for the subfamily Bucephalinae Poche, 1907 is presented, demonstrating unresolved issues with the morphology-based taxonomy of the subfamily. The three largest genera, Bucephalus, Rhipidocotyle Diesing, 1858 and Prosorhynchoides Dollfus, 1929 remain extensively polyphyletic, indicating the need for significant further systematic revision.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11230-020-09931-7DOI Listing
October 2020

Retroporomonorchis pansho n. g., n. sp., an unusual monorchiid trematode exploiting an atypical host.

Syst Parasitol 2020 10 8;97(5):441-454. Epub 2020 Aug 8.

School of Biological Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, 4072, Australia.

The Monorchiidae Odhner, 1911 are well represented in tropical and subtropical marine fishes worldwide but rarely reported from the Lutjanidae, an important family of tropical fishes that prey mainly on demersal fishes, decapods and cephalopods. Here, we report the first monorchiid from a lutjanid in Australian waters, Retroporomonorchis pansho n. g., n. sp. in Lutjanus fulvus (Forster), off Lizard Island on the northern Great Barrier Reef. It is morphologically and phylogenetically distinct among known monorchiids, resolves within the Monorchiinae Odhner, 1911, and is characterised by a relatively large ventral sucker, a sinistral genital pore immediately posterior to the ventral sucker, unfilamented eggs, a single testis, and vitelline follicles restricted to the level of the gonads. We assessed all previous records of monorchiids from lutjanid fishes and found only one to be convincing, that of Infundiburictus overstreeti (Gupta & Gupta, 1990) Wee, Cutmore, Pérez-del-Olmo & Cribb, 2020 from Lutjanus monostigma (Cuvier) in the Bay of Bengal. Another, Monorcheides xishaensis Shen, 1985, from Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål) in the Paracel Islands, South China Sea, is here recognised as a cryptogonimid, and is synonymised with Siphoderina asiatica Gu & Shen, 1979. In the remaining reports, the identity of the host is either ambiguous or doubtful, or the identity of the worm is not supported with sufficient evidence.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11230-020-09926-4DOI Listing
October 2020

Pseudohurleytrema yolandae n. sp., the first monorchiid trematode reported from the Triacanthidae (Tetraodontiformes).

Syst Parasitol 2020 10 31;97(5):491-500. Epub 2020 Jul 31.

School of Biological Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, St Lucia, QLD, 4072, Australia.

Prior to the present study, species of the trematode family Monorchiidae Odhner, 1911 had been reported from four of the ten families of tetraodontiform fishes: the Balistidae, Monacanthidae, Ostraciidae and Tetraodontidae. Here we report the first monorchiid from the family Triacanthidae, Pseudohurleytrema yolandae n. sp. infecting Tripodichthys angustifrons (Hollard), from Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. The species conforms well to the morphological concept of the subfamily Hurleytrematinae Yamaguti, 1958, and the genus Pseudohurleytrema Yamaguti, 1954, in the possession of filamented eggs, a bipartite terminal organ, and a unipartite seminal vesicle. Relative to the other three recognised species of Pseudohurleytrema, the present species is distinctive in the size of the testis and eggs, position of the ovary, and the form of the vitellarium and excretory vesicle. We consider Pseudohurleytrema magnum Kaikabad & Bilqees in Bilqees, 1991 as a species inquirenda. Sequence data for the 28S ribosomal RNA gene and cox1 mitochondrial gene were generated for P. yolandae, providing the first molecular data for the genus. Phylogenetic analysis showed that P. yolandae does not form a clade with the other three hurleytrematine genera for which there are molecular data (Helicometroides Yamaguti, 1934, Hurleytrematoides Yamaguti, 1953 and Provitellus Dove & Cribb, 1998), forming a poorly-supported clade with Proctotrema addisoni Searle, Cutmore & Cribb, 2014 within the clade of the subfamily Monorchiinae Odhner, 1911. The four hurleytrematine genera resolved as four distinct clades, indicating that the current subfamilial classification requires comprehensive revision.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11230-020-09924-6DOI Listing
October 2020

Bloody flukes: a review of aporocotylids as parasites of cultured marine fishes.

Int J Parasitol 2020 09 30;50(10-11):743-753. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Centre for Environmental Sustainability and Remediation, School of Science, RMIT University, Bundoora 3083, Australia. Electronic address:

Fish blood flukes (Digenea: Aporocotylidae) are important pathogens of fishes in aquaculture. Severe infections have been associated with mass mortality events in cultured marine species of teleosts in Australia, Asia and Europe, leading to significant socio-economic losses. Here we review recent advances towards understanding the biology and ecology of fish blood flukes, and the integral role molecular techniques have played in this development. Techniques include molecular matching of aporocotylid life stages using ITS-2 rDNA, and targeting ITS-2 rDNA to distinguish aporocotylid species using quantitative PCR (qPCR). These approaches have facilitated the elucidation of multiple life cycles for species of Cardicola infecting bluefin tunas Thunnus spp. cultured in Australia and Japan. Continued work to identify intermediate hosts of fish blood flukes is critical to improve understanding of their life cycles and help inform aquatic animal health management e.g. through site selection and/or separation of intermediate and definitive hosts. As praziquantel is the only known treatment option for infected fish, its continued efficacy will need to be monitored and other possible solutions may need to be identified as aquaculture continues to grow and diversify.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpara.2020.04.008DOI Listing
September 2020

First steps to restructuring the problematic genus Lasiotocus Looss, 1907 (Digenea: Monorchiidae) with the proposal of four new genera.

Parasitol Int 2020 Dec 24;79:102164. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

The University of Queensland, School of Biological Sciences, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia.

