Toxoplasmosis is an important, widespread, parasitic infection caused by Toxoplasma gondii. It is well known the danger of reactivation of the latent infection in immunosuppressed individuals (e.g. AIDS patients). Although the chronic infection in immunocompetent patients or seropositive patients, usually considered as asymptomatic or relatively benign, is now suspected to be a risk factor for a variety of neurological and psychiatric disorders. We aimed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the available literature to estimate the wide range of CNS morbidity due to latent chronic infection with Toxoplasma gondii, which may be underdiagnosed.
Keywords: Toxoplasmosis; Toxoplasma gondii; Latent Chronic Infection; Protozoal Infection; Neurological Disorders; Psychiatric Disorders;Manipulation; Riskier Behavior.
Neck pain is a very common symptom in a vast variety of clinical conditions, that a doctor could face in daily clinical practice. We describe a 23-year old man with severe, acute neck pain accompanied by impulsive, peculiar kinetic behavior, similar to conversion disorder, whose MRI-scan revealed an underlying, extensive and invasive cervical lymphoma. We witnessed of the same peculiar kinetic behavior, in two other patients with other underlying pathologies, which made us wonder if, this could be considered as an ¨indicative sign¨ of underlying pathology in posterior cranial fossa, the clivus or in the upper part of neck, prompting in that way doctors in the emergency department to carry out a thorough clinical-laboratory check.
Keywords: Neck Pain; Kinetic Behavior; Hodgkin’s Lymphoma; Sign