Publications by authors named "Thiemo Florin Dinger"

7 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Analysis of brain natriuretic peptide levels following traumatic acute subdural hematoma and the risk of postoperative cerebral infarction.

J Neurotrauma 2021 Sep 3. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

University Hospital Essen, 39081, Neurosurgery, Essen, Germany;

Traumatic acute subdural hematoma (aSDH) is associated with a high mortality rate due to postoperative cerebral infarction. Recently, brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) was considered a reliable biomarker in the acute phase of traumatic brain injuries. We therefore aimed in this study to analyze BNP levels on admission, identify the predictors of their elevation, and assess the relationship between BNP and the risk of postoperative cerebral infarction. Patients with isolated, unilateral, traumatic aSDH who were admitted to our department between July 2017 and April 2020 were enrolled in this study. On admission, cranial computer tomography (CCT) and BNP sampling were simultaneously performed. Additionally, the time between head trauma and BNP sampling (TTS) was assessed. Admission radiographic variables included hematoma volumes, midline shift, and degree of brain edema. Cerebral infarction was detected on postoperative CCT. In total, 130 patients were included in this study. Surgical treatment was performed in 82.3% (n=107) of cases. The multiple regression analysis showed that larger hematoma volumes (p=0.032) and advanced age (p=0.005) were independent predictors of elevated BNP when TTS <24 hours. The binomial logistic regression analysis identified BNP with a cutoff value of <29.4 pg/ml (TTS=3-12 hours, aOR=16.5, p=0.023) as an independent predictor of postoperative cerebral infarction. Elevated BNP levels in the first 24 hours post-trauma were related to larger hematoma volumes and advanced age. Furthermore, an increased risk of postoperative cerebral infarction was identified in patients with lower BNP levels in the posttraumatic period 3-12 hours.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
September 2021

Role of Brain Natriuretic Peptide in the Prediction of Early Postoperative Seizures Following Surgery for Traumatic Acute Subdural Hematoma: A Prospective Study.

Neurol Ther 2021 Aug 3. Epub 2021 Aug 3.

Department of Neurosurgery and Spine Surgery, University Hospital Essen, University of Duisburg-Essen, Hufelandstrasse 55, 45147, Essen, Germany.

Introduction: Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a reliable biomarker in the acute phase of traumatic brain injury. However, the relationship between BNP and traumatic acute subdural hematoma (aSDH) has not yet been addressed. This study aimed to analyze BNP levels on admission in surgically treated patients and assess their relationship with early postoperative seizures (EPS) and functional outcomes.

Methods: Patients with unilateral traumatic aSDH who were surgically treated in our department between July 2017 and May 2020 were included in the study. BNP was preoperatively measured. Patients' neurologic condition, radiographic variables on initial cranial computed tomography, sodium serum levels on admission, and occurrence of EPS were prospectively assessed. Functional outcome was assessed using the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) at discharge and follow-up (at 2-3 months). A poor outcome was defined by a mRS score > 3.

Results: EPS occurred in 20 (19.6%) of 102 surgically treated patients in the final cohort on the median day 3. A significant association between EPS and a poor Glasgow Coma Scale score at the 7th postoperative day was found, which in turn independently predicted a poor functional outcome at discharge and follow-up. Nonetheless, EPS were not associated with poor functional outcomes. The multivariate analysis revealed BNP > 95.4 pg/ml (aOR = 5.7, p = 0.003), sodium < 137.5 mmol/l (aOR = 4.6, p = 0.009), and left-sided aSDH (aOR = 4.4, p = 0.020) as independent predictors of EPS.

Conclusion: In the early postoperative phase of traumatic aSDH, EPS were associated with worse neurologic conditions, which in turn independently predicted poor outcomes at discharge and follow-up. Although several EPS risk factors have already been elucidated, this study presents BNP as a novel reliable predictor of EPS. Further larger studies are needed to determine whether a more precise estimate of EPS risk using BNP levels can be reached.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
August 2021

Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Early Brain Edema Score (SEBES) as a radiographic marker of clinically relevant intracranial hypertension and unfavorable outcome after subarachnoid hemorrhage.

Eur J Neurol 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Neurosurgery and Spine Surgery, University Hospital of Essen, Essen, Germany.

Background And Purpose: The severity of early brain edema (EBE) after aneurysm rupture was reported to be strongly associated with the risk of poor outcome after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Using the recently developed Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Early Brain Edema Score (SEBES), we analyzed the predictors of EBE and its impact on complications related to intracranial pressure (ICP) increase after SAH and on poor outcome.