Lasiotocus Looss, 1907 is the largest genus within the Monorchiidae Odhner, 1911, with 52 species currently considered valid. Species belonging to this genus exhibit wide morphological variation and it is likely that many of them belong in other genera; however, testing the validity of the group has been hampered by a lack of molecular sequence data, especially for the type-species. Here, we report the first DNA sequences for Lasiotocus mulli (Stossich, 1883) Odhner, 1911, the type-species of the genus, and only the sixth Lasiotocus species to be sequenced. Sequences were generated for three ribosomal DNA markers, the ITS2, 18S and 28S regions, and for one mitochondrial DNA marker, the cox1 region. Phylogenetic analyses show that the six sequenced species form four clearly distinct clades, each of which we argue require separate genera. On the basis of these relationships and review of the morphology of all species in the genus, we propose a system of six genera. Four genera, Lasiotocus, the resurrected concept of Ancylocoelium Nicoll, 1912, Infundiburictus n. gen., and Sinistroporomonorchis n. gen., represent the four molecular clades. Two genera, Paralasiotocus n. gen. and Alloinfundiburictus n. gen., are proposed on the basis of morphology only. Ancylocoelium is resurrected for Ancylocoelium typicum Nicoll, 1912, Infundiburictus is erected for Lasiotocus arrhichostoma Searle, Cutmore & Cribb, 2014, Sinistroporomonorchis is erected for Lasiotocus glebulentus Overstreet, 1971and Lasiotocus lizae Liu, 2002, Paralasiotocus is erected for Lasiotocus okinawaensis Machida, 2011, and Alloinfundiburictus is erected for Lasiotocus cacuminatus Nicoll, 1915. Of the 52 species presently recognised in Lasiotocus, 43 are distributed among these genera; nine are considered species inquirendae or are transferred to other genera. We think it likely that more genera will be required for the species reviewed here but more sequence data are essential to further refine the classification.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.parint.2020.102164DOI Listing
December 2020

Molecular characterisation of acanthocephalans from Australian marine teleosts: proposal of a new family, synonymy of another and transfer of taxa between orders.

Syst Parasitol 2020 02 7;97(1):1-23. Epub 2020 Jan 7.

Parasitology Section, South Australian Museum, Adelaide, SA, 5000, Australia.

We provide molecular data (cox1, 18S rDNA and 28S rDNA) for 17 acanthocephalan species and 20 host-parasite combinations from Australian marine teleosts collected from off Queensland, Australia. Fourteen of these acanthocephalans are characterised with molecular data for the first time and we provide the first molecular data for a species of each of the genera Heterosentis Van Cleave, 1931, Pyriproboscis Amin, Abdullah & Mhaisen, 2003 and Sclerocollum Schmidt & Paperna, 1978. Using 18S and 28S rDNA sequences, the phylogenetic position of each newly sequenced species is assessed with both single-gene and concatenated 18S+28S maximum likelihood and Bayesian inference analyses. Additional phylogenetic analyses focusing on the genus Rhadinorhynchus Lühe, 1912 and related lineages are included. Our phylogenetic results are broadly consistent with previous analyses, recovering previously identified inconsistencies but also providing new insights and necessitating taxonomic action. We do not find sufficient evidence to recognise the Gymnorhadinorhynchidae Braicovich, Lanfranchi, Farber, Marvaldi, Luque & Timi, 2014 as distinct from the Rhadinorhynchidae Lühe, 1912. The family Gymnorhadinorhynchidae and its sole genus, Gymnorhadinorhynchus Braicovich, Lanfranchi, Farber, Marvaldi, Luque & Timi, 2014, are here recognised as junior synonyms of Rhadinorhynchidae and Rhadinorhynchus, respectively. The two species currently assigned to Gymnorhadinorhynchus are recombined as Rhadinorhynchus decapteri (Braicovich, Lanfranchi, Farber, Marvaldi, Luque & Timi, 2014) n. comb. and Rhadinorhynchus mariserpentis (Steinauer, Garcia-Vedrenne, Weinstein & Kuris, 2019) n. comb. In all of our analyses, Rhadinorhynchus biformis Smales, 2014 is found basal to the Rhadinorhynchidae + Transvenidae Pichelin & Cribb, 2001, thus resulting in a paraphyletic Rhadinorhynchidae. It appears that R. biformis may require a new genus and family; however, morphological data for this species are currently insufficient to adequately distinguish it from related lineages, thus we defer the proposal of any new higher-rank names for this species. Species of the genus Sclerocollum, currently assigned to the Cavisomidae Meyer, 1932, are found nested within the family Transvenidae. We transfer the genus Sclerocollum to the Transvenidae and amend the diagnosis of the family accordingly. The genera Gorgorhynchoides Cable & Linderoth, 1963 and Serrasentis Van Cleave, 1923, currently assigned to the Rhadinorhynchidae, are supported as sister taxa and form a clade in the Polymorphida. We transfer these genera and Golvanorhynchus Noronha, Fabio & Pinto, 1978 to an emended concept of the Isthomosacanthidae Smales, 2012 and transfer this family to the Polymorphida. Lastly, Pyriproboscis heronensis (Pichelin, 1997) Amin, Abdullah & Mhaisen, 2003, currently assigned to the Pomphorhynchidae Yamaguti, 1939, falls under the Polymorphida in our analyses with some support for a sister relationship with the Centrorhynchidae Van Cleave, 1916. As this species clearly does not belong in the Pomphorhynchidae and is morphologically and molecularly distinct from the lineages of the Polymorphida, we propose the Pyriprobosicidae n. fam. to accommodate it.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11230-019-09896-2DOI Listing
February 2020

Two new species of Prosorhynchoides (Digenea: Bucephalidae) from Tylosurus crocodilus (Belonidae) from the great barrier reef and French Polynesia.

Parasitol Int 2020 Apr 28;75:102005. Epub 2019 Oct 28.

