Publications by authors named "Thas Phisonkunkasem"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Widespread brain parenchymal HMGB1 and NF-κB neuroinflammatory responses upon cortical spreading depolarization in familial hemiplegic migraine type 1 mice.

Neurobiol Dis 2021 08 10;156:105424. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Institute of Neurological Sciences and Psychiatry, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address:

Neuroinflammatory changes involving neuronal HMGB1 release and astrocytic NF-κB nuclear translocation occur following cortical spreading depolarization (CSD) in wildtype (WT) mice but it is unknown to what extent this occurs in the migraine brain. We therefore investigated in familial hemiplegic migraine type 1 (FHM1) knock-in mice, which express an intrinsic hyperexcitability phenotype, the extent of neuroinflammation without and after CSD. CSD was evoked in one hemisphere by pinprick (single CSD) or topical KCl application (multiple CSDs). Neuroinflammatory (HMGB1, NF-κB) and neuronal activation (pERK) markers were investigated by immunohistochemistry in the brains of WT and FHM1 mutant mice without and after CSD. Effects of NMDA receptor antagonism on basal and CSD-induced neuroinflammatory changes were examined by, respectively, systemically administered MK801 and ifenprodil or topical MK801 application. In FHM1 mutant mice, CSD caused enhanced neuronal HMGB1 release and astrocytic NF-κB nuclear translocation in the cortex and subcortical areas that were equally high in both hemispheres. In WT mice such effects were only pronounced in the hemisphere in which CSD was induced. Neuroinflammatory responses were associated with pERK expression indicating neuronal activation. Upon CSD, contralateral cortical and striatal HMGB1 release was reduced by topical application of MK801 in the hemisphere contralateral to the one in which CSD was induced. This study reveals that neuroinflammatory activation after CSD is widespread and extends to the contralateral hemisphere, particularly in brains of FHM1 mutant mice. Effective blockade of CSD-induced neuroinflammatory responses in the contralateral hemisphere in FHM1 mice by local NMDA receptor antagonism suggests that neuronal hyperexcitability-related neuroinflammation is relevant in migraine pathophysiology, but possibly also other neurological disorders in which spreading depolarization is involved.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
August 2021

A miniaturized push-pull-perfusion probe for few-second sampling of neurotransmitters in the mouse brain.

Lab Chip 2019 04;19(8):1332-1343

BIOS - Microdevices for Chemical Analysis group, MESA+ Institute for Nanotechnology, Techmed Centre, University of Twente, Hallenweg 15, 7522 NH Enschede, The Netherlands.

Measuring biomolecule concentrations in the brain of living animals, in real time, is a challenging task, especially when detailed information at high temporal resolution is also required. Traditionally, microdialysis probes are used that generally have sampling areas in the order of about 1 mm2, and provide information on concentrations with a temporal resolution of at least several minutes. In this paper, we present a novel miniaturized push-pull perfusion sampling probe that uses an array of small 3 μm-wide sampling channels to sample neurotransmitters at a typical recovery rate of 61%, with a reduced risk of clogging. The added feature to segment the dialysate inside the probe into small water-in-decane droplets enables the detection of concentrations with a temporal resolution of a few seconds. Here we used the probe for in vivo recordings of neurotransmitter glutamate released upon electrical stimulation in the brain of a mouse to demonstrate the feasibility of the probe for real-time neurochemical brain analysis.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
April 2019