Publications by authors named "Tetsunori Seki"

11 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

RGDfK-Peptide Modified Alginate Scaffold for Cell Transplantation and Cardiac Neovascularization.

Tissue Eng Part A 2018 05 13;24(9-10):740-751. Epub 2017 Nov 13.

1 Department of Surgery, Columbia University Medical Center , New York, New York.

Cell implantation for tissue repair is a promising new therapeutic strategy. Although direct injection of cells into tissue is appealing, cell viability and retention are not very good. Cell engraftment and survival following implantation are dependent on a sufficient supply of oxygen and nutrients through functional microcirculation as well as a suitable local microenvironment for implanted cells. In this study, we describe the development of a porous, biocompatible, three-dimensional (3D) alginate scaffold covalently modified with the synthetic cyclic RGDfK (Arg-Gly-Asp-D-Phe-Lys) peptide. Cyclic RGDfK peptide is protease resistant, highly stable in aqueous solutions, and has high affinity for cellular integrins. Cyclic RGDfK-modified alginate scaffolds were generated using a novel silicone sheet sandwich technique in combination with freeze-gelation, resulting in highly porous nonimmunogenic scaffolds that promoted both human and rodent cell survival in vitro, and neoangiogenesis in vivo. Two months following implantation in abdominal rectus muscles in rats, cyclic RGDfK-modified scaffolds were fully populated by host cells, especially microvasculature without an overt immune response or fibrosis, whereas unmodified control scaffolds did not show cell ingrowth. Importantly, modified scaffolds that were seeded with human mesenchymal precursor cells and were patched to the epicardial surface of infarcted myocardium induced myocardial neoangiogenesis and significantly improved cardiac function. In summary, purified cyclic RGDfK peptide-modified 3D alginate scaffolds are biocompatible and nonimmunogenic, enhance cell viability, promote angiogenesis, and may be used as a means to deliver cells to myocardial infarct areas to improve neovascularization and cardiac function.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/ten.TEA.2017.0221DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5963542PMC
May 2018

Optimization of alginate purification using polyvinylidene difluoride membrane filtration: Effects on immunogenicity and biocompatibility of three-dimensional alginate scaffolds.

J Biomater Appl 2016 10 25;31(4):510-520. Epub 2016 Apr 25.

Department of Surgery, Columbia University Medical Center, USA.

Sodium alginate is an effective biomaterial for tissue engineering applications. Non-purified alginate is contaminated with protein, lipopolysaccharide, DNA, and RNA, which could elicit adverse immunological reactions. We developed a purification protocol to generate biocompatible alginate based on (a) activated charcoal treatment, (b) use of hydrophobic membrane filtration (we used hydrophobic polyvinylidene difluoride membranes to remove organic contaminants), (c) dialysis, and finally (d) ethanol precipitation. Using this approach, we could omit pre-treatment with chloroform and significantly reduce the quantities of reagents used. Purification resulted in reduction of residual protein by 70% down to 0.315 mg/g, DNA by 62% down to 1.28 µg/g, and RNA by 61% down to less than 10 µg/g, respectively. Lipopolysaccharide levels were reduced by >90% to less than 125 EU/g. Purified alginate did not induce splenocyte proliferation in vitro. Three-dimensional scaffolds generated from purified alginate did not elicit a significant foreign body reaction, fibrotic overgrowth, or macrophage infiltration 4 weeks after implantation. This study describes a simplified and economical alginate purification method that results in alginate purity, which meets clinically useful criteria.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0885328216645952DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5479495PMC
October 2016

Downregulation of the CXC chemokine receptor 4/stromal cell-derived factor 1 pathway enhances myocardial neovascularization, cardiomyocyte survival, and functional recovery after myocardial infarction.

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2011 Sep 8;142(3):687-96, 696.e1-2. Epub 2011 Mar 8.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria.

Objectives: Although adequate numbers of hematopoietic progenitor cells reside in the human bone marrow, the extent of endogenous neovascularization after myocardial infarction remains insufficient. The aim of this study was to identify the role of the CXC chemokine receptor 4/stromal cell-derived factor 1 axis in the mobilization and homing of hematopoietic progenitor cells in the ischemic heart.

Methods: Human bone marrow-derived hematopoietic progenitor cells or saline were injected systemically into athymic nude rats 48 hours after myocardial infarction. Myocardial and bone marrow expression of stromal cell-derived factor 1 and chemotaxis of hematopoietic progenitor cells were measured in vitro in the presence or absence of stromal cell-derived factor 1. The role of the CXC chemokine receptor 4/stromal cell-derived factor 1 axis was investigated by means of antibody blockade or systemic administration of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor. Morphologic analysis included measurement of the infarct area, capillary density, and apoptosis, whereas left ventricular function was measured by means of echocardiographic analysis.