School of Science, Centre for Environmental Sustainability and Remediation, RMIT University, PO Box 71, Bundoora, Victoria 3083, Australia. Electronic address:

We surveyed 14 individuals of Tylosurus crocodilus Péron & Lesueur 1821 (Belonidae) collected from the waters around Lizard Island and Heron Island, Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, Australia, and the waters around Moorea, French Polynesia. We describe two new species of bucephaline trematodes from them, Prosorhynchoides galaktionovi n. sp. and P. kohnae n. sp. They are morphologically distinct from existing Prosorhynchoides spp., with molecular data from 28S and ITS-2 ribosomal DNA, as well as cox1 mitochondrial DNA, further supporting our morphological findings. Neither species has been observed in other belonid fishes. The new species fall into the clade of species of Prosorhynchoides from belonids previously identified in Australian waters. These findings strengthen the observation that groups of bucephaline species have radiated, at least in part, in tight association with host taxa. There are now five species of Prosorhynchoides known from two belonid species in Australian waters. We, therefore, predict further richness in the nine other belonid species present.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.parint.2019.102005DOI Listing
April 2020

An identity crisis in the Indo-Pacific: molecular exploration of the genus Koseiria (Digenea: Enenteridae).

Int J Parasitol 2019 11 16;49(12):945-961. Epub 2019 Oct 16.

The University of Queensland, School of Biological Sciences, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia.

We explore the growing issue of cryptic speciation in the Digenea through study of museum material and newly collected specimens consistent with the enenterid genus Koseiria from five species of the Kyphosidae and Chaetodontoplus meredithi Kuiter (Pomacanthidae) collected in the Indo-Pacific. We use an integrated approach, employing traditional morphometrics, principal components analysis (PCA), and molecular data (ITS2 and 28S rDNA). Our results support recombination of Koseiria allanwilliamsi Bray & Cribb, 2002 as Proenenterum allanwilliamsi (Bray & Cribb, 2002) n. comb. and transfer of Koseiria huxleyi Bray & Cribb, 2001 to a new genus as Enenterageitus huxleyi (Bray & Cribb, 2002) n. comb. Molecular data indicate the presence of four further species consistent with Koseiria, one from Western Australia (sequence data only) and three from eastern Australia. All three eastern Australian species are morphologically consistent with Koseiria xishaensis Gu & Shen, 1983, but distinct from all other previously described species. Although K. xishaensis has been reported from Australia, we conclude that the similarity of the present forms to the original description of K. xishaensis means records of this species from Japan, Palau and Australia are unreliable. Because the eastern Australian forms cannot be reliably ascribed to K. xishaensis, we describe Koseiria argalea n. sp., Koseiria laiphopharophora n. sp., and Koseiria pyknophora n. sp., following application of PCAs and iterative refinement of species concepts and type series. These analyses did not allow convincing identification hypotheses for all specimens examined. In this genus, both morphological and molecular data, together with reliable host identifications, are essential for species recognition, and thus we refrain from attempting to name samples lacking molecular data. The issues presented by these taxa encapsulate those of trematodes in the region as a whole. Many records require dramatically improved supporting data, leading to substantial uncertainly in the identification of this fauna.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpara.2019.07.001DOI Listing
November 2019

Three new species of acanthocephalans (Palaeacanthocephala) from marine fishes collected off the East Coast of South Africa.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2019 Sep 6;66. Epub 2019 Sep 6.

Water Research Group, Unit for Environmental Sciences and Management, North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa.

Three new species of acanthocephalans are described from marine fishes collected in Sodwana Bay, South Africa: Rhadinorhynchus gerberi n. sp. from Trachinotus botla (Shaw), Pararhadinorhynchus sodwanensis n. sp. from Pomadasys furcatus (Bloch et Schneider) and Transvena pichelinae n. sp. from Thalassoma purpureum (Forsskål). Transvena pichelinae n. sp. differs from the single existing species of the genus Transvena annulospinosa Pichelin et Cribb, 2001, by the lower number of longitudinal rows of hooks (10-12 vs 12-14, respectively) and fewer hooks in a row (5 vs 6-8), shorter blades of anterior hooks (55-63 vs 98), more posterior location of the ganglion (close to the posterior margin of the proboscis receptacle vs mid-level of the proboscis receptacle) and smaller eggs (50-58 × 13 µm vs 62-66 × 13-19 µm). Pararhadinorhynchus sodwanensis n. sp. differs from all known species of the genus by a combination of characters. It closely resembles unidentified species Pararhadinorhynchus sp. sensu Weaver and Smales (2014) in the presence of a similar number of longitudinal rows of hooks on the proboscis (16-18 vs 18) and hooks in a row (11-13 vs 13-14), but differs in the position of the lemnisci (extend to the level of the posterior end of the proboscis receptacle or slightly posterior vs extend to the mid-level of the receptacle), length of the proboscis receptacle (910-1180 µm vs 1,460 µm) and cement glands (870-880 µm vs 335-350 µm). Rhadinorhynchus gerberi n. sp. is distinguishable from all its congeners by a single field of 19-26 irregular circular rows of the tegumental spines on the anterior part of the trunk, 10 longitudinal rows of hooks on the proboscis with 29-32 hooks in each row, subterminal genital pore in both sexes, and distinct separation of the opening of the genital pore from the posterior edge of the trunk (240-480 μm) in females. Sequences for the 18S rDNA, 28S rDNA and cox1 genes were generated to molecularly characterise the species and assess their phylogenetic position. This study provides the first report based on molecular evidence for the presence of species of Transvena Pichelin et Cribb, 2001 and Pararhadinorhynchus Johnston et Edmonds, 1947 in African coastal fishes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2019.012DOI Listing
September 2019

A DNA barcode reference library of French Polynesian shore fishes.