Methods: All consecutive SAH cases treated between January 2003 and June 2016 with assessable SEBES were included (n = 745). Data on demographic characteristics, medical history, initial severity of SAH, need for conservative ICP treatment and decompressive craniectomy, occurrence of cerebral infarctions and unfavorable outcome at 6 months (modified Rankin scale score > 2) were collected. Univariable and multivariable analyses were performed.

Results: Younger age (<55 years; adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 3.16, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.28-4.38), female sex (aOR 1.64, 95% CI 1.16-2.31), poor initial clinical condition (World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies score 4-5; aOR 1.74, 95% CI 1.23-2.46), presence of intracerebral hemorrhage (aOR 1.63, 95% CI 1.12-2.36), hypothyroidism (aOR 0.60, 95% CI 0.37-0.98) and renal comorbidity (aOR 0.29, 95% CI 0.11-0.78) were independently associated with SEBES (scores 3-4). There was an independent association between SEBES 3-4 and the need for conservative ICP treatment (aOR 2.43, 95% CI 1.73-3.42), decompressive craniectomy (aOR 2.68, 95% CI 1.84-3.89), development of cerebral infarcts (aOR 2.24, 95% CI 1.53-3.29) and unfavorable outcome (aOR 1.48, 95% CI 1.0-2.17).

Conclusions: SEBES is a reliable predictor of ICP-related complications and poor outcome of SAH. Our findings highlight the need for further research of the impact of patients' demographic characteristics and comorbidities on the severity of EBE after SAH.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
July 2021

In the wall lies the truth: a systematic review of diagnostic markers in intracranial aneurysms.

Brain Pathol 2020 05 27;30(3):437-445. Epub 2020 Feb 27.

Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital of Essen, Essen, Germany.

Objective: Despite recent advances in molecular biology and genetics, the development of intracranial aneurysms (IA) is still poorly understood. Elucidation of the processes occurring in the IA wall is essential for a better understanding of IA pathophysiology. We sought to analyze the current evidence from histological, molecular and genetic studies of IA.

Methods: We systematically searched PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and Cochrane Library for articles published before Mar 1, 2019 reporting on different diagnostic markers in human IA specimens. Expression of the markers in IA wall (vs. healthy arterial wall) and association with the rupture status were analyzed. The quality of the included studies and the level of the evidence for the markers were incorporated into the final data assessment.

Results: We included 123 studies reporting on analyses of 3476 IA (median 19 IA/study) published between 1966 and 2018. Based on microscopic, biochemical, genetic and biomechanical analyses, data on 358 diagnostic targets in the IA wall were collected. We developed a scale to distribute the diagnostic markers according to their specificity for IA or healthy arterial wall, as well as for ruptured or unruptured IA. We identified different functional pathways, which might reflect the intrinsic and extrinsic processes underlying IA pathophysiology.

Conclusions: Multiple histological and molecular markers and the related functional pathways contributing to the development of IA might present promising targets for future therapeutic interventions. Because of small numbers of IA samples in each study, 89% of the analyzed diagnostic markers presented with the lowest level of evidence. This underlines the need for the initiation of a multi-centric prospective histological IA register for pooled data analysis.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
May 2020

Intracranial aneurysms in patients with tuberous sclerosis complex: a systematic review.

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2019 May 10;24(2):174-183. Epub 2019 May 10.

Objective: Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a rare multisystem genetic disease. Arterial wall developmental disorders, such as aneurysms, in association with TSC have been well described for extracranial vasculature. The characteristics of intracranial aneurysms (IAs) in TSC have not previously been addressed in the literature. This systematic review was performed to identify and assess the distinct characteristics of IAs in patients with TSC.

Methods: The authors searched PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science for publications describing cases of TSC and IA reported before August 7, 2018. They also report 2 cases of IAs in TSC patients treated at their own institution.

Results: Thirty-three TSC patients with a total of 42 IAs were included in this review. Three individuals presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage. The IAs were large or giant in 57.1% and fusiform in 45.2% of the cases. Most of the IAs (61.9%, 26 of 42) originated from the internal carotid artery. There was a higher prevalence of pediatric cases (66.7%) and male patients (63.6%, 21 of 32 individuals with known sex) among the collected series.

Conclusions: TSC patients with IAs are characterized with a higher proportion of large/giant and fusiform IAs and young age, suggesting rapid aneurysmal growth. Furthermore, there is a distinct location pattern of IAs and an inverse sex ratio than in the healthy population. Large population-based patient registers are required to improve the understanding of epidemiology and pathophysiology of IA formation in TSC.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
May 2019

Intraoperative Aneurysm Rupture During Microsurgical Clipping: Risk Re-evaluation in the Post-International Subarachnoid Aneurysm Trial Era.