Results: Expression of postinfarct stromal cell-derived factor 1 was increased by 67% in the bone marrow and decreased by 43% in myocardium. Disruption of bone marrow stromal cell-derived factor 1/CXC chemokine receptor 4 interactions by antibody blockade resulted in a redirection of human hematopoietic progenitor cells from the bone marrow to the ischemic heart and augmented neovascularization and cardiomyocyte survival. Similarly, systemic administration of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor to block CXC chemokine receptor 4/stromal cell-derived factor 1 interaction resulted in increased mobilization and homing of hematopoietic progenitor cells to the ischemic heart, which translated to augmented myocardial neovascularization, prevention of apoptosis, and improved cardiac function.

Conclusions: Bone marrow stromal cell-derived factor 1 upregulation after myocardial ischemia prevents mobilization of endogenous hematopoietic progenitor cells. We provide evidence that disruption of stromal cell-derived factor 1/CXC chemokine receptor 4 interactions allows redirection of hematopoietic progenitor cells to ischemic myocardium and enhances recovery of left ventricular function.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtcvs.2011.01.014DOI Listing
September 2011

Therapeutic effects of human STRO-3-selected mesenchymal precursor cells and their soluble factors in experimental myocardial ischemia.

J Cell Mol Med 2011 Oct;15(10):2117-29

The University of Melbourne, St Vincent's Hospital, Department of Medicine, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Stromal precursor antigen (STRO)-3 has previously been shown to identify a subset of adult human bone marrow (BM)-derived mesenchymal lineage precursors, which may have cardioprotective potential. We sought to characterize STRO-3-immunoselected and culture-expanded mesenchymal precursor cells (MPCs) with respect to their biology and therapeutic potential in myocardial ischemia. Immunoselection of STRO-3(+) MPCs enriched for fibroblastic colony forming units from unfractionated BM mononuclear cells (MNCs). Compared to mesenchymal stem cells conventionally isolated by plastic adherence, MPCs demonstrated increased proliferative capacity during culture expansion, expressed higher levels of early 'stem cell' markers and various pro-angiogenic and cardioprotective cytokines, and exhibited greater trilineage developmental efficiency. Intramyocardial injection of MPCs into a rat model of myocardial infarction (MI) promoted left ventricular recovery and inhibited left ventricular dilatation. These beneficial effects were associated with cardioprotective and pro-angiogenic effects at the tissue level, despite poor engraftment of cells. Treatment of MI rats with MPC-conditioned medium (CM) preserved left ventricular function and dimensions, reduced myocyte apoptosis and fibrosis, and augmented neovascularization, involving both resident vascular cells and circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). Profiling of CM revealed various cardioprotective and pro-angiogenic factors, which had biological activity in cultures of myocytes, tissue-resident vascular cells and EPCs. Prospective immunoselection of STRO-3(+) MPCs from BM MNCs conferred advantage in maintaining a population of immature MPCs during ex vivo expansion. Transplantation of culture-expanded MPCs into the post-MI heart resulted in therapeutic benefit, attributable at least in part to paracrine mechanisms of action. Thus, MPCs represent a promising therapy for myocardial ischemia.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1582-4934.2010.01241.xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3092801PMC
October 2011

A DNA enzyme against plasminogen activator inhibitor- type 1 (PAI-1) limits neointima formation after angioplasty in an obese diabetic rodent model.

J Cardiovasc Pharmacol 2007 Dec;50(6):633-40

Department of Surgery, Columbia University, College of Surgeons and Physicians, New York, New York, USA.

We investigated whether targeted cleavage of PAI-1 mRNA might prevent post-angioplasty neointima formation in diabetic JCR:LA-cp/cp rats with naturally elevated PAI-1 levels. Catalytic DNA enzymes targeting rat PAI-1 mRNA (PAI-1 DNA enzyme, n = 12) or a random sequence as control (scrambled DNA enzyme, n = 12) were infused at the site of arterial damage. Control animals demonstrated prominent PAI-1 protein expression in the arterial endothelium at 48 hours, and robust neointimal proliferation by two weeks, with 60 +/- 10% mean occlusion of the artery lumen. The neointimal lesion consisted of dense fibrin deposition and numerous proliferating smooth muscle cells, as determined by dual alpha-smooth muscle actin/Ki67 expression. Treatment with PAI-1 DNA enzyme resulted in marked early (48 hour) reduction of endothelial PAI-1 protein expression, which persisted for the next two weeks as well as a two fold reduction of expression of PAI-1 mRNA by RT-PCR at the same time point, (P < 0.05). By two weeks, PAI-1 DNA enzyme treated animals demonstrated significantly reduced levels of fibrin deposition and 5-fold lower levels of proliferating smooth muscle cells at the site of arterial injury compared to controls (P < 0.01), and a 2-fold lower neointima/media ratio (0.67 +/- 0.11 vs 1.39 +/- 0.12) (P < 0.05). Treatment with a catalytic PAI-1 DNA enzyme successfully prevents neointimal proliferation after balloon injury in diabetic animals.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/FJC.0b013e318150d6b3DOI Listing
December 2007