Sci Data 2019 07 4;6(1):114. Epub 2019 Jul 4.

PSL Research University, EPHE-UPVD-CNRS, USR 3278 CRIOBE, Université de Perpignan, 58 Avenue Paul Alduy, 66860, Perpignan, France.

The emergence of DNA barcoding and metabarcoding opened new ways to study biological diversity, however, the completion of DNA barcode libraries is fundamental for such approaches to succeed. This dataset is a DNA barcode reference library (fragment of Cytochrome Oxydase I gene) for 2,190 specimens representing at least 540 species of shore fishes collected over 10 years at 154 sites across the four volcanic archipelagos of French Polynesia; the Austral, Gambier, Marquesas and Society Islands, a 5,000,000 km area. At present, 65% of the known shore fish species of these archipelagoes possess a DNA barcode associated with preserved, photographed, tissue sampled and cataloged specimens, and extensive collection locality data. This dataset represents one of the most comprehensive DNA barcoding efforts for a vertebrate fauna to date. Considering the challenges associated with the conservation of coral reef fishes and the difficulties of accurately identifying species using morphological characters, this publicly available library is expected to be helpful for both authorities and academics in various fields.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41597-019-0123-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6609690PMC
July 2019

Review of "Digenetic Trematodes of Indian Marine Fishes" by Rokkam Madhavi and Rodney Bray.

Authors:
Thomas H Cribb

Parasit Vectors 2019 Jun 24;12(1):314. Epub 2019 Jun 24.

School of Biological Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

Book Details: Madhavi R, Bray R: Digenetic Trematodes of Indian Marine Fishes. Springer; 2018, 693 pages. ISBN 978-94-024-1533-9.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-019-3577-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6591801PMC
June 2019

Spirorchiidiasis in marine turtles: the current state of knowledge.

Dis Aquat Organ 2019 Mar;133(3):217-245

Veterinary-Marine Animal Research, Teaching and Investigation, School of Veterinary Science, The University of Queensland, Gatton, Queensland 4343, Australia.

Blood flukes of the family Spirorchiidae are important disease agents in marine turtles. The family is near cosmopolitan in distribution. Twenty-nine marine species across 10 genera are currently recognized, but taxonomic problems remain and it is likely that more species will be discovered. Spirorchiids infect the circulatory system, where they and their eggs cause a range of inflammatory lesions. Infection is sometimes implicated in the death of the turtle. In some regions, prevalence in stranded turtles is close to 100%. Knowledge of life cycles, important for control and epidemiological studies, has proven elusive until recently, when the first intermediate host identifications were made. Recent molecular studies of eggs and adult worms indicate that a considerable level of intrageneric and intraspecific diversity exists. The characterization of this diversity is likely to be of importance in exploring parasite taxonomy and ecology, unravelling life cycles, identifying the differential pathogenicity of genotypes and species, and developing antemortem diagnostic tools, all of which are major priorities for future spirorchiid research. Diagnosis to date has been reliant on copromicroscopy or necropsy, which both have significant limitations. The current lack of reliable antemortem diagnostic options is a roadblock to determining the true prevalence and epidemiology of spirorchiidiasis and the development of effective treatment regimes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/dao03348DOI Listing
March 2019

Four new monorchiids from the golden trevally, Gnathanodon speciosus (Forsskål) (Perciformes: Carangidae), in Moreton Bay, Australia.

Syst Parasitol 2019 04 22;96(3):265-278. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

School of Biological Sciences, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD, 4072, Australia.

Four new monorchiid trematodes are reported from Moreton Bay, Australia; three new species of Provitellus Dove & Cribb, 1998 and one species of Ovipusillus Dove & Cribb, 1998, are described from Gnathanodon speciosus (Forsskål) (Carangidae), the golden trevally. Provitellus chaometra n. sp., Provitellus infrequens n. sp. and Provitellus infibrova n. sp. differ significantly from the only other species of this genus, Provitellus turrum Dove & Cribb, 1998, in the structure of the eggs, vitelline follicles and terminal organ. The four species are united, however, in the possession of short caeca and a long genital atrium, a combination not reported previously. Ovipusillus geminus n. sp. strongly resembles its only congener, Ovipusillus mayu Dove & Cribb, 1998, but differs in the morphology of the diverticulum in the cirrus-sac and the shape of the pharynx. Complete ITS2 and partial 28S rDNA sequence data were generated for all four species, as well as for two known species of Hurleytrematoides Yamaguti, 1953, Hurleytrematoides galzini McNamara & Cribb, 2011 and Hurleytrematoides loi McNamara & Cribb, 2011. These sequences were analysed with those for other monorchiids available on GenBank, and phylogenetic analyses showed that the four species of Provitellus and two species of Ovipusillus each form strongly supported clades. As with previous monorchiid phylogenetic studies, however, the overall resolution of the phylogeny of the Monorchiidae is poor.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11230-019-09851-1DOI Listing
April 2019

A new genus and species of the trematode family Gyliauchenidae Fukui, 1929 from an unexpected, but plausible, host, Kyphosus cornelii (Perciformes: Kyphosidae).

Parasitology 2019 06 13;146(7):937-946. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

The University of Queensland, School of Biological Sciences,Brisbane, QLD 4072,Australia.