World Neurosurg 2018 Nov 27;119:e349-e356. Epub 2018 Jul 27.

Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany.

Objectives: Intraoperative aneurysm rupture (IOAR) is a common complication during intracranial aneurysm (IA) surgery. In light of the paradigm shift regarding IA selected for clipping in the post-International Subarachnoid Aneurysm Trial (ISAT) era, we aimed to evaluate the risk factors and effects of IOAR in an institutional series of clipped ruptured IA (RIA) and unruptured IA (UIA).

Material And Methods: All IAs treated with microsurgical clipping at our institution between 2003 and 2016 were eligible for this study. Demographic, clinical, and radiographic factors were correlated with occurrence of IOAR in univariate and multivariate analyses. The effect on outcome was analyzed for RIA and UIA separately.

Results: Nine hundred and three clipped IAs were included in the final analysis (538 UIA and 365 RIA). IOAR occurred in 163 cases (18.1%), mostly during clipping of RIA (37.5% vs. 4.8%) In multivariate analysis, ruptured status (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 10.46; P < 0.001), sack size (aOR, 1.05 per mm increase; P = 0.038) and IA location in the anterior communicating artery (aOR, 2.31; P < 0.001) independently predicted IOAR. For RIA cases, IOAR was also independently predicted by rebleeding before therapy (aOR, 3.11; P = 0.033) and clinical severity of subarachnoid hemorrhage (aOR, 1.18 per WFNS grade increase; P = 0.049). IOAR independently predicted poor outcome (aOR, 1.83; P = 0.042) after RIA surgery. In turn, IOAR affected only the risk for cerebral infarct (OR, 3.75; P = 0.003) and incomplete IA occlusion (OR, 3.45; P = 0.003) for UIA cases, but not the outcome (P = 0.263).

Conclusions: IOAR was independently predicted by the ruptured status, location, and size of IA and by initial severity of aneurysmal bleeding and pretreatment rebleeding. The influence of IOAR differed between RIA and UIA cases.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
November 2018

Risk Factors for and Clinical Consequences of Multiple Intracranial Aneurysms: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Stroke 2018 04 6;49(4):848-855. Epub 2018 Mar 6.

From the Department of Neurosurgery (R.J, T.F.D., M.D.O., D.P., P.D., K.H.W., U.S.), Clinic for Neurology (M.K., C.K.), and Institute for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (M.F.), University Hospital of Essen, Germany; and Institute for Medical Biometry and Medical Informatics, University Medical Center Freiburg, Germany (K.K.).

Background And Purpose: Multiple intracranial aneurysms (MIAs) are common findings of cerebral angiographies; however, MIA prevalence varies in different patient cohorts. We sought to elucidate risk factors influencing MIA prevalence and the clinical consequences.

Methods: We systematically searched PubMed, Scopus, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases for publications before January 15, 2017, reporting MIA prevalence and risk factors. We used random-effects meta-analysis and multivariate regression analysis to assess the impacts of individual, study, and population characteristics.

Results: We included 174 studies reporting on MIA (mean overall prevalence, 20.1%; range, 2%-44.9%) in 134 study populations with 86 989 intracranial aneurysm (IA) patients enrolled between 1950 and 2015. Studies from Europe and North America (<0.001) and more recent enrolment years (=0.046) were independently associated with higher MIA prevalence. In meta-analysis, MIA correlated with female sex (odds ratio [OR], 1.59; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.4-1.8), higher patient age (>40 years; OR, 1.6; 95% CI, 1.14-2.25), arterial hypertension (OR, 1.51; 95% CI, 1.17-1.94), smoking (OR, 1.89; 95% CI, 1.37-2.6) and familial IA (OR, 2.02; 95% CI, 1.47-2.77), and formation of de novo (OR, 3.92; 95% CI, 1.95-7.87) and growth of initial IA (OR, 3.47; 95% CI, 1.87-6.45). Risk of subarachnoid hemorrhage in MIA patients was higher only in longitudinal studies from Japan and Korea (OR, 2.08; 95% CI, 1.46-2.96).

Conclusions: Female sex, higher age, arterial hypertension, smoking, and familial IA are major risk factors for MIA. In addition, MIA patients are at risk for enhanced IA formation. Further studies are needed to evaluate rupture risk and the role of ethnicity, especially in the context of increased MIA identification with improved neurovascular imaging.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
April 2018