Expression of inhibitory receptor ILT3 on neoplastic B cells is associated with lymphoid tissue involvement in chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

Cytometry B Clin Cytom 2007 Sep;72(5):354-62

Department of Pathology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA.

T cell responses against leukemia-associated antigens have been reported in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). However, the relentless accumulation of CLL B cells in some patients indicates that anti-tumor immune responses are inefficient. Inhibitory receptors from the Ig-like transcript (ILT) family, such as ILT3 and ILT4, are crucial to the tolerogenic activity of antigen presenting cells. In this study, we examined the expression of ILT3 on CD5+ B cells obtained from 47 patients with CLL. Using flow cytometry and RT-PCR, we found that B CLL cells from 23 of 47 patients expressed ILT3 protein and mature ILT3 mRNA. ILT3 protein and mRNA were not found in normal B cells obtained from donors without CLL. Expression of ILT4 in normal and B CLL cells showed a pattern similar to ILT3. The frequency of ILT3 positive CLL B cells was higher in patients with lymphoid tissue involvement, suggesting that ILT3 may have prognostic value in CLL. Our findings indicate that expression of ILT3 and ILT4 on CLL B cells represents a phenotypic abnormality that may play a role in tolerization of tumor-specific T cells.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cyto.b.20164DOI Listing
September 2007

Mesenchymal lineage precursor cells induce vascular network formation in ischemic myocardium.

Nat Clin Pract Cardiovasc Med 2006 Mar;3 Suppl 1:S18-22

Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.

Mesenchymal lineage precursors can be reproducibly isolated from adult mammalian bone marrow and grown in culture. Immunoselection with monoclonal antibodies against STRO-1 and vascular-cell-adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM1/CD106) prior to expansion results in a 1,000-fold enrichment of mesenchymal precursors compared to standard isolation techniques. Intramyocardial injection of human STRO-1-selected precursors in an athymic rat model of acute myocardial infarction results in induction of vascular network formation and arteriogenesis coupled with global functional cardiac recovery.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncpcardio0404DOI Listing
March 2006

Catalytic degradation of vitamin D up-regulated protein 1 mRNA enhances cardiomyocyte survival and prevents left ventricular remodeling after myocardial ischemia.

J Biol Chem 2005 Nov 19;280(47):39394-402. Epub 2005 Sep 19.

Department of Surgery, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York 10032, USA.

Vitamin D3 up-regulated protein 1 (VDUP1) is a key mediator of oxidative stress on various cellular processes via downstream effects on apoptosis signaling kinase 1 (ASK1) and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK). Here, we report that VDUP1 expression is significantly increased in rat hearts following acute myocardial ischemia, suggesting it may have important regulatory effects on cardiac physiological processes during periods of oxidative stress. Transfection of H9C2 cardiomyoblasts with a sequence-specific VDUP1 DNA enzyme to down-regulate VDUP1 mRNA expression significantly reduced apoptosis and enhanced cell survival under conditions of H(2)O(2) stress, and these effects involved inhibition of ASK1 activity. Direct intracardiac injection of the DNA enzyme at the time of acute myocardial infarction reduced myocardial VDUP1 mRNA expression and resulted in prolonged reduction in cardiomyocyte apoptosis and ASK1 activity. Moreover, down-regulation of VDUP1 was accompanied by significant reduction in cardiac expression of pro-collagen type I alpha2 mRNA level, as well as marked reduction in myocardial scar formation. These features were accompanied by significant improvement in cardiac function. Together, these results suggest a direct role for VDUP1 in the adverse effects of ischemia and oxidative stress on cardiomyocyte survival, left ventricular collagen deposition, and cardiac function. Strategies to inhibit VDUP1 expression and/or function during acute ischemic events may be beneficial to cardiac functional recovery and prevention of left ventricular remodeling.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M502966200DOI Listing
November 2005

Additive effects of endothelial progenitor cells combined with ACE inhibition and beta-blockade on left ventricular function following acute myocardial infarction.

J Renin Angiotensin Aldosterone Syst 2005 Mar;6(1):33-7

University of Melbourne, Department of Medicine, St Vincent's Hospital, Fitzroy, Victoria, 3065, Australia.