The Enenteridae Yamaguti, 1958 and Gyliauchenidae Fukui, 1929 exhibit an interesting pattern of host partitioning in herbivorous fishes of the Indo-West Pacific. Enenterids are known almost exclusively from fishes of the family Kyphosidae, a group of herbivorous marine fishes common on tropical and temperate reefs. In contrast, gyliauchenids are found in most of the remaining lineages of marine herbivorous fishes, but until the present study, had never been known from kyphosids. Here we report on the first species of gyliauchenid known from a kyphosid. Endochortophagus protoporus gen. nov., sp. nov. was recovered from the Western buffalo bream, Kyphosus cornelii (Whitley, 1944), collected off Western Australia. Kyphosus cornelii also hosts an enenterid, Koseiria allanwilliamsi Bray & Cribb, 2002, and is thus the first fish known in which enenterids and gyliauchenids co-occur. Molecular phylogenetic analyses place the new species close to those of Affecauda Hall & Chambers, 1999 and Flagellotrema Ozaki, 1936, but there is sufficient morphological evidence, combined with the unusual host, to consider it distinct from these genera. We discuss factors which may have contributed to the host partitioning pattern observed between enenterids and gyliauchenids.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0031182019000118DOI Listing
June 2019

Intermediate host switches drive diversification among the largest trematode family: evidence from the Polypipapiliotrematinae n. subf. (Opecoelidae), parasites transmitted to butterflyfishes via predation of coral polyps.

Int J Parasitol 2018 12 24;48(14):1107-1126. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

School of Biological Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia.

Podocotyloides stenometra Pritchard, 1966 (Digenea: Opecoelidae) is the only trematode known to infect anthozoan corals. It causes disease in coral polyps of the genus Porites Link (Scleractinia: Poritidae) and its life-cycle depends on ingestion of these polyps by butterflyfishes (Perciformes: Chaetodontidae). This species has been reported throughout the Indo-Pacific, from the Seychelles to the Galápagos, but no study has investigated whether multiple species are involved. Here, we recollect P. stenometra from its type-host and type-locality, in Hawaiian waters, and describe four new species from examination of 768 butterflyfishes from French Polynesia. On the basis of morphology, phylogeny and life-history, we propose Polypipapiliotrema Martin, Cutmore & Cribb n. gen. and the Polypipapiliotrematinae Martin, Cutmore & Cribb n. subf., for P. stenometra (Pritchard) n. comb., P. citerovarium Martin, Cutmore & Cribb n. sp., P. hadrometra Martin, Cutmore & Cribb n. sp., P. heniochi Martin, Cutmore & Cribb n. sp., and P. ovatheculum Martin, Cutmore & Cribb n. sp. Given the diversity uncovered here and the ubiquity, abundance and diversity of butterflyfishes on coral reefs, we predict that Polypipapiliotrema will prove to comprise a rich complex of species causing disease in corals across the Indo-Pacific. The unique life-cycle of these taxa is consistent with phylogenetic distinction of the group and provides evidence for a broader basis of diversification among the family. We argue that life-cycle specialisation, in terms of adoption of disparate second intermediate host groups, has been a key driver of the diversification and richness of the Opecoelidae, the largest of all trematode families and the group most frequently encountered in coral reef fishes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpara.2018.09.003DOI Listing
December 2018

Opistholobetines (Digenea: Opecoelidae) in Australian tetraodontiform fishes.

Syst Parasitol 2018 11 22;95(8-9):743-781. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

School of Biological Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, 4072, Australia.

Opistholebetine opecoelids are reported following examination of 1,041 individual tetraodontiform fishes, comprising 60 species and seven families, collected in Australian waters between 1986 and 2018. Nine species consistent with Opistholebes Nicoll, 1915, Heterolebes Ozaki, 1935 or Maculifer Nicoll, 1915 were recovered. However, phylogenetic analysis of sequence data, generated for some of these species, suggested that five genera, not three, are required to adequately accommodate these taxa. Thus, the concept and composition for each is revised, Pseudoheterolebes Yamaguti, 1959 nec Gupta, 1968 is resurrected and Parallelolebes n. g. is proposed. Of the nine species examined, five are new. Four new species are from fishes endemic to subtropical and temperate Australian waters for which no trematodes have previously been reported: Pa. australis n. sp. and Ps. corazonae n. sp. from the slender-spined porcupinefish Diodon nicthemerus Cuvier (Diodontidae) off Stanley, Tasmania; Pa. virilis n. sp. from the horse-shoe leatherjacket Meuschenia hippocrepis (Quoy & Gaimard) (Monacanthidae) off Stanley; and Ps. stellaglobulus n. sp. from the threebar pocupinefish Dicotylichthys punctulatus Kaup (Diodontidae) in Moreton Bay, south-east Queensland. The fifth new species is M. diodontis n. sp., collected from the spotted porcupinefish Diodon hystrix Linnaeus and the blackblotched porcupinefish D. liturosus Shaw, in tropical waters on the Great Barrier Reef. Species reported previously include the type-species of Opistholebes, O. amplicoelus Nicoll, 1915 from the rough golden puffer Lagocephalus lunaris (Bloch & Schneider) (Tetraodontidae) and the common toadfish Tetractenos hamiltoni (Richardson) (Tetraodontidae) in Moreton Bay, and three species reported for the first time from fishes in Australian waters: H. maculosus Ozaki, 1935, Pa. elongatus Ozaki, 1937 n. comb. and Ps. diodontis (Cable, 1956) n. comb., each from both D. hystrix and D. liturosus on the Great Barrier Reef. Following the revisions, Opistholebes is recognised for two species, Heterolebes for five, Maculifer for eight, Pseudoheterolebes for five and Parallelolebes for three.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11230-018-9826-9DOI Listing
November 2018

Lepotrema Ozaki, 1932 (Lepocreadiidae: Digenea) from Indo-Pacific fishes, with the description of eight new species, characterised by morphometric and molecular features.

Syst Parasitol 2018 11 15;95(8-9):693-741. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

School of Biological Sciences, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD, 4072, Australia.

