Publications by authors named "Thi Xuan Dai Cao"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Stigma, Structural Vulnerability, and "What Matters Most" Among Women Living With HIV in Botswana, 2017.

Am J Public Health 2021 07 10;111(7):1309-1317. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Lawrence H. Yang is with the Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Global Public Health, New York University, New York, NY. Ohemaa B. Poku is with the Department of Mental Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD. Supriya Misra is with San Francisco State University, San Francisco, CA. Haitisha T. Mehta is with the Department of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, NY. Shathani Rampa is with the Department of Psychology, University of Botswana, Gaborone, Botswana. Marlene M. Eisenberg and Michael B. Blank are with the Department of Psychiatry, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. Lyla S. Yang is with the Columbia School of Social Work, Columbia University. Thi Xuan Dai Cao is with the Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada. Lilo I. Blank is with the College of Arts and Sciences, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY. Timothy D. Becker is with the Department of Psychiatry, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY. Bruce G. Link is with the Department of Sociology, University of California Riverside. Patlo Entaile is with the Botswana‒UPenn Partnership, Gaborone. Philip R. Opondo is with the Department of Psychiatry, University of Botswana. Tonya Arscott-Mills is with the Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania. Ari R. Ho-Foster is with the Faculty of Medicine, University of Botswana.

To explore whether beneficial health care policies, when implemented in the context of gender inequality, yield unintended structural consequences that stigmatize and ostracize women with HIV from "what matters most" in local culture. We conducted 46 in-depth interviews and 5 focus groups (38 individuals) with men and women living with and without HIV in Gaborone, Botswana, in 2017. Cultural imperatives to bear children bring pregnant women into contact with free antenatal services including routine HIV testing, where their HIV status is discovered before their male partners'. National HIV policies have therefore unintentionally reinforced disadvantage among women with HIV, whereby men delay or avoid testing by using their partner's status as a proxy for their own, thus facilitating blame toward women diagnosed with HIV. Gossip then defines these women as "promiscuous" and as violating the essence of womanhood. We identified cultural and structural ways to resist stigma for these women. Necessary HIV testing during antenatal care has inadvertently perpetuated a structural vulnerability that propagates stigma toward women. Individual- and structural-level interventions can address stigma unintentionally reinforced by health care policies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2021.306274DOI Listing
July 2021

Prescribing Trends of Antidepressants and Psychotropic Coprescription for Youths in UK Primary Care, 2000-2018.

J Affect Disord 2021 05 11;287:19-25. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, Québec, Canada; Centre for Clinical Epidemiology, Lady Davis Institute, Jewish General Hospital, Montreal, Québec, Canada; Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, McGill University, Montreal, Québec, Canada. Electronic address:

Background: There is lack of recent information on the prescribing trends of antidepressants and coprescription with other psychotropic medications in the United Kingdom (UK) pediatric population.

Methods: Using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink, we estimated the annual rates of patients newly prescribed an antidepressant (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), other newer generation antidepressants, and tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs)) and the percentage of new users of antidepressants with a same-day coprescription for other psychotropic medications. We also estimated the prevalence of patients with antidepressant prescriptions and percentage of coprescription for other psychotropic medications.

Results: After a 42% decline from 2000 to 2005, the rate of patients newly prescribed an antidepressant increased from 2006 onwards. From 2008 to 2018, the rate increased from 254.3 to 471.2 per 100,000 person-years (rate ratio 1.97, 95% confidence interval 1.96-1.99). The rate was higher in females and adolescents aged 15 to 17. SSRIs were most commonly prescribed (70% of all antidepressant prescriptions). Overall, 4.7% of patients newly prescribed an antidepressant had at least one same-day coprescription for another psychotropic medication. During the study period, coprescription rose from 2.6% to 6.4% and was more frequent in males. In 2018, most coprescriptions were anxiolytics and hypnotics (63%) and antipsychotics (26%). Trends in prevalent prescriptions corresponded to trends in new prescriptions.

Limitations: By using a primary care database, we did not have information on prescriptions from specialists or during hospitalizations.

Conclusions: During the last decade, antidepressant prescriptions and psychotropic coprescription in primary care increased in UK children and adolescents.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2021.03.022DOI Listing
May 2021
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