Animal studies have demonstrated the efficacy of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) in preventing left ventricular (LV) remodelling following myocardial infarction (MI). Preliminary human studies are underway, yet no studies have demonstrated efficacy in combination with standard medical therapy, i.e. angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and beta-blockers. Nude rats underwent left anterior descending coronary artery ligation to induce MI. Animals were randomised to receive no treatment (MI, n = 5), quinapril 200 mg/L + metoprolol 2 g/L (ACE/BB, n = 5), two million EPCs intravenously (EPC, n = 5)or both (ACE/BB + EPC [n = 5]), then sacrificed after two weeks treatment. ACE/BB resulted in a 75% reduction in fibrosis in the region remote from the MI (p < 0.05), but EPC therapy had little effect here. Conversely, EPC therapy induced neovascularisation at the peri-infarct rim, thereby preventing peri-infarct apoptosis by 81% (p < 0.05). Acting via different but complementary mechanisms, the combination of ACE/BB + EPCs resulted in a greater overall improvement in LV function on echocardiography than either therapy alone. Clinical trials using stem cell therapy in conjunction with standard medical treatment are warranted.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3317/jraas.2005.004DOI Listing
March 2005

Downregulated expression of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 augments myocardial neovascularization and reduces cardiomyocyte apoptosis after acute myocardial infarction.

J Am Coll Cardiol 2005 Aug;46(3):536-41

Department of Surgery, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine whether selective plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) downregulation in the acutely ischemic heart increases the myocardial microvasculature and improves cardiomyocyte (CM) survival.

Background: Endogenous myocardial neovascularization is an important process enabling cardiac functional recovery after acute myocardial infarction. Expression of PAI-1, a potent inhibitor of angiogenesis, is induced in ischemic heart tissue.

Methods: A sequence-specific catalytic deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) enzyme was used to reduce PAI-1 levels in cultured endothelial cells and in ischemic myocardium. At the time of coronary artery ligation, rats were randomized into three groups, each receiving an intramyocardial injection (IMI) of a single dose at three different sites of the peri-infarct region consisting, respectively, of DNA enzyme E2 targeting rat PAI-1 (E2), scrambled control DNA enzyme (E0), or saline. Cardiomyocyte apoptosis, capillary density, and echocardiography were studied two weeks following infarction.

Results: The E2 DNA enzyme, which efficiently inhibited rat PAI-1 expression in vitro, induced prolonged suppression (>2 weeks) of PAI-1 messenger ribonucleic acid and protein in rat heart tissues after a single IMI. At two weeks, hearts from experimental rats had over five-fold greater capillary density, 70% reduction in apoptotic CMs, and four-fold greater functional recovery compared with controls.

Conclusions: These results imply a causal relationship between elevated PAI-1 levels in ischemic hearts and adverse outcomes, and they suggest that strategies to reduce cardiac PAI-1 activity may augment neovascularization and improve functional recovery.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2005.04.047DOI Listing
August 2005

Down-regulation of plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 expression promotes myocardial neovascularization by bone marrow progenitors.

J Exp Med 2004 Dec 13;200(12):1657-66. Epub 2004 Dec 13.

Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center, 630 West 168th St., PH 14W, Room 1485, New York, NY 10032, USA.

Human adult bone marrow-derived endothelial progenitors, or angioblasts, induce neovascularization of infarcted myocardium via mechanisms involving both cell surface urokinase-type plasminogen activator, and interactions between beta integrins and tissue vitronectin. Because each of these processes is regulated by plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)-1, we selectively down-regulated PAI-1 mRNA in the adult heart to examine the effects on postinfarct neovascularization and myocardial function. Sequence-specific catalytic DNA enzymes inhibited rat PAI-1 mRNA and protein expression in peri-infarct endothelium within 48 h of administration, and maintained down-regulation for at least 2 wk. PAI-1 inhibition enhanced vitronectin-dependent transendothelial migration of human bone marrow-derived CD34+ cells, and resulted in a striking augmentation of angioblast-dependent neovascularization. Development of large, thin-walled vessels at the peri-infarct region was accompanied by induction of proliferation and regeneration of endogenous cardiomyocytes and functional cardiac recovery. These results identify a causal relationship between elevated PAI-1 levels and poor outcome in patients with myocardial infarction through mechanisms that directly inhibit bone marrow-dependent neovascularization. Strategies that reduce myocardial PAI-1 expression appear capable of enhancing cardiac neovascularization, regeneration, and functional recovery after ischemic insult.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1084/jem.20040221DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2211987PMC
December 2004
-->