We review species of the genus Lepotrema Ozaki, 1932 from marine fishes in the Indo-West Pacific. Prior to the present study six species were recognised. Here we propose eight new species on the basis of combined morphological and molecular analysis: Lepotrema acanthochromidis n. sp. ex Acanthochromis polyacanthus from the Great Barrier Reef (GBR); Lepotrema hemitaurichthydis n. sp. ex Hemitaurichthys polylepis and H. thompsoni from Palau and French Polynesia; Lepotrema melichthydis n. sp. ex Melichthys vidua from Palau and the GBR; Lepotrema amansis n. sp. ex Amanses scopas from the GBR; Lepotrema cirripectis n. sp. ex Cirripectes filamentosus, C. chelomatus and C. stigmaticus from the GBR; Lepotrema justinei n. sp. ex Sufflamen fraenatum from New Caledonia; Lepotrema moretonense n. sp. ex Prionurus microlepidotus, P. maculatus and Selenotoca multifasciata from Moreton Bay; and Lepotrema amblyglyphidodonis n. sp. ex Amblyglyphidodon curacao and Amphipron akyndynos from the GBR. We also report new host records and provide novel molecular data for two known species: Lepotrema adlardi Bray, Cribb & Barker, 1993 and Lepotrema monile Bray & Cribb, 1998. Two new combinations are formed, Lepotrema cylindricum (Wang, 1989) n. comb. (for Preptetos cylindricus) and Lepotrema navodonis (Shen, 1986) n. comb. (for Lepocreadium navodoni). With the exception of a handful of ambiguous records, the evidence is compelling that the host-specificity of species in this genus is overwhelmingly oioxenous or stenoxenous. This renders the host distribution in three orders and ten families especially difficult to explain as many seemingly suitable hosts are not infected. Multi-loci molecular data (ITS2 rDNA, 28S rDNA and cox1 mtDNA) demonstrate that Lepotrema is a good generic concept, but limited variability in sequence data and differences in phylogenies produced for different gene regions make relationships within the genus difficult to define.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11230-018-9821-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6223840PMC
November 2018

Heterobucephalopsine and prosorhynchine trematodes (Digenea: Bucephalidae) from teleost fishes of Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia, with the description of two new species.

Syst Parasitol 2018 11 3;95(8-9):783-806. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

School of Biological Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, 4072, Australia.

Eight species of the trematode family Bucephalidae Poche, 1907 are reported from teleost fishes in Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Heterobucephalopsis yongi n. sp. is described from Gymnothorax eurostus (Muraenidae); the new form is distinguished from its congeners in the possession of a tiny cirrus-sac relative to body length, the length of the caecum, the position of the mouth and pharynx, and the position of the testes and ovary. Two known species of Dollfustrema Eckmann, 1934, D. durum Nolan, Curran, Miller, Cutmore, Cantacessi & Cribb, 2015 and D. gibsoni Nolan & Cribb, 2010, are reported from Gymnothorax pseudothyrsoideus (Bleeker) (Muraenidae); although both species were described from Australian waters, this represents the first reports from Moreton Bay and G. pseudothyrsoideus. Four species of Prosorhynchus Odhner, 1905 are reported, including one new, P. brayi n. sp., which is described from Epinephelus coioides (Hamilton) (Serranidae); P. brayi n. sp. is distinguished from its congeners in the possession of vitelline follicles in a confluent arc distinctly posterior to a conical rhynchus, uterine coils that do not extend anterior to the vitelline arc, contiguous testes, a cirrus-sac that reaches anteriorly to at least the level of the posterior testis and a short excretory vesicle. Three known species of Prosorhynchus are reported from Australia, for the first time: P. luzonicus Velasquez, 1959 and P. maternus Bray & Justine, 2006 from E. coioides and Prosorhynchus platycephali (Yamaguti, 1934) Srivastava, 1938 from Ambiserrula jugosa (McCulloch) and Inegocia japonica (Cuvier) (Platycephalidae). Skrjabiniella Issaitschikow, 1928 is re-recognised for new specimens of Skrjabiniella uniporus (Ozaki, 1924) n. comb. collected from Conger cinereus Rüppell (Congridae); three additional species of Prosorhynchus are considered members of this genus, two of which are synonymised with S. uniporus.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11230-018-9820-2DOI Listing
November 2018

Tetraphyllidean and onchoproteocephalidean cestodes of elasmobranchs from Moreton Bay, Australia: description of two new species and new records for seven described species.

Syst Parasitol 2018 11 28;95(8-9):807-827. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, Veterinary Clinical Centre, The University of Melbourne, Werribee, VIC, 3030, Australia.

Parasitological examination of elasmobranchs of Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia, resulted in the discovery of cestodes belonging to several armed genera of the Tetraphyllidea and Onchoproteocephalidea. Two new tetraphyllideans, Yorkeria moretonensis n. sp. and Yorkeria williamsi n. sp., are described from Chiloscyllium cf. punctatum (Hemiscylliidae). Yorkeria moretonensis n. sp. differs from its congeners in the possession of vitelline follicles that are discontinuous in the region of the ovary and in the length of its pedicels. Yorkeria williamsi n. sp. is most similar to Y. parva Southwell, 1927, but has larger, oval bothridia, longer pedicels and differences in the sizes of the scolex hooks. Yorkeria longstaffae Caira, Jensen & Rajan, 2007 is reported from Moreton Bay for the first time, and Spiniloculus mavensis Southwell, 1925 is re-reported from the type-locality and likely type-host (Moreton Bay and Chiloscyllium cf. punctatum, respectively), over 90 years after its original description. Six known onchoproteocephalideans, Acanthobothrium cannoni Campbell & Beveridge, 2002, A. chisholmae Campbell & Beveridge, 2002, A. ocallaghani Campbell & Beveridge, 2002, A. margieae Fyler, 2011, Megalonchos shawae Caira, Reyda & Mega, 2007 and M. sumansinghai Caira, Reyda & Mega, 2007, are reported from Moreton Bay for the first time, representing significant range extensions for all species.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11230-018-9817-xDOI Listing
November 2018

Aporocotylids from batoid and elopomorph fishes from Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia, including a new genus and species of blood fluke infecting the Giant shovelnose ray, Glaucostegus typus (Rhinopristiformes: Glaucostegidae).

