Publications by authors named "Theodore E Whitmore"

3 Publications

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Integrative analysis of N-linked human glycoproteomic data sets reveals PTPRF ectodomain as a novel plasma biomarker candidate for prostate cancer.

J Proteome Res 2012 May 19;11(5):2653-65. Epub 2012 Apr 19.

Institute for Systems Biology, 1441 N. 34th St., Seattle, Washington 98103, USA.

In an attempt to identify prostate cancer biomarkers with greater diagnostic and prognostic capabilities, we have developed an integrative proteomic discovery workflow focused on N-linked glycoproteins that refines the target selection process. In this work, hydrazide-based chemistry was used to identify N-linked glycopeptides from 22Rv1 prostate cancer cells cultured in vitro, which were compared with glycopeptides identified from explanted 22Rv1 murine tumor xenografts. One hundred and four human glycoproteins were identified in the former analysis and 75 in the latter, with 40 proteins overlapping between data sets. Of the 40 overlapping proteins, 80% have multiple literature references to the neoplastic process and ∼40% to prostatic neoplasms. These include a number of well-known prostate cancer-associated biomarkers, such as prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA). By integrating gene expression data and available literature, we identified members of the overlap data set that deserve consideration as potential prostate cancer biomarkers. Specifically, the identification of the extracellular domain of protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor type F (PTPRF) was of particular interest due to the direct involvement of PTPRF in the control of β-catenin signaling, as well as dramatically elevated gene expression levels in the prostate compared to other tissues. In this investigation, we demonstrate that the PTPRF E-subunit is more abundant in human prostate tumor tissue compared to normal control and also detectable in murine plasma by immunoblot and ELISA. Specifically, PTPRF distinguishes between animals xenografted with the 22Rv1 cells and control animals as early as 14 days after implantation. This result suggests that the ectodomain of PTPRF has the potential to function as a novel plasma or tissue-based biomarker for prostate cancer. The workflow described adds to the literature of potential biomarker candidates for prostate cancer and demonstrates a pathway to developing new diagnostic assays.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/pr201200nDOI Listing
May 2012

IL-28, IL-29 and their class II cytokine receptor IL-28R.

Nat Immunol 2003 Jan 2;4(1):63-8. Epub 2002 Dec 2.

ZymoGenetics, Inc., 1201 Eastlake Avenue E., Seattle, WA 98102, USA.

Cytokines play a critical role in modulating the innate and adaptive immune systems. Here, we have identified from the human genomic sequence a family of three cytokines, designated interleukin 28A (IL-28A), IL-28B and IL-29, that are distantly related to type I interferons (IFNs) and the IL-10 family. We found that like type I IFNs, IL-28 and IL-29 were induced by viral infection and showed antiviral activity. However, IL-28 and IL-29 interacted with a heterodimeric class II cytokine receptor that consisted of IL-10 receptor beta (IL-10Rbeta) and an orphan class II receptor chain, designated IL-28Ralpha. This newly described cytokine family may serve as an alternative to type I IFNs in providing immunity to viral infection.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ni873DOI Listing
January 2003

Expression of IL-17B in neurons and evaluation of its possible role in the chromosome 5q-linked form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease.

Neuromuscul Disord 2002 Feb;12(2):141-50

ZymoGenetics Inc, 1201 Eastlake Avenue East, Seattle, WA 98102, USA.

IL-17B is a recently identified homolog of IL-17. Northern analysis revealed that IL-17B mRNA is expressed at very high levels in spinal cord and at much lower and more variable levels in trachea, prostate, lung, small intestine, testes, adrenal, and pancreas. In developing mouse embryos IL-17B expression was first detected at day 11 and appeared to peak at day 15. In situ analysis of mouse spinal cord, dorsal root ganglia, and brain demonstrated that IL-17B mRNA is primarily expressed by the neurons. Immunohistochemical analysis of human spinal cord, dorsal root ganglia, cerebral cortex, cerebellum, and hippocampus demonstrated that IL-17B protein is primarily localized to the neuronal cell bodies and axons. Radiation hybrid mapping localized the IL-17B gene to a region on human chromosome 5q that is associated with a rare autosomal recessive form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth demyelinating disease. However, no changes were found in the coding regions, splice junctions, intron 1, or the 5' and 3' untranslated regions of IL-17B genes of patients affected with this disease.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0960-8966(01)00250-4DOI Listing
February 2002