Publications by authors named "Teresa Mier"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Lack of pathogenicity and toxicity of the mycoinsecticide Metarhizium anisopliae var. acridum following acute gastric exposure in mice.

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2009 Nov 16;72(8):2153-7. Epub 2009 Jun 16.

Departamento de Microbiología y Parasitología, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México D.F. 04510, México.

Metarhizium anisopliae var. acridum, monospore culture EH-502/8 (CNRCB MaPL40), isolated in Mexico from Schistocerca piceifrons ssp. piceifrons (Orthoptera: Acrididae) was tested for acute oral intragastric pathogenicity and toxicity in CD-1 mice. Animals were inoculated with one dose (10(8) conidia/animal) of viable (72 mice), non-viable (24 mice) conidia and compared to 18 control mice. Clinical observations were done daily; mycological and histological tests were performed during necropsies after the inoculation. No mice showed clinical symptoms of illness or died during the study. The fungus was able to persist in some organs until day 3, but did not cause any damage to the host. The gross pathology observed was splenomegaly in mice inoculated with viable and non-viable conidia. Non-germinated conidia, observed in several organs, suggest hematogenous spread, but without any histopathological tissue reaction. Results support the non-pathogenic and non-toxic status of this fungal strain when administered in a single intragastric dose to mice.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2009.05.014DOI Listing
November 2009

Virulence testing and extracellular subtilisin-like (Pr1) and trypsin-like (Pr2) activity during propagule production of Paecilomyces fumosoroseus isolates from whiteflies (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae).

Rev Iberoam Micol 2007 Mar;24(1):62-8

Departamento el Hombre y su Ambiente, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Xochimilco, México DF, México.

To properly characterize several isolates of Paecilomyces fumosoroseus, a fungal entomopathogen of whiteflies (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) and other insect pests for biocontrol purposes, virulence towards Trialeurodes vaporariorum, and subtilisin-like (Pr1) and trypsin-like (Pr2) protease activity during propagule production were investigated in monospore cultures (MCs). The virulence of three MCs towards second instar whiteflies was measured and expressed as lethal median concentration (LC50). Number and widthlength ratio of propagules (blastospores, hyphal bodies, short hyphae, submerged conidia) and extracellular proteolytic activity was determined simultaneously in liquid medium. Total protease activity was assayed with azocasein, Pr1 and Pr2 activity was determined with the substrates N-Succinyl-Ala-Ala-Pro-Phe-p-nitroanilide and N-Benzoyl-Phe-Val-Arg-pnitroanilide, respectively. Natural variability in virulence, propagule production and cuticle-degrading proteases among isolates was observed. Bioassays showed a LC50 of 1.1 x 1,000, 2.5 x 10,000 and 7.6 x 10,000 conidia/ml for MCs EH-506/3, EH-503/3 and EH-520/3, respectively, EH-506/3 being the most virulent isolate. Isolate EH-503/3 produced the highest yield of propagules (7.7 x 10000000 propagules/ml), followed by EH-520/3 with 6.4 x 10000000 and EH-506/3 with 1.0 x 10000000 propagules/ml. Subtilisin-like (Pr1) and trypsin-like (Pr2) activity was present in the three MCs. Subtilisin-like (Pr1) activity was highest (745.7 UPr1/ml at 120 h) in the most virulent isolate, EH-506/3, pointing at Pr1 as a phenotypic marker of virulence for P. fumosoroseus. EH-506/3 appears to be a good candidate for whitefly biocontrol due to its high virulence, Pr1 concentration and rapid transition to blastospores in submerged liquid medium.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s1130-1406(07)70016-5DOI Listing
March 2007

Acute oral intragastric pathogenicity and toxicity in mice of Paecilomyces fumosoroseus isolated from whiteflies.

Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 2005 Aug;88(2):103-11

Departamento el Hombre y su Ambiente, División de Ciencias Biológicas y de la Salud, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Xochimilco, Mexico D. F., 04960, Mexico.

Paecilomyces fumosoroseus, monospore culture EH-506/3, isolated in Mexico from Bemisia tabaci whitefly was tested for acute oral intragastric pathogenicity and toxicity in CD-1 mice. Animals were inoculated by gavage with only one dose (10(8) conidia/animal) of viable (72 mice), heat-killed (24 mice) fungus and compared to 18 control mice. Clinical observations were done daily; mycological and histological tests were performed during necropsies at days 3, 10, 17, and 21 after the inoculation. No mice were clinically ill or died. At the end of the study, their mean weight corresponded to healthy adults. Positive fungal cultures of feces were obtained only 24 h after inoculation. Positive cultures were found in 15 out of 360 organs (liver, spleen, kidney, brain, lung) in 12 of 72 mice inoculated with viable conidia. Gross pathology exhibited splenomegaly and liver paleness in mice inoculated with viable and heat-killed fungus. Non-germinated conidia were observed in studied organs, without any pathological tissue reaction, suggesting no mycological or histopathological evidence of fungal multiplication. The fungus was able to persist, but did not cause permanent damage to the host. This study supports the non-pathogenic/toxic status of P. fumosoroseus EH-506/3 when administered intragastrically in mice.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10482-005-2016-1DOI Listing
August 2005
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