Parasitol Int 2018 Dec 14;67(6):768-775. Epub 2018 Aug 14.

The University of Queensland, School of Biological Sciences, St Lucia, Queensland 4072, Australia.

Fishes of the elasmobranch superorder Batoidea and the basal teleost superorder Elopomorpha were assessed for blood flukes (Digenea: Aporocotylidae) during a parasitological survey conducted in Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. A new blood fluke genus and species, Ogawaia glaucostegi n. gen., n. sp., is described from the Giant shovelnose ray, Glaucostegus typus (Anonymous [Bennett]) (Rhinopristiformes: Glaucostegidae). Ogawaia glaucostegi differs from species of all other aporocotylid genera in the combination of the absence of anterior caeca and oral sucker, having a pronounced distal oesophageal chamber, a strongly coiled testis and a common genital pore. The new species most closely resembles Myliobaticola richardheardi Bullard & Jensen, 2008, from which it differs in lacking an oral sucker and in possessing a straight (rather than coiled) oesophagus, longer caeca in proportion to the oesophageal and total body length, and a much longer testis relative to body length. Ogawaia glaucostegi is just the eighth aporocotylid described from chondrichthyans, of which four belong to monotypic genera. This is the first description of a blood fluke from the order Rhinopristiformes, and the first of a chondrichthyan-infecting aporocotylid from Australian waters. Elopicola bristowi Orélis-Ribeiro & Bullard, 2017 is reported from Australia for the first time, from the type-host, Elops hawaiensis Regan (Elopiformes: Elopidae). This species is identified by morphological and molecular data and distinctions between our specimens and those of the original description are discussed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.parint.2018.08.003DOI Listing
December 2018

Molecular systematics of the digenean community parasitising the cerithiid gastropod Clypeomorus batillariaeformis Habe & Kusage on the Great Barrier Reef.

Parasitol Int 2018 Dec 25;67(6):722-735. Epub 2018 Jul 25.

The University of Queensland, School of Biological Sciences, St. Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia.

A rich fauna of digenetic trematodes has been documented from the Great Barrier Reef (GBR), yet little is known of the complex life-cycles of these parasites which occur in this diverse marine ecosystem. At Heron Island, a small coral cay at the southern end of the GBR, the intertidal marine gastropod Clypeomorus batillariaeformis Habe & Kusage (Cerithiidae) is especially abundant. This gastropod serves as an intermediate host for 12 trematode species utilising both fish and avian definitive hosts. However, 11 of these species have been characterised solely with morphological data. Between 2015 and 2018 we collected 4870C. batillariaeformis from Heron Island to recollect these species with the goal of using molecular data to resolve their phylogenetic placement. We found eight of the 12 previously known species and two new forms, bringing the total number of digenean species known to parasitise C. batillariaeformis to 14. The families of this trematode community now include the Atractotrematidae Yamaguti, 1939, Bivesiculidae Yamaguti, 1934, Cyathocotylidae Mühling, 1898, Hemiuridae Looss, 1899, Heterophyidae Leiper, 1909, Himasthlidae Odhner, 1910, Microphallidae Ward, 1901, and Renicolidae Dollfus, 1939. Molecular data (ITS and 28S rDNA) were generated for all trematode species, and the phylogenetic position of each species was determined. The digenean community parasitising C. batillariaeformis includes several common species, as well as multiple species which are uncommon to rare. Although most of those trematodes in the community which exploit fishes as definitive hosts have remained common, the composition of those which utilise birds appears to have shifted over time.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.parint.2018.07.008DOI Listing
December 2018

Two species of Neometadena Hafeezullah & Siddiqi, 1970 (Digenea: Cryptogonimidae) from Moreton Bay, Australia, including the description of Neometadena paucispina n. sp. from Australian Lutjanidae.

Syst Parasitol 2018 09 2;95(7):655-664. Epub 2018 Jul 2.

School of Biological Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, 4072, Australia.

A survey of the trematode fauna of lutjanid fishes off the east coast of Queensland (QLD), Australia revealed the presence of two species of Neometadena Hafeezullah & Siddiqi, 1970 (Digenea: Cryptogonimidae). Neometadena paucispina n. sp. is described from the intestine and pyloric caeca of Lutjanus fulviflamma (Forsskål) and L. russellii (Bleeker) from Moreton Bay, in southeast QLD. Specimens of the type- and only other species, N. ovata (Yamaguti, 1952) Miller & Cribb, 2008, were recovered from L. carponotatus (Richardson), L. fulviflamma, L. fulvus (Forster), L. russellii, and L. vitta (Quoy & Gaimard) off Lizard Island, on the northern Great Barrier Reef (GBR). Neometadena paucispina is distinguished from N. ovata in having fewer oral spines (55-65 vs 67-80). Alignment of novel molecular data for these two taxa revealed that they differ consistently by 13 nucleotides (1.5%) over the partial large subunit (LSU), 34 nucleotides (6.6%) over the internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS1), 0 nucleotides over the 5.8S, and 21 nucleotides (7.3%) over the ITS2 rDNA regions. Despite relatively large samples of L. carponotatus, L. fulviflamma and L. russellii from three distinct locations along the east coast of QLD (i.e. Moreton Bay in the south, Heron Island in central QLD and Lizard Island in northern QLD), these two species have been found at only one site each with neither species at Heron Island. These distributions are discussed in the context of the wide distribution of other cryptogonomid species in the same hosts elsewhere in the Indo-West Pacific.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11230-018-9804-2DOI Listing
September 2018

Two new species of Bacciger Nicoll, 1914 (Trematoda: Faustulidae) in species of Herklotsichthys Whitley (Clupeidae) from Queensland waters.

Syst Parasitol 2018 09 2;95(7):645-654. Epub 2018 Jul 2.

School of Biological Sciences, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD, 4072, Australia.

Two new species of Bacciger Nicoll, 1914 (Faustulidae) are described infecting clupeids collected from the waters off Queensland, Australia; Bacciger minor n. sp. is described from Herklotsichthys castelnaui (Ogilby) in Moreton Bay, southern Queensland and Bacciger major n. sp. is described from Herklotsichthys quadrimaculatus (Rüppell) collected off Lizard Island, on the northern Great Barrier Reef. The two species both differ from previously described species of Bacciger in the combination of their generally elongate bodies, an entire rather than deeply lobed ovary, vitelline follicles that reach to at least the intestinal bifurcation, instead of restricted to further posteriorly but principally distributed in the hindbody, and intestinal caeca extending posteriorly well past the ventral sucker. The two new species have non-overlapping size ranges and differ in their sucker ratios, the distribution of the vitelline follicles and in the shape of the cirrus-sac. ITS2 and 28S rDNA sequence data distinguish the two new species unambiguously. Phylogenetic analysis of available 28S data show they are most closely related to Pseudobacciger cheneyae Sun, Bray, Yong, Cutmore & Cribb, 2014, also recorded off Lizard Island. These are the first faustulids reported from species of Herklotsichthys Whitley, but overall members of the Clupeidae undoubtedly harbours the richest faustulid fauna of any fish family. Baccigeroides ovatus (Price, 1934) n. comb. is proposed for Bacciger ovatus (Price, 1934) Bray & Gibson, 1980 (syn. B. opisthonema Nahhas & Cable, 1964) based on the position of the genital pore being far anteriorly removed from the ventral sucker.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11230-018-9807-zDOI Listing
September 2018

Lepocreadiidae Odhner, 1905 and Aephnidiogenidae Yamaguti, 1934 (Digenea: Lepocreadioidea) of fishes from Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia, with the erection of a new family and genus.

Syst Parasitol 2018 07 31;95(6):479-498. Epub 2018 May 31.

School of Biological Sciences, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD, 4072, Australia.

Digeneans of the lepocreadioid families Lepocreadiidae Odhner, 1905 and Aephnidiogenidae Yamaguti, 1934 from Moreton Bay, off southern Queensland, Australia, are recorded, along with the erection of a new family, Gibsonivermidae. Molecular data were generated for all representatives of these families collected during this study and a phylogram for members of the superfamily was generated based on the partial 28S rDNA dataset, placing these species in context with those previously sequenced. This phylogenetic analysis demonstrates that the monotypic Gibsonivermis Bray, Cribb & Barker, 1997 is isolated from all other lepocreadioids and supports the erection of Gibsonivermidae n. fam., which is defined morphologically, based particularly on the uniquely elongated male terminal genitalia, the distribution of the uterus in the forebody and the presence of a uroproct. Mobahincia teirae n. g., n. sp. is reported from Platax teira (Forsskål) in Moreton Bay and off Heron Island and New Caledonia. Recognition of this new genus is based on molecular results and the combination of caeca abutting the posterior body wall and the lack of an anterior body scoop or flanges. The following lepocreadioid species are reported from Moreton Bay for the first time: Bianium arabicum Sey, 1996 in Lagocephalus lunaris (Bloch & Schneider), Diploproctodaeum cf. monstrosum Bray, Cribb & Justine, 2010 in Arothron hispidus (Linnaeus), Multitestis magnacetabulum Mamaev, 1970 and Neomultitestis aspidogastriformis Bray & Cribb, 2003 in Platax teira and Opechona austrobacillaris Bray & Cribb, 1998 in Pomatomus saltatrix (Linnaeus). Bianium plicitum (Linton, 1928) is reported from Torquigener squamicauda (Ogilby) for the first time. Sequences of newly collected specimens of Austroholorchis sprenti (Gibson, 1987) indicate that the species forms a clade with other members of the Aephnidiogenidae, agreeing with its morphology. The phylogenetic status of all newly sequenced species is discussed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11230-018-9803-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5993846PMC
July 2018

Three new species of Prosorhynchoides (Digenea: Bucephalidae) from Tylosurus gavialoides (Belonidae) in Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia.

Parasitol Int 2018 Aug 17;67(4):454-464. Epub 2018 Apr 17.

School of Science, & Centre for Environmental Sustainability and Remediation, RMIT University, PO Box 71, Bundoora, Victoria 3083, Australia. Electronic address:

We surveyed 30 individuals of Tylosurus gavialoides (Castelnau) (Belonidae) collected from Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia, and describe three new species of Prosorhynchoides Dollfus, 1929 from them. The new species are morphologically distinct from existing Prosorhynchoides spp. and 28S and ITS-2 ribosomal DNA data further supports our morphological findings. We also conduct the first mitochondrial DNA analysis of species of Prosorhynchoides. The new species from T. gavialoides form a strongly supported clade on the basis of the two ribosomal markers, further supporting the emerging hypothesis that bucephaline clades are strongly associated with host groups. We have not observed any of the new species reported here in over 3500 surveyed individuals of other piscivorous fish in Australia, suggesting that these species are host-specific at least to belonids, if not to only T. gavialoides. Our findings support previous reports that suggest that belonids are exceptional hosts for bucephalids. We predict that further sampling of the numerous other belonid species present in Australian waters, for which nothing is known of the bucephalid fauna, will uncover further bucephalid richness.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.parint.2018.04.004DOI Listing
August 